Premium Essay

The European Integration of the Republic of Moldova

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Nikolos
Words 5886
Pages 24


‘’You are well aware that the values on which the EU is built-freedom,democracy,respect for human rights and fundamental freedom,and the rule of law-lie precisely at the heart o the political association and economic integration process which the Eastern Partership offers and which we are pursuing with Moldova.(…) We want to create a new reality where all the citizens of Moldova, without exclusion, can enjoy all the benefits of a modern and effective political and economic system, respectful of their fundamental right’’. President Barroso.

1.1.Political situation in Moldova.

1.The independence of the Republic of Moldova, which was declared in 1991, raised a great number of crucial questions for the future of the new country- problems that had to be solved without delay. One of them was them was the orientation of its foreign policy and external allies. Moldova is literally situated on the border between East and West the countries that have chosen a ‘Euro-Asian’ way (Ukraine, Russia and Belarus) and the countries of Eastern Europe that, after the revolutions of the late 1980s, made a decisive choise in favour of the aligment to European standards.
After declaring independence in 1991, the Republic o Moldova actively aspired to membership in different international organizations. In 1992, it was accepted into the OSCE and United Nations, and…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Economic Integration

...ASSIGNMENT ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE (Course no: Mgt-310) TOPIC: ECONOMIC INTEGRATION SUBMITTED TO: Dr. MD. ATAUR RAHMAN PROFESSOR DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF DHAKA SUBMITTED BY: GROUP: 08 ROLL: 127, 128, 141, 154, 211, 212, and 213 SEC-B, BBA 16TH BATCH DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF DHAKA DATE OF SUBMISSION: 09.07.12 ECONOMIC INTEGRATION CONTENTS SL. Topics No. 1. Meaning and level of Economic Integration 2. Objectives of Economic Integration 3. Importance of Economic Integration 4. Benefits from of Economic Integration 5. Arguments for of Economic Integration 6. Arguments against of Economic Integration 7. Economic Integration of Asia 8. Economic Integration of America 9. Economic Integration of Europe 10. Economic Integration of Africa 11. Modes of Economic Integration 12. Problems of Economic Integration 13 Danger of Economic Integration 1. Meaning and Level of Economic Integration: Meaning of Economic Integration: Economic Integration means agreements between groups of countries in a geographic region to reduce and ultimately remove tariff and non-tariff barriers to ensure free flow of goods, services and factors of...

Words: 10071 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Military Integration and European Unions Role on the International Level

...MILITARY INTEGRATION AND EUROPEAN UNIONS ROLE ON THE INTERNATIONAL LEVEL Introduction The European Union as a sole entity is comprised of 27 countries and its total population ranks third highest in the world, following behind China and India. Not only is the European Union considered to be one of the largest populated regions of the world, it is also considered to be one of the most important and influential leaders on the global stage. The Union impacts tremendously on the following: trade, financial aid and assistance to those countries less fortunate and poverty stricken, anti-terrorism activities, civilian conflict prevention measures, security and defence policy along with also tackling environmental issues such as global warming and carbon emission.   In the development of this essay I will primarily focus on Europe’s road towards military integration, understanding the political, institutional, technological developments towards a Common European Security and Defence Policy. In order to discuss the above mentioned topic and to create a clearer and more concise linkage I will also briefly introduce the following: Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), Common European Security and Defence Policy (CESDP), Treaty on the European Union (TEU), European Defence Community (EDC), Qualified Majority Voting (QMV), Western European Union (WEU), Inter-Governmental Conference (IGC), Synchronized Armed Forces Europe (SAFE), and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)....

Words: 3772 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

How Useful Are Theories of Integration to Understanding the Development of the European Union?

...How useful are theories of integration to understanding the development of the European Union? BY IRABOR PETER ODION 07037830536 “There is no historical precedent for the creation of a multinational, multicultural, and multilingual federation of states with mature social, economic, political and legal systems. In this regard the EU is a colossal and original enterprise.” From the beginnings of its development, there have many causes for the development of what is now the European Union (EU). This essay examines theories of integration and evaluates their validity in explaining the development of the EU. Then, by scrutinising these theories, this essay will seek to establish which, if any provide a comprehensive explanation for the development of the EU. Theories of integration offer explanations of how and why supranational governance has developed. Whilst there are undoubtedly many different causes and factors which have contributed to the development of the EU, this essay primarily focuses on neo-functionalism and intergovernmentalism as well as some new theories of integration which seek to explain the development. Although federalist and......

Words: 2070 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Globalization and It Effects on Cultural Integration: the Case of the Czech Republic.

