Bioremediation

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    Bacteria

    actually prevent and treat ulcerative colitis. | Streptomyces | Streptomyces spp. play an important role in soil ecology by bringing about the decomposition of organic matter present in soil. As a result, they are being explored as agents for bioremediation. S. aureofaciens, S. rimosus, S. griseus, S. erythraeus and S. venezuelae are some of the commercially important species used for the production of antibacterial and antifungal compounds. | Cyanobacteria | Also known as blue-green algae and

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    Sustainability

    practice and the inherent challenge of motivating the first mover to embrace Cradle to Cradle initiatives. In the book, the authors quote examples from their own experiences regarding eco-effectiveness, such as the sewage treatment plants based on bioremediation and the utilization of solar power and wind power. These approaches are ambitious, effective, and noteworthy. However, the specific strategies implemented by the firms discussed are exclusive to their industries. It is therefore a challenge

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    Remediation Market

    • • • • • • • Bioremediation Chemical Treatment Electrokinetics Flushing Incineration (on-site and off-site) Mechanical Soil Aeration Multi-Phase Extraction Neutralization Open Burn (OB) and Open Detonation (OD) Physical Separation Phytoremediation Soil Vapor Extraction Soil Washing Solidification/Stabilization Solvent Extraction Pump-and-treat Technologies (Ex-Situ Treatment) • • • • Adsorption Air Stripping (also a source control technology) Bioremediation Chemical Treatment (also

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    Gulf Oil Spill

    after effect is over. It still continues and something new comes up on every research. The above implies that the clean-up of the oil spills take longer. There are several methods that can be undertaken to clean these. Some of these methods are Bioremediation-a method of eliminating pollutants through micro organisms, Booms and Barriers-they help to restrict the flow of oil, Fire-this intends to burn off the oil and make it evaporate, Oil Skimmers- a method of skimming oil and to use the oil as before

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    Oil Spills

    as well as human health. If the oil has reached the shores, bioremediation schemes are usually employed to begin the cleanup process. Cleaning the shore after the spill has occurred depends on the geology of the shore, strength of currents and the type of oil spilled (EPA, 2012). When bioremediation is utilized, fertilizers are applied to the site to stimulate the growth of oil feeding organisms (ADEC, 1993). In order for bioremediation to be effective, mechanical methods such as power washing, bulldozing

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    Isolation and Process Optimization of Textile Dye Degrading Bacteria

    conditions. The decolourization/removal of textile dyes like bromophenol blue, methylene blue, methyl green, and malachite green, in addition to various other industrial dyes, using bacteria isolated from soil has been an important area of research for bioremediation and the present work is focused on this specific aspect. The effect of independent variables such as time, temperature, pH, and agitation on decolorization efficiency of bacteria has been optimized. Biodegradation of methylene blue and bromophenol

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    Bioremediation

    UNIT FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF BIOREMEDIATION (An Aid to the Development of Bioremediation Proposals) APRIL 1998 S:\CP\BIOREM\NEW_BIO.DOC TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- iv I. INTRODUCTION --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 II. POTENTIAL ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF BIOREMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES ---------------

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    Oil Spill

    has done until many years down the road. According to Ludtke (2013) “Bioremediation is defined by the Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA"), as the use of living microbes to transform undesirable and harmful substances into a non-toxic compound, through the husbandry and management of naturally-occurring microbes which degrade target organic pollutants for the purpose of restoring a contaminated environment”. Bioremediation can help break down the oil put it might not have been as affective because

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    Bioremediation Methods for Oil Spills

    Bioremediation Methods for Oil Spills Contents I. Introduction II. History of Bioremediation 1. ‘Courtship’ Period (Pre-1989) 2. ‘Honeymoon’ Period (1989-1991) 3. ‘Establishment’ Period (since 1992) III. The Biological and Chemical Processes of Bioremediation 1. Biodegradation a. Biological Process b. Degrading Species c. Chemical Process d. Need for Bioremediation 2. Bioremediation a. Seeding with Microbial Cultures b. Environmental Modification

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    Biotechnology

    products (examples include beer and milk products). Another example is using naturally present bacteria by the mining industry in bioleaching. Biotechnology is also used to recycle, treat waste, cleanup sites contaminated by industrial activities (bioremediation), and also to produce biological weapons. A series of derived terms have been coined to identify several branches of biotechnology; for example: * Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field which addresses biological problems using computational

