Free Essay

To What Extent D.Cameron Has Modernised the Party?

In: Other Topics

Submitted By sheryahmad1
Words 1307
Pages 6
From 1997 to 2005 conservative party lost three general elections in a row. David Cameron has introduced much reform into the Conservative Party since his ascension into power of the Conservative Party, in December 2005. He has, in many ways, modernised the Party, and has introduced measures that are so wide reaching, that his brand of Conservatism has a name, Social Conservatism. Conservative traditionally believes on less intervention by the government. It means that if any industry and company found itself in financial difficulties then government will not help them. For example if royal mail found itself in financial difficulties then government won’t help them. But Cameron has changed this policy. He said that it is the role of government to help industries if they find. He believes that state has a key role in increasing opportunities and reducing poverty because if any industry finds itself in difficulties then it also affects unemployment. He believes that state has a key role in increasing opportunities and reducing poverty. Conservative traditionally believes on low taxes. They believe that taxes on income and company profits should be kept to minimum. So it is a natural conservative instinct to want to cut taxes. But the David Cameron and his shadow chancellor asserted that the tax cuts cannot be made at the expense of the public services. In other words they see it as most important that health, education, social services and so on should be protected even if public opinion asserts that tax should be reduced. In education it is conservative traditionally policy for the support of selective secondary schools. But Cameron believes on opportunities for all, Cameron abounded the traditional support for selective secondary education (effectively grammar schools) in 2007. Instead he supported labour policy to create a wide range of different types of school and colleges, but he also said that all this facilities should be available to all, no matter what their economic, social and political background or educational background. It is traditional conservative policy to tougher on the crime and also harsh penalties for criminals. They believe that you can decrease the crime rate by only giving harsh penalties and punishments. But Cameron’s believe that attempts should be made to understand better the causes of causes of crime and to deal with them. This need to be balanced against a tough approach to serious crime. He also believes on more enlightening policies on the sentencing and rehabilitation of offenders. We can say that he believe on sympathy as well as punishment. Few years ago he also went to young criminals and hugs them. It is conservative traditionally policy that the role of state should be limited and it is not the responsibility of government to create economic and social change. It means that it is not the job of government to create jobs, to help industries and to help to improve the society. But Cameron believes that state has a key role in increasing opportunities and reducing poverty. It means that they believe that it is the responsibility of government to provide jobs and to help needy. One of the examples of this policy is benefit cap.
Traditional conservative believe that inequality is natural in a free market system. Welfare support should be reserved only for most needy. its mean that universal credit should be kept only for most needy people. Margret thatcher said that ‘’ there is no such thing as society only the individual’’ But Cameron believes that it is society responsibility to improve the condition of those who are deprived and to open up opportunities for them. That is why he did not decrease the taxes because he thinks taxes should be used for public services and to create opportunities for people. But on the other hand we can say that he is still following the some traditional policies.
It is conservative traditional policy to privatisation of the major industries which are formally under state control and public ownership. The interesting thing is that today conservative party is still in the favour of privatisation. The party still believes that Britain is over governed, this includes the over regulation of business and commerce. The big evidence of this argument is the privatisation of the royal mail. Low taxation is the conservative traditional policy. They believe on low income taxes because they think public know better what they want. Today conservative party also believe that tax should be kept low. They believe that taxes should be low especially for the businesses. However the leadership under Cameron, meanwhile, believes that tax cuts should be made only when further economic growth has been secured and the other public services have been significantly improve. Traditionally conservative party has always been known as a business friendly party. It was conservative traditional policy to encourage people to start their business. Today’s conservative party is still in the favour of encouraging people to start their people. They still promote itself as business friendly. They are also giving the loan with small interest or no interest. He is also in the favour of low taxes for businesses. Traditionally conservative party has always been in the favour of self-reliance. They think that it is not the responsibility of government to provide things to public. They think that public knows better what they want. So they think that individuals should not rely on government and society. D. Cameron also hold the Thatcherists idea self-reliance but on the other hand he also that there is such things as society. They believe that it is society responsibility to improve the conditions of those who are deprived. It is also conservative policy to deregulate the industries which not only include privatisation but also include the market forces and competition. Its mean that they force industries to become more efficient and to provide a better service. At the same time it also forces financial sectors such as banking, building societies and stockbroking for more competition. Today’s conservative party also hold the same policy they still force industries and financial sectors for more competition. They believe that these kinds of competition provide public more facilities and also help economy to flourish. It is conservative traditional policy to raise the standards of education, law and order and health (welfare state). Today’s conservative party also believe on raisings standards of education, health and law and order. So they have increased the budget for all the welfare state which include N.H.S and law and order departments. But it is also a fact that Margaret thatcher believed on low budget for welfare state but Cameron believes on balance budget.
So we have found that he has changed many policies like more intervention by government, rehabilitation of criminals, role of state and equal opportunities for all. But largely, economic policies have remained the same, and the Conservatives are still regarded as 'business-friendly'. However, although low tax is important, and Cameron realises this, Social Conservatives argue that tax can merely be lowered as long as public services are not affected detrimentally. They still believe on raising standards of public services such as education and N.H.S. So we also have found that Cameron has become much more centrist. In my opinion I believe that there is evidence which suggests that David Cameron has kept certain factors of Thatcherism in the modern conservative party, however, there is some evidence which also suggests that David Cameron is his own man and differs from Margaret Thatcher’s views. The world was a very different place back when Margaret Thatcher was in power. The UK had a strong manufacturing base and a lot of it was state owned, Unionism was rife and state employed workers were constantly out on strike. And now it conditions are totally change so it is very difficult to compare them.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

