Free Essay

The History of Thermostats

In: Other Topics

Submitted By charlescarper
Words 1179
Pages 5
The History of Thermostats
By

Spring Quarter 2014

THE HISTORY OF THERMOSTATS Definition of a thermostat; A thermostat is a component of a control system which senses the temperature of an area so the area's temperature is maintained near a desired setpoint. The name is derived from the Greek words thermos or "hot" and statos or "a standing". Cornelius Drebble (1572-1634), a Dutch engraver and glassworker, invented the first thermostat in the early 1600’s, which was the first the automatic temperature control device. The thermostat was spawned from an elaborate toy he designed which operated on the basis of changes in the atmospheric pressure and temperature. The thermostat was created for a chicken and duck egg incubator and was the first mercury device that would hold the temperature constant. Around the same time frame, Drebble also invented the first self-regulating oven damper that was also mercury controlled. As the temperature went up, the damper would be closed by a primitive mercury switch. When the temperature cooled, the mercury would contract and open the damper adding oxygen to increase the fire. Before thermostats, the only way we could control the temperature of a home was to manually open or close the fireplace damper/ flu or open a window to regulate heat.
Albert Butz, (1849-1905) was a Swiss born inventor, businessman and the father of the modern automated control industry, made a resemblance of today’s thermostat in 1885. It had an electric flap and an alarm to modulate the furnaces air supply and output. Over the years, this prototype was modified by a series of improvements and tweaks, eventually

THE HISTORY OF THERMOSTATS leading to the modern thermostat. The company Butz founded to commercialize his invention was called the Butz Thermo-Electric Regulator Company. Over time, it grew and was involved in a number of acquisitions and mergers resulting in the company now known as Honeywell.
The average household in Kentucky “In 2009 spent $4,052.84 on energy per person and in Indiana, $3,833.06 on energy per person.” This is why specifically regulating the amount of energy consumption in your home is so important. Especially when considering if you use nonrenewable sources like natural gas or fuel oil. A wood burning fireplace is how I heat my home so I am the thermostat!
Thermostats also help with the efficiency of your heating, cooling and freezing systems. By regulating the temperature in these environments, the hot and cold spikes don’t exist which keeps the unit regulated therefore reducing the run time and the strain of the HVAC R unit. Then, it doesn’t have to run for longer periods of time hence increasing the efficiency, run time, reducing the potential of parts failing and reducing cost.
“Data from the U.S. Department of Energy suggests that your HVAC system accounts for about half of the energy consumption in your home. For those with electric heating and air conditioning, that's half your home's electric bill, too.” Today’s DOE is promoting smart thermostats that can learn a home’s usage according to your families schedule to be reduced while you’re away to a low set point and a higher set point just before you get home. This can be very convenient while on vacation or adjusting the settings at a vacation home. These smart,
THE HISTORY OF THERMOSTATS high-end thermostats, can even be controlled by your hand held device anywhere in the world as long as internet service is available.
These types are the most efficient available and consumers can save up to 30 percent with these high tech features.
Have you ever thought of the thermostat being controlled by only using your mind? Gadgeon, a forward thinking engineering company in Kerala, India, is claiming to currently be in the final test stages of a total mind control home automation system, instead of a hand held device, which will control most any electronic device in a house including HVAC R systems. One of the best things to come from this system upon completion is that it’s geared towards people who are disabled. The system takes brain signals and translates them into commands where all the user has to do is focus on that particular icon. The system then works with an electroencephalograph (EEG) collected from the user’s brain and transforms it to meaningful data.
Carbon dioxide is the Earth’s natural thermostat. Switching the “furnace” on and off is it’s primary job because no heat is produced by carbon dioxide but the 0.03 per cent in the atmosphere traps infrared (heat) radiation that would otherwise escape from the earth into space. This thermostat’s proper function is critical for to life, as we know it to exist.
There’s a common misconception that you’ll lose money savings when you cut back the heat or air conditioning while you are away from home or at night then having to reheat or cool it back to the setpoint. Actually, when your house is below the setpoint, it will lose less energy
THE HISTORY OF THERMOSTATS with the house closer to the outside temperature. This also makes for a slower transference of the inside energy. Thermostats with mercury have become hot topics with the federal and state laws on proper disposal. Some states have banned the sale of mercury thermostats and require HVAC technicians to properly dispose of mercury thermostats at authorized Household Hazardous Waste Disposal sites which all states have. The Louisville location is at 7501 Grade lane. Mercury causes damage to the brain. Especially to the fetus and young children’s brain development. It also has an adverse affect on mostly fish because mercury is gravity led to our water ways but can affect higher on the food chain depending on who or what eats the contaminated fish. Most everyone has heard the term, “Mad as a hatter”. That’s because mercury was used in the production of hats and the milliner literally went mad due to mercury exposure over decades.
In conclusion, it really does pay to keep up with the most current history of the thermostat to reduce the over all cost of running any components of your HVAC R systems. Thermostats help reduce hot and cold spikes and the strain on the HVAC R equipment such as the compressor, metering valve and blower fans. They are available from many manufacturers with a multitude of bells and whistles ranging from the basic nonprogrammable $13 dollars to the high-end Wi-Fi programmable thermostats in excess of $300 or more. Keeping the thermostat working properly plus efficiently will reduce down times, repair costs and just the complete inconveniences to your life in general due to an unscheduled breakdowns.