...GLOBALIZATION AND IT EFFECTS ON CULTURAL INTEGRATION: THE CASE OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC. INTRODUCTION I. AN OVERVIEW. With the growing standards of the world and the existing concepts and complexities in political, economic and socio-cultural ideologies, man has always and continuously pondered over the aspects of his nature. Unity, equality, trade and commerce are at the forefront of man's complexities. With these thoughts in mind, man has moved through history trying to satisfy his desires in relation to others. The advent of the twenty-first century gave birth to the idea of making the world a single village, thus, globalization. Globalization is the most talk-about issues in the 21st century. However, there is the difficulty of the world to come up with a single and uniform definition. This is because, so many people doubt if the happenings in the world today are as a result of globalization. Thus, due to these global differences of what this concept actually is about, globalization has grown to involve aspects not only of economy, but politics and other socio-cultural issues. Globalization affects almost every human being, this is because the process of globalization is said to have expanded almost through out the entire world either through transport, commerce, and communication. In addition, man’s activities on the globe are all located under these sectors. Culture, as a way of living of man, is identified by every one immediately after birth and was......

Words: 27217 - Pages: 109

Premium Essay

European Integration

...------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- European Integration: ------------------------------------------------- An Illegitimate child? BAS 2013 Nicole Ogorzałek Words: 955 ------------------------------------------------- European Integration: an illegitimate child? The European Union is facing hard times ahead. With each new treaty or another political agreement, the discontent with the European Union seems to be growing. While the Eurobarometer shows that the citizens still believe it to be beneficial to be part of the EU, the dissatisfaction is rather directed at EU policy (London School of Economics and Political Science, 2013). Whether it’s the question of enlargements, social policy or country bail-outs, the Europeans seem to be disagreeing more and more with the top of the European politics. However, nowhere is the Eurosceptism as marked as it is in Britain. And it doesn’t seem to lessen. On the contrary, organising protest against new EU-initiatives has never been easier (The Economist, 2012). Of course, looking back at Britain history it’s not hard to understand why words like “United States of Europe” or “the European Superstate” fire up the public indignation (Donnelly, 2012). Those trying to appease the opponents try to point out the benefits Britain’s EU membership brings, like political and economic stability and developments. Furthermore, the...

Words: 1143 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

R. Moldova

...Relaţiile comerciale şi investiţionale ale Republicii Moldova cu partenerii Pactului de Stabilitate EUGEN HRISTEV, GEORGETA MINCU INTRODUCERE CU TOATE EFORTURILE COMUNITăţII INTERNAţIONALE DE A STABILI UN CADRU FAVORABIL PENTRU DEZVOLTAREA STATELOR EUROPEI DE SUD-EST, CREşTEREA ECONOMICă DURABILă VA FI, TOTUşI, ASIGURATă PRIN INTERMEDIUL REFORMELOR CE AR FAVORIZA ACTIVITATEA AGENţILOR ECONOMICI PRIVAţI, ATÎT ÎN CEEA CE PRIVEşTE SCHIMBURILE COMERCIALE, CÎT şI ATRAGEREA INVESTIţIILOR STRăINE DIRECTE. În contextul globalizării şi al comasării marilor companii transnaţionale, capitalul investiţional caută pieţe largi de desfacere şi o predictibilitate a evoluţiei lor. Astfel, pieţele separate ale statelor din Europa de Sud-Est pot prezenta o mai mare atracţie fiind considerate în ansamblu, cu atît mai mult cu cît interdependenţa între ele rămîne a fi una majoră. Înainte de a face o analiză sau de a examina unele oportunităţi pentru Republica Moldova în cooperarea economică cu ţările membre la Pact, este important să facem o diagnoză a stării lucrurilor în acest domeniu la momentul actual. Aceasta va conduce nu numai la structurarea eventualelor decizii ale instituţiilor statale implicate, ci şi la o eficienţă în implementarea scopurilor propuse. Atît aspectele legale, cît şi cele economice, sînt în egală măsură importante în definitivarea cadrului de cooperare al Republicii Moldova în regiune. De aceea, pornind de la descrierea regimului comercial cu......

Words: 9881 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay

European Integration Report

... Problems 7 5.1. Illegal Immigration 7 5.2. Religious and Cultural Conflicts among Immigrants and Natives 9 5.3. Social Unrest 11 5.4. Affecting the Education System 12 6. Solutions 14 7. Concession 17 7.1. Alleviate the Pressure of Aging Problem in EU 17 7.2. Boost the economy in Europe 18 8. Conclusion 19 9. Bibliography 19 1. Introduction The issue of immigration has been the hot debated topic in the European Union for a long time. And there is obvious evidence that the upsurge of immigration into the Europe will not be calmed down within a short time. The European Union has developed its competences in the fields of policies and regulations regarding the immigration issue. But the problems still exist and more things need to be done for creating a better balance. The report will first quickly go over the history of human migration and reasons for the recent large scale of immigration into Europe will be analyzed. After, the policies and regulations implemented by nations of Europe and the European Union will be introduced before going deep into the problems brought up by immigration. Then some solutions as to how to settle the current problems will be provided and concessions will be made to maintain a balanced and objective knowledge of the influences of immigration. 2. History While there is no doubt that migration has been there for hundreds of thousands of years, it would be a mistake to argue that migration as it is......

