Premium Essay

Understanding Early Drug Use and Its Benefits on Future Drug Treatments

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By noonespecial78
Words 2725
Pages 11
Understanding Early Drug Use and Its Benefits on Future Drug Treatments
Laura-Ryan Brooks
Argosy University

Drug abuse is a growing problem in the world today. Past studies have been conducted in efforts to recognize similar patterns in addicts’ lives that may have contributed to their behavior. The emerging results from this research suggested that it was due to several maltreatments occurring during the addicted individual’s adolescent years that were behind their early drug use. It is during the critical years of adolescence, when the brains of young adults are still developing, that the youth of today are most susceptible to a number of issues that can lead towards drug addiction, such as problems at home, abuse, and peer-pressure. Exploring these adversities will help shed some light on why adolescents make the decision to use drugs. This paper will address what influences drug use and how this knowledge can help treat addiction. Issues surrounding why addicts began drug use and how this information could be beneficial in treating substance abuse in the future will be explored.


Understanding Early Drug Use and Its Implications on Future Drug Abuse Treatment
Addiction has been defined as a “misguided attempt at self-repair” (du Plessis, 2012 para. 53). But who is in danger of becoming addicted or may be feeling the need of some “self-repairing? During a 2013 testing of the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS), a tool to assess certain personalities found often in substance abusers, it was found that adolescents were at high-risk for substance abuse (Castellanos-Ryan, O'Leary-Barrett, Sully, & Conrod, 2013). The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), a division of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has been investigating adolescent drug use since 1975 through the Monitoring the Future (MTF) Project (Whitesell,…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Drugs, Narcotics, and Options for Treatment

...Drugs, Narcotics, and Options for Treatment Westwood College Chet J. Willer CJ321 – Drugs and Narcotics J. L. Gonzalez, M.A. - Faculty 16 JUL 2012_MP There is no doubt that America is one of the most sophisticated and advanced countries in the world. Evan as complex and civilized that we are, many of our citizens have succumbed to the evils that are associated with drugs. Drugs have been a part of the American story since Christopher Columbus first landed in the New World and the Natives offered him a gift. It was the gift of tobacco, which would go on to become one of the most commonly used drugs throughout our history. (Shmoop Editorial Team, 2008) Drugs are a major problem in American life; however this is not necessarily a new problem. What constitutes a new problem in relation to drugs is the advancements in technologies which chemically create new drugs and modify existing ones. Drugs and the elements which surround them engulf and suffocate millions throughout the world in financial greed, criminal behavior, and uncontrollable addictions. These elements all too often lead to unrecoverable financial debts, instabilities in relationships, incarceration, and death. Many laws have been enacted as a result of the adverse actions and incidents related to drugs. These laws highly regulate the manufacturing of, use, possession, and distribution of drugs. Additionally, there have been strong efforts in attempting to treat those who have been victimized by the...

Words: 3986 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Drug Use in America

...History of Drugs in America Drugs have always played a pivotal role in American history and culture. In our present day society drugs are seen in a very negative light. This has not always been the case in America, in fact, drugs helped to establish our country. The evolution of drugs in the U.S. is ever changing; the attitudes, restrictions, and understanding of drugs are still constantly evolving. Tobacco held a very important role in the survival of early American colonies. The colony of Virginia was able to save itself from near bankruptcy once they began to grow and harvest the tobacco plant. Soon demand was so great that slaves were brought in to help harvest crops. Alcohol was another substance that played a crucial role in colonial life. Drinking water was not safe to drink, so alcohol became the common beverage during this era. Both alcohol and tobacco was used as legal tender in these early years of our country. During the early 1800’s other drugs were being introduced into the United States. Opium was brought over by Chinese slaves and quickly was found to hold great medicinal benefits. Opium was able to be synthesized into morphine, and used as a pain killer. The effects of prolonged usage were not understood and addiction became an issue. Heroin and cocaine also became household drugs used to treat almost any ailment. Numerous different companies marketed different medicines and included these in their ingredients. Addictions had now reached an......