To What Extent Has Globalization Had an Impact on State Sovereignty?

...To what extent has globalization had an impact on state sovereignty? Some suggest that nation state is still the dominant performer, other argue that state sovereignty is being undermined by non- state factors such as globalization. To answer to the question to what extent has the sovereignty of the nation-state been undermined by globalization, it is essential to look on the general definition of both terms. According to the more or less objective definition of globalization [there are many pessimistic and positive views of globalization], it is a term which illustrate the worldwide spread of influences of phenomena, such as culture, religion, language, transport, media, health concerns, technology and environmental concerns. Broadly speaking, state sovereignty is a supreme, absolute and uncontrollable power by which an independent state is governed without foreign interference. In this sense, internal aspect refers to the ultimate source of authority within a state. Basically, there are two dimensions of sovereignty in course of political sense, namely internal and external sovereignty. Internal sovereignty shows exclusive political control, where state government is the ultimate source of legal and political power. Externally, sovereignty means that other governments have no right to interfere in that state’s affairs. An example in the course of undermined external sovereignty can be present the UK, where sovereignty was compromised by European Union, Devolution, UN,......

Words: 1136 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

To What Extent Is the Labour Party Still Socialist?

...To What Extent Is Labour Still A Socialist Party? Socialism, as it is understood in Britain, is a political ideology whereby all people are considered fundamentally equal, the means of production are nationalised, and a mass redistribution of wealth is desired in order to uphold social justice and prevent monopoly by the upper class. It effectively supports a view of collectivism – the idea that society, as a whole, should be treated as one economic unit, and that ‘the economy’ should therefore be in its hands. During the 1980s, Labour was arguably the farthest left that it has ever been. During this period, Labour was of an ideology of Social Democracy. Social democracy is a form of socialism which aims to reform the capitalist system to reduce social inequality and promote social justice. The core values of the social democracy can be seen in the old Clause IV which supported equality, redistribution of wealth, social justice, nationalisation, full employment and welfare for all, which were heavily socialist leanings. Its main means of upholding these values were through a mixed economy, Keynesian demand management to support employment and the redistribution of wealth via the welfare system. By the 1970's this system of running the country had led to stagflation, and Keynesianism had failed in the eyes of many. The Conservative Party was later elected with a New Right agenda under Thatcher, and the electorate consensus following their periods in office was that her......

