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Difference between climate and weather?

Weather is the description of conditions over a short period of time – a “snap shot” of the atmosphere at a particular time.

Climate the some or synthesis of all the weather recorded over a long period of time. It tells us the average or most common conditions.

What is oceanography?

Also called oceanology or marine science. It is a branch of earth science, it is the study of the deep sea and shallow costal oceans.

What is hydrology?

The study of movement, distribution and quality of water on earth and other planets.

What is metrology?

The study of weather.

What is demography?
Statistical study of human populations and sub-populations.

What is geomorphology?

The study of the surface of a planet and those processes responsible for forming it.

Four types of precipitation:

Rain, snow sleet and hail.

Synoptic chart

Shows weather events occurring at one time throughout a large area such as a country or region.


Unit of measurement of atmospheric pressure.

What is microclimate:

Local atmospheric zone where the climate differs from the surrounding areas.

Ozone layers:

Layer of earth’s atmosphere containing relatively high concentrations of ozone.
The Troposphere The Stratosphere The Mesosphere The Thermosphere The exosphere.

What is atmosphere

The atmosphere is a layer of gases, which surrounds the entire Earth. It consists mainly of Nitrogen, Oxygen, as well as a few other gaseous elements. The purpose of this "layer" around the Earth is to prevent excessive amounts of radiation from reaching the Earth, thereby allowing we, as animals/planets, to survive

What are isobars?

Isobars are lines on a weather map that indicate areas of equal air pressure. Usually, the closer the lines are together, the windier it is because there is a large difference in pressure over a small area. I believe it does this because it causes greater friction, which cause the wind to accelerate faster in these areas.

How to find rainfall on synoptic chart?

On a synoptic chart, rainfall is usually shown using shading.

Way wind blows in southern hemisphere and northern hemisphere?

In the Northern Hemisphere, the trade winds blow from the northeast and are known as the Northeast Trade Winds; in the Southern Hemisphere, the winds blow from the southeast and are called the Southeast Trade Winds.

Relief: The range of topographic elevation within a specific area.

Longitude: Longitude is a west-east measurement of position on the Earth.

Aspect: The direction in which a place is facing is called its aspect. Places facing the sun will be warmer than those in the shadow.

Wind-chill factor: is the felt air temperature on exposed skin due to wind. The wind chill temperature is never higher than the air temperature, and the wind-chill is undefined at higher temperatures

Altitude: Vertical distance above sea-level.

Equator: Location on the Earth that has a latitude of 0 degrees.

Freeze thaw action: The weathering of rock which occurs when the water, which has penetrated the joints and cracks, freezes.

Troposphere: Layer in the atmosphere found from the surface to approximately 11 kilometers of altitude. This layer contains about 75 % of the total mass of the atmosphere. It is also the layer where the majority of our weather occurs

Exosphere: The outermost zone in the Earth's atmosphere. This layer has an altitude greater than 480 kilometers and is primarily composed of hydrogen and helium gas.

Mesosphere: the portion of the atmosphere from about 30 to 80 kilometers (20 to 50 miles) above the earth's surface, characterized by temperatures that decrease from 10°C to -90°C (50°F to -130°F) with increasing altitude.

Stratosphere : the atmospheric layer lying between the troposphere and the mesosphere, in which temperature generally increases with height

Nimbus cloud: A nimbus cloud is a cloud that produces precipitation. Usually the precipitation reaches the ground as rain, hail or snow, however, that is not a requirement, falling precipitation may evaporate as virga.

Alto cloud: Alto" Clouds with the prefix "alto" are middle level clouds that have bases between 2000 and 7000 m (6500 to 23,000 ft.).

Stratus: Stratus clouds are uniform grayish clouds that often cover the entire sky. They resemble fog that does not reach the ground. Usually no precipitation falls from stratus clouds, but sometimes they may drizzle. When a thick fog "lifts," the resulting clouds are low stratus.

Cirrus clouds: thin, wispy clouds blown by high winds into long streamers. They are considered "high clouds" forming above 6000 m (20,000 ft). Cirrus clouds usually move across the sky from west to east.

Oktas: In meteorology, an okta is a unit of measurement used to describe the amount of cloud cover. Sky conditions are estimated in terms of how many eighths of the sky are covered in cloud, ranging from 0 oktas (completely clear sky) through to 8 oktas (completely overcast).

Low pressure: An area of atmospheric pressure within the Earth's atmosphere that is below average. If this system is on the Earth's surface and contains circular wind flow and enclosed isobars it is called a cyclone

High pressure:
| | | |

What are isobars?

Isobars are lines on a weather map that indicate areas of equal air pressure. Usually, the closer the lines are together, the windier it is because there is a large difference in pressure over a small area. I believe it does this because it causes greater friction, which cause the wind to accelerate faster in these areas.…...

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