Premium Essay

Tips for Academic Writing

In: Other Topics

Submitted By armanix22
Words 1059
Pages 5
Page 1 of 4

Tips for Academic Writing
Pacific Oaks requires a lot of writing. Even though each paper will be unique in content there are some general rules of academic writing that can be applied to almost any assignment. The following tips are recommended for students writing papers at Pacific Oaks College. The writing recommendations in this handout are not meant to apply to the writing of a thesis. Margins The margins should be one inch on all sides of the paper. It is suggested that the margins be set before any writing is done. To set the margins in Microsoft Word click on “Page Setup” which is in the “File” menu and enter 1 in the margin boxes. Do not enter anything in the boxes that say “Gutter.” Press “OK” and the margins will be set for the rest of the paper. Other word processing programs work in a similar way.

Double Spacing Double spacing is a standard of academic writing. With a few exceptions all text should be double spaced and printed on only one side of the page. To set the line spacing go to the “Format” menu and click on “Paragraph.” Set the line spacing to “Double” and the “Before” and “After” settings to 0.

Complied by Keith Brown Ed.D.

8/25/09

Page 2 of 4

Font The most common fonts for academic writing are “Times,” “Times New Roman,” or “Courier.” with the size set to 12. Larger or smaller font sizes are not recommended. What is most important is to choose a font that is simple and easy to read. Justification The left side of the document is flush, that means all of the words on the left side line up to make a smooth edge. The right side is ragged meaning the words do not make a smooth edge. Title Page If a title page is to be included, place the title of the paper approximately one third of the way down the page. There are two basic styles to choose from. Center the title. In the lower right corner of the page put your name,…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

10 Tips for Professional Writing

...‘References’ section, you have to give full reference of this citation.). This citation indicates that I have used the idea of Bass. Had this been an exact quote, putting it under “ “ sign would be required. In that case the citation would include the page number as well (eg. Bass, 1985: 12). 6.       Remember, your writing intends to be read! If it fails to arise the reader’s interest, it won’t be read beyond first few lines or so. Therefore, it is very important to build interest right from the first line. You must articulate what you intend to do and why it would of interest right in the beginning. Look at any article published in a top academic journal such as Academy of Management Journal or a top practitioners’ journal such the Harvard Business Review. Notice how they build their first paragraph and the first few pages. Do not embed the key ideas or the central questions of your work deep down the pages. No one would have the patience to ‘discover’ them! 7.       Analysis is the substance of anything you do in a professional write up. For God’s sake, please do not consider ‘write up’ as a distinct form of writing. It is a common noun for any kind of writing. 8.       Always make it a point to stress on what did you learn. Learning is always about something ‘NEW’, not regurgitating the ‘OLD’. Write ups that simply reproduce the book or some web pages indicate that the writer lacks professional competence. 9.       An executive summary is an aid to......

Words: 641 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Mm578 Writing Tips for Success

...MKTG578 Instant Writing Tips to enhance your writing effectiveness Having facilitated several MKTG578 courses, I have noticed a consistent string of grammar, punctuation, or syntax (words incorrectly positioned in a sentence) errors that seemingly appear over and over again in my adult learners' papers. As ALL written submissions are evaluated for their graduate-level writing, it is time to grab the bull by the horns and eliminate those pesky habits that one has developed over the years! To help you get a FAST start, please review the following… and demonstrate to me your assimilation of each in your written assignment submissions and threaded discussion postings! 1. A good paragraph focuses on ONE theme of thought. The best paragraphs are those that do not exceed 6-8 lines. Paragraphs that are longer than 6-8 lines result in the human eye becoming "lost in a sea of of words." You will note this paragraph is five lines; it is much easier to read than a paragraph that would have, e.g., fourteen lines. Always ask yourself whether you are attempting to write more than necessary. 2. Notice the above paragraph. The last word is necessary. Because it stands by itself, that one word is called a "widow." Try to avoid widows when writing. 3. The best sentences are those that contain FEWER than 25 words. The longer the sentence, the more punctuation is required… and the more difficulty a person has reading AND comprehending that which you have......

