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Youth Labor

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Youth Labor
Labor Relations BUS 405
Professor Frederick Brandt
October 23, 2011

Good Evening Staff,
This meeting today is to discuss the Youth & Labor laws and regulations. This year we have funds to hire about 20 students. For those of you that will be managing time & attendance there are some laws and regulations that we will cover today. The topics will be as follow: Work Permits & Age Certificates, Work Hours, Wage and Hour, and Child Labor Statistics.
Work Permits & Age Certificates - The federal government does not require work permits or proof-of-age certificates for a minor to be employed. Many states, however, do require them for workers of certain ages. In addition to state labor departments, school guidance counselors might know if permits or proof-of-age certificates are required in that particular state. The Department of Labor will issue age certificates if the minor employee's state does not issue them, or if the minor is requested by his or her employer to provide one. However, the vast majority of age certificates are issued by states.
The purpose of these certificates is to protect the employer from prosecution for employing an under-aged worker. The possession of an age certificate constitutes a good faith effort to comply with minimum age requirements. Some states require work permits or age certificates for young workers. In fact, most of the age certificates issued to young workers are issued by states. The fines for violation of this requirement can result in a monetary penalty for the employer.
Work Hours - Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), youths 14 and 15 years old may work outside school hours in various non-manufacturing, non-mining, non-hazardous jobs under certain conditions.
Permissible work hours for 14- and 15-year-olds are: * 3 hours on a school day; * 18 hours in a school week; * 8 hours on a non-school day; * 40 hours in a non-school week; and between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m., except from June 1 through Labor Day, when nighttime work hours are extended to 9 p.m. Child labor laws vary from state from state.
Wage and Hour - Maryland employers may not pay you under $7.25 per hour unless you or your occupations are specifically exempt from the minimum wage under state or federal law. All Maryland employers must display an approved Maryland minimum wage poster in a prominent place to inform employees about the minimum wage and their worker's rights under Maryland labor law.
All workers who put in over 40 weekly hours are entitled to a minimum wage of at least 1.5 times the regular applicable minimum wage. Some states require workers who work over a certain number of daily hours to be eligible for this overtime rate as well. (Maryland does not have a daily overtime limit).
Child Labor Statistics - Laws and regulations limiting the extent of work that children can perform have been in place for many years. However, within the limits of these laws, many youths are employed in seasonal or year-round jobs. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) regularly conducts research and provides reports on trends in youth labor. These are the laws and regulations that we should go by.
This would end this meeting. If anyone have any question or concerns please contact me by email or phone and I will be happy to assist. If you want to review the Youth & Labor laws and regulations please visit Department of Labor website.

References

http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/youthlabor/…...

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