THE HISTORY OF THERMOSTATS
Reference; http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi574.htm http://gadgeonlifestyle.com/home-automation-setup-mind-controllled-home/ http://energy.gov/energysaver/articles/tips-programmable-thermostats http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Cornelis_Jacobszoon_Drebbel.aspx http://www.ilctr.org/promoting-immigrants/immigrant-entrepreneur-hof/butz/ http://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/briefs/lacis_01/ http://energy.gov/energysaver/articles/thermostats http://www.epa.gov/hg/effects.htm…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Thermostats with Wifi

...The Benefits of Wi-Fi Thermostats for your home or business Carlos Serrano May 3, 2012 COC 100 Computer Concepts April 2012 Dirusso This paper is submitted in partial fulfillment of the Associates of Science Degree at Southern Technical College. Thesis Statement: How technology is used in the field of HVAC. The primary focus shall be placed on thermostats with Wi-Fi. Wi-Fi Capability has endless possibilities. Now you can buy a Wi-Fi thermostat, which will allow you to control your thermostat settings remotely, from a computer or even your iPhone. Your Wi-Fi Thermostat can be controlled from our iPhone app from anywhere in the world. For remote access, as with browser access, you will need a router that offers port forwarding facility. A fixed IP address from your ISP is required. I imagine some people would utilize this technology to hang out in bed in the morning before turning up the heat with their phone, but these devices are really handy for the frequent traveler, landlord, or anyone who owns a vacation home. While a programmable thermostat has already made many people's lives easier and cheaper, a thermostat with wireless capabilities takes things to a whole new level. Now, while a Wi-Fi thermostat is cool and affordable for many, it is still a relatively new technology. Heating and cooling your house is expensive. But you can usually reduce your bills by installing a programmable thermostat. This allows you to......

Words: 769 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

History

...“The mid-twentieth-century era of a dictatorship is a highly disturbing chapter in the history of civilization. The key development was not only the resurgence of authoritarian rule but also the rise of a particularly ruthless brand of totalitarianism that reached its full realization in the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, and Japan in the 1930’s. Stalin, Hitler, and Japan’s military leaders intervened radically in society and ruled with unprecedented severity” (McKay, History of World Societies, p. 907). Hitler came to power in 1933 in Germany. There are a few reasons why Hitler came to power from his incredible speaking to his many promises. Germany had just been through a war and had lost. With the ending of the war the Treaty of Versailles was a step toward establishing order. “More harshly the Allies declared Germany (with Austria) was responsible for the war and had therefore to pay reparations equal to all civilian damages caused by the war” (McKay, History of World Societies, p. 863). The government opposed and protested this Treaty, but there was no alternative. With this treaty in effect, living in Germany was very hard. The people of Germany were poor and needed someone to lead them out of this depression they had fallen into. Hitler promised to restore hope and to solve the problems of the depression. To Germans at the time Hitler made sense, uniting everyone. With Adolf Hitler came his National Socialism movement. National Socialism was shaped by Hitler’s beliefs......

