Premium Essay

Three Most Pressing Issues in Organizational Behavior and the Practices That Might Be Implemented

In: Business and Management

Submitted By rmyannaa
Words 2709
Pages 11
Three most pressing issues in Organizational Behavior and the practices that might be implemented
Organization behavior is the study of behaviors and attitudes of people in an organization. After all human behaviors and attitudes determine effectiveness of any organization. The approach used in studying OB is the system approach. In other words, this approach interprets people-organization relationships in terms of the whole person, whole group, whole organization, and whole social system. Its purpose is to build better relationships by achieving human objectives, organizational objectives, and social objectives. In this paper we propose to study leadership, motivation and organizational conflict, as among the most pressing issues in organizational behavior. Further, we shall discuss how these issues can be addressed.
Critical role of motivation
It is critical for managers to understand why and how employees are motivated if they are to make full use of a worker’s capacity to learn and perform. For a manager, motivating employees to learn and perform at their best is a complex and difficult challenge. No two individuals, that is, no two employees including the two who are doing the same job are alike. At any time two different individuals will have two distinct needs and desires. Moreover, what motivates an employee to perform well today may not motivate him the next year, or next week, or even next hour. However, a motivated set of employees represent tremendous promise. When employees are motivated performance, learning, and satisfaction can improve dramatically from which everyone including the organization benefits (Stroh et al, p.62).
Douglas McGregor in 1960 saw the merit in the relationship between motivation and behavior. According to him, managers motivate employees by one of the two basic approaches, which he termed Theory X and Theory Y. Theory X is…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Instructor’s Manual to Accompany Organizational Behavior 5/e emerging knowledge and practice for the real world by Steven L. McShane and Mary Ann von Glinow Chapter 1 Introduction to the Field of Organizational Behavior Prepared by: Steven L. McShane, University of Western Australia This Instructor’s Manual  1ile is part of the Instructor’s Resource CD­ROM for Organizational Behavior: Emerging Knowledge and Practice for the Real World,  5th edition 10‐digit ISBN: 0073364347 13‐digit ISBN: 9780073364346 Published by McGraw‐Hill/Irwin, a business unit of The McGraw‐Hill Companies, Inc., 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New  York, NY, 10020. Copyright ©  2010,  2008,  2005,  2003,  2000  by The McGraw‐Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No  part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval  system, without the prior written consent of The McGraw‐Hill Companies, Inc., including, but not limited to, in any network  or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning.  Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the United States.  McGraw-Hill Irwin Chapter 1: Introduction to the Field of Organizational Behavior 1 Introduction to the Field of Organizational Behavior LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter, students should be able to: 1.......

Words: 9749 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...UNDERSTANDING AND MANAGING ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR Delta Publishing Company 1 Copyright © 2006 by DELTA PUBLISHING COMPANY P.O. Box 5332, Los Alamitos, CA 90721-5332 All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 An Introduction to Organizational Behavior CHAPTER 2 Managing People and Organizations CHAPTER 3 Motivation CHAPTER 4 Work-Related Attitudes CHAPTER 5 Organizational Communication and Power CHAPTER 6 Groups and Teams in Organizations CHAPTER 7 Leadership CHAPTER 8 Prosocial Behavior, Cooperation Conflict, and Stress CHAPTER 9 Making Decisions in Organizations CHAPTER 10 Culture, Creativity, and Innovation CHAPTER 11 Designing Effective Organizations CHAPTER 12 Managing Organizational Change and Development GLOSSARY 3 CHAPTER 1 AN INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter you will be able to: • Define organizational behavior. • Trace the historical roots of organizational behavior. • Discuss the emergence of contemporary organizational behavior, including its precursors, the Hawthorne studies, and the human relations movement. • Describe contemporary organizational behavior—its characteristics, concepts, and importance. • Identify and discuss contextual perspectives on organizational behavior. What is an organization? An organization is defined as a collection of people......

Words: 93481 - Pages: 374

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Organizational Behavior W. Jack Duncan Book review Meera Iyer Chapters 1. Organizational behavior: defining the field 2. Historical perspective 3. Methodological foundations of organizational behavior 4. Personality development and attitudes 5. The cognitive basis of individual behavior 6. Motivation: Theory and selected research 7. Introduction to small group behavior 8. Leadership behavior and effectiveness 9. Intergroup analysis: Co-ordination and conflict 10. The organization and the individual 11. Environments, organizations and behavior 12. Power relations in organizations 13. Performance evaluation and organizational effectiveness 14. Planned change and organizational development This book is about organizational behavior. It is also a text on management. The objective of the book is to present a research based approach to management from an applied behavioral science perspective. I have summarized each chapter of the book, explaining the main points that the authors wish to communicate. © www.hrfolks.com All Rights Reserved Organizational behavior – Defining the field Organizations are collections of interacting and inter related human and non-human resources working toward a common goal or set of goals within the framework of structured relationships. Organizational behavior is concerned with all aspects of how organizations influence the behavior of individuals and how......

