Premium Essay

The Human Element “Ethics” in Business Research Management

In: Business and Management

Submitted By kumaritesh
Words 3058
Pages 13
The Human Element “Ethics” in Business Research Management

Kanak Tara*, Archana Yadav** and Ritesh Kumar***
*JRF, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
**M. Ed., Xt. Xavier College, Patna;
***Scientist, Central Institute of Mining & Fuel Research, Dhanbad

ABSTRACT
India, like some of the other developed and developing countries in the world, is greatly facing problem of ethics in business research and its management. The large amount of new wealth creates incentive to cut corners to get rich. The pressure to succeed at all costs has created a ‘cheating culture’ that threatens to undermine academia as well as the social and economic fabric of society. However, good business ethics help a society as a whole, and some say that good ethics can be a source of competitive advantage for an organization. Steps can be taken to improve ethics in business research and its management at the societal level, at the individual level, and more importantly at the organizational and the governmental level. In addition to ethical leadership, we believe that one key to improving ethics at the organizational level is human resource management. Improvement can be made in the areas of recruitment, selection, performance appraisal, performance management, compensation and benefits. Personnel policies can help ensure ethical conduct within the organization. This paper outlines and discusses the ethics in general as well as in Business research.

INTRODUCTION
Today’s challenge to business leadership is ensuring profitability while doing the right thing using environmentally sustainable methods. It is possible for business leaders to make money, engage in ethical leadership, and participate in preserving the environment for future generations. It is possible to fit these ideas together, but it is not easy. Environmentalists who are overall concerned with the societal environment and…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Animal and Human Research Ethics

...Animal and Human Research Ethics Paper In any aspect of life, the well being of oneself comes before any other considerations. With in mind, medicine has a very similar view. The health and prosperity of the human race comes before any other considerations. This brings about the grounds for the practice of nonhuman animal testing. With this, professional and ethical issues are raised and must be explored in order for a conclusive answer to be given. The statement that “animals have rights” is one that very few people will disagree with. There are those, however, who see animal cruelty as a form of entertainment. The ethical question then arises asks whether the “cruelty” against an animal can be benefited for humans or should humans benefit from themselves. It is evident that the human race is at the pinnacle of creation as they have achieved progressive heights that cannot be matched by any other species. Unfortunately, animal research has been a fundamental part of their continued progress. Since Aristotle, animals have been used utilized for the benefit of humans. The question of why this has occurred for some time is because they had no other alternative than direct human testing. Man has come a long way and must find seek other testing techniques that are advanced in order to eliminate this harmful practice. One possibility is from Professor Joordens in which he indicates that humans should test on humans who have the desired disease. This would bring about......

Words: 643 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business Research Ethics

...Business Research Ethics Oretha Johnson RES/351 December 3, 2012 Ethics can go unnoticed at times, but in actuality, ethics are of supreme significance for a list of grounds within any organization. Businesses have to make sure they adhere or abide by all level of ethics in all actions of the business. Ethics are one of the main focuses when it comes to business research. In this paper, the discussion will be prepared in relation between situations in which unethical business research behaviors were carried out by the business. The intention of this paper is to discuss a set of circumstances and various key points in relation to this specific case. Presently, this specific case had some ethical issues not taken into consideration. In the terminology of unethical research behavior, this particular corporation was without a doubt caught up in immoral research behavior. The corporation that is being focused on is a pharmaceutical company that teamed up with the individual who in the past had supplied the required research associated to the medicine of influenza (Dominick & Wimmer, 2010). Throughout the course of the contract, the professor was demanded to keep the research information private and of the record and also not to disclose to anyone of his colleagues or anyone else involved. The corporation had been working on the research, which was looking to refuse to give the research work out if anyone asked. For that reason, it was thought to be unethical on the part...

Words: 837 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Business Research Ethics

...Running head: BUSINESS RESEARCH ETHICS 1 Business Research Ethics RES 351 February 28, 2013 BUSINESS RESEARCH ETHICS 2 Business Research Ethics Before the debt crisis of 2008 exploded, one of the two American banks that backed a large portion of United States mortgages was fined in 2006 because of improper accounting practices. Ethics are a set of standards derived by individual or company ideals of what is right and wrong. Looking back, it should have been clear the poor ethics of this bank would contribute to the economic disaster that would follow. A report conducted by the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight (OFHEO) from 1998 to 2004 discovered that Fannie Mae’s senior management deliberately influenced improper accounting by swaying internal auditors resulting in undeserved large bonuses. This was accomplished without advising any stockholder or other interested parties; the rest of the world. During this time, Fannie Mae reported unfettered profit growth and reaching publicized earnings targets per share for each quarter. "The image of Fannie Mae as one of the lowest-risk and 'best in class' institutions was a façade" (Fannie mae: Unethical, 2006). During this investigation, Fannie Mae evaded the OFHEO further adding to their harsh fine levied by them and the Securities and Exchange Commission. Fannie Mae’s mismanagement, manipulation of earnings, and unhindered growth culminated in $10.6 billion in losses, “well over a billion dollars in......