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Drug Use and Abuse

...Drug use and abuse is as old as mankind itself. Human beings have always had a desire to eat or drink substances that make them feel relaxed, stimulated, or euphoric. Humans have used drugs of one sort or another for thousands of years. Wine was used at least from the time of the early Egyptians; narcotics from 4000 B.C.; and medicinal use of marijuana has been dated to 2737 BC in China.  As time went by, "home remedies" were discovered and used to alleviate aches, pains and other ailments. Most of these preparations were herbs, roots, mushrooms or fungi. They had to be eaten, drunk, rubbed on the skin, or inhaled to achieve the desired effect.  One of the oldest records of such medicinal recommendations is found in the writings of the Chinese scholar-emperor Shen Nung, who lived in 2735 BC He compiled a book about herbs, a forerunner of the medieval pharmacopoeias that listed all the then-known medications.  He was able to judge the value of some Chinese herbs. For example, he found that Ch'ang Shan was helpful in treating fevers. Such fevers were, and still are, caused by malaria parasites.  South and Central American Indians made many prehistoric discoveries of drug-bearing plants. Mexican Aztecs even recorded their properties in hieroglyphics on rocks, but our knowledge of their studies comes mainly from manuscripts of Spanish monks and medical men attached to the forces of the conquistador Hernan Cortes (1485-1547).  Pre-Columbian Mexicans used many......

Words: 1602 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Drug Treatment for Offenders

... Drug Treatment for Offenders Nicole Myers 20700 CRIJ 1304 Probation and Parole Abstract The addiction to drugs is a difficult thing for any individual to deal with. Often, addiction leads to the decline of a person’s well-being, financial security, and health. Drug addicts have a hard time keeping a job, their families suffer the consequences, and sometimes the addicts find themselves either in trouble with the law, or homeless on the street. There is an epidemic of almost epic proportions in this wonderful nation called the United States. However, this epidemic is not only national; it is worldwide. And because of this epidemic there are other problems in society such as an increase in crime and prison overcrowding. The epidemic is that of Substance Abuse and Addiction. The penal systems of each state house more prisoners due to drug related crimes than any other. Treatment instead of incarceration would be beneficial to the addict himself and to society as a whole. Evidence shows treatment would lower the amount of criminal activity due to substance abuse and addiction. Logic shows that if a problem is cured then the consequences of the problem disappear. There are different points of view on the subject of treatment or incarceration for those criminals who are substance abusers. And there are valid points in either argument. The viewpoint in favor of incarceration is supported by the deterrence and incapacitation theory. This theory promotes increased arrests,......

Words: 677 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Comparative Juornal on Drug Treatment

...In this essay, I will do a journal article comparison. The articles selected have something in common – treatment of drug. The first article is “Do drug treatment variables predict cognitive performance in multidrug-treated opioid-dependent patients? A regression analysis study” by Pekka Rapeli, Carola Fabritius, Hely Kalska and Hannu Alho. This article was taken from an open access article under Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 2012, at The second article entitled “Treating Drug Abuse and Addiction in the Criminal Justice System: Improving Public Health and Safety” by Redonna K. Chandler, Bennett W. Fletcher and Nora D. Volkow. It was taken from a public access journal under National Institute of Health: JAMA. 2009 January 14; 301(2): 183–190. doi:10.1001/jama.2008.976. The purpose of the first article was to examine the predictive power of drug treatment variables on specific cognitive performance measures in multidrug-treated opioid dependent patients. Also, the researchers interested in finding out which of the possible significant associations turn out as hypothesized. On the other hand, the purpose of the second article was to summarize relevant neuroscientific findings and evidence-based principles of addiction treatment that, if implemented in the criminal justice system, could help improve public health and reduce criminal behaviour. For methodologies, the first research involved 104......