Words: 1752 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Academic Writing

...introduction Academic writing in English is linear, which means it has one central point or theme with every part contributing to the main line of argument, without digressions or repetitions. Its objective is to inform rather than entertain. As well as this it is in the standard written form of the language.There are eight main features of academic writing that are often discussed. Academic writing is to some extent: complex, formal, objective, explicit, hedged, and responsible. It uses language precisely and accurately. Complexity Written language is relatively more complex than spoken language. Written language has longer words, it is lexically denser and it has a more varied vocabulary. It uses more noun-based phrases than verb-based phrases. Written texts are shorter and the language has more grammatical complexity, including more subordinate clauses and more passives. Written language is relatively more complex than spoken languageWritten texts are lexically dense compared to spoken language Written language is grammatically more complex than spoken language. Formality Academic writing is relatively formal. In general this means that in an essay you should avoid colloquial words and expressions. In general this means in an essay that you should avoid: a. colloquial words and expressions; ""stuff", "a lot of", "thing", "sort of", b. abbreviated forms: "can't", "doesn't", "shouldn't" c. two word verbs: "put off", "bring up" d. sub-headings, numbering and......

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Tips for Essay Writing

...Tips for Essay Writing Decide which topic you feel most comfortable writing on and prepare a question or hypothesis that focuses on a particular area of that topic. Once you have your essay question or main idea, you can begin your research. Tips: 1. Try to think of at least 3 main points, discussion ideas or arguments for your essay. These can take the form of case studies (i.e. two case study discussions and an evaluation). Use these 3 points as the main focus of the body paragraphs in your essay. For example: * Introduction – respond to your question and outline the points you are going to make * Body Paragraph 1 – Discuss your first point with evidence to back up your view * Body Paragraph 2 – Discuss your second point with evidence to back up your view * Body Paragraph 3 – Discuss your third point with evidence to back up your view * Conclusion – restate your position and remind the reader of your points. End with a strong concluding sentence. 2. For best results, try to write a detailed plan. Remember, the more work you put into the plan, the easier it will be to write the essay. 3. The introduction should tell the reader what you’re going to write about (the topic) and what you are going to say about it. Save the detail for the body paragraphs. 4. Your body paragraphs should match up with your essay introduction. If you do something different from what you said you’d do in the introduction, the reader will be confused, and you...

Words: 586 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Academic Writing

... Table of Contents Table of Contents Introduction ................................................................................................................5 Advantages & Disadvantages ...................................................................................6 1. Writing about advantages........................................................................................6 2. Writing about disadvantages ...................................................................................7 Agreeing .....................................................................................................................9 1. To agree with someone or something......................................................................9 2. To partly agree with someone or something ..........................................................10 3. When a group of people agree ..............................................................................10 Aim or Purpose.........................................................................................................12 1. Ways of saying what the aim or purpose of something is.......................................12 2. Words meaning aim or purpose.............................................................................13 Approximate / Exact.................................................................................................15 1. Words meaning approximately .......................................................

Words: 32862 - Pages: 132

Free Essay

Abe Essay Writing Tips

...ESSAY-WRITING TIPS Engage with the question When sitting an examination it is essential that you identify the key command words in the question (explain, describe, analyse, compare, etc.) and respond accordingly. Some students find it helpful to highlight key words and phrases in the question during examinations to ensure that they deal with each aspect of the question. Do not ignore any parts of the question even if you are uncertain of how to answer them; if you attempt an answer, at least you stand a chance of gaining some marks. Plan The key to writing a good essay lies in creating a detailed plan before you begin. Take time to think through your ideas and write a structured and logical plan featuring an argument with a clear list of main points that build towards a conclusion. It is best to jot down the references you wish to use in each section, and to ensure that each point leads on logically from its predecessor. Writing a well-structured argument with an introduction and conclusion, which refers to relevant theorists and authors you have studied, will allow you to get higher marks. Many students make the mistake of neglecting to plan their answers in exams, believing that they are wasting valuable time. Taking 5 minutes to write a plan before you begin an answer to a 25 mark question could be the difference between a pass and a fail. Incoherent, badly organised answers will score much lower than those which feature a clearly defined line of......

Words: 583 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Academic Writing

...PRACTICE 2: Writing Paraphrases Original Passage 1 Source: Page 18 of a three-page article in the October 15, 2003, issue of Space Science magazine. The title of the article is “Manned Mars Flights: Impossible Dream?” The author is Patrick Clinton, a NASA physician. A second major problem is maintaining astronauts’ mental health. Being confined for long periods of time in dark and hostile space undoubtedly produces anxiety. Loneliness and boredom are other psychological concerns. NASA physician Patrick Clinton states that keeping the astronauts mentally healthy is a second problem. The lengthy time in space may lead to anxiety as well as loneliness and boredom. Original Passage 4 Source: Page 48 of a nine-page magazine article written by Jeffrey Klunger. The article appeared on page 42-50 in the January 26, 2004, issue of Time magazine. The title of the article is “Mission to Mars: First the Rover Lands, and Now Bush Wants to Send People. We Can Do It Even Faster Than Planned, but Here Is What It Will Take.” Speed is everything on the way to Mars and not only because a seven-month trip in a confined space can be torturous. The bigger problem is that it can be lethal because of radiation exposure in deep space, where the absence of Earth’s magnetic field leaves astronauts for more exposed to deadly cosmic energy than they are in orbit or on the way to the moon. An article by Jeffrey Klunger said going to Mars needed high in speed. The big challenging is the radiation...