Words: 4349 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR CONCEPTS CONTROVERSIES APPLICATIONS Seventh Edition Stephen P. Robbins 1996 Contents Part One • Introduction Chapter 1 What Is Organizational Behavior? 2 Chapter 2 Responding to Global and Cultural Diversity 42 Part Two • The Individual Chapter 3 Foundations of Individual Behavior 80 Chapter 4 Perception and Individual Decision Making 130 Chapter 5 Values, Attitudes, and Job Satisfaction 172 Chapter 6 Basic Motivation Concepts 210 Chapter 7 Motivation: From Concepts to Applications 250 Part Three • The Group Chapter 8 Foundations of Group Behavior 292 Chapter 9 Understanding Work Teams 344 Chapter 10 Communication 374 Chapter 11 Leadership 410 Chapter 12 Power and Politics 460 Chapter 13 Conflict, Negotiation, and Intergroup Behavior 502 Part Four - The Organization System Chapter 14 Foundations of Organization Structure 548 Chapter 15 Technology, Work Design, and Stress 588 Chapter 16 Human Resource Policies and Practices 634 Chapter 17 Organizational Culture 678 Part Five - Organizational Dynamics Chapter 18 Organizational Change and Development 714 CHAPTER I • WHAT IS ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR? What Managers Do Let’s begin by briefly defining the terms manager and the place where managers work—the organization. Then let’s look at the manager’s job; specifically, what do managers do? Managers get things done through other people. They make decisions, allocate resources, and direct the activities of others to attain goals. Managers......

Words: 146017 - Pages: 585

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior Issues

...Organizational Behavior Issue Nirali Patel GMGT / 530 September 09, 2013 Brian Frank Organizational Behavior Issue According to Brief & Weiss, (2002), “Organizational behavior is an area of inquiry concerned with both sorts of influence: work organizations on people and people on work organizations.” Organizational Behavior is one of the important features to preserve and improve communication between employees in the business. Qualities like leadership, openness to discuss problems, challenge-initiative are related to the notion of Organizational Behavior (OB) to aid the business accomplish its tactical business objectives. In this paper the OB issues and organizational cultural differences of the two companies will be discussed. These issues have risen because of the decision made by the stakeholders of Rubbermaid Commercial Products (RCP), located in the United States to acquire Technical Concepts located in the Netherlands. The other point of discussion will be the challenges faced by the manger of Technical concept to create a smooth merger and create an environment of cooperation within the organizations. The merger and acquisition is to expand and continue to create a strong stand in the market place. As the manager of Technical Concepts, I have challenged to implement the changes necessary to make the acquisition process successful and to have a smooth transition while still maintaining high quality of performance. As the manager I will give......

Words: 2008 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Organizational Behavior

... HANDBOOK OF PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR SECOND EDITION HANDBOOK OF PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR INDISPENSABLE KNOWLEDGE FOR EVIDENCE-BASED MANAGEMENT SECOND EDITION Edited by EDWIN A. LOCKE A John Wiley and Sons, Ltd, Publication This edition first published 2009 © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd Registered office John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ , United Kingdom For details of our global editorial offices, for customer services and for information about how to apply for permission to reuse the copyright material in this book please see our website at www.wiley.com. The right of the author to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, except as permitted by the UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, without the prior permission of the publisher. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books. Designations used by companies to distinguish their products are often claimed as trademarks. All brand names and product names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered......

Words: 315905 - Pages: 1264

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Organizational Behavior W. Jack Duncan Book review Meera Iyer Chapters 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Organizational behavior: defining the field Historical perspective Methodological foundations of organizational behavior Personality development and attitudes The cognitive basis of individual behavior Motivation: Theory and selected research Introduction to small group behavior Leadership behavior and effectiveness Intergroup analysis: Co-ordination and conflict The organization and the individual Environments, organizations and behavior Power relations in organizations Performance evaluation and organizational effectiveness Planned change and organizational development This book is about organizational behavior. It is also a text on management. The objective of the book is to present a research based approach to management from an applied behavioral science perspective. I have summarized each chapter of the book, explaining the main points that the authors wish to communicate. © www.hrfolks.com All Rights Reserved Organizational behavior – Defining the field Organizations are collections of interacting and inter related human and non-human resources working toward a common goal or set of goals within the framework of structured relationships. Organizational behavior is concerned with all aspects of how organizations influence the behavior of individuals and how individuals in turn influence organizations. Organizational behavior is an......