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Vinegar History

...Vinegar How Products Are Made | 2002 | Copyright Vinegar Background Vinegar is an alcoholic liquid that has been allowed to sour. It is primarily used to flavor and preserve foods and as an ingredient in salad dressings and marinades. Vinegar is also used as a cleaning agent. The word is from the French vin(wine) and aigre (sour). History The use of vinegar to flavor food is centuries old. It has also been used as a medicine, a corrosive agent, and as a preservative. In the Middle Ages, alchemists poured vinegar onto lead in order to create lead acetate. Called "sugar of lead," it was added to sour cider until it became clear that ingesting the sweetened cider proved deadly. By the Renaissance era, vinegar-making was a lucrative business in France. Flavored with pepper, clovers, roses, fennel, and raspberries, the country was producing close to 150 scented and flavored vinegars. Production of vinegar was also burgeoning in Great Britain. It became so profitable that a 1673 Act of Parliament established a tax on so-called vinegar-beer. In the early days of the United States, the production of cider vinegar was a cornerstone of farm and domestic economy, bringing three times the price of traditional hard cider. The transformation of wine or fruit juice to vinegar is a chemical process in which ethyl alcohol undergoes partial oxidation that results in the formation of acetaldehyde. In the third stage, the acetaldehyde is converted into acetic acid. The chemical reaction......

Words: 1567 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Nest Learning Thermostat

...Learning Thermostat Liberty University BUSI 520-B06 October 2012 MMGP: Background Information Thermostats detect and control temperature changes for the purpose of maintaining the temperature in an enclosed area and generating electrical signals when the temperature exceeds or falls below the desired value (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2012). The U.S. Department of Energy and the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab research, proves that the energy bill for a single family home is estimated at $2,200 annually in which heating and cooling accounts for half of the bill. In an effort to cut energy consumption costs, programmable thermostats were developed in the 1970’s. Since their development, thermostats have proven to be complicated to use and program (Close-Up Media, 2011). Nest Laboratories, a company based in Palo Alto, California founded by Tony Faddell and Matt Rogers, with the backing of several investors such as, Generation Investment Management, Google Ventures, Intertrust, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Lightspeed Venture Partners, and Shasta Ventures, set out to apply advancements in technology to reinvent the thermostat. The team at Nest addressed the programming problem through a combination of sensors, algorithms, machine learning, and cloud computing (Close-up Media, 2011). They came up with a thermostat capable of learning a household’s daily schedule, and personal heating and cooling preferences; naming it the Nest Learning Thermostat.......

Words: 12686 - Pages: 51

Free Essay

History

...This Time is Different: Comparing Al-Qaeda’s Unique Place in the History of Terrorism with the Freedom Fighters of the Irish Republican Army” Al Qaeda and the Irish Republican Army are two of the most complex and famous terrorist organizations in modern history. While both groups share some principles with one another, and undoubtedly have committed and continue to commit horrible acts, the world’s perception of each is undoubtedly different from the other. There is an apparent contradiction in Karl Heinzen’s famous quote: “If to kill is always a crime, then it is forbidden equally to all; if it is not a crime, then it is permitted equally to all.”[1] This difference in public perception is a result of several key tenets of each organization’s strategy and structure.       The IRA fights to protect and support the liberties of the Irish people, while Al Qaeda relies upon the religious doctrine of a radical Islamic minority to carry out jihad against Western infidels. Al Qaeda, while claiming to represent the entire Muslim world, has never had a real home or a consistent base to draw upon; inversely, a large proportion of the Irish people are steadfast in their support for the cause. Al Qaeda’s indiscriminate killing of innocent civilians has resulted in a falling out with a large percentage of its former supporters. Finally, the IRA had a distinct, tangible, and realistic goal of expelling the British from Ireland, while Al Qaeda seeks to establish a new caliphate based......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

