Premium Essay

Why the Cross

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By plundgrin
Words 7882
Pages 32

By: Paul A. Lundgrin


1. What happened to Jesus Christ on the Cross?
2. Why did the cross of Christ have to happen?
3. How does the Cross of Christ affect you and me?
4. Are you receiving the Seal of God or the Mark of the Beast?


Have you ever wondered about what really happened to Jesus on the
Cross, why it happened and how that affects you? If nothing of consequence happened there that day, then it was just another atrocity of mankind against mankind. But what if something more than that took place? You owe it to yourself to at least hear what the Bible says happened and then you can decide whether it makes sense and whether it matters to you.

In this reading you will be challenged with many questions. This pamphlet will not answer all of the questions, but hopefully it will introduce you to vital questions that need to be asked and help you to begin finding the answers.

All Scripture in bold lettering is from the New King James Version Bible.

Chapter 1

“Crucifixion is an ancient method of execution, whereby the condemned person is tied or nailed to a large wooden cross (of various shapes) and left to hang until dead. It was in use particularly among the Persians, Seleucids, Carthaginians, and Romans from about the 6th century BC to the 4th century AD, when in the year 337 Emperor Constantine I abolished it in his empire, out of veneration for Jesus Christ, the most famous victim of crucifixion. It has sometimes been used even in modern times.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online: crucifixion
Arguably the most pivotal event in the history of mankind, the crucifixion of Jesus Christ has inspired more books, songs, poems, speeches, discussions, debates and hope, than all the…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Cross Culture

...Cultural diversity in Britain A toolkit for cross-cultural co-operation Phil Wood, Charles Landry and Jude Bloomfield With the current debate about ‘multiculturalism’, this study sets out a new approach to cultural diversity. It explores ways of unlocking the potential in diversity and identifies strategies to aid greater exchange between different cultural groups. The authors examine the connections between cultural diversity, innovation and thriving, prosperous urban communities, in relation to the economic, social and cultural mix of Britain’s population. They developed tools to harness the potential of diverse communities, and their powers of innovation, for use by policymakers, planners and practitioners. These include a set of indicators of openness to check the readiness of a city to take advantage of diversity, and the intercultural lens through which professionals can examine the familiar in a new light. The study evaluated six aspects of local activity: public consultation and engagement urban planning and development business and entrepreneurship schools the arts and creative industries sport. The project went further by helping participating cities to develop specific economic, social, cultural and planning policies and so to become role models for others. The study draws on local case studies and in-depth interviews with 33 intercultural innovators in seven UK cities, with comparative analysis also conducted in Europe, North America and Australasia. It is......

Words: 31833 - Pages: 128

Premium Essay


...Various Truck Capacities Cross-docking Problem Introduction Customer demands are getting more complicated and even harder to be satisfied nowadays. It is highly needed for the company to have such flexibility, agility and reliability in terms of answering the demand requests from their customers. But their limitations in improving customer satisfaction might be a big problem for them and the operation of single company can have a bad impact on those of the other companies in the supply chain, meaning that if one company fails to fulfill the demands required, it will affect the related companies and obviously will put them in jeopardy in terms of customers trust and the cost they would have to spend. Therefore, improving supply chain management is really attractive for those companies looking to efficiently improve their customer satisfaction. Apte and Viswanathan (2000) stated that distribution process is responsible for 30% of an item price and this is the reason why there are a lot of companies trying their very best to develop new distribution strategies in order to manage their product flow in efficient manner. Cross docking is definitely one of those strategies people believe to be an efficient strategy to minimize inventory and to reduce cycle times. Apte and Viswanathan (2000) also defined cross docking as the continuous process to the final destination through the cross-dock storing products and materials in the distribution center. When cross-docking is......

Words: 1829 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Cross Talk

...stalkChi Nguyen Ling 122 11/13/2012 Cross Talk The United States of America is a country with many states and a lot of cultures and groups of speakers. Because of that, people in America also have to deal with the different conversational styles of people from different cultural backgrounds every day. Conversation style includes how fast people talk, how loud people talk, the pitch of their voice, their intonation and many other ways of speaking. Crosstalk is a short video that gave examples of how people from different backgrounds, British English and Indian English speakers, could have problems interacting with each other due to both linguistic and cultural miscommunication. What one person thinks they are expressing is not necessarily what another person is interpreting. Crosstalk begins with “The Advice Centre Interview,” in which Mr. Aziz from India meets with a social worker to determine why Mr. Aziz has not been receiving his government unemployment benefits. During the interview, I can see the miscommunication between Mr. Aziz and the social worker is the cause of differences in cultural assumption and information packaging. People from different cultural backgrounds may tell different stories in different narrative styles and indicate their attitude in different ways. When Mr. Aziz goes for a job interview for unemployment and social security benefit, he feels ashamed and unconfident. Even though Mr. Aziz has no difficulty using English, he is unable to......