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    Oil Spil

    FEATURE pubs.acs.org/est Oil Biodegradation and Bioremediation: A Tale of the Two Worst Spills in U.S. History Ronald M. Atlas* University of Louisville, Louisville Kentucky 40292, United States Terry C. Hazen Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, United States ABSTRACT: The devastating environmental impacts of the Exxon Valdez spill in 1989 and its media notoriety made it a frequent comparison to the BP Deepwater Horizon spill in the popular press in 2010, even

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    Bananas Are Bad

    Behavioral: what an organism does to survive in the unique conditions of its environment. Species: a group of closely related organisms. Population: all members of a particular species. Community: all the population of the different species. Bioremediation: the use of organisms (micro or plants), to break down chemical pollutants in water or soil to reverse/lessen environmental damage. Decomposition: breaking down of organic wastes and dead organisms. Biodegradation: action of living things such

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    Essay on Sustainability

    Encyclopaedia of bioprocess Technology - Fermentation, Biocatalysis, and Bioseparation (pp. 424-432). Edited by Flickinger, MC and SW Drew John Wiley. Cunnigham, S. D., & Berti, W. R. (1995). In Hinchee, R. E., Means, J. L., & Burris, D. R. (Eds.), Bioremediation of Inorganics (pp. 33-54). Battelle Press, Columbia, Ohio. Don-Pedro, K. N. (2009). Man and the Environmental Crisis (pp. 28-29). University of Lagos Press. El-Haggar, S. M. (2007). Sustainable Industrial Design and Waste Management (pp. 12-13)

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    Bioremediation

    Introduction There has been an emergence of interest in the use of biological systems and bioremediation to degrade, modify, move, transform or sequester environmental contaminants. Traditional methods of remediation include chemical and physical processing and are often plagued with problems such as the creation of toxic bi-products and environmental damage. Bioremediation of a site offers the advantages of lower costs, environmental soundness, insitu or exsitu solutions, higher aesthetics, and

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    Aneorobic Bioremediation

    Anaerobic bioremediation of groundwater contaminated by chloroethenes Introduction Chloroethenes, such as tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE) are one of the contaminants in soil and groundwater which is a significant problem domestically and internationally. Without extracting these contaminants from the ground, the in-situ treatment which directly degrades contaminants in soil or groundwater is now closely watched as an economical remediation technique. Especially, the

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    Fungus Among Us

    order to obtain their required nutrients. (Berkeley, 1998). Fungi is both beneficial and harmful to human beings. There have been some species of fungi that have proven to degrade insecticides, herbicides, fuels and uranium in a field called bioremediation which helps improve the environment in which we live (Jian-Zhen, 2013). Furthermore, other fungi have produced a food source such as cheese, bread, beer, and mushrooms which provides sustenance, used in religious, social and recreational scenarios

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    Study Guide

    Nitrogen fixation? Know the classification of bacteria and the different groups and species we discussed in class. Know the different symbiotic relationships discussed in class. What is the difference between exo and endotoxins? What is bioremediation? Know Koch’s postulate. Chapter 28 – Origins of Eukaryotic Diversity Know the characteristics of eukatyotic cells. What are the two theories on how they come about? Know the classification of “protista” given in class. Know why they are

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    Disasters at Sea

    areas; emphasize the need to improve our restoration technologies and how we deal with the problem (response) to create smaller and smaller risks. In the end my entire strategy would be focused on enhancing the minds of students in areas such as bioremediation and other alternatives. A stable platform needs to be set up for younger people to build upon in the area of environmental science. In doing this we’d be constantly improving our technology or methods to deal with our necessary energy supplies

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    Bioremediation

    QUESTIONNAIRE Topic-“Human Sustains Nature Detains” Q.1)The usage of four wheelers has considerably increased in the last 15 years.Do you think it is harming the environment? a)Yes b)No c)May Be d)Not thought of A.1) Yes, the number of vehicles, not just four wheelers, has increased many folds, leading to air pollution, noise pollution and felling of trees, since more roads need to be built to accommodate the vehicular density of this city. Q.2)Do you prefer microwave cooking over gas cooking

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    Soil Ecology and Bioremidiation

    Fungi 4 Macrofauna and Mesofauna 4 SOIL UNDER OXIC AND ANOXIC CONDITIONS 4 SOIL CYCLES 5 Carbon Cycle 5 Nitrogen Cycle 6 Sulfur Cycle 7 SOIL POLLUTION 7 Main Causes of Soil Pollution: 7 Main Effects of Soil Pollution: 7 SOIL BIOREMEDIATION 8 EX SITU REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES 8 EX SITU NON-BIOLOGICAL REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES 9 1) Ex situ thermal processes 9 2) Ex situ chemical/physical remediation ( Soil scrubbing ) 9 EX SITU BIOLOGICAL REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES 9 1) Composting