History

...of child-care facilities for working mothers". Sir Randol detailed other disadvantages women faced including the inheritance law of primogeniture and the inadequate maintenance laws for child support. In its particular pursuit of the right to vote for women and its general intention to advance the status of women in the Bahamas, the Suffrage Movement established strategic alliances with the other social movements of this time. It found a strident proponent of its cause in Randol Fawkes, leader of the Bahamas Federation of Labour. The Progressive Liberal Party in its pursuit of a majority rule government supported the right to vote for women and vigorously championed the cause shortly after the bye-election of 1960. Ilsha Mcphee History Coursework Question 1(A) What role did the Women’s Suffrage Movement Play during the “Quiet Revolution” in the Bahamas? Notable women such as Dame Doris Johnson, Mary Ingraham, Eugenia Lockhart, Mabel Walker and Georgianna Symonette has made countless triumphs toward the equal rights of all women in the Bahamas. In particular all of these women mentioned before were major persons in the Women’s Suffrage Movement in the Bahamas. This movement’s main purpose was to ensure that all women would have a right to practice the franchise. However, this is not the only thing that resulted in the hard work of the women apart of this movement. In fact, even the amount of times you could have voted and the men’s vote was affected positively...

Words: 1569 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

History

...essay and the sample provided by my instructor? i hope so Hannibal is by far one of the Great Captains of History Hannibal battle tactics are the stuff of legend not just in our time but in his time as well which is a hard feat for any general. Hannibal made his fame during the second Punic war 218-203 BC against the Roman Republic at the time the greatest power in the Mediterranean. His crossing of the Alps is probably one of the most daring military marches in history and to survive it after the weather and attack from tribes loyal to Rome with an army still intact and pretty much ready to fight shows his logistical savvy and the supreme ability to inspire his men to fight on despite the odds. His first battle was Trebbia which he need to win to draw in allies and supplies he won by using the Carthaginian superior cavalry skill this battle encouraged the Gaul’s and Liguria’s to join his cause and bolstered his force to 40000 men. The Romans, greatly alarmed and dismayed by their defeat at Trebbia, immediately made plans to counter the new threat from the north. The Roman Senate resolved to elect new consuls the following year in 217 BC. Gnaeus Servilius Geminus and Gaius Flaminius {1}. The two roman general divide the Rome army in Italy between the as the army under Flaminius march pass lake Trasimene Hannibal sprung one of the most perfect ambushed in history. He chose the ground well with heavy forest on the hill on the north side of the lake it was the perfect......

Words: 691 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

History

...Police of the World Joel Terry Doctor Alan Rogers Contemporary U.S. History – HIS 105 Strayer University - Lithonia Campus June 15, 2014 Police of the World Since gaining independence from the British in 1776, the United States foreign policy over the years has gone from expansionist to isolationism to defending democracy. With the responsibility of defending democratic rights for those who cannot defend themselves, the United States in my opinion has taken on the role of “policeman of the world.” This role became more evident with the use of U.S. military force in international incidents like U.S. intervention in the 2011 Libyan Civil War to oust Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, and U.S. involvement in the 2011 Yemeni Civil War protesting the leadership of Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh. Despite the United States hailed, as a defender of democracy by some, their actions are usually not selfless. In both situations, protecting United States interests was a major factor. Both Libya and Yemen are hot beds for terrorist activity by radical groups like al-Qaeda. The United States monitors the activities of these groups in an effort to intercept information to thwart acts of terrorism, particularly against Americans. Leadership in these vulnerable countries is of great interest to the United States because some regimes are sympathetic to these militant groups. A lack of clear leadership in these countries also poses a threat to U.S....