Words: 1191 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Cross Cultural

...6.0 Culture and Marketing 6.1 Marketing in a cross-cultural environment As the largest Western European country, France is a nation that takes immense pride in its history and prominent culture. Such cultural identities play a crucial role in French business culture, where appropriate conduct, mutual trust and understanding are the key to an organizations success. There are some problem to adapt the product and marketing with the people in France. That is why some intercultural marketing approach is needed. Culture Culture Management Management Organizations Organizations Communication Communication Marketer within Cross-Border Market Marketer within Cross-Border Market Figure 6.1: Marketing in a cross-cultural environment Source: Browaeys & Price, 2011 (page 229) In a company, marketing is one of important things to make sure the production’s activities are always proceeding. In a textbook written by Browaeys & Price (2011) had stated that, Wall and Rees (2004) divide marketing activities as follows: 1. Market analysis with at least three elements, which are environment analysis, buyer behavior and market research 2. Marketing strategy. Once a market has been scanned using the above tools, the company has to develop a strategy to give meaning and direction to its marketing activities. The strategies that often used are market segmentation and marketing mix. However, these approaches are no longer......

Words: 2498 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Cross Culture

...What training and cross-cultural strategies do you recommend to the company to deal with this area? 4. What are the cross-cultural implications for management that you learned in this case? Or what are the major cross-cultural impacts for management present in this case? 5. Executive Summary 6. Avon Products, Inc. (Avon) is based in New York. The firm engages in the manufacture and marketing of beauty and complimentary products primarily in North America, Latin America, Europe, and Asia Pacific (Yahoo Finance, 2005). Avon's products are classified into three product categories: Beauty, Beauty Plus, and Beyond Beauty. The Beauty category consists of cosmetics, fragrances, skin care, and toiletries; Beauty Plus includes fashion jewelry, watches, apparel, and accessories; and Beyond Beauty comprises home products, gift and decorative products, candles, and toys (Ibid). The company sells and markets its products through a combination of direct selling, marketing by independent Avon representatives, and via its consumer Web site, This paper will explore how the company is fairing under the leadership of its current CEO, Andrea Jung. There are two opposing views regarding the company's current and future success. One group feels that the firm has a promising future with Jung at the helm while the other group does not. This paper will analyze the pros and cons uncovered by each team member and discuss which view prevailed in the debate and why. Pros and Cons ...

Words: 462 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cross Culture

...CROSS CULTURAL MANAGEMENT The interaction of people from different backgrounds in the business world, cross culture is a vital issue in international business, as the success of international trade depends upon the smooth interaction of employees from different cultures and regions. A growing number of companies are consequently devoting substantial resources toward training their employees to interact effectively with those of companies in other cultures in an effort to foment a positive cross-cultural experience. Cross culture can be experienced by an employee who is transferred to a location in another country. The employee must learn the language and culture of those around him, and vice-versa. This can be more difficult if this person is acting in a managerial capacity; someone in this position who cannot effectively communicate with or understand their employees' actions can lose their credibility. In an ever-expanding global economy, cross culture and adaptability will continue to be important factors in the business world. Cross-culture tries to bring together such relatively unrelated areas as cultural anthropology and established areas of communication. Its core is to establish and understand how people from different cultures communicate with each other and the culture of a society comprises the shared values, understandings, assumptions, and goals that are learned from earlier generations, imposed by the members of the present day society and passed on to the......

Words: 4158 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

The Cross and the Sword

...The Cross and the Sword in Spain’s New World: Bartolomé De Las Casas and Hernán Cortés 1). How would you compare Las Casa’s and Cortés’s attitude about Native Americans, their cultures, and their conversion to Christianity? What assumptions shaped their conclusions? Which sources are the most revealing of those attitudes and assumptions? Hernán Cortès felt that the Natives intelligence was far greater than those of the islands and that they provided sufficient intelligence to conduct themselves as reasonable beings. By proviong themselves intelligent, Cortès found it very important to compel them to serve the Spaniards in the same way the Natives in the Islands. Cortès believed that the conquerors and settlers would not be able to maintain themselves. He believed in increasing his Majesties revenues rather than diminish them after the long battles against the natives and the hardships and loss they may have been put to. Las Casas attitude was the opposite as he tried many things to end the Encomiendas system. In 1510, Las Casa had no disagreements with the mistreatment of the Indians until 1512, when he joined an expedition led by Diego Velásquez and witnessed the slaughter of the Indians. The turning point came when he was preparing a sermon after discussing with some Dominicans who shared the same concerns. As he read through the bible he stumbled across a passage that he couldn’t let go of and it read, “Tainted his gifts who offers in sacrifice ill-gotten goods.”......