Words: 6668 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova

...n t r e f o r e a s t e r n s t u d i e s Tadeusz Iwański The countries of Eastern European and China have been increasingly interested in deepening bilateral contacts over the past few years. In the case of Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova this has been caused by the bad economic situation which was in part caused by the consequences of the global economic crisis of 2008 and the desire to establish closer political relations with a country whose significance on the international arena is continually growing. Each of these countries has different expectations regarding the scale and the nature of co-operation with China. Chisinau wishes only to boost trade, whereas in Minsk and Kyiv, Beijing is also presented as a strategic partner whose investments may not only help the indebted economies recover but also strengthen the position of these countries in their dealings with the EU, and especially with Russia. Beijing sees co-operation with these countries in differently, and its offer is much more modest than Belarus and Ukraine are expecting. Eastern Europe is one of the last parts of the world with which China is activating its co-operation. This is not a priority region for Beijing. China wants to derive economic benefits and to diversify the markets on which it invests its financial surplus, and it does not intend to extend its political dialogue with Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova beyond the framework which determines its economic interests. The main reason for this is......

Words: 4560 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

European Integration

...essay I am going to focus on the current state of the EU and its process of integration which is something what reaches to a far history. Because already after the Second World War the thought on the European integration emerged. In 1946, Winston Churchill had his speech about uniting Europe, and even now it is still a current issue. Every day we hear about globalization and integration of states which should ensure economic prosperity and political stability for participating states by mutual cooperation and also many communities regarding this have been established. First of all, I am going to briefly outline Churchill’s speech and Declaration by Schuman. Then I am going to try to reflect the main concepts of those two speeches in today’s situation. I am going to discuss what result were brought by the process of integration. And finally, I am going to take a look at the most important community in Europe, the European Union and its goals which still have to be done. Protagonists Churchill and Schuman “Winston Churchill (…) was one of the first to call for the creation of a ‘United States of Europe’. “ He believed that peace could be guaranteed only by a united Europe and that united Europe would bring happiness, prosperity and glory. According to him, the first step must have been to create a Council of Europe ( Schuman’s speech took place in 1950 and its purpose was to create a European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) which would “help raise standards......

Words: 860 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Subject: Cultural Challenges Coming from European Integration and Globalization Processes Current in European Union.

...The cultural challenges that Europe is facing now Subject: Cultural challenges coming from European integration and globalization processes current in European Union. Introduction In the post war period Europe started to go through many processes of integration. With the time passage this processes started to have a bigger geographical range as well as they started to be present in more dimensions of social, economic and political life. On the top of that strong globalization processes are taking place all over the world, which also has its strong reflection in shape of Europe. Economy, culture and educational become one of the main issues for Europe in globalization and integration processes. The creation and expansion of European Union a form which never was present in any other place in the history is a significant and irreversible creation. European Integration – does it really concern also the way in which we perceive or will perceive our culture? Some scholars started to use term of Europeanization as the less inclusive and less biased than European Integration itself. Will next generations and new European perceive themselves as European? We can multiply such a questions. This short essay will attempt to answer the main question stated in the title in prism of cross-cultural aspects. What is national culture? In a scientific sense it means a certain class of objects, phenomena and processes, or definite ways of behavior. However, in the philosophical sense......

Words: 1649 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Regional Economic Integration and the Impact of the Single European Market

...Regional Economic Integration and the Impact of the Single European Market Regional Economic Integration is an agreement between countries to reduce or remove trade barriers so that counties within the agreement will benefit by joining the integration. Without this Regional Economic Integration it was difficult for countries to trade because exporting goods from one country to another always had tariffs and nontariff barriers, making it harder for countries to ultimately benefit from trade between one another. This can be done by forming a Free Trade Area, Custom Union, Common Market, Economic Union, or Political union. A Free Trade Area is where counties in the group try and remove tariffs and quotas on the goods and services being traded between the countries. By choosing Free Trade Areas they are allowed to trade freely among member but have an independent policy for non-members. The European Free Trade Association is an example of a free trade area. A Custom Union is similar to free trade areas but members must conduct and pursue common external tariff. Custom unions help increase efficiency by bring the countries involved closer. The European Union is an example of a custom union. A common market is basically custom unions that along with increase efficiency, allow for free factor mobility across members. It makes it easy for capital and labor to be traded between members of the common market. An economic union is a union just like a common market but......