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

History

...The Arabs: A History by Eugene Rogan Robert Irwin on an eloquent history of Arab hopes and disappointments * Share17 * * * * * ------------------------------------------------- Email * ------------------------------------------------- Robert Irwin * ------------------------------------------------- * ------------------------------------------------- The Guardian, Saturday 31 October 2009 An American Army helicopter flies past a mosque in Baghdad, Iraq. Photograph: Joe Raedle/Getty Images The Arabs: A History 1. The Arabs: A History 2. by Eugene Rogan 3. 4. ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Buy the book Bottom of Form by Eugene Rogan 532pp, Allen Lane, £25 Early on in his book Eugene Rogan, who teaches the modern history of the Middle East, confesses that in "any free and fair election in the Arab world today, I believe the Islamists would win hands down". Again, towards the end of this engrossing and capacious book, he reiterates that the "inconvenient truth about the Arab world today is that, in any free and fair election, those parties most hostile to the United States are most likely to win". Today, Arab fear of the west and resentment at the humiliating and socially damaging effects of westernisation fuels Islamism and the spread of terrorism. How have we come to this pass? Rogan answers this question by tracing the history of Arab hopes and ultimate disappointments from...

Words: 1343 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

History of Thermostat

...A thermostat is a component of a control system which senses the temperature of a system so that the systems temperature is maintained near a desired setpoint. The thermostat does this by switching heating or cooling devices on or off. A thermostat may be a control unit for a heating or cooling system or a component part of a heater or air conditioner. Thermostats can be constructed in many ways and may use a variety of sensors to measure the temperature. The output of the sensor then controls the heating or cooling apparatus. A thermostat may switch on and off at temperatures either side of the setpoint. This prevents equipment damage from frequent switching. The earliest recorded examples of thermostat control were built by the Dutch innovator Cornelis Drebbel around 1620 in England. He invented a mercury thermostat to regulate the temperature of a chicken incubator. This is one of the first recorded feedback-controlled devices. Modern thermostat control was developed in the 1830s by Andrew Ure, a Scottish chemist, who invented the bi-metallic thermostat. The textile mills of the time needed a constant and steady temperature to operate optimally, so to achieve this, Ure designed the bimetallic thermostat, which would bend as one of the metals expanded in response to the increased temperature and cut off the energy supply. The first electric room thermostat was invented in 1883 by Warren S. Johnson of Wisconsin. Albert Butz invented the electric thermostat and patented it in...

Words: 326 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

History

...Columbia: Coffee is King The Social, Cultural, and Political Implications of the Coffee Economy Aurelia Moore Columbia College September 26, 2015 Introduction The cultivation and exportation of what is regarded as the finest coffee in the world, transformed the beautiful country of Colombia. At present, coffee cultivation is one of rural Columbia’s largest sources of employment (Coffee in Columbia, 2013). From a social standpoint, the coffee industry helps to foster positive social change through the creation of healthy economies, communities, and resources for those working in the industry, including health care and education. Culturally speaking, the art of coffee cultivation has a lengthy history in Columbia and is a way of life in much of the rural, mountainous country. Despite the earthquakes and other natural disasters which have impacted the region, the coffee growing community is typically inclined to band to together to rebuild if and when needed, in order to return as quickly as possible to their known way of life. Politically speaking, coffee is a huge economic driver for the country. Social Implications Beyond the natural emphasis on coffee generated profits, Columbia’s coffee export industry has long endeavored to create positive social change and impact. In existence since 1927, the Columbian Coffee Growers Federation (FNC) is charged with representing and defending the coffee grower’s interests and to promote social agendas desired by the......