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    Bacteria

    with sulfur compounds is useful in certain industrial processes as well. |B4 | |Bioremediation | Bioremediation refers to the use of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to return the elements in toxic chemicals to their natural cycles in nature. It may provide an inexpensive and effective method of environmental cleanup, which is one of the major challenges facing human society today. Bioremediation has helped in cleaning up oil spills, pesticides, and other toxic materials. For example

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    Genetically Modified Crops

    resistance to chemical treatments (e.g. resistance to a herbicide), or improving the nutrient profile of the crop. Examples in non-food crops include production of pharmaceutical agents, biofuels, and other industrially useful goods, as well as for bioremediation. I disagree with the use of GM (genetically modified) crops. Scientists need further research on that before using those GMOs. Scientists also need to know the long term effects of GMOs when people continue using it. It may not be studied yet

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    Bioremediation Methodologies

    Bioremediation Methodologies Summer Teeters COM/172 June 23, 2014 Sherry Howard Salois Bioremediation Methodologies What is bioremediation? According to the Gale Encyclopedia of Science (2008), bioremediation is any process that purifies an environment polluted by organic or inorganic contaminants with the utilization of microorganisms or other such creatures. Intensive industrialization and inadequate disposal of organic and inorganic compounds have brought about long-term persistent

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    Gandu

    the animal lactates it produces large quantities of the human gene product which can then be cleaved from the milk protein and purified separately. A cool novel, Chromosome 6, you can read for extra credit is based on this idea.   BIOREMEDIATION Bioremediation is defined as the use of microbes to remove pollutants from the environment. Our industrial-based civilization has produced and contaminated the earth's surface with a huge number of dangerous pollutants, both natural and made-made.

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    Bioremediation

    Bioremediation Contents I. Introduction II. History of Bioremediation 1. ‘Courtship’ Period (Pre-1989) 2. ‘Honeymoon’ Period (1989-1991) 3. ‘Establishment’ Period (since 1992) III. The Biological and Chemical Processes of Bioremediation 1. Biodegradation a. Biological Process b. Degrading Species c. Chemical Process d. Need for Bioremediation 2. Bioremediation a. Seeding with Microbial Cultures b. Environmental Modification IV. Recent Applications of Bioremediation

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    Test Paper

    shores 470 miles away from Bligh Reef. An estimated 250,000 seabirds, 2,800 sea otters, 300 harbor seals, 150 bald eagles, up to 22 killer whales, and billions of salmon and herring eggs died as a direct result of the spill. Despite mechanical and bioremediation cleanup efforts between 1989 and 1992, and again in 1997, oil was still present in a large area of the Sound by 2001. Ten years after the spill, only two species (the bald eagle and the sea otter) of the original list of twenty-eight directly

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    Microbiology

    compounds that can directed back into the natural cycles of living things. Note: microbes living inside of animals and the greenhouse gasses that regulate earth temperature. 1.3 microbes= desirable proteins such as drugs, hormones and enzymes. bioremediation= this process introduces microbes into the environment to restore stability or to clean up toxic pollutants. -Agencies have microbes to handle oil spills and detoxify sites contaminated with heavy metals, pesticides and even radioactive waste

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    Bio212 Microbiology

    you find that the algae did not produce toxins. Please explain what actually caused fish death, given that the algae are not toxic? What could have caused the algal bloom? 7) Explain the data from a bioremediation experiment in Table 1 below. Table 1: These results were obtained from a bioremediation experiment: 8) What is fermentation and how can it be used to preserve foods? Please give specific examples in your explanation. 9) Compare and contrast how a farmer would use Rhizobium versus Bacillus

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    Kingdom of Life

    destroying harmful substances present in the food. 3. Helps in fermentation process. ℗ 4. They clean sewage and remove the sea waste (oil spill) ℗ 5. For decomposing decaying organism * EXAMPLE: Lactobacillus ℗ Bioremediation- clean-up of an environment that contains harmful chemicals called pollutants.℗ * Harmful Bacteria * >they able to produce toxins (poisonous organic molecule that is being released when a bacteria die) * >sometimes invade