Words: 1334 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Drug Use

...Checkpoint: Drug Use and Delinquency Response Christina Whitaker CJS/240 August 8, 2013 Kathy Holder In all honesty I feel that with adolescents they may try drugs just in order to experiment and to see what it’s like or they were most likely pressured into giving it a try by member of their peers. Drug use that’s among adolescents behavior will most likely start before the start of drugs and/or alcohol. According to the studies some professionals believe that adolescents who are basically involved with illicit drugs are simply separating themselves from normality of society in order to try to make a statement. Then there other professionals who believes that the juveniles who participate/experiment with certain drugs other than the use of alcohol and tobacco will most likely allow themselves to fall into a negative environment. Studies shows that adolescents will give all kinds of various reasons on to why they decided to turn to drugs such as: 1. My friends made me do it; 2. I just wanted to feel good; 3. All I wanted to do is to fit in and 4. Just want to try to escape the problems that I’m having. So basically these are just a few of the excuses that adolescents will give in order to try the various drugs. (Titus, Godley, and White, 2006) Also, an adolescent may use drugs as a result or a sign of lacked parental guidance, a strong secure family bond, supervision or let alone the physical, psychological and substance abuse that’s been happening within the......

Words: 496 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Drug Use in the Philippines

...n the An Introduction to the drug ratings in the Philippines Background study drug addiction and drug abuse, chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance to alter states of body or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. Traditional definitions of addiction, with their criteria of physical dependence and withdrawal (and often an underlying tenor of depravity and sin) have been modified with increased understanding; with the introduction of new drugs, such as cocaine, that are psychologically or neuropsychologically addicting; and with the realization that its stereotypical application to opiate-drug users was invalid because many of them remain occasional users with no physical dependence. Addiction is more often now defined by the continuing, compulsive nature of the drug use despite physical and/or psychological harm to the user and society and includes both licit and illicit drugs, and the term "substance abuse" is now frequently used because of the broad range of substances (including alcohol and inhalants) that can fit the addictive profile. Psychological dependence is the subjective feeling that the user needs the drug to maintain a feeling of well-being; physical dependence is characterized by tolerance (the need for increasingly larger doses in order to achieve the initial effect) and withdrawal symptoms when the user is abstinent. INTRODUCTION    Illegal drug use is “almost automatically”([1]) associated with criminal behaviour.  The......

Words: 8936 - Pages: 36

Free Essay

Drug Use

...Joyce Bullock Thesis Statement and Outline What is your thesis statement? Many people use drugs, but what we don’t realize is the affects that legal and illegal drugs has on society. Is drug use ever ok? Do legal drugs pose more of a threat than illegal drugs with today’s society? It is a fact more people die from prescription drugs use than illegal drugs. You hear about drugs in social media, movies, from friends and peers. Not everything you hear is true it is up to you to decide. I. Introduction Children are taught at a young age that illegal drugs can harm you and lead you down a path of addiction. But what they don’t tell you is that legal drugs which are prescribed are just as dangerous and kill at least 106,000 people every year.(,2013) II. First main point legal drugs vs. illegal drugs A. Supporting details Do legal drugs pose more of a threat than illegal drugs with today’s society? 1. Subdetails 11 percent of American use prescribed drugs(cdcNovenber2100) 2. Subdetails 10,0000-20,000 Americans dies due to illegal drug use B. Supporting details Is drug use ever ok? 1. Subdetails The media paints an biased picture of legal drug use 2. Subdetails The public does not know the effects of legal drug use III. Second main point Hearing about drugs on the news, from social media, friends, family and peers A. Supporting details the media has always......