Words: 2047 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Organ Trafficking in Moldova

...Europe's poorest country, Moldova. According to organ trafficking specialists, Moldova is one of the key suppliers to the world organ trade and Moldovan kidneys are the cheapest priced in Europe. The country is one of the top 3 suppliers in the thriving global black market in organ sales, according to a just-released report on organ trafficking. According to the report, a record rise in human organ-farming has made Moldova one of the leading source countries although with just over 3 million inhabitants it is much smaller in size than the world's two other organ trafficking centers, Brazil (184 million people) and India (1.12 billion people). The prominent position of Moldova in the illegal organ trade is because "this place is a black hole, no one cares about the population and government officials can just do what they want," in the words of a lawyer who recently left Moldova and today lives near Copenhagen, Denmark. Along with Brazil and India, Reuters has named Moldova is one of the top 3 source countries in the world for organs. Worldwide, the buying and selling of organs is a huge business, and the export of human raw material is bringing hard currency to Moldova. Officially listed as Europe's poorest country, Moldova is now the West's center for the illegal organ trade. The country shares a common border with the European Union, but is officially outside EU jurisdiction and not subject to international scrutiny. Under foreign pressure, Moldova recently banned......

Words: 1202 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Britain and European Integration

...forces working for European integration after 1945. To Continental Europeans, the nation state had been discredited. This was particularly true of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, which had behaved repressively towards their citizens, not to mention the citizens of other countries. The pre-war system of independent nation states had been unable to solve the economic problems thrown up by the Great Depression. There was also the threat of Soviet expansion. In this way, there was pressure for the creation of a larger organization to promote economic prosperity by binding national economies together. If their economies were interlinked, a future war would be almost impossible. Britain did not see itself as part of Europe at this stage. The Attlee government looked to its special relationship with the United States and its Empire and Commonwealth. Then there was the need to establish a welfare state. The beginnings of European integration can be traced to the Schuman Plan of 1950. This proposed the European Coal and Steel Community. It was a French plan – Schuman was the French Foreign Minister – to place the French and German ‘industries of war’ under supranational control. The plan came into operation in 1952. The Franco-German axis remains at the core of the process of European integration. In 1957, the Treaty of Rome was signed by the representatives of France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Italy and Germany. This established two new communities: the European Atomic......

Words: 2303 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

European Integration

...CREATION OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION The process of European integration was launched soon after the end of the World War II. It relies on tragic experiences connected with the largest and also most tragic armed conflict in human history, caused by Nazi Germany. After the war, in Europe, and more specifically in its western part, there arose conditions favourable for the start of a new, planned integration of the countries of the Old Continent. Western European countries, though very weakened after the war (destroyed economy, infrastructure, human resources), were, however, as never before agreeable to the necessity of defending basic human rights and democratic values. Western European leaders decided to undertake coordinated actions aiming at the reconstruction of European countries and their economies and introduction of a new political order, which could guarantee the security of nations and give a chance for their successful development in the future. The genesis of the integration process in Europe after the World War II: In the process of planning the introduction of a new political order in post-war Europe, it was acknowledged that the key task was the reconstruction of European economies. Western European leaders realised that only efficient and effective European economy would be a foundation on which new safety and development structures could be built. The American aid plan for Europe - the European Recovery Plan, called the Marshall Plan, was a great support......

Words: 4137 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Country Risk and Assessment of Moldova

...plans to expand internationally to the country of Moldova, located in Eastern Europe, will conduct a country risk assessment. Any organization contemplating a business venture into a foreign country could encounter multiple risks. Therefore, prior to embarking on an international expansion, extensive, in-depth research of the target country is a necessity for success in the foreign marketplace. Team A will conduct a risk analysis of Moldova and its winery production and analyze all aspects of risk involved from entry to an exit plan. This paper will also describe the market risks and include a SWOTT analysis of the country. Political, Legal, and Regulatory Risks BDSD will encounter several risks when entering Moldova on a business level. A political risk is the current inability of the country’s parliament to elect a president. The country, divided over the election of leaders, disenchanted with the current leadership, and facing ongoing power struggles with neighboring countries has caused political deadlock. In addition, Moldova faces internal uprisings and tense relations with other nations in the region. If the country does not elect a president this year then the Moldovan Constitution calls for the dissolution of parliament. Dissolving parliament could have the potential to cause an uprising of the population creating an uncertain political forecast for the country (BBC News 2011). The legal risks of entering Moldova include financial, security, and the......

Words: 3807 - Pages: 16