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    Beneficial and Harmful Impacts of Prokaryotes on Human Health

    infected person dehydrated. E coli is a very common cause of food poisoning. Prokaryotes are used to solve environmental problems, while they cause illness to human. Prokaryotes are used to as to remove pollutants from air, water, and soil is bioremediation. The most familiar example is the use of prokaryote decomposers to treat human sewage. Anaerobic bacteria decompose the organic matter into sludge, while aerobic microbes do the same to liquid wastes. In the mining industry, prokaryotes can be

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    Shallow Lakes in Urban Area

    Municipal Corporation (TMC) has taken tremendous efforts to revive the natural resources of the region and improve the environment in totality. One of the initiatives is the Lake Conservation Programme.. The program not only included cleaning and bioremediation of the lakes but also took steps for creating lakes as the hub of economic activity, thereby providing an indirect source of livehood for many people. This programme has been a collaborative effort of all sections of the society, including

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    Alcatraz

    for food 3. Density –independent factor- environmental factors that do not depend on population size such as storms and fires. 4. Exponential growth- which is a pattern of growth in which a population grows faster as it increases 5. Bioremediation- the use of organisms to clean up or break down toxic waste. 6. Deforestation- removing all the trees and plants in a area 7. Pesticide- chemicals applied to farm fields to control weeds and insects and fungi 8. Reclamation- to restore

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    M. Luteus

    This shows that it also thrives in temperatures around 37oC (98.6oF) since this is the temperature of the human body. Its secondary habitat includes soil, water, air, meat, and dairy products. This organism can also be used in biotechnology and bioremediation due to its natural ability to tolerate toxicity and degrade metals like zinc, lead, and nickel. Because this organism is part of the skin, it is the first suspect in the case of skin infections. This organism is also the culprit in causing odors

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    Bioremedation

    Bioremediation is the use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants. Technologies can be generally classified as in situ or ex situ. In situ bioremediation involves treating the contaminated material at the site, while ex situ involves the removal of the contaminated material to be treated elsewhere. Some examples of bioremediation technologies are phytoremediation, bioventing, bioleaching, landfarming, bioreactor, composting, bioaugmentation, rhizofiltration, and biostimulation. Bioremediation

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    Heart Disease

    There are many examples today on the use of genetic engineering and biotechnology. First and foremost is creating bacteria that improve human insulin; others are frost and pest resistance in agriculture and the breakdown of pollutants involved in bioremediation. Transformation is described as the uptake of naked DNA in the environment by a recipient bacterium (Bio 1162 lab manual). The foreign DNA contains the desired genetic material that is inserted into the host organism. Transformation in the wild

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    Pollution

    Descriptions of well-known pollutants, such as legacy pollutants, in yet another location are not of interest. Papers about sewage, waste and wastewater treatment and management as well as standard techniques in agronomy, remediation, biomonitoring, bioremediation and phytoremediation are not acceptable. However, papers on innovative techniques to combat regional or global problems are welcome; however, technical studies must show their field applicability. Furthermore, the editors discourage submission

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    Bioremediation

    vijay23112004@yahoo.co.in Abstract Hydrocarbon contamination in the environment has been a notable problem since years. Particularly the major oil spills in last few decades, and resulting loss to biodiversity has brought public attention to this problem. Bioremediation is a promising approach for recovery of environmental sites contaminated with crude oil and other hydrocarbons. Many microorganisms have been identified to possess hydrocarbon degradation potential. This review covers an overview of common hydrocarbon

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    Devry Paper

    resistance to chemical treatments (e.g. resistance to a herbicide), or improving the nutrient profile of the crop. Examples in nonfood crops include production of pharmaceutical agents, biofuels, and other industrially useful goods, as well as for bioremediation. Farmers have widely adopted GM technology. Between 1996 and 2013, the total surface area of land cultivated with GM crops increased by a factor of 100, from 17,000 square kilometers (4,200,000 acres) to 1,750,000 km2 (432 million acres).10%

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    Bioremediation

    microorganisms would die, while others capable of eating the organic pollution would survive. Bioremediation works by providing these pollution-eating organisms with fertilizer, oxygen, and other conditions that encourage their rapid growth. These organisms would then be able to break down the organic pollutant at a correspondingly faster rate. In fact, bioremediation is often used to help clean up oil spills. Bioremediation of a contaminated site typically works in one of two ways. In the case described above

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    Thermophilic Bacteria

    gain a better understanding of their existence. As more information has come to light about these complex organisms, the use of thermophilic microorganisms to curb the effects of environmental pollution has emerged as a realistic possibility. Bioremediation from thermophilic organisms could play a large role in the future of climate change. Yellowstone’s hydrothermal system is a direct expression of the immense caldera or “super volcano” located underneath the park. The tremendous amount of energy