Words: 671 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Drug Use

...Drug use is one of the most serious and concerning issues among teenagers in today's high schools. Most drug use begins in the preteen and teenage years, and it is these years that can be the most crucial in determining how a young person develops as a human being. During these years adolescents are faced with difficult tasks of discovering their self identity, clarifying their sexual roles, asserting independence, learning to cope with authority and searching for goals that give their lives meaning. Drugs are so readily available in modern society that the vast majority of teens throughout Australia would have absolutely no problem in finding someone capable of selling them the drugs. Throughout their teen years, adolescents are curious and vulnerable, and extremely susceptible to the various forms of peer pressure. Many teens also feel the need to escape from certain situations or conflicts that have arisen in their daily lives. The use of drugs by teenagers is the result of a combination of factors such as peer pressure, curiosity, and availability. The severity of drugs and the level to which they are understood by modern teen society is an issue that all of us should be concerned with. While the basics of drugs are understood, when asked, many teenagers will be able to tell you little more than, "drugs are bad". This is very true, but somehow doesn't stop many teenagers from using drugs, and many more from trying them. It is therefore imperative that all adolescents......

Words: 300 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Illegal Drug Use

...Final Paper – Illegal Drug Use ITT Technical Institute - Boise Introduction My position is that illegal drug use is harmful and dangerous. I hope to show in this paper some of the many physical effects illegal drug use can have on the human body. Second, I will show how the use of illegal drugs impacts families in general. Lastly, I will cover the effects of illegal drug use on society as a whole. Background I understand the counter position; others would say that the three most dangerous drugs are drugs that are currently legal. I agree with this statement somewhat, but it is actually the illegal use of the legal drug that is so harmful in this case. So many people and the media focus on illegal drug use and the effects of them that they totally ignore the problems associated with the illegal use of legal drugs and the many problems associated with this type of drug abuse. I believe that the illegal use of prescription drugs, cigarettes, and alcohol, are just as harmful as the drugs that the Federal Government has deemed to be an “illegal drug”. "The misuse of pain medication is probably one of our greatest drug addictions in America right now," Mike Gimbel, a drug expert from St. Joseph Medical Center, said in 2011 (Gimbel, 2011). Another drug that is sometimes used illegally or abused has been around for decades. "Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in our country. I mean, we have over half a million people a year that die as a result of......

Words: 976 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Drug Addiction and Treatment Paper

...Drug Addiction and Recovery Carmen Dunagan Com/156 Professor Paul Neuhausen Many people do not understand why or how other people become so consumed in drug addiction. Often drug addicts are mistaken as weak individuals with no will power and assume they can stop using drugs at any time. In reality, drug addiction is a complex disease and being able to quit drugs takes more than good intentions and strong will. Drugs change the brain in ways that foster compulsive drug abuse, so quitting is very difficult even for those who say they are ready to quit. Through scientific advances we know more about how drugs work in the brain and we know that drug addiction can be successfully treated to help people stop abusing drugs and lead a productive life. Drug addiction is a problem that has increased in our society greatly over the years. Drug addiction stops lives and can cause you to forget about any dreams or goals you may have made for yourself. It ruins lives slowly and with a big impact. I found this topic to weigh heavy in my mind and heart since my family has struggled with drug addiction my whole life. I have often wondered how the addiction could be so important in their life. It isn’t just a habit I have learned it is an actual disease and it’s very sad how it controls people’s lives. It doesn’t only ruin and effect the abusers life but their family’s as well and I can share first hand with that. Since I was...

Words: 1033 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

In Defense of Drug Use

...In Defense of Recreational Drugs If illicit drugs are harmful to the mind, body and soul, than why do people continue to manufacture, distribute and use these substances? The prohibition of these illicit substances as outlined in the Controlled Substances Act of the United States goes against all logic. Propaganda across the United States promotes the myth that psychotropic drugs impair moral judgment and is a cause of destructive deviant behavior. There is evidence that refutes this claim, illustrated by findings in several of the government’s own studies. The truth is that the majority that dabbles with these intoxicants is misrepresented by the media and politicians as delinquents, but are respectable citizens with jobs to work, bills to pay, and classes to attend, and are indistinguishable from the general population. Their use is not accounted for as many are reluctant to admit to it, due to the illegality and prejudice against use of controlled substances in our society. Such illicit substances must have some intrinsic value because of their continued use. Just as prescription pharmaceuticals can prove to be valuable in a specific context, so can all classes of illegal drugs. The poison is in the dose not the chemical itself. The unconstitutional War on Drugs in the United States needs to cease, because it is based on heresy and fear mongering. This calls for reeducation of the American people about the true nature of drugs; for this legalization and regulation of......