Words: 1046 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

History

...bronze types which were already invented in East Asia. The mirror image of each letter, rather than entire words or sentences was carved in relief on a small block. Each letter, which are easily movable were put together to form words; lines of type were formed by the blank space left after each word; and lines of type were brought together to make up a page. Letters could be arranged into any format, because of which, a countless variety of texts could be printed by reusing and resetting the type (Kreis, 2011). Gutenberg got the idea of making printing press from existing technologies: textile, papermaking, and wine presses. However, he introduced an idea of molding and casting of movable metal type, which is a remarkable work in the history. He used the idea of presses used for making wine and cheese, and modified the existing ones to make a press for transferring the image from type to the papers. An operator is needed to use the lever to increase and decrease the pressure of the block against the paper to get the image of what is on the type. It was also necessary to develop suitable inks for printing with the new printing press. By that time, there were only water-based inks used for hand lettering and for block printing, which do not stick on metal type. Thus, a viscous oil based ink that sticks on the metal type was required for the new machine. Gutenberg not only designed a movable type printing press, but he also invented suitable kind of oil-based ink for the......

Words: 2525 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

History

...Research Paper Mental Health Irene Forchu VNT [pic][pic] Buzz Aldrin’s personality, his medical history, and his perceptions of his condition Introduction. This paper will present Buzz Aldrin as one of the prominent celebrity who was diagnosed with a mental illness. It was reported in June 2009 that he suffers with clinical depression and alcoholism but later improved his life considerably when he recognized and sought treatment for his problems. He is about 81 years and show signs to leave for another decade or more. This article will describe Buzz Aldrin personality as a celebrity, his diagnoses, his life history and his perception about his illness. All these will be summarized under the following subheadings; His personal life, History and achievements, his diagnoses and conclusion. Personal life Aldrin has been married three times: to Joan Archer, with whom he had three children, James, Janice, and Andrew, to Beverly Zile, and to his current wife, Lois Driggs Cannon, whom he married on Valentine's Day, 1988. He filed for divorce from Lois on June 15, 2011 in Los Angeles, citing “irreconcilable differences,” according to his attorney, one day after the couple separated. Aldrin is an active supporter of the Republican Party, headlining fundraisers for GOP members of Congress. In 2007, Aldrin confirmed to Time magazine that he had recently had a face-lift; he joked that the G-forces he was exposed to in space "caused a sagging......

Words: 1583 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

History

...Giovanny Veloz US History 3/28/12 On March 26th I visited the American Museum of Natural History. After 3 hours of roaming around I couldn’t find much that pertained to this history class so my friend that works there was able to sneak me into the American Historical Society right next door. This was a goldmine of information and exhibits pertaining to history during all different types of eras. Right in front of the museum was a life size statue of Abraham Lincoln and to my surprise, he was really tall. One document that really caught my eye was a rare handwritten copy of the Thirteenth Amendment, signed by Lincoln himself. I was intrigued by this document because all I was doing was looking at this piece of paper and imagining Lincoln sitting down actually signing this with a feather and some ink. Trying to picture yourself living back in those days is The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction”. The Emancipation Proclamation, which went into effect on January 1, 1863, was a major step towards the abolition of slavery, helping to fulfill the promise of the Declaration of Independence and renew the nation’s founding philosophy of human liberty. Due to the Civil War, Lincoln realized that changing the Constitution itself would not be sufficient...

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

History

... Races have their own hotels, buses, and restaurants. Pluralism A state in which people of all racial and ethnic categories have about the same over all social standing. Assimilation The process by which minorities gradually adopt cultural patterns from the dominant majority population. Part II Answer the following questions in 150 to 350 words each: • Throughout most of U.S. history in most locations, what race has been the majority? What is the common ancestral background of most members of this group? Throughout most of U.S. history the white race has been the majority. This race is majority because of the social standards they have not just because of the population. The white race was the first settlers in the new land. As known, the most common ancestral background of most members of this group is European. Europeans came to this land for new life opportunities. They were able to come together and form their own country and boundaries because they broke ties off with their European rulers. • What are some of the larger racial minorities in U.S. history? What have been the common ancestral backgrounds of each of these groups? When did each become a significant or notable minority group? The white race, which is made up of both Hispanic Americans and the Non-Hispanic is the larger racial minorities. Hispanic Americans make up 85% of the population and Non-Hispanics make 79%. White people are categorized as people who have very light skin......

Words: 598 - Pages: 3