Words: 4360 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Organizational Behavior

...the purpose in terms specific goals enhances productivity over and above any performance benefits achieved through individual goal setting. Behavioral norms for high performance and productivity set above organizational norms characterizes high performing work groups. Smaller groups tend to be more cohesive than large groups, and cohesion based on attraction results in effective control over members with respect to important performance norms. Successful resolution of authority issues within a group result in a well understood status structure. This contributes to group functioning. 2.   Describe the five stages of Tuckman's Group Development Process. What individual and group issues are addressed in each stage?  Forming Storming Norming Performing Adjourning Individual How do I What's my What do the How can I Whta's issues fit in? role here? Others expect best perform next? me to do? my role? Group Why are we Why are we Can we agree Can we do the Can we help Issues here? fighting over on roles and job properly? members who is in charge work as a ......

Words: 5127 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Chapter One: Introduction to Organizational Behavior Chapter Synopsis This chapter launches the students' study of organizational behavior by providing an overview of management history and the OB field, and by identifying forces that promise to reshape the nature of management. It exposes the how, what, why, and when of organizational behavior, as viewed and practiced by managers. It also identifies the skills and competencies that leaders will need to create the ideal 21st century work atmosphere, such as intelligence, passion, a strong work ethic, a team orientation, and a genuine concern for people. Learning Objectives After completing this chapter, students should be able to: 1. Define in applied terms organizational behavior. 2. Describe the disciplines that have contributed to the field of organizational behavior. 3. Discuss the importance of understanding behavior in organizations. 4. Explain the time dimension model of measuring effectiveness. 5. Explain the relationship between quality and organizational effectiveness. Key Terms power of human resources—The ability to get things done in the way one wants them to be done. globalism—The interdependency of transportation, distribution, communication, and economic networks across international borders. cultural diversity—The vast array of differences created by cultural phenomena such as history, economic conditions, personality characteristics,...

Words: 4459 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Organizational Behavior Aspects of Leadership Every working environment regardless of practice or profession tailors and defines leadership according to that specific profession. Leadership is the art of an individual’s personality who is naturally capable of inspiring and motivating, preparing a group or team of people to act towards increasing company’s or an institution’s bottom lines. Effective leadership is based upon vision and ideas defined through a company or an institution’s mission statement. These visions and ideas won’t take place unless leadership conveys and communicates the messages clearly to its current and perspective employees. Those individuals who will be honored to acquire leadership status will have the opportunity and challenge to exercise three of their primary leadership skills available at their disposal. These primary leadership skills involve communicating and conveying project messages, inspiring and motivating and finally supervise employees to achieve a set of goals and objectives. Leadership is a winning combination of an individual’s personal traits and their ability to think and act as a group or team leader who will guide and direct activities of others for the achievement of the organization as a whole. Leadership is essentially related to an individual’s skills, abilities and degree of influence upon others. Leading is the result of utilizing one’s role and leadership ability to influence others in some way or......

Words: 3791 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Digital Chocolate Organizational Behavior Issues

...the capability of identifying opportunities and transforming it into a success. As with Digital Chocolate, Hawkins was able to recognize that computers would be the perfect fit for a gaming platform. There is no doubt that his business background makes him the right fit for the mobile gaming industry. Digital Chocolate possesses a multi-cultural and international organizational structure. Its structure is split between creativity/innovation and operations, with a focus on cost reduction and increased profits. Although the company has an entrepreneurial culture and embraces creativity, evidence proves differently. In 2005, Hawkins stated, “About 50% of senior managers were not working out, primarily due to personality issues. In a company like ours, everyone has to play on the same team in order to win. If we have too many solo flyers, the company will not succeed.” With a statement like this one, it is easy to assume that as the company grows, it will face many issues when attempting to add additional team members. The organization’s culture will be stunt, thus, preventing potential talent from evolving. Another issue that Digital Chocolate is faced with is its top down approach to reviewing employee performance. Employees are appraised based on past year contributions, employee strengths, and employee conformity to company values. This method leads to a very biased performance assessment and it does not allow for employee feedback. Hawkins management style is contradicting......