Words: 991 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Red Cross

...Grant Proposal Kristen McReynolds, Crystal Rabauliman-Reyes, Tracy Glass, Mareayna Caine, Amanda OConnell BSHS/452 Adam Robe American Red Cross Letter of intent 1. What is the purpose of this letter of intent? Whom is it being sent to, and what is the fit? The purpose of this letter is to gain financial support along with additional donors to help end suffering among individuals. With extra financial support we can market to our donors in a more intense yet capturing way. 2. What year was our organization founded? What year was it incorporated? The American Red Cross was founded in 1881 by Clara Brown 3. What is the mission of our organization? To prevent and help end human suffering by mobilizing the power of volunteers and the generous support of donors. 4. What are the long-term goals for our organization? Strenghten fundraising strategies, manage change, improve volunteer rate, insure long term financial ability. 5. What programs do we provide that support these goals? Disaster services, youth programs, international services, mobile blood banks, food and nutrition programs, 6. What community need are we seeking funding to address? To gain an ongoing relationship with the community and gain more consistent donors. 7. In our opinion, how is this need related to our programs, long-term goals, and......

Words: 2548 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay


...Non-Verbal Communication: The “Silent” Cross-Cultural Contact With Indonesians A. Non-Verbal Communication This paper reviews key issues in cross-cultural communication; verbal communication and non-verbal communication. Verbal communication is defined as spoken communication, including the use of words and intonation to convey meaning. On the other hand, non-verbal communication is “silent” communication, including the use of gestures, postures, position, eye contact, facial expressions, and conversational distance. The issue of non-verbal communication is related to the teaching of Indonesian to speakers of other languages. The learners studying Indonesian should not only be equipped with the language itself but also the Indonesian culture because “……………to know another’s language and not his culture is a very good way to make a fluent fool of one’s self”(Brembeck, Winston:1977) and “Culture hides much more than it reveals, and strangely enough, what it hides, it hides most effectively from its own participants”(Hall, Edward T:1959). The paper will limit itself to non-verbal communication or speaking without words, not verbal communication. It will put emphasis on the importance of non-verbal communication concepts, because without them, a real communication can not be conducted smoothly and successfully. Moreover, the paper is also going to explore the similarities and differences of non-verbal communication between Indonesians and non-Indonesian......

Words: 1634 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Cross Training

...this person. One solution for managers to consider is cross-training. Cross-training is teaching employees how to do other jobs or elements of other jobs within the company or group. With cross-training methods in place, the company or group will always have another employee who can assume the responsibilities, if necessary. Cross-training employees can be quite helpful in a changing business environment, where priorities can shift quickly. By teaching these employees, you are building a stronger team chemistry within your company or group. Cross-trained employees understand the unique pressures and challenges faced by their colleagues and are more likely to be supportive and work together more effectively than those who are not cross-trained. When beginning to cross-train your employees, identify the tasks that cause the most stress and look for employees who possess the skills required to assist in these areas. Start by focusing on the activities in immediate need of assistance and you'll help your department stay on track and effectively implement your cross-training program. Next, take a look at job descriptions and determine the key tasks involved that you want others to learn. Remember, cross-training isn't about having employees teach others about all of their responsibilities, but rather about concentrating on the most critical components of their work. If an individual is out of the office, the cross-trained employee should have enough knowledge to......

Words: 768 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Cross man in the army, not even King Saul, dared to go out and fight with the giant. Forty days the camps stood against each other, and the Philistine giant continued his call. One day, old Jesse, the father of David, sent David from Bethlehem to visit his three brothers in the army. David came, and spoke to his brothers; and while he was talking with them, Goliath the giant came out as before in front of the camp calling for some one to fight with him. They said one to another: "If any man will go out and kill this Philistine, the king will give him a great reward and a high rank; and the king's daughter shall be his wife." And David said: "Who is this man that speaks in this proud manner against the armies of the living God? Why does not some one go out and kill him?" David's brother Eliab said to him: "What are you doing here, leaving your sheep in the field? I know that you have come down just to see the battle." But David did not care for his brother's words. He thought he saw a way to kill this boasting giant; and he said: "If no one else will go, I will go out and fight with this enemy of the Lord's people." They brought David before King Saul. Some years had passed since Saul had met David, and he had grown from a boy to a man, so that Saul did not know him as the shepherd who had played on the harp before him in other days. Saul said to David: "You cannot fight with this great giant. You are very young; and he is a man of war, trained......

Words: 2177 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Explain Why the Cross Is an Important Symbol for Christians Who Are in Pain and Suffering.