Words: 981 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

To What Extent Has the Conservative Party Changed Since Thatcher and What Challenges Does It Still Face?

...Margaret Thatcher revolutionised the Conservative party, bringing life back into what many felt was a tired Tory party. She was dogmatic rather than pragmatic, she believed in the value of the individual and she was a strong advocate of the free market economy. She irrevocably changed the Conservative party and politics. Leaders since her may have felt they were living in her shadow – none of them would dare publically question her, and many of her ideals have stuck. Even Labour accepted some of her policies, such as anti-trade union laws and privatisation. However, she also bred bitterness, so Cameronist politics cautiously echo Thatcherism, whilst trying to appeal to a wider audience. Cameron respected Thatcher rather than worshipped her – he set about what the media called “detoxifying” the Tories, but he still shared many core values with Thatcher. Cameron faces a different backdrop to Thatcher and his challenge has been to adapt rather than revolutionise – he admired Thatcher but is pragmatic enough to change rather than blindly follow her unshaking beliefs. Cameron’s Conservatism is different to Thatcherism – and although much of it can be put down to the coalition diluting the more hard-line Tory policies, there are many decisions Thatcher would never have taken – again highlighting the difference between Thatcher’s dogmatism and Cameron’s pragmatism. Cameron had also planned to match Labour’s public spending increases from 2010-11 - whilst abandoned the idea shows he...

Words: 1774 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

To What Extent Is the Conservative Party Still Committed to Its Traditional Principles?

...TO WHAT EXTENT IS THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY STILL COMMITTED TO ITS TRADITIONAL PRINCIPLES? Since 1979 the conservative party has undergone significant changes from the traditional conservative party which focused on ideas about human nature, order and pragmatism, first with new right conservatism under Thatcher then with the current conservative party. The current conservative party however, can be seen to still be committed to its traditional conservative principles such as Euro-scepticism and that they remain largely traditionalist. However there are many ways in which the conservative party has changed such as taxation, education and the welfare state. One way the conservative party has changed is through taxation. Traditionally, the conservative party was known as believing in low tax however the current conservative party, seems to have changed certain parts of their policies about this perhaps shifting to a more central position on taxation proposing a new tax scheme where people earning under ten thousand pounds a year pay no tax and there would be bigger and more severe crack downs on top earners in offshore bank accounts. This signifies a deviation from traditional conservative principles, perhaps due to the modernisation of the party since Cameron became leader. One way the party has stayed committed to its conservative principles is through continued euro-scepticism. Traditionally the party has been very euro-sceptic initially not wanting to join the EU and......

Words: 661 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

To What Extent Is the Uk a Two Party System

...To what extent is the UK a two party system (25 marks) It is often argued that in the UK we have a two party system this is a system where two major political parties dominate politics within a government. One of the two parties typically holds a majority in the legislature and is usually referred to, as the majority party while the other is the minority party. Traditionally in the UK this is the Conservatives and the Labour party. However, as politics and society evolves it seems that the UK is moving away from these ideas In the period 1945–70, the UK provided a textbook example of a two-party system. The Conservatives and Labour won a clear majority of votes cast in general elections and secured all but a handful of seats in the House of Commons. Together they averaged 91% of the vote in the eight general elections held in this period and 98% of seats. The two parties were closely matched in the popular vote, had nationwide support, and held office for equivalent periods. Originally the Labour Party is have said to represent the working mans party while the conservative party was more about preserving the traditional values of the UK’s society. The fact that there was a two party system suggests that there was strong party alignment; electors voted for the party that represented the interests of their social class. The devolution of power is a strong argument that suggests the UK is no longer a two party system. In 1998, devolution took place through the creation......

Words: 753 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

To What Extent Has the Internet Made the Clothing Market More Competitive?

