Free Essay

Suri; Indigenous People

In: People

Submitted By kskk
Words 985
Pages 4
An oral presentation about the indigenous people the Suri.
Today I would like to talk about a people whose culture is under constant treat due to the world that surrounds them. This people have suffered great changes to their society because of influence from the outside world. Many considers them to be savage and should learn to be more civilized, and that the best way to teach them our way of living is to introduce western ideals through modernization and development, bringing means to the restructuring of their society. Let’s have a look at these savage people.
The Suri lives in the south-west of Ethiopia, not far from the border to Sudan. It’s an area of low hills and savannah grassland, roughly the size of the country of Dorset – and it’s home to about 30,000 Suri.
The Suri are semi-nomadic cattle-herders, meaning that they live in settled villages, but whenever the need arises they move with their cattle to find better grazing. Although there is plenty of water available during the rain-season, these seasons are very unpredictable. In recent years there have been long periods of drought, resulting in severe famine. Similar other pastoral nomads all over the world, cattle play a massively important role in this society. Their culture is quite different and nothing like anything we would be custom to up in the north. For example; whilst we tend to measure wealth in the number of cars and cabins a family owns, the Suri measure it by how many cattle a person own. There’s a strong bond between the people and their animals. But they’re not just viewed in terms of their financial value, there’s real care and affection for them. They lit fires, not only for themselves, but for the cattle to keep them warm during the chilly nights.
To extend on the role of the cattle, in the Suri language all words for colour come from cattle coat colours or patterns. They even compose music for them, and view them as a part of their human society. Therefore, it may not come as a surprise that the Suri don’t eat a lot of meat. Mostly, they get milk and blood from the cattle. They enjoy the blood, warm and fresh straightaway after slicing open a small section of a leg or feet. This process doesn’t kill the cattle; it can be repeated with intervals for about a month without the animal suffering any harmful effects. As to the question of why they choose to do this, the Suri men believe that the blood of the cattle will strengthen them to become great warriors. Suri men see themselves first and foremost as warriors – fierce fighters who need to be ready at any moment to protect their people. So, from their early days, Suri boys learn how to fight. One usual mean of achieving this goal, is to arrange stick fighting contests, called Dongas. They’re colourful and important social occasions when men and women can meet and flirt and check out potential partners. Often the women observe the boy’s bravery in the fight and tend to be attracted to the better fighter. There are very few rules in these fights, and it’s not uncommon that someone dies during these events.
A tradition that really makes these people recognizable to others, is the lip-plate worn by Suri women when they’re old enough. It’s made out of clay and inserted into either their ears or lips which ultimately widen their lips or ears to a dramatic size. The insertion happens when they’re preparing for marriage; their lower teeth are removed and a cut is made in the lip which is stretched to allow room for the lip plate – sounds rather like a nasty process. The women only wear these when in the company of men. Back home, or with other females, they remove the plate and allow the lip to dangle. No one really knows why or how this tradition came to be, but it serves a significant function in their society. One woman said that because of the great size of her lip, she received a lot of cattle when she married. But the times are changing. Increasing contact with the outside world means that the Suri are more aware of the way that woman elsewhere live. Some refuses to undergo the pain and disfigurement of the tradition, in a sense breaking up the traditional societal structure.
The Suri is in constant conflict their neighbors, and violence is a fact of life. They’re fighting to preserve gracing areas for their cattle, and raids and cattle theft is just another day at work. Outside influence has brought them guns which have had a huge negative effect. In recent years guns have flooded into this area from nearby Sudan where there’s a bitter civil war goin on. And the availability of guns has upset the social order of the group. Instead of listening to the elders and solving disputes in the traditional way, tempers flare and bullets fly. Young men no longer have respect for authority and increasingly resolve disputes among themselves by use of the gun. Hundreds of people have been killed in this way over the past few years.
Over the years the Suri has learned to live in a challenging and unpredictable environment where conflict with their neighbors over limited resources has been a regular occurrence.
Now they have to find a way of restoring order and respect among their own people.
It may be impossible to preserve these traditions in a world where progress push inherit values aside and expects everyone to act accordingly. Somehow I suspect the conservation of these tribes will be respected by outside influence, at least to some extent, by programs implemented by UN and other powerful institutions whose only mission is the conserve cultures exactly like that of the Suri.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Indigenous Cultures in Indonesia Today

...Indigenous Cultures of Indonesia Today Erlangga Rajendra Geography 1500 Dr. Moshe Rapaport Indigenous Cultures of Indonesia Today The Republic of Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous nation, with a population of 203 million people living on around a thousand permanently occupied islands. The population is constituted by some 200-300 ethnic groups each speaking their own language and dialects. The Indonesian national culture is multicultural and is anchored on the older societies and interethnic relations. The national culture was developed by those who fought the Dutch colonialists in the 21st century. During this period, there were cultural stresses that the colonialists like the Dutch, the Portuguese and others brought to the indigenous people.  The national culture is built having its, historical roots, institutions, values, beliefs and customs that were shared by many of the indigenous people. It is still being improved in the 21st century making it undergo certain stresses. This paper seeks to analyze to what extent corporate interest can be held responsible for the disappearance of native cultures (Countries and Their Cultures , 2012). The extent to which corporate interest can be held responsible is a dilemma that needs to assess the risks and benefits to a community. The basic principle of universality, equality and non-discrimination entitles the indigenous people to full range of rights that constitute the international law. Office of the High......