...The symbol of the cross has always taken a fundamental and cardinal role in the Christian faith. The cross serves as a reminder to Christians that God is with them in their pain, suffering and sorrow. It reinforces their strength of faith in times of great need, because the symbol of the cross reminds Christians that not only did God send His only son to earth to be crucified in order to save us from our sins, but also that both God and Jesus have suffered for our sakes and salvation. The history of the world has been characterised by great human suffering. One can reflect upon horrific events such as the Holocaust and the Twin Towers tragedy and wonder how God, who is supposed to love everyone unconditionally, can permit such inhumane catastrophes to occur. The answer which theologians have provided is that God does not will for these sufferings to befall us, but is present in our suffering and “really suffers with all who suffer in this world” (Johnson, 2007, 61). The symbol of the cross, which Jesus was crucified on, serves to remind Christians that they are not alone in their agony. It is an image of comfort for those in pain, because it brings to mind the sacrifice God made for us in sending His son to intimately share in the world’s pain. The cross symbolises that “God, who is love…freely plunges into the midst of pain and tastes its bitterness to the bitter end in order to save” (Johnson, 2007, 59). Therefore, the symbol of the cross is emotionally significant to......

Words: 316 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Devil on the Cross

...THE PROBLEM The problem this paper tries to solve rises from the title of the novel throughout its whole text. In his dissertation “The Metaphor of Devil and Cross in Ngugi-Wa-Thiong’o’s Devil on the Cross” under the researcher’s supervision, Nvunabandi Byamana (2010) tried to show that more than what everybody would be led to put at first sight of this title, that ‘Devil’ and ‘Cross’ are mere symbols, they can be constructed into metaphors after a careful reading of the novel. The findings show that the following metaphors would be correct if based on the novel’s analysis:  Colonialism was a devil.  Capitalism is a devil.  Imperialism is a devil.  Neocolonialism is a devil.  Independence was a cross.  Communism is a cross.  Unity is a cross. But the title of Ngugi’s novel ‘Devil on the Cross’ draws attention to itself and raises some queries whether the devil he is talking about :  is on the cross;  was on the cross;  has been put on the cross; or  should be put on the cross. The opening of the book, however, unfolds this initial ambiguity by specifying that the devil should be put on the cross by the oppressed class: thus my interest in the topic because the title appears as an invitation to crucify the devil and this justifies the title of the paper, Devil on the Cross: Ngugi’s Marxist Invitation. Still, after agreeing that the title is an invitation, there is need to know who is/are invited to crucify the devil and how they should proceed to......

Words: 3936 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Why Is the Cross at the Heart of Christian Anthropology?

...Why is the Cross at the heart of Christian Anthropology? Christian Anthropology is the study of humans and Theology is the study of God. Jesus Christ was 100% God and 100% man. Accordingly Jesus can be studied in both Anthropology and Theology. Therefore the cross is at the heart of Anthropology because it is the study of Jesus God-man and humans who crucified Him on the cross. Christian Anthropology is a word made with two Greek words, Anthropos meaning “man” and logos meaning “word, matter, or thing.” Furthermore we use the word Christian “anthropology” to the study of man in reference to the Scripture. Therefore it involves studies and creation of man who was created in the “image of God. Consequently this includes the established nature of man before and after the fall. As a result of the fall human life has never been the same; anthropology is also concerned with human dignity, freedom, depravity, culture, and society. Since the creation of the world God had a plan to redeem mankind from sin through the cross of Christ Jesus by the shedding of His blood. Accordingly man freedom is the heart of the cross of Jesus. When we study man, his fall and redemption we have to understand our sins hence we have the word Hamartiogy. “Hamartiology,” is a word made up by two Greek terms hamartia meaning “sin” and logos. Furthermore it includes the biblical doctrine of sin including its origin, nature, transmission, effects, and judgment. In this essay the writer will briefly examine......

Words: 3574 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay


...Cross-Cultural Perspective ETH/316 JANUARY-27, 2012 Abstract In this world, cultural issues within the global organization have ethical and social responsibility in which every organization try to fixed those situations by forming policies, rules and regulation to the organization. Many global organizations prefer to work with multicultural group which people learn different cultures and the way they interact with people. Different cultures have many ways of behavioring and the norm of living. In the US, different cultures are sub-cultures and foreign cultures within the U.S community. This paper will talk about the cultural issues within a global organization which comes from issues arise when groups of people believe another group is wrong in their behavior, ethical and social responsibility issues and also analysis the issues in the global organization. Cross-Cultural Perspective Culture is about the way we human beings definite ourselves for the purpose of uniting with one another, forming a group, determining an individuality and distinctive ourselves as unique. Cultural perspective is sensual in humans, in which we create activities, practices, and symbols that can be easily consumed by our sense. In this entire good example, we still have cultural issues in our global organizations and society. The global organization, have choosing to talk about is “Cross-Cultural solution”. Cultural Issues within Global Organization Cultural issues are......

Words: 1083 - Pages: 5