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    Asdas

    streams and their watersheds 14. Collect the samples in tanneries waste - located on banks of Palar River and list out the associated environmental risks. 15. Cement ash in air at (Old Katpadi) residential area and risks to human health 16. Bioremediation of nitrate and fluoride in groundwater 17. Cyclone hazards – use of web-GIS to map roadside/site ditches to prevent flooding. 18. Use of biochemical assays to investigate chemical contamination in household products 19. Modeling of Environmental

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    Missseagat Technology Buyout

    (15.2 per cent), British Columbia (12.5 per cent), Manitoba/Saskatchewan (4.8 per cent), Atlantic Canada (4.9 per cent) and the Territories (0.2 per cent). Page 3 9B13N007 Incineration: Any contaminated materials are burned. Bioremediation: Bioremediation works by allowing specially developed bacteria to remove and essentially “eat” certain contaminants. Despite the importance of the remediation of industrial sites, the large quantities of available land in Canada have allowed this industry

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    Worksheet

    similarities and differences between batch and continuous fermentation processes. 5. Outline the process of beer production 6. Outline differences and similarities between yoghurt and cheese production. 7. Give a local example where bioremediation is used regularly.

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    Bacterium

    acidophilic bacteria that fixes carbon dioxide and obtains energy from the oxidation of ferrous iron or sulfur compounds. This in turn causes the solubilization of metals and other compounds. As a result, Thiobacillus ferrooxidans may be of interest for bioremediation processes. (Gadd) Thiobacillus ferroxidans is an aerobic microorganism that derives its energy from the oxidation of various sulfide minerals and soluble ferrous ion (Fe2+); it thrives in acidic environments of pH 1-3, conditions that would

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    Maritime Technology

    eradicate a considerable amount of oil without posing any dangerous effects to animal, fish, or any aquatic and bird life. For instance, Bioremediation was a widespread attribute in the two accidents. It entails the employment of hydrophobic substance that has no bacteria. The compound binds chemically and physically on soluble hydrocarbon compounds. The Bioremediation compound acts as a herding substance inside, and most importantly on water surface. This results in floating elements on the surface

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    ; Lerw

    engineering: M-Z). This method was stopped due to rough seas, and oil washing up on shorelines. Another method that was tried was bioremediation, this is the use of oil consuming bacteria to “eat up” and digest the oil. This method was ineffective due to Alaska’s cold waters. The average water temperature for this area in March is 33(F. The bacteria used in Bioremediation are intolerant to the cold, and the cold Alaskan water is in the zone of intolerance for the bacteria. Oil washed up on

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    Environmental Management

    Biological treatment is often the most economical alternatives when compared with other physical and chemical processes. Biodegradation methods such as fungal decolourization, microbial degradation, adsorption by (living or dead) microbial biomass and bioremediation systems are commonly applied to the treatment of industrial effluents because many microorganisms such as bacteria, yeasts, algaes and fungi are able to accumulate and degrade different pollutants (McMullan et al., 2001 and Fu and Viraraghavan

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    The Spill That Affected the World

    Mexico oil spill varies by industry | NOLA.com." New Orleans, LA Local News, Breaking News, Sports & Weather - NOLA.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2010. . 1991, the spring of, the scope of the cleanup effort was greatly reduced. Manual cleanup, bioremediation, and very limited use of mechanical equipment were employed. Cleanup took place from May of 1991 through July of 1991.. "Exxon Valdez oil spill." Encyclopedia of Earth . N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2010. . "BP Global | BP." BP Global | BP. N.p

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    Biotechnology

    globe. These enzymes are especially desirable for improving laundry processes in hot water cycles and/or at low temperatures for washing colours and darks. They are also useful for industrial processes where high temperatures are required, or for bioremediation under harsh conditions. Medicine detailed example Gen-Probe Incorporated (NATs) is a global leader in the development, manufacture and marketing of rapid, accurate and cost-effective nucleic acid tests (NATs) used primarily to diagnose human

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    Term Paper

    reading occurring at approximately pH 7, and a temperature in the range of 20 to 30°C. These physical parameters can be influenced, thereby promoting the microorganisms' ability to degrade chemical contaminants. Of all the decontamination methods bioremediation appears to be the least damaging and most environmentally acceptable technique. Soil Pollutant A soil pollutant is any factor which deteriorates the quality, texture and mineral content of the soil or which disturbs the biological balance of

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