...To what extent has the internet made the clothing market more competitive? One way in which the internet has made the clothing market more competitive is due to there being fewer barriers to enter into business on the internet. This is largely because rents are higher when opening an actually clothing store on a busy street; this however is not so much of a problem for online retailers. Therefore, this would make the cost of production for online retailers less than that of street stores, thus enabling online clothing prices to be significantly lower, boosting competition. However, this may not be the case if other factors of production for online retailers are high, such as rent for a warehouse to keep stocks, as this would cancel out the low cost of not paying rent for a store, although the rent for the warehouse would be considerable low as the location is not important. Furthermore, the internet has allowed consumers to have more information about different prices of clothing available by various retailers; this has been made even easier by price comparison sites. Amazon for example, has various prices for one particular piece of clothing offered by multiple providers. This reduces monopoly power as consumers are increasing able to buy their needed product at the lowest price, thus encouraging competition. However, price comparison websites themselves have come under criticism. As for example, they might not take into account the different types of consumers looking......

Words: 585 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

To What Extent Has the Location of the Sovereignty in the Uk Has Changed?

...To what extent has the location of the sovereignty in the UK has changed? The sovereignty is the supreme and independent power or authority in government as possessed or claimed by a state or community. There are two types of sovereignty, legal and political. Legal sovereignty is the principle that one body has the authority and right to change any law in anyway it wants to, legal sovereignty in the UK has been said to lie in Westminster Parliament. Political sovereignty is where power effectively and actively is used and implemented, in other words who holds political power and who has can influence it. For example, political sovereignty lies with the electorate at election time, but at other times lies with parliament when debating legislation and constitutional statues. Although the UK parliament is a sovereign body, there was devolution to the regions under Blaire, as well as transferring powers to the European Parliament in the Brussels, which firstly happened after Maastrich Treaty in 1992. On the one hand, there was a some transfers of EU, whereby the UK Parliament cannot do anything on certain matters. The UK initially joined the EEC in 1973 since then the EEC has become the EU and has also become increasingly more powerful over the UK as time has passed. It could be argued that the EU is supreme over UK statues and the UK parliament. This is shown in the case whereby the EU allowed Spanish fishing boats to fish in UK waters, because it is EU waters, and......

Words: 553 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

To What Extent Has the Location of Sovereignty in the Uk Changed in the Recent Years

...To what extent has the location of sovereignty in the UK changed in the recent years? Sovereignty is essential and there is nothing you can do to challenge it or take it away. In the UK sovereignty lies within parliament; Sovereignty was placed formally to parliament after the Bill of Rights Act in 1688 when the monarch’s powers were removed. Ultimate power lies in parliament due to the fact that the electorate vote for the members of Parliament in free, fair and regular elections. There are two types of sovereignty that exist, legal and political. Legal sovereignty is the principle that one body has the authority and right to change any law in anyway it wants to, legal sovereignty in the UK has been said to lie in Westminster Parliament. Political sovereignty is where power effectively and actively is used and implemented, in other words who holds political power and who has can influence it. For example, political sovereignty lies with the electorate at election time, but at other times lies with Parliament when debating legislation and constitutional statues. People argue that the EU undermines Parliament sovereignty because national sovereignty of the British ts citizens is the ability of the UK to decide matters for itself. Membership of the EU has meant there has been a loss of national sovereignty. There are now a lot of EU institutions which are also in power with the UK political institutions and sometimes a number of areas which the EU has had an impact on the......

Words: 1148 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Income Tax E-Filing – to What Extent Has It Been Accepted in Mauritius?