Words: 1200 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Business Research Ethics

...Business ethics is the principles and standards that determine acceptable conduct in business organizations. If there was any doubt that ethical standards can have a significant impact on work life, research has confirmed that such doubt is unwarranted. A multitude of research has demonstrated that ethics is related to a variety of important job related outcomes. For example, studies have shown that a higher ethical work climate (Mulki, Jaramillo, and Locander, 2008) and top leadership support for ethics and both positively relate to job satisfaction. Ethics codes (Valentine and Fisherman, 2008), ethics training, and perceived corporate social responsibility are also linked to job satisfaction. Unethical business research at work ranges from minor acts of deviance to immoral decisions that result in catastrophes such as the Enron and Merrill Lynch & Co Inc. These fields of research provide especially clear data on connection between unethical workplace acts and wellbeing: discrimination, bullying and injustice. Even though ethics is sometimes under looked in business it is an important conduct in the organization for a variety of reasons. Organizations have to ensure that they practice high standards of ethics in the organization to rip maximum benefits and avoid scandals such as the Enron And Merrill Lynch & Co Inc. Enron Corporation and Merrill Lynch & Co Inc, both practiced unethical business behavior, this is because two of their top officials were involved in......

Words: 971 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Business Research Ethics

...Business research practices should remain ethical at all times. It is important to adhere to ethical norms because they promote values that are essential to collaborative work, they build public support, and they promote a variety of important moral and social values such as human rights, compliance with law, and health and safety (Resnick, 2013). Ethic is the moral principles that govern a person’s behavior. When we think of ethics in business research the hospital is the last place one would think practices unethical behaviors. Just like any other organization the health care industry also experiences unethical business research. After all health care professionals have to take an oath of ethical behavior. In 2005 ACPE conducted a survey about ethical behavior. Close to 15,000 physician leaders participated in the survey. Some of the results may be alarming. 54.6 percent surveyed stated they were very concerned about unethical business practices affecting U.S. health care today. Only .6 percent at not concerned at all. The survey also asked if there were unethical physicians at the respondents’ organization and 33.1 percent answered yes. The survey asked a plethora of questions such as: physicians being influenced by pharmaceutical companies to prescribe a certain drug, board members with conflicts of interest, board members accepting gifts or favors from vendors, physician over-treating patients to boost their income, and physicians discharging patients from the hospital...

Words: 936 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Business Research Ethics

...Business Research Ethics RES351 January 18, 2013 Business Research Ethics Proper business research is designed to reduce the risk of a management decision. Unfortunately, unethical business research occurs in all types of business circumstances. This type of practice increases risk for the individuals, companies, environments, and technologies involved (Cooper & Schindler, 2011). Several companies within the pharmaceutical industry have been found guilty of unethical practices. Pfizer Inc., one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world, allegedly conducted unethical research the led to major disabilities and loss of life for many of the children involved. The development, marketing, and sale of pharmaceutical products are part of a multi-billion dollar industry. When a pharmaceutical company conducts unethical practices, the potential dangers to living things cannot be ignored. Pfizer allegedly conducted an unethical drug study in Nigeria. During a meningitis outbreak, in 1996, Pfizer used an untested drug on 200 children while failing to receive proper consent from their patients. The unethical drug trials led to the deaths of 11 children. The trials also left other children brain damaged, blind, deaf, or paralyzed (Stephens, 2007). The families of the victims affected by the drug study filed a two billion dollar lawsuit against Pfizer. Pfizer was accused of failing to obtain proper parental consent, and using drugs during the study that were unfit......

Words: 517 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business Research Ethics

...Business Research Ethics The individual assignment for this week asked the students to find an article within the University Library that discusses unethical business research conduct that has resulted in individuals or firm being convicted, or at least tried. I have found and read a newspaper journal titled "Unethical workers and illegal acts," which is a study of workers, managers, and executives, where 48% of them admitted to unethical or illegal acts since year 1996. What unethical research behavior is involved? Out for the 1,324 people surveyed, 48% of them admitted to committing unethical or illegal acts from a list of 25 actions. These actions include, cheating on an expense account, paying or accepting kickbacks, discriminating against co-workers, trading sex for sales, secretly forging signatures, and looking the other way when environmental laws are being violated. From the list of 25 actions, these were shockingly the most common mentioned. Who were the parties involved? When one thinks about unethical business research or performance, his or her mind tends to automatically think that the violators are at the lower to entry level of the company's organizational hierarchy, but according to this study, I was amazed at the amount of upper management employees mentioned. From entry-level employees, to long time workers, managers, and even upper level executives, they all have admitted to unethical business research conduct. As I read along I learned that......