Words: 518 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 1 2 3 Describe the three key elements of motivation. Identify early theories of motivation and evaluate their applicability today. Apply the predictions of selfdetermination theory to intrinsic and extrinsic rewards. 4 5 6 Compare and contrast goalsetting theory and management by objectives. Contrast reinforcement theory and goal-setting theory. Demonstrate how organizational justice is a refinement of equity theory. 7 8 9 Apply the key tenets of expectancy theory to motivating employees. Compare contemporary theories of motivation. Show how motivation theories are culture bound. ISBN 0-558-97987-4 202 Organizational Behavior, Fourteenth Edition, by Stephen P. Robbins and Timothy A. Judge. Published by Prentice Hall. Copyright © 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. Motivation Concepts Luke: “I don’t believe it.” Yoda: “That is why you fail.” —The Empire Strikes Back 7 THE BIG BROKER EXODUS T ISBN 0-558-97987-4 he global recession has upended the status quo in many areas of business, and nowhere is that more evident than in the financial sector. Former Wall Street icons—Lehman Brothers, Merrill Lynch, Bear Stearns—have been absorbed by other companies or vanished altogether. Other stalwart companies, such as Citigroup, JPMorgan Chase, American International Group (AIG), and Morgan Stanley, were forced to become wards of the state. Said one business writer, “It’s......

Words: 20911 - Pages: 84

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...|WHAT IS ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR? | LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying this chapter, students should be able to: 1. Define organizational behavior (OB) 2. Describe what managers do 3. Explain the value of the systematic study of OB 4. List the major challenges and opportunities for managers to use OB concepts 5. Identify the contributions made by major behavioral science disciplines to OB 6. Describe why managers require a knowledge of OB 7. Explain the need for a contingency approach to the study of OB 8. Identify the three levels of analysis in this book’s OB model CHAPTER OVERVIEW Managers need to develop their interpersonal or people skills if they are going to be effective in their jobs. Organizational behavior (OB) is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within an organization, then applies that knowledge to make organizations work more effectively. Specifically, OB focuses on how to improve productivity, reduce absenteeism and turnover, and increase employee citizenship and job satisfaction. We all hold generalizations about the behavior of people. Some of our generalizations may provide valid insights into human behavior, but many are erroneous. Organizational behavior uses systematic study to improve predictions of behavior......

Words: 10414 - Pages: 42

Premium Essay

Influence of Organizational Culture on Organizational Citizenship Behavior: a Three-Sector Study

...INFLUENCE OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE ON ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR: A THREE-SECTOR STUDY Jagannath Mohanty, Institute of Management Technology, Nagpur Bhabani P Rath, Berhampur University, Berhampur ABSTRACT In recent years, the employer expectations have witnessed an upward surge, in anticipation of certain discretionary behaviors out of their employees, which fall beyond the purview of workplace requirement and reward systems. All this apparently is to ensure long service periods and bring out the ‘Organizational Citizen’ within the employee in the organizational context. The present paper is an attempt to examine and investigate the extent of impact that a given Organizational Culture has on Citizenship Behaviors of the employees in an Organization. The study examines the impact of select Culture variables on Organizational Citizenship Behavior across three dominant Organizations representing three sectors of the economy namely, Manufacturing, and Information Technology & Banking. The paper specifically aims at establishing a cause effect relationship between dominant Organizational culture characteristics on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors. JEL: M10; M14 KEYWORDS: Organizational Culture, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Correlation INTRODUCTION A substantial amount of attention has been paid to the concept of organizational culture in the past several years (Cameron & Freeman, 1991). Likewise, the subject of organizational culture......

Words: 5723 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Mashell Chapeyama Institution: University of the People Short essays on Organizational Behavior This is a compilation of essays on Organizational behavior. The essays vary in their length and scope but they are all essential. Those essays entitled Reflections are based on the writer’s evaluations of material learned during the particular period. The essays were written as assignments to meet the requirements of the course: Organizational Behavior, at the University of the People. The University of the People is a new initiative on the global scene. It is the first tuition free University in the world, yet it has high quality education. It has various levels of assignments. Some of the questions require shorter answers, whereas the others require longer ones. Organizational Behavior is one of the courses at University of the People, in the Bachelor of Science in Business Administration. The inadequacies in the answers must be attributed to the writer and not to the institution. This publication has nothing to do with the requirements of the university. It is my personal interest to preserve my assignments and that these may assist other learners. Any comments must be sent to the writer at the email: mchapeyama@gmail.com Diversity Program Most modern organizations have knowledge on how to tap on diversity to get a competitive business advantage. Managing of diversity is now put alongside issues such as corporate social responsibility and ethics as an appeal to......

Words: 18254 - Pages: 74