...Income Tax E-Filing – To what extent has it been accepted in Mauritius? Submitted by: ID number: Course name: Date of submission: Lecturer’s name: Table of Contents * Introduction * Problem Statement * Aims and Objectives * Literature Review * Research Methodology * The Gantt Chart * Budgeting * References Introduction Information communication technology is being integrated to deliver better and convenient public services by the government in various ways under the e- governance program around the world. Filing income tax return online is one such ambitious initiative under e-governance. Tax e-filing has been adopted by many developed countries today where the public has to discharge their responsibility to the tax authorities. In line with the Government’s Maurice Ile Durable strategy with the view of becoming an environment friendly organisation and for better tax administration and good governance practices, the Mauritius Revenue Authority (MRA) launched the Electronic Filing of Returns Facilities for individuals on 21st August 2009. The E Filing season 2014 has an innovative feature such that Electronic filing may now also take place via any electronic device (namely smartphones, tablets, iPhone, iPads, etc.) Furthermore, the MRA is also organising a Free Income Tax Assistance (FITA) campaign in Mauritius and Rodrigues. Taxpayers visiting the FITA centres will be able to file their......

Words: 1310 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

To What Extent Has Modern Liberalism Departed from Classical Liberalism

...Liberalism is a political ideology based on the principle of liberality and equality. It is an ideology that came about during the age of enlightenment and was popular among political philosophers and economists, John Locke being one of them. Locke is a man who is often accredited with founding Liberalism, he argued that “each man has a natural right to life, liberty and property” while adding that governments “must not violate these rights based on the social contract”. Revolutions such as the Glorious Revolution in the UK or the French revolution used liberalist ideas to justify overthrowing what they considered to be tyrannical governments. The main core themes of liberalism are individualism, freedom, justice, tolerance and reason. Individualism is the social theory favouring freedom of action for individuals over collective or state control. In classical liberalism it is valued as one of the most important core themes of liberalism. Classical liberals believe in egoistical individualism, this is to say that they believe humans to be ‘rationally self-interested’ creatures. This therefore means that society should be considered as atomistic; that it is composed of a lot of individuals rather than it being one whole. Classical liberals also believe in negative freedom. This means that they believe in allowing people to be free be simply leaving them alone, which opposes positive freedom in which the government enables people to be free by giving them the means to do so.......

Words: 979 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

To What Extent Has Globalization Improved the Lives of Children and Youth?

...To what extent has globalization improved the lives of children and youth? To say that globalization has affected the lives of children and youth around the world would be an understatement. But with the growth over the years from globalization, many pros and cons have come out of it. The forthcoming of globalization has done wonders to developed countries, but not so much for underdeveloped countries. This is why I stand on a thin line between if it has improved the lives plenty, or not quite enough. Globalization has increased economic competition. With this producers try to provide goods and services of value at the lowest possible prices. To achieve such a goal, manufacturer’s hire youth and children. They force the youth and children to work in horrible conditions that are unsafe and threatening to their health. They take advantage of the children due to the fact that they talk themselves up, and the children and afraid to speak up for their rights. Most of these kids that are being used as cheap labor, will never have a chance to go to school to further their education and to be able to get higher paying and safer jobs. In accordance with the UN’s Convention on the Rights of the Child, it recognizes that “the child [a person under 18 years of age], for the full and harmonious development of his or her personality, should grow up in a family environment, in an atmosphere of happiness, love and understanding, …and in particular in the spirit of peace, dignity,......

Words: 340 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

To What Extent Has Modern Liberalism Departed from Classical Liberalism 40

...of liberalism so are united in their belief of freedom and rights of the individual but they have slightly different views on the type of freedom they support. Classical liberalism has a belief in utilitarianism first posed by Jeremy Bentham, this is where individuals make tiny calculations about whether their actions will ‘maximise pleasure or minimise pain’. This is an egotistical form of individualism that assumes individuals are motivated by self-interest. Modern liberals do not share this view as they see it as a flawed method. This view of classical liberalism was opposite to that of paternalistic conservatism, who believe that the state can make the best decisions for the individual whereas classical liberals such as Bentham believed individuals knew what was best for themselves and thus can have the responsibility and freedom to act as they choose. This means that because the likes of Locke and Bentham prioritised the freedom and happiness of the individual, this leads classical liberals to a belief in negative freedom, which argues that there should be a removal of external restrictions from the individual. This is effectively any form of intervention by the state. John Locke believed therefore that only a minimal state should exist and he continued to push his belief that the individual has the right to ‘life, liberty and property’. Modern liberals differ as they do see the need for occasional state intervention but on the whole would agree with Locke’s views on......