Words: 893 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Business Research Ethics

...Business Research Ethics RES/351 Chimerix is a biopharmaceutical company dedicated to discovering, developing and commercializing novel, oral antivirals in areas of high unmet medical need. Since 2001, the organization has researched, developed and experimentally tested a virus-killing drug called Brincidofovir. Subsequently learning of the existence of the drug, a family requested that the company donate the drug to treat their little boy who contracted a deadly virus after receiving a bone-marrow transplant. The company had distributed the drug during a three year testing period, but as the drug entered the final stages of the federal and drug administration (FDA) approval, the company ceased its compassionate care program. The establishment’s CEO reportedly claimed it has denied hundreds of requests because human testing guidelines mandate two control groups, one that takes the actual drug and the other that takes sugar pills, placing very ill people at-risk because the sugar pill is useless. As a result, the organization focused on getting the drug approved for widespread consumer use which entails denying interim requests for the drug, and presents an ethical dilemma for the company. Chimerix sought the research to find a solution to this ethical dilemma, gauging the social temperature of the people affected and risking the reputation of the organization at whole. Chimerix argued if the drug was made available to this one ill child, it could not ethically justify......

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Business Research Ethics

...Business Research Ethics University of Phoenix Shayla L. Morales RES/351 September 23, 2014 Ray Rivera Business Research Ethics Business research is a key aspect to the longevity and profitability of any business. Safety and profits are the key ingredients for Pharmaceutical industries. Some companies place their trust on individuals who perform the research and they entrust on the results when their products are incorporated into the market. A pharmaceutical company has surveillance from Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). It guards the population from malicious activities of a rogue researcher. Any unethical behavior or choice done by an individual the organization can be fueled. In this paper, I will examine the unethical behavior and conviction of Steve Eaton who worked in the Pharmaceutical Apuit. He manipulated important safety tests on several potentially new drugs. Steven Eaton was scientist in a pharmaceutical company in Edinburgh. From 2003- 2009 Eaton researched data while working for a drug development firm. The research process, within the pharmaceutical industry, consisted of numerous verified tests which were falsified. The potential product results had to be safe before the product is able to move to clinical trials on human beings. Without passing results on all pre-tests, new potential pharmaceutical products will not make it to human trials. Eaton falsified data in order to secure funding for the clinical trials on......

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business Ethics and Research

...Business Research Ethics Destiny Williams RES/351 Sara Skowronski Monday June 9th 2014 Ethics can be defined as, the branch of philosophy that deals with values relating to human conduct, with respect to the rightness and wrongness of certain actions and to the goodness and badness of the motives and ends of such actions (dictionary.com). Personal values very much help to shape our life and its outcome. “Its not hard to make a decision when you know what your values are”- Roy Disney. A persons values will determine how they perceive a situation. Ethics in business research sets standards while establishing honesty and integrity in researchers work. Without ethics you do not know if a researcher was honest in his or her methods used to conduct the research.Rules and morals are often in disagreement with one another, thus requiring substantial interpretation. It is therefore important for researchers to learn how to interpret, assess, and apply various research rules and how to make decisions and to act in various situations (Gajjar 2013). Dishonesty is the number on research practice that should be avoided in a research project. When conducting research one should honestly report data, results, methods, procedures, and publication status. One should not fabricate, falsify, or misrepresent data, or deceive colleagues, granting agencies, or the public. Another unethical practice that should be avoided...

Words: 650 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business Research Ethics

...Business Ethics Education RES/351 Business Ethics Education The research that will be described in the paper that follows is about Business ethics education, exploring the question whether a course on the ethical decision-making in business could positively influence students, moral efficacy, moral meaningfulness, and moral courage. To investigate whether a graduate-level course in business ethics could influence students in the areas previous mentioned, a rigorous quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design with a treatment and control group was used. Findings revealed that students who took part in the business ethics treatment course, compared to the control group, experienced significant positive increase in all three areas. Ethics are norms or standards of behavior that guides moral choices about our behavior and our relationships with others. The goal of ethics in any place of business or in research is to see that no one is harmed, or suffers any consequences from job-related activities or research (Cooper, 2014,). There are two different approaches to ethics: a negative approach, or a positive approach. The negative approach will have a more narrow focus on enforceable rules, prohibited behaviors, and sanctions for misconduct, while a positive approach to ethics includes the promotion of positive morally praiseworthy ideals and behavior. MORAL EFFICACY The research here is to try and gain and understanding of the potential effect on business ethics......

