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The Necklace

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How does guy de Maupassant present the character Mathilde in ‘the necklace’?
Guy de Maupassant was a French writer in the 19th century, he is considered as one of the fathers of the short story. The necklace is a short story about a woman called Madame Matilde loisel and her husband Charles. Mathilde appears to be an unpleasant middle class woman who believes she was made for a rich life. Madame Matilde Loisel is lucky enough to obtain invitations to the Ministry of the Public Instruction party; because she is middle class and cannot afford jewellery to wear she borrows a necklace from her good friend Madame Jeanne Forestier. But whilst coming home from the party she loses the necklace. This leads her to start a new life of poverty.
Through the use of indirect discourse, Maupassant shows the reader Mathilde’s innermost thoughts, “she was one of those pretty, delightful girls who, apparently be some error of fate, get themselves born the daughters of very minor civil servants.” By doing this he draws her attention to her vanity and her self-centred nature, “if she had noticed the substitution, what would she have thought? What would she have said would she have not concluded she was a thief?” the effect of the free indirect discourse is highlighted by Maupassant use of hyperbole, “she was unhappy all the time…the rundown apartment they lived in… was torture to her. ”Maupassant uses tricolons and other forms of repetition to exaggerate Mathilde’s emotions, making her seem incredibly spoilt and childish, she had no fine dresses, no jewellery, nothing.” To enhance the effect of repetition and add to the character assassination, he uses superfluous vocabulary, almost tautology, “sometimes, for days on end, she would weep tears of sorrow, regret, despair and anguish.”
The structure of this short story is structured to draw attention to its protagonist’s aversion to…...

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