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Traditional Versus Proactive Policing

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Running Head: Traditional versus Contemporary Policing.

Traditional versus Contemporary Policing

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Traditional versus Contemporary Policing
The police force is a law enforcement agency that is mandated to enforce law by the state. Its main purpose is to prevent civil disorder and protect individuals as well as public and private property. The force has permission to use force where necessary. These forces form separate entities from the military and other forces charged with protecting states against foreign aggression. However, it has to be noted that such forces also have internal policing units too, such as the military police-which polices both the military and civilians. Law enforcement is not the only exclusive policing activity. The police are also involved in many other community service activities under various circumstances, but the most common ones are related to law and order preservation (Paynich, Russell & Cosner, 2005). The police force has evolved through time and most of its early policing techniques (traditional policing) have been found to be unreliable, and as a result contemporary policing methods (proactive policing techniques) have taken over the policing process.
Traditionally, officers from the police have tried to reduce and prevent crime through making visible patrols, responding to crimes when they occur, making arrests as well as subsequent criminal investigations. These rapid responses, patrols, investigations and arrests have constituted the traditional methods of policing used for a long time. This form of policing is by nature reactive, and waits to be triggered with the occurrence of crime. Prevention of crime in this form of policing relies on the mere presence of law enforcement agents whose presence deters crime. This form of policing has had…...

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