Words: 827 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Business Research Ethics

...Business Research Ethics Lisa Goodman RES/351 5/5/2015 James Bankston Business Research Ethics “As in other aspects of business, all parties in research should exhibit ethical behavior. Ethics are norms or standards of behavior that guide moral choices about our behavior and our relationships with others. The goal of ethics in research is to ensure that no one is harmed or suffers adverse consequences from research activities. This objective is usually achieved. However, unethical activities are pervasive and include violating nondisclosure agreements, breaking participant confidentiality, misrepresenting results, deceiving people, using invoicing irregularities, avoiding legal liability, and more. (Cooper, & Schindler, 2014, p. 28). “The recognition of ethics as a problem for economic organizations is repeatedly revealed in surveys. Despite an increase in awareness of formal ethics programs and the presence of written ethical codes of conduct (83 percent), one survey reports that although 52 percent of U.S. workers claim to have observed at least one type of ethical misconduct, only 55 percent of those observing misconduct reported the violation (a decline of 10 percent from a similar study done two years before). Strong ethical-culture organizations were 1.6 times as likely to report incidents as weak-ethical-culture organizations. Such lack of action raises questions about the effectiveness of codes of conduct and reporting systems”. (Cooper, & Schindler...

Words: 694 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business Research Ethics

...Business Research Ethics Kathleen Gatchell Res/351 September 28, 2015 Kristy Peterson Business Research Ethics “In recent years, Western organizations and companies have been increasingly using countries of the developing world as places of clinical trials. The involvement of human subjects in healthcare research evokes ethical concerns, especially when their culture is different and their socio-economic status is lower than the Western standards.” (Igoumenidis & Zyga, 2011) Ethical vs. Unethical Practices Bioethics is about ethical issues in the field of health care; it is the discipline which aims at ensuring that health care professionals, researchers, policy-makers, and even lawyers who deal with healthcare law, exercise their duties in the most just and ethically acceptable way. (Igoumenidis & Zyga, 2011) History is full of examples of humans being used as guinea pigs in experiments by people of power; the most famous being the Nazi human experimentation during WWII. “After the war, these crimes were tried at what became known as the Doctor’s Trial and this led to the development of the Nuremberg Code of Medical Ethics in 1949. “ (Igoumenidis & Zyga, 2011) This code led to the development of the Declaration of Helsinki in 1964, and its subsequent revisions – with the 6th Revision being the most recent one, in 2008. (Igoumenidis & Zyga, 2011) The basic principles of the code include: (Article 9): Respect for the individual (Article 8);......

Words: 714 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business Research Ethics

...Business Research Ethics Diane Gutierrez RES/351 September 30, 2015 Gwenn Grondal Business Research Ethics Ethics in business research is not always a black and white issue. What is legal may not necessarily be ethical and the same can be said for the opposite. Careful consideration should be taken when conducting business research as both good and bad things may be discovered, and remaining ethical in your findings and how you apply it to your business, could invariably save your business far more than money. Here we will explore the ethical decisions made by Ford Motor Company after research found their Ford Pinto to be unsafe in rear-end collisions. In an effort to beat out strong foreign competition from in the small car market, Ford Motor Company produced the Ford Pinto in 1970. Before this time, Ford dominated in the production of larger vehicles and never was considered a contender in the small car market. Lee Iacocca wanted to change this, as Europe had made fast strides to match America in the automobile market by 1970. Europe and Asia benefited from the small car market, as it was easier to ship vehicles and thus expanding their business into other countries and making them very popular in the world market. America was limited in their ability to expand their current market to other countries, as shipping these excessively larger vehicles was not practical. America could only expand business to Canada and Mexico, so the Ford Pinto would be an......

Words: 657 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business Research Ethics

... Business Research Ethics Derrick Phillips RES/351 August 23, 2012 Business Research Ethics Ethics can go unnoticed at times, but, in actuality, ethics are of supreme significance for a list of grounds within any organization. Businesses have to make sure they adhere or abide by all level of ethics in all actions of the business. Ethics are one of the main focuses when it comes to business research. In this paper, the discussion will be prepared in relation between situations in which unethical business research behaviors were carried out by the business. The intention of this paper is to discuss a set of circumstances and various key points in relation to this specific case. Presently, this specific case had some ethical issues that were not taken into consideration. In the terminology of unethical research behavior, this particular corporation was without a doubt caught up in immoral research behavior. The corporation that’s being focused on is a pharmaceutical company that teamed up with the individual who in the past had supplied the required research associated to the medicine of influenza (Dominick & Wimmer, 2010). Throughout the course of the contract, the professor was demanded to keep the research information private and of the record and also not to disclose to anyone of his colleagues or anyone else involved. The corporation had been working on the research which was looking to refuse to give the research work out if anyone asked. For that reason, it was......

Words: 850 - Pages: 4