Words: 2710 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Change in Drug Addiction Treatment

...for using these drugs in a manner other than as directed,” it is due to number such as these that I chose to pursue a career in human services. Due to the fact that the number of fatalities is steadily increasing I chose to specifically work in this field as a case worker to aid those who are struggling with substance abuse. The article entitled Substanse Abuse trearment: An untapped opportunity for practitioners written by Tori DeAngelis addresses the issue of substance abuse treatment and the opportunities for development and improvement within the field. The author explores the idea of the benefits of increasing the amount of those psychologist and counslers who are willing to begin to treat those who are battling with substance abuse. The author speaks of the fact that there is a demand and a need for individuals who are willing to treat such patients and clients. The article speaks of how psychologist are beginning to see that there is room for growth in regards to substance abuse treatment. Though substance abuse plauges many differnet social groups and both urban and rural areas “The number of psychologists doing so, however, is regrettably small (DeANGELIS, 2001).” This is due in part to the fact that some psychologist feel that those who are struggling with substance abuse are in need of some sort of specialized treatment. The author recognizes that “Treating substance abuse patients is also a public health opportunity (DeANGELIS, 2001).” The benefits of treating......

Words: 644 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Drug Use

...Drug Use The increase of drug use in this generation we are more exposed to the dangers of drugs. Drugs have affected the way society can evolve and become better. For instance there has been an increase in our generation due to adolescents experimenting with illegal substances. Many consequences of using these drugs are withdrawals, drug dependence, personality change, and many more. This essay will be looking at some of the effects of drug use on society, and suggests some solutions to the problem. The consequences that accompy with the use of illegal substances are wihdrawls, family tension, drug dependency, depression, and emotional and physical problems. With substances such as methenphetmamine, there is a higher risk of contracting infectious diseases such as HIV and hepatitis B and C because they use needles that are being shared that are contaminated as well as the fact that methephentamines caused increased sexual desire. This causes for those who use meth to want to find anyone to have sex with to fulfill their desires. Regardless of how it is taken, methamphetamine alters judgment and inhibition and can lead people to engage in these and other types of risky behavior. Another drug that is abused frequently and is dangerous for everyone is prescription pills, because of the fact that many prescription pills have psychoactive properties which helps alter a person’s thinking. These are abused by the person either taking more than they are prescribed or......

Words: 954 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Drug Treatment Options

...Drug Treatment Options Paper PSY/425 Elisabeth Pleskoch Introduction The United States Department of Labor’s Office of Disability Employment Policy is beginning to provide leadership throughout the nation with the development of practices, strategies, and policies supporting the advancement and hiring of employees with disabilities, including those with drug addictions.( U.S. Department of Labor ,2010), What are EAP’s? EAP’s, Employment Assistance Programs, are programs that provide employees with resources that are able to benefit not only employees but employers as well. EAP’s allow places of business to address issues of productivity by assisting employees in identifying and resolving personal problems that may affect their job performance. Through identification, prevention, and resolution of these problems, EAP’s are able to help with the enhancement of employee and workplace productivity, keeping valued employees, and allowing employees to return to their jobs after treatment. Many employers have found that by assisting their employees with preventative or proactive measures before they have serious consequences makes good business and financial sense. (U.S. Department of Labor , 2010), EAP’s have shown to encourage and contribute to decreases in......

Words: 772 - Pages: 4