Words: 933 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

To What Extent Has China and India Effcted J

...To what extent has China and India effected Japan`s economy between the years of 2009 -2014? Mejia Restoration. In ancient Japan the Tokugwa Period, commonly known as the Edo Period occurred between1603-1863. During this time economic and political stability was maintained in the country under the rule of the Shogunate (1). The Shogunate refers to a military style dictatorship, in which the Emperor granted high ranking military commanders the ability to control and wield power over Japan. The Tokugawa era, were considered to be the last of the shogun period in Japan To create social stability in Japan, the Shogun implemented a systematic plan, which separated the four main classes. Namely: The samurai (warriors) at the top, followed by farmers, artisans, and lastly peasants. The Shoguns were considered to be the bureaucrats of the country. In comparison the peasant class accounted for 80 % Japan’s population were restricted to engaging activities that were associated with agricultural and farming. The reason for this is that the Shogun wanted to ensure that those with authority and power were able to generate a stable source of income from their land, while leaving the peasants with little to survive on. The political stability of the Tokugawa period was under threat due to the colonial expansions of countries such as Portugal and Spain into Asia, via catholic missionaries (1). The reason why the Towkugwa Shogun`s feared catholic missionaries, was that they......

Words: 12662 - Pages: 51

Premium Essay

To What Extent Has the Location of Sovereignty Changed in the Uk in Recent Yeas?

...Ruby Ladlow To what extent has the location of sovereignty in the UK changed in recent years? Sovereignty is in essence ultimate and unchallengeable power. Parliamentary Sovereignty, which makes Parliament the supreme legal authority in the UK, is threatened by devolution. Devolution was the transfer of power to subnational governments, this changed the UK into a quasifederal state; central government does not make all domestic policies, this means that laws passed in Westminster do not apply across the entire territory of the UK. The shift of Westminster’s power has led to a raft of different legislation emanating from these new bodies. This is illustrated by the fact that in England students pay fees for University whereas Scotland decided to keep university fees completely free. The devolution of power has put a constraint on Parliamentary Sovereignty. However it can be argued that devolution preserves in principle the sovereignty of Parliament. The Westminster Parliament could continue to legislate for Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland even on devolved matters; and it can, if it wishes, simply abolish the devolved bodies by a simple Act of Parliament, as it did with the Northern Ireland Parliament in 1972. Secondly, the UK's legal sovereignty is challenged by the EU. The membership of the EU, along with the introduction of the Human Rights Act 1998, has diminished the supremacy of Parliament. The legal basis for British Membership was provided by......

Words: 513 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

To What Extent Has the Use of Technology in Evidence Altered Our Understanding of Adversarialism?

...Evidence To what extent has the use of technology in evidence altered our understanding of adversarialism? What is adversarialism? The adversarial system is the two-sided structure under which criminal trial courts in the UK operate. There are four prominent structural features of the English adversarial system. Firstly, the parties dominate the conduct of proceedings with the judge playing a relatively passive role. Secondly, the parties are free to choose the terrain on which to fight out their legal battles and to select their forensic weapons. Thirdly, Trials are continuous, oral and public events. Fourthly, the imbalance of power between the state and the accused is ameliorated by rules and principles reducing inequality of arms. High level definitions or at least descriptions of the adversarial system abound such as that of Lord Denning in Jones v The National Coal Board.They are all to the effect that the judge is a passive and neutral umpire who cannot descend into the arena for fear of having his or her judgement clouded. The adversarial system is said to be the most efficient means of arriving at approximate truth because it harnesses the power of self-interest on each side to unearth the best evidence. Similarly the best legal arguments are thought to emerge from the clash of advocate’s submission on the law. A classic quotation is that of Lord Eldon in Ex Parte Lloyd that ‘truth is best discovered by powerful statements on both sides of the question.’......

Words: 6120 - Pages: 25