Words: 342 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Academic Writing

...Advanced Academic Writing BSB10513-5 Emma Coupe 09003203 Word Count: 1021 Has the rise in University tuition fees deterred students from enrolling for University in the UK? The aim of the essay is to consider if the rise in University Tuition fees has deterred students from enrolling in University. The paper will look at how the rise in cost has affected student’s from lower socio-economic back grounds decision to join University, or go straight into work. It will look at the advantages and disadvantages of young people joining University. The paper will argue whether or not the rise in fees has had an impact on the student’s decision to go into Higher Education or work. Finally a conclusion will be drawn. Universities have faced a number of changes over the years with regards to who should fund Higher Education (HE). This debate is still very active and a number of papers have been written as to whether HE should be government funded or paid for by the student. The Government took recommendations from the Dearing report, first published in 1997 that HE should be funded via an alternative route and not by Grants from the government. Since the original report was published the fees have now reached £9000 per year which was introduced in the 12/13 academic year. Students however aren’t expected to pay the cost of their fees back until they are earning a minimum of £21,000 per annum. It is said that Higher Education matters for the economic growth of the......

Words: 1574 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Academic Writing

...Academic Writing * Academic writing * Referencing * Key features of academic writing * Coherence and linking words * Constructing academic paragraphs * Introduction, body and conclusion One of the main thing to focus on is in writing statement, structure and style Academic writing includes claims backed up by evidence where you must provide justification through arguments. This information maybe presented in journal or newspaper, articles, government reports, books or specific chapters of books, research dissertations or thesis, material available in the internet. When you cite someone’s work in the text of the essay ( that is as an in-text citation), there MUST be a end- text reference at the end of the work. This should provide the full details in Harvard style for the information source so that anyone who wishes to trace back could do so. Importance of referencing Why is a reference necessary? * To show the reader that you have read a variety of articles with deeper reading on the subject area * To enable a reader locate the information source obtained via quote or idea * To demonstrate your understanding that you demonstrate your own thoughts on this * It is important that ideas obtained from variety of sources are acknowledged and read the work while recognizing the original ideas of the author. Referencing & in-text citations * When doing so all claims needs be back up with reference including tables, charts,......

Words: 309 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Academic Writing

...Project 1 – Academic writing Personal Essay If there's one thing you've had a lot of experience with at this point in your life, it's our class topic—education and personal development. You've been through at least twelve years of formal schooling working towards your development, and you've probably had plenty of other life experiences that could be considered educational with development as an end. This first piece is informal. Think of it as a chance to reflect on one of those experiences by writing about it. The key question you'll answer is "How has this experience affected the way I think/feel about school education or learning and how it contribute to your development of abilities?" You're answering the key question for an audience you identify. You might write to your classmates, in which case you could think of this piece as your contribution to our conversation on the topic of education and personal development. You might write to friends who are still in the high school you graduated from recently, in which case you'll need to remember that they haven't been reading and talking about the ideas we have in this class. You might write to a relative or close friend elsewhere, perhaps someone who shared the experience with you. Keep in mind the kinds of things your readers/classmates will understand already and what you'll need to explain and/or describe in greater detail. Please note your target audience at the top of each draft as you revise. Your goals as a......

Words: 1396 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Academic Writing

...and Technology Support Academic writing What is academic writing? Well, it is writing done by scholars for scholars. Thanks goodness I am just a student not a scholar hence academic writing does not concern me, right? Wrong! As a university college student you are part of a community of scholars. You are expected to be able to engage in the following activities: Read about certain ideas Think about certain ideas Argue about certain ideas Write about certain ideas Before you start to write you have to read widely in your area of interest. Carry out a literature search in the library or an online search in the Internet. Look for relevant articles in the journals or newspapers or even in books. In an academic writing you have to acknowledge references made in the bibliography. While reading extensively you have to think and decide whether you agree with the authors’ views or otherwise. Do you have evidence to support your stand? On what ground do you choose a particular position. You have to argue it out convincingly in your writing. Do not use hearsay or your gut feeling to support your argument. Look for concrete evidences in other scholars’ work. It is very wrong to submit an academic writing where you merely joint together paragraphs from various articles read without contributing your views, your arguments and your thinking of the subject you are writing. Remember it is not an exercise for you to summarise other authors’ writings. Now, how to......

Words: 1103 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Academic Writing

...Mathematical Writing by Donald E. Knuth, Tracy Larrabee, and Paul M. Roberts This report is based on a course of the same name given at Stanford University during autumn quarter, 1987. Here’s the catalog description: CS 209. Mathematical Writing—Issues of technical writing and the effective presentation of mathematics and computer science. Preparation of theses, papers, books, and “literate” computer programs. A term paper on a topic of your choice; this paper may be used for credit in another course. The first three lectures were a “minicourse” that summarized the basics. About two hundred people attended those three sessions, which were devoted primarily to a discussion of the points in §1 of this report. An exercise (§2) and a suggested solution (§3) were also part of the minicourse. The remaining 28 lectures covered these and other issues in depth. We saw many examples of “before” and “after” from manuscripts in progress. We learned how to avoid excessive subscripts and superscripts. We discussed the documentation of algorithms, computer programs, and user manuals. We considered the process of refereeing and editing. We studied how to make effective diagrams and tables, and how to find appropriate quotations to spice up a text. Some of the material duplicated some of what would be discussed in writing classes offered by the English department, but the vast majority of the lectures were devoted to issues that are specific to mathematics and/or computer science. Guest lectures......

Words: 48549 - Pages: 195

Premium Essay

Academic Writing

...Academic Writing Paper Extra-curricular Enhance Student’s Academic Performances Name : Mohammad zulfarhi bin jasni Id No : 19034 Program : business information system For the evaluation of Ms. Azelin Mohamed Noor Date : 15 / 04 / 2015 Extra-curricular Enhance Student’s Academic Performances Extra-curricular activities are activities performed by students that fall outside the realm of the normal curriculum of the school (Adeyemo, 2010). Basically, it is an enrichment facilities that offered by educational facilities to help promote skills and high level of thinking for students. The way students choose to spend their free time can affect their performances and it is not simply traditional in class instruction that impacts academic achievement. Poor academic performance or high failure rates may result in unacceptable levels of attrition, reduced graduate throughput and increased cost of education. O’Brien and Rollefson (1995 June) stated that there are three indicators that showed successful participation in school which are consistent attendance, academic achievement and aspirations for continuing education beyond high school and extra-curricular participation was positively associated with each of these success indicators. These activities are mostly offer opportunities for students to develop their values of teamwork, individual and group responsibility. The National Center for Education......

Words: 1493 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Academic Writing

...Kristopher Lukas - Academic Writing ' Angry Sentence ' If I had too choose what products that I will invents and developed, I will certainly choose a medicine to cure cancer. This is due to several reason. My first reason to choose this invention because as the time goes by, more and more lives will be taken by this disease. Until today, there are no specific way and treatment to cure this disease and people are struggling since it is one of the disease that could not be cured. Many people say that only miracle could overcome it, but I believe, we, ourself, must work hard to make it really happen. Because cancer is one of the deadliest disease, its medicine must be invented. Moreover, by inventing this medicine, it will indirectly brings an encouragement to scientists that is currently passing under the yoke. Considering it are very hard to invent it, when they realise that the medicine could be really invented, they will gain a positive mindset that if we works hard on what we are fighting for, no handwork that must be chagrined for. They will also gains new spirit to invents medicine for diseases that have no medicine yet. Because this thing could lead to a positive effects, I consider to invent this thing. Ultimately, I feel that i have made the right choice because besides many people's life could be saved, many other useful invention could also be discover. I believe it because when people unite together and God is working on their side, no problems such as sickness......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Academic Writing

...“Invention” or “Discovery” is the means whereby a writer or orator either finds (discovers) or creates (invents) content. In academic writing or speaking, invention often is thought to begin with research, but students also use invention techniques to help them prepare for research. Invention fosters critical thinking skills, so that as students do their research, they are more open to various problems and perspectives and more able to connect what they learn to their personal experiences and knowledge; invention also helps writers or speakers narrow a topic, clarify a thesis, develop ideas, or find arguments. In addition, once some preliminary reading or drafting is done, invention techniques can help he writer or speaker to refocus. Finally, these techniques are helpful for students who are blocked. Not all invention techniques are suited to all communication tasks. Encourage students to experiment with these strategies to find out which work for them. Clustering For those who need a visual picture of their ideas, clustering (also called visualizing) is a helpful method of invention. Clustering can be done as a part of brainstorming groups (see below) or by students working alone. What follows is a procedure for clustering to provide to students: 1. Write a word related to the topic in the middle of a page and circle it. 2. Think of other words that come to mind when you think of the word. Let your mind be playful. Don’t judge or evaluate; just let the words......

Words: 1510 - Pages: 7