Premium Essay


In: Business and Management

Submitted By dtdt2909
Words 553
Pages 3
Chapter 2: A Brief History of Management’s Roots
Tran Minh Thu MA

Early Management
• Management has been practiced for a long time. • Organized endeavors directed by people responsible for planning, organizing, leading and controlling have existed for thousands of years.

Early management

Adam Smith

Scientific Management (1900s)

General Administrative Theory (1910s)

Management Theory

Quantitative approach (1940s)

Hawthorn Studies Behavioral science Theorists Human Relation

Organizational Behaviour (1930-1950)

Contemporary Views

Historical background

Industrial Revolution

Classical Approaches
• Scientific Management
– Frederick W. Taylor (1856 1915) described scientific management as a method of scientifically finding the “one best way to do a job”
- It emphasizes the scientific study of work methods to improve worker efficiency.’

Copyright ©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.


• • • •

Scientific methods Training employees Cooperative Task equally assign

Scientific management
• 4 rules within this method of managing. • Advantages and limitation of the theory

Other Classic Approaches
• General Administrative Theory
– focused on what constituted good management – Max Weber (pictured) described the bureaucracy as an ideal rational form of organization.

Copyright ©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.


Henry Fayol (1842-1925) identified 5 management functions and 14 management principles

• • • • •

planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating and controlling

• Advantages and limitation of this method of managing employees. => Comparing the similarity and differences between these two method of managing.

Behavioral Approaches
• Early management writers included:
– Robert Owen, was concerned about deplorable…...

Similar Documents