Words: 999 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Indigenous People of the Caribbean

...The Indigenous Heritage Of The Caribbean And Its Contribution To A Caribbean Identity Text from the Untold Origins Exhibition held at the Cuming Museum, October 2004 to February 2005. The Cuming Museum 155-157 Walworth Road London SE17 1RS 020 7525 2163 ‘Mabrika Mabrika- welcomeIt has been very important to be able to look at the objects in the Cuming Museum. It makes me realise how much we can regain from what we have lost of our culture by studying these objects.’ The Honourable Charles Williams, Carib Chief of the Carib Territory, Commonwealth of Dominica, on a visit to the Cuming Museum, October 6 2004. He is holding a ceremonial baton or club, used by chiefs as a badge of office on ceremonial occasions. From the Schomburgk collection. Introduction The Caribbean has always seen people on the move - from the settlement of people from the South American mainland thousands of years ago, the forced settlement of enslaved people from Africa, to the 'Island hopping' and immigration abroad in search of work in the 20th century. Within the Untold Origins exhibition we explored what happens when people and cultures move and come into contact with each other. What do people preserve from their original culture to maintain their sense of identity? How does contact with a new culture change how they view themselves? The histories and stories of the people who populated the Caribbean prior to...

Words: 4910 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Special Measures for Australian Indigenous

...Workplace and Employment Discrimination Issues in respect to Indigenous Australians Social indicators measuring wellbeing have shown that, as a group, indigenous Australians are the most vulnerable group of people who have the lowest economic status. The high unemployment rate is one of the main contributing factors to indigenous Australian’s poverty. In 1996, Australian indigenous unemployment rate was nearly 23 per cent in contrast to the non-indigenous rate of 9 per cent. Indigenous Australians suffer discrimination and face prejudices that are often perpetuated within Societies especially in the area of employment. In 1965 Australia signed the International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD). In order to fulfill the requirements of the Convention the federal Parliament passed the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth) (RDA) and the States have passed the RDA’s equivalent Acts to protect all culture groups and races from discrimination. However, in Queensland the RDA and Anti- Discrimination Act can not adequately protect the interest of indigenous people. In order to achieve true equality among all human races, special measures are needed to protect indigenous people from unfair discrimination. 184 words Part one: Anti- Discrimination Act of Queensland 1.1 Indirect discrimination Section 11 of the Act states indirect discrimination happens if a person imposes or proposes to impose, a term- a) With which an......

Words: 3364 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Indigenous Agriculture

...Indigenous agriculture Agriculture has always been regarded as an important aspect of the Indian economy. There is endless evidence, including several British and European accounts, which show the flourishing state of our agriculture in the pre-British period. Even today despite the declining contribution of this sector towards the nations GDP. It still remains a means of livelihood for thousands of people across. Several of the indigenous practices like rotation of crops; drill husbandries etc. were perfected in India centuries before they were adopted by the other nations in their respective ‘agricultural revolution’. There is much to be learned from these practices of the local people. They are many instances, which show that these practices are not only feasible but also sustainable i.e. they cause minimal ecological degradation. Hence regarding these indigenous knowledge as "low productive," "primitive," and "old" cannot be justified. Instead this knowledge should form the foundation of developing more sustainable practices and technologies. People in the formal scientific knowledge system should grasp the importance of local knowledge. Those studies, which do go into details of the indigenous agricultural practices, present an entirely different picture of it than what one would have imagined of an unscientific, backward and primitive system of agriculture. Bringing this will lead to a desirable change in the attitudes and behaviors of researchers and......

Words: 951 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Indigenous Australian Politics

...Subject Name: Indigenous Australian Politics Subject Code: IA2016 Study Period: SP1 Study Mode: External Campus: Townsville Subject Coordinator: Sharon Moore Student: Josephat Magomo Assessment Task 1: Reflective Critique The European colonisation of Australia over the past two centuries has resulted in violent conflict, forced dispossession, displacement and protectionist policies that denied Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people basic rights, separated families and entrenched discrimination and inequalities. Over the past centuries there have been many changes in the attitudes and rights regarding the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Despite the efforts by Australian government’s initiatives of ‘Closing the Gap’ in an attempt to address the inequalities between indigenous and white Australians there are still vast gaps in terms of socio-economic status, health care and welfare services, life expectancy, education, employment, housing ownership, land tenure and land rights. However, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people still experience an ongoing prejudice and discrimination as a marginalised minority group. Therefore, there is still a great deal of negