Free Essay

"B" Ethnographic Observation on N.a

In: Science

Submitted By dmvillan
Words 2355
Pages 10
I’ve noticed that drugs have distressed a significant amount of many of my peers no matter what their ethnic backgrounds may be. Coming from a household where many of my relatives used, or still use I can tell a variety of devastating stories due to their disease. For example my thirty-year-old brother living in isolation due to the failure of the Erikson’s Psychosocial “Young Adulthood” Stage; because of his addiction to cocaine and alcohol. Another example is my father having an unstable relationship with not only his wife, but as well as my little brother and I. Even some of my own friends are somewhat connected with the issue of drug abuse. For instance some of my African American, Hispanic, Caucasian friends who use occasionally are young parents and or suffer financially, and has had some type of incarceration in their past. Throughout my participant observation I noticed the engagements of multicultural addicts and how they were similarly structured in Narcotic Anonymous.
By living a couple of traumatic situations related with either alcohol and or drugs I’ve witnessed similar stories through my peers. For instance when my father was headed towards an Alcoholic Anonymous meeting with such exasperation a drunk driver crashed with our car. At the time of this car accident I was about four years old, and my baby brother about a couple weeks old. Since, my mother had my little brother in her arms in the front seat he fractured his skull then leaving him with a permanent brain injury. Similarly my oldest brother whom was affiliated with a gang and obviously did drugs and other illicit things got shot one day while outside drinking with some of his “buddies”. The gunshot had him in critical conditions and almost killed him. Not to say a couple of family friends, both Caucasian and Mexican whom used drugs and drunken alcohol often are currently serving time in prison for murder. Although, nothing but bad stories after someone has been immensely intoxicated sometimes many users just laugh about the ridiculous moment afterwards, pretend as if nothing happened, or regret it.
Based on a then called Addict Anonymous website www.nawol.org/2012 these meetings were originated in the 1947s, and eventually N.A branched off around 1948. In accordance to a booklet that was given to me by one of the Narcotic Anonymous leaders, their foreword is to simply provide spiritual support for any individual seeking hope to stop suffering from an addiction to drugs. Basically N.A. is considered a non-profit organization that does accept donations to provide a location for members to meet regularly; however they have no initiation fees or dues, no pledges to sign, and no promises to make to anyone. Even their literatures’ intended audiences are addicts regardless of age, race, sexual identity, creed, religion, or lack of religion. This goes to show the diversity of this programs connection with drug users. The principles of the N.A traditions or foundations to recovery are a combination of honesty, open-mindedness, and willingness.
As I attended several meetings in different locations here in Chicago I noticed some general patterns between the N.A gatherings. The first pattern was how four out of four meeting locations didn’t have a big sign of N.A meeting here noticeable to the public as if it was practically hidden. Another repeated movement was how often people kept coming in and out the door. The members were easily distracted and fidgety, and all of them hugged and sometimes even exchanged a kiss to greet each other. There were many distractions in all of the meeting locations. Many members of both genders (mostly guys) would walk in with a strong distinct cologne or perfume scent. In most of the meetings a lot of people kept showing up at different hours. The facilitators of these meeting were mostly guys and they often sit in an office type desk while everyone else sits in a single chair facing their direction. The meeting always initiated with readings out loud of the twelve principals, twelve traditions, and what N.A was about. When a volunteer was ready to speak on basically anything they first stated their name followed by “I’m an addict”. Then everyone replies, “Hi” followed by his or her name. All of these meetings allowed a certain individual to speak for a specific period, and reminding them with a bell to end their “microphone talk” so the discussion can move on to the next speaker. At one point almost all of the members got upset at one facilitator because he was ringing the bell of five minute limit, in which was cutting off this guy whom was giving an encouraging speech to one fellow who described how he was going through hard times. There was always some type of funny remark said about anything and many of the speakers were kind of making jokes about a lot of things, along with some others who were just laughing and whispering amongst themselves. It was very odd to me how a couple of people were over dressed wearing suits, fancy hats, and even a suitcase. One guy in particular who was over dressed even absurdly had his hat tilted almost completely to the left side of his head. I still wonder how he managed to keep it steady while speaking so frantically. Many of these addicts had a sense of humor. Many members comforted each other even in a joking manner. Like, after I was leaving one of the meetings a guy asked me for my number, and then some other guy said, “Girl stop flirting with that boy and focus on your treatment, I’m just kidding we have to have a little fun while being sober”. There was a joke said about how many recovering addicts claim they feel great, but he believed they were lying and shouldn’t feel great about screwing with others and that they might feel bad and really wanted to use. There was always a coffee table, donation jar, and an exchange of hugs. There was always a list of contacts going around the room and given to the new comers to call in case they thought about using or about to use. A distinguished color key chain with the N.A stamp was given to the member depending on the amount of time being sober on behalf of N.A. A white key chain symbolized one day being clean, glow in the dark colored key chain symbolized years, and so forth. African Americans were the dominant race in all of the meetings, not only in numbers, but also in participation. It was rare to hear a Caucasian or a Hispanic share their stories. At the end of every meeting we all had to gather in a circle and physically touch and together recited the Serenity Prayer: “God, grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, the courage to change the things that I can, and the wisdom to know the difference”.
As soon as I walked in my first observation site located on 1409 N. Pulaski the beauty of the mural on the longest wall amazed me. The mural was the skyline of Chicago and N.A written in very nice letters above it. However, the conditions of the meeting were very poor. The fans, chairs, and tiles all appeared very old and raggedy. I’ve been passing through this location since I was really young, but I’m just realizing that exact location was for N.A. It’s very obvious though once you enter this place you can tell it’s land use is primarily for N.A, because of their posters, schedule, and 12traditions/principles displayed on the wall. The door was really noisy and it didn’t help that the facilitator didn’t speak loudly and clearly enough. There were approximately eighteen members trying to recover. Out of the eighteen trying to recover fourteen seemed African American, and four Hispanics. There were approximately eight females and ten males, but because of their quick gestures and movement it was kind of difficult to keep track. Although many of the attendants seemed really old a couple of people whom I asked how old they were said they were thirty years or more. The people coming late or in and out of the room kept distracting the addicts trying to pay attention. At first I was shocked to have these complete strangers come up to me and hug me, but after a while I noticed that it was their way of greeting each other. I arrived there a bit earlier than the time the meeting began, and noticed how everyone sat at least one seat apart from each other. After the space began to get crowded they had no choice but to sit right next to someone. There was this one incident of when the recovering addicts must have got the urge to smoke a cigarette and stepped outside the meeting, their rowdy voices and arguments completely disrupted the meeting for a while. The facilitator wanted to attempt to tell them to quiet down, but another guy said, “No let them be don’t pay no attention to them”. Eventually he had to do his job of making sure the meeting ran smoothly, and told them that the meeting was still active.
My second observation on another N.A location was on the fourth floor of 77 W. Washington St. This location was in a very tall and fancy church building named Chicago Temple Building located on downtown. Therefore, the conditions were much better than the first meeting I attended. There was even a big window with a view of the neighbor skyscrapers, and the room had simple paintings with statements of hope or some positive quotes. There were approximately seventeen participants. Eleven out of the seventeen seemed African Americans, approximately four Caucasians, and maybe two Hispanics. Fourteen out of these seventeen participants were males, and only three females (including myself). There were some apparent young fellows maybe three, but the others looked older than thirty years old. It was completely quiet so every speaker’s story was attentively heard. A man was eating some fast food during the meeting, perhaps his lunch.One guy kept looking at me, maybe wondering what can she be doing here. After couple minutes after the meeting had already commenced I noticed one African American male rolling his eyes all the way back, and acting very odd. After watching him for a while he caught on to me. He grinned and got up off of his seat and decided to sit right next to me. At first he didn’t say anything, but then I noticed he was chuckling for almost nothing. When I looked around to see if anyone had seen him or would say anything nothing happened. He began murmuring to himself. Even though the speaker was sitting right next to him, not even he cared so he just spoke over his subliminal noise. I still don’t know whom the facilitator was at this particular meeting; because he or she was just sitting in the big oval shaped table located at the center of the room, blending in with the others.
On September 24th I attended two meetings one after the other. The first one was on 2847 W. Washington St. This location was also in a church, but not as fancy as the one previously. Although the room in the basement had plenty of chairs I only counted about twenty people. Present at that meeting included eighteen African Americans, and the remaining two were Hispanic. Contrarily from the last two patterns this meeting had mostly women, with eleven women and only nine men. All of the people gathered there were at least around forty years old. In the table of the facilitator whom was a guy, was set a variety of literature. Each booklet was worth some change.
Right after I went to the last meeting on 4220 W. Roosevelt Rd. in which was real packed. I saw it was also a regular church and the meeting was in the basement too. In this meeting there were about eight to ten long tables for about four people, but all facing the facilitator. This time the facilitator was an African American female. She sat in the table located in the front of the room with the literature out. One of her friends was announcing the prices of each booklet. Another difference was the speaker had an extended time to talk than the other meetings. Only one woman spoke through the whole session, and she implied being sober for many years. She spoke loudly and clearly, but kept walking back and forth maybe a little nervous. What shocked me about this meeting was where people sat. Due to the crowdedness and no seats being left for the ones that arrived late some were sitting on top of tables and even the freezer. Others just had to stand because there wasn’t anywhere else to sit.
In conclusion and accordance to the data I gathered, more African Americans were the ones who frequently go to N.A meetings. In regards of more blacks engaging to these meetings they are most likely to feel comfortable on socializing and contributing with the other participants. By African Americans engaging themselves more than the other ethnicities at N.A meetings they have the power to structure it. My impression on the facts I gathered are even if there are more Hispanic addicts or Caucasian addicts this can also show how much the African Americans seek for outside help. Perhaps even to prior suffering African Americans are more vulnerable to fall into addiction due to their stereotyped style of living. For example the amount of drug dealers located on their neighborhoods push them to have a higher probability on relapse, causing them to keep going back to the meetings. More men than women attended the meetings I observed because the environment of drug abuse is a tough lifestyle, maybe too much for a woman to bear.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Observation

...Bsma Tolfree Unit 1 Individual Project Scientific Method May 1, 2011 OBSERVATION: During the winter, you spread salt daily on your driveway to melt the snow. In the springtime, when the lawn begins to grow, you notice that there is no grass growing for about three inches from the driveway. Furthermore, the grass seems to be growing more slowly up to about one foot from the driveway. QUESTION: I wonder if the grass growth is inhibited by salt? INTRODUCTION: Salt is a chemical compound (NaCl), or Sodium Chloride. Sodium Chloride has many uses in everyday life, such as in our bodies, in our food, and on our road ways. Having two elements, Sodium and Chloride, each have a number of jobs to do in our bodies. Salt is found in many of our foods naturally, from fish to vegetables, as well as being used for cooking and at the table. Also salt is used all over the world when it snows to prevent slip and falls and car accidents by it being sprinkled on sidewalks and road ways to melt the ice. When salt hits water or ice it lowers the freezing point in an effect known as freezing point depression and melting it in the process. According to (greenergreengrass.com) salt can also affect the pH of soil and can create an unsuitable environment for grass and plants to grow. HYPOTHESIS: The grass that gets exposed to more salt will not grow as much as the grass that gets exposed to little or no salt. PREDICTION: If the grass is exposed to salt then it will not grow as fast......

Words: 676 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Observation

...Observation The student is considered a novice as an observer of children. The student observes children to gain practice and understanding in child development. Students have an obligation to protect children and respect school personnel. Observers are usually visitors in the classroom. The observer must keep in mind that they are a disruption to the regular processes in the classroom and they should respect the classroom teacher’s direction. The protection of the child’s rights in any type of child study is important. Regardless of the procedure used to collect information, the child’s protection is paramount. The child must not come to any harm (physical or mental) through participation in the observation process. Confidentiality must be utilized at all times. Talking about children and families with others outside of class or with the classroom teacher is prohibited. Please use fictitious names in written reports. Any concerns about a child’s safety should be addressed immediately with the classroom teacher or other responsible party. Observation tells us about children’s behavior – what they are doing. If we want to understand children’s development in school settings then we should observe them in those settings. Observation that takes place in a natural environment is referred to as naturalistic observation. Qualities of a Good Observer: · Recognize personal bias and preconceived assumptions about children. · Stay focus for a long......

Words: 506 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Using Material from Item B and Elsewhere, Assess the Strengths and Limitations of Overt Participant Observation as a Means of Investigating Police Attitudes

...Using material from Item B and elsewhere, assess the strengths and limitations of overt participant observation as a means of investigating police attitudes Overt participation is usually a method of research carried out by those from a non-interactionist perspective, even though it is something that does focus on some interaction. When investigating police attitudes we mean attitudes of the police towards those who commit crime or are those causing deviant behaviour. As stated in Item B, we can see that statistically most police officers are white males, showing that this in itself could be something causing discrimination. However, this isn't something that is reflected on statistics relating to ethnicity and class, overall it would seem that most people that have been convicted are actually young, working class white males, so would not suggest that there is anything negative to say about police attitudes. Firstly, a practical strength of using participant observation in researching police attitudes is that it is easier to get in with the subjects the researcher is wanting to study. This also making it a strength, regarding ethics. In order for the researcher to get in, using overt participation they would have to reveal who they are to the police, therefore being honest and not carrying out their research without consent. However, a practical weakness, that could also affect validity is once the researcher is in with the subject e.g. the police force, in order to......

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Observation

...Every day, people all over the world travel to different places out side of his or her home. He or she will encounter many different types of people and different experiences. When this happens, the opportunity becomes available to observe his or her surroundings. I wanted to do the observation experiment at a place I find to be very interesting, it was a Tattoo Shop. This was a place that I felt was on the same standers as a mall and it was also a place that I visited and thought that it would be interesting to observe the people in my surroundings. At the tattoo shop, people of all walks of life come for different personal reasons. Some people came to get a tattoo because they lost a love one and wanted to honor his or her memory. Some came to get a tattoo because he or she loved the art, and some people were there just to support some one else. As I sat in my chair doing this observation, I listen to a young lady who came to the Shop with her friend. She stated that she was there to get a sleeve done on her arm. If you are unfamiliar with what a sleeve is, it is when a person gets a tattoo that goes from the shoulder area down to the wrist area of the arm. This young lady was there getting something that she felt meant something to her. She was getting a picture of a clock with the saying “Only Time Will Tell” drawn on her arm. As I listen to her talk with her friend I could see the sadness in her eyes as she tried to joke with her party. After she was serviced, the......

Words: 572 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Observation

...Group Observation On Wednesday, September 25, I did an observation at Mastery Charter Smedley Elementary School. During my time there I would be observe a group of four students name Mike, Chris, Leslie and Tiffany. What I would be looking for throughout my observation is appearance, verbal behavior and interaction, physical behavior and gestures and who stand out the most. Mike – Observation Mike is an African-American, boy around the age of nine or ten dark brown skin with curly hair and black eyes short a little overweight. Mike blue tank top had yellow stains on it as for his pants they were fine. I noticed as I was observing Mike he wasn't really interacting with his group he wasn't participating in his group. His also yells out without being called on, doesn't use kind words to fellow classmates using inappropriate words for example Mike and the rest of the class was asked to get in groups at their table to work on an art project I overheard what Mike said to the boy that was next to him telling him to shut up and wait for the glue. After the teacher gives Mike a fair warning, I notice that he was changing his behavior but, first was told by his teacher that he had to apologize to Kevin. Chris – Observation Chris is a Latino, boy about the age of ten light skin with black hair and brown eyes and slim. As I was observing Chris I noticed his was well mannered and respectful to the other classmates at his group well as his teachers. Another thing I noticed......

Words: 683 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Observation

...FIELDNOTES: A GUIDE FOR RESEARCHERS Fieldnotes: "The observations written by a researcher at a research site, during an interview, and throughout the data collection process" (FW, 501). I. REQUIREMENTS Much of the hard work of ethnography happens in the observations and fieldnotes. At times, you’ll feel as though it’s tedious to take fieldnotes; however, taking detailed notes gives you a set of data from which to look for patterns and ideas. In order to complete your field notes successfully, you will need to: General Requirements Spend at least one hour a week observing your community; While you’re observing, write substantial (3+ pages of observation weekly) field notes. Take time after you’ve observed to write meaningful, thoughtful questions and reflections on the “analysis” side of your double-entry field notes (explained in “Strategies” below). Date each entry, and number each page (This is vital! If you fail to date and number each page of your fieldnotes, you will be lost when it comes time to write up your research and prepare your Research Portfolio for the Celebration of Student Writing) Write legibly enough that someone else could read them. Keep them organized (in your Research Portfolio, among your artifacts and other fieldwork) Taking good fieldnotes requires that to divide the process into two phases: (1) notes you take while you are in the field (Observational/Descriptive fieldnotes) and (2) notes you take after you......

Words: 1218 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Naturalistic Observation

...Naturalistic Observations Jesicca Jupin Argosy University ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is an overview of ethnographic lessons. The subject of this report is to witness individuals in a local restaurant in order to find some varieties of ethnic types pertaining to the witnessed individuals. This assignment involves observation, explanation and a breakdown of what was perceived, possible employment, amount and site of individuals and the layout of the restaurant. In addition, this paper consists of an explanation of the used approach. INTRODUCTION As an overview into ethnographic, this disposition will reflect four areas, the research question, methodical transcripts, and an investigation to determine and refer to the perceived ethnic outlook, and recording and briefing the outcomes to take in conversation. DISCUSSION Research question: What was earned from this study? As a long-term citizen in this area, I am mindful of the degree of living in this diversely driven culture. I have connected with these people for 16 years. In keeping fairness, the procedure of recording anything that is witnessed and overheard is vital to providing accurate outcomes. Every effort will be thoroughly considered to reduce prejudice throughout the study of this ethnographic learning. Yet, independence is achieved and continuous through the rationality of the findings to draw the same rational conclusions. Location for the study: The observation was accomplished for the......

Words: 1329 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Bookstore Cafe Ethnographic Observation

...TITLE: OBSERVATION AT A POPULAR BOOKSTORE CAFÉ Over the past few years, commercial spaces have become areas for multifunction activities. Along with the availability of gourmet coffee, food, ample seating, and free WIFI bookstore cafes have welcomed a clientele that blends leisure, social and work related activities. In this context, a local popular Barnes and Noble bookstore cafe served as the perfect environment to perform a field observation for this assignment and to explore customer behaviors and reasons for patronizing this particular establishment. Nestled in a busy Shopping Center on the east side of a traffic jammed Central Avenue, in Westchester County, Barnes and Noble bookstore is surrounded by a movie theater, restaurants, popular stores, and ample parking. This observation was performed at this establishment during one two-hour visit on a cold weekday mid afternoon between 1:00 pm and 3:30 pm. Upon entering through the main heavy double doors, a strong inviting aroma of toast and brewed coffee permeated from the “Café” located to the left, far north end past the magazine section. This was a busy place buzzing with loud sounds of blenders, toast popping out of toasters, grinding coffee, milk frothing, calling of drinks and food by the baristas, and, back and forth chatters between customers. Outside, pedestrians wearing heavy coats peered in through a series of large windows as the mid afternoon light poured in creating a bright and......

Words: 1176 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Ethnographic Research

...key research concepts of reliability and validity as they relate to ethnography, and will discuss the importance of context to ethnographic inquiry. In the final part of the chapter, I shall highlight some of the 'central concerns of this topic by contrasting psychometry and ethnography, The chapter seeks to address the following questions: • - What do we mean by ethnography? • - What are the key principles guiding ethnographic research? • - How might one deal with threats to the reliability and validity of this type of research? • - Why is context important to ethnographic research? • - In what ways does ethnography contrast with psychometric research?   • Definition: Ethnography involves the study of the culture/characteristics of a group to real-world rather than Laboratory settings. The researcher makes no act to isolate or manipulate the phenomena under investigation, and insight generalizations emerge from close contact with the data rather than from theory of language learning and use. it is a qualitative type of research. Ethnography is provided by LeCompte and Goetz (1982). They use ethnography shorthand term to encompass a range of qualitative methods including study research, field research, and anthropological research. LeCompte and Goetz argue that Ethnography is defined by the use of participant and non-participant observation, a focus on natural settings, use of the subjective views and belief systems of the participants in the research process to......

Words: 4244 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Ethnographic Comparison

...Ethnographic Comparison Keelymarie Rothgaber February 17, 2015 Module 5 Assignment 1 The societies that I have chosen was Italian and German and the human culture aspect I have decided to use was domestic life and kinship. The reason why I chose domestic life and kinship was because Cultural anthropology plays a big part in how we choose to interact and live our lives differently in different cultures. Anthropology can be an interesting way to evaluate groups or individuals progress or expectations. Kinship is relationships with your family and anthropology plays a part by observing how it has changed and what makes it different from culture to culture and why. Domestic life is essentially how an individual relates to their family, home, and other household affairs. Italy was known as the birthplace of western civilization and started an impact internationally with the Roman Empire. Renaissance, Roman Catholic Church and the Risorgimento. Italy is located in southern Europe bordering Austria, France, and Switzerland along with others. The Italian family is very important to the social structure of Italy, it provides a stabilizing influence for all the family members. Different parts of Italy have different size families, the south is known for having a large extended family living together while the north is mostly a nuclear family. All family members provide financial and emotional support for each other. In Italy it matters to others on how you present......

Words: 1287 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Ethnographic Writing

...Communicating Design Research Knowledge: A Role for Ethnographic Writing Lois Frankel Concordia University & School of Industrial Design, Carleton University, Canada lois_frankel@carleton.ca Abstract: The recent use of ethnographic field research methods in design research practice reflects the growing interest of designers in the expressive Design researchers have not, however, exploited ethnographers to report their findings, but instead and cultural im pact of the artifacts they create. the "thick description" methods used by prefer to apply the results of design-driven ethnographic research directly to the development of new product concepts. This paper proposes that ethnographic representation methods , including innovative visual representations, offer untapped potential for design research reporting, not just field of historical design. Te in term s of facilitating com munications during the mpts by designers to make sense of the broader the potential of ethnographic design process, but also as a record of ongoing atte representation methods for design. Keywords: Ethnography in design, Ethnographic writing, Ethnographic representation st projects by design students show 1. Introduction Ethnography is often viewed as a specialized area within reveal and preserve cultural knowledge, using methods such the larger activity of cultural anthropology, seeking to as interviewing or cultural submersion to discover important values. Since design is also a......

Words: 4965 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

B&N Observation

...Barnes & Noble Observation project Company Profile: Barnes & Noble is a publicly traded company listed on the NYSE under the symbol “BKS.” Barnes & Noble offers customers premier destination for book, eBooks, Magazines, toys & games, music, DVD and Blu-ray, and related products and services. Barnes & Noble (B&N) is the leading book retailer in the United Stated, with over 1,300 stores across all 50 states and Washington D.C. as well as holding 36.4% of the market share. The company consists of thee segments, which includes a retail segment, a college bookstore segment and its e-reader segment. Barnes & Noble also owns a publishing company, Sterling Publishing, a leading publisher of nonfiction books. “Barnes & Noble acquired B&N College in September 20009; it is now a wholly owned subsidiary. B&N College has 700 stores and operates on college and university campuses across the United State.” (IBISWorls) “Of these 700 stores, 664 are traditional college book stores and range in size from 500 to 48,000 square feet. The other 36 stores are academic superstores ranging in size from 11,000 to 75,000 square feet. B&N College caters toward students and faculty and offers textbooks, course-related materials, emblematic apparel, schools supplies and more. In June 2014, the company announced that it will be separating its Nook and retail store businesses. The transition is expected to be completed by early 2015.”......

Words: 1505 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Ethnographic Observation Assignment

...Anthropology 202 Fall 2015 Instructor: Ian Kalman Written Assignment: Ethnographic Observation This assignment is an exercise in ethnographic observation. Students are asked to choose a location in the Montreal area for a field site. There, they will spend at least an hour, taking (hand-written) notes on what they observe. Successful sites are those in which, to some extent, what is considered ‘normal’ differs from the observer’s own sense of normal. In other words, students are asked to go to a place where taken-for-granted knowledge differs from their own and report on their experiences and insights. In doing so, you make something that was previously strange slightly more familiar, and write about it. Students are then asked to write their papers in two parts, including both a description and analysis of their experience (total 1800 words maximum). Analyses should be no more than 400 words. Papers will be assigned a grade based on the success with which they, (1) demonstrate they have chosen a site appropriate for anthropological observation, (2) richly describe what they observed, and (3) draw out and support interesting interpretations rooted in their experience. Assignments count for 30% of the student’s final grade. Unexcused late submissions will be penalized five points per day of lateness. Papers must be submitted in word format electronically before 2:30PM on Tuesday, October 20th. Please note that as this is an electronic submission, you will......

Words: 1203 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ethnographic Observation

...Ethnographic Observation TSL 4520  Grading Rubric Background  (Milde, R., 2001) Common wisdom tells us that there are, in general, two kinds of writing: creative and expository. Creative writing tells about feelings, opinions, points of view, things that originate inside the writer. Expository essays tell about facts, things outside of the writer. Essays on literature examine a literary text, a thing outside the writer. Lab reports describe experiments with chemicals and other stuff that really exists and can be measured. Research is factual; fiction, poetry, and the personal story are emotional. Wrong. Writing is not that simple. The farther you go in your academic or professional career, the less you are able to simply report what you see. The more you know about your chosen field, the more you realize that the researcher argues for his/her point of view even as he/she reports the facts. When we ask how to provide medical care, how to enforce the law, how to work in the legal profession, how to do science, how to educate children – when we ask how any profession should be done – there is always more than one possible answer. We have to decide which answers work best, and the research almost always provides some evidence for both (or many) sides. Facts mean nothing without interpretation – we have to decide what the facts mean, what their consequences are.  So we need to get used to using facts, not just reporting them. We need to write expository essays that......

Words: 2312 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Ethnographic Research

...What is ethnographic research? State the difference between an ethnographic research and a psychometric research and give example from applied linguistic studies. 1. Ethnographic research and Linguistic ethnographic. - Ethnography is the in-depth study of naturally occurring behavior within a culture or social group. It seeks to understand the relationship between culture and behavior; with culture referring to the beliefs, values and attitudes of a specific group of people. - Ethnographic research usually involves observing target users in their natural, real-world setting, rather than in the artificial environment of a lab or focus group. The aim is to describe, analyze, and interpret the culture of a group over time to understand the group’s shared beliefs, behaviors, and language. Wilson (1982) identifies the roots of ethnography in anthropology and sociology. Wilson related the tradition ecological hypothesis and the quantitative – phenomenological hypothesis. - As a term designating a particular configuration of interests within the broader field of socio- and applied linguistics, ‘linguistic ethnography’ (LE) is a theoretical and methodological development orientating towards particular, established traditions but defining itself in the new intellectual climate of late modernity and post-structuralism. According to Rampton (2004, p. 2) Linguistic ethnography generally holds that language and social life are mutually shaping, and that close analysis of situated......

Words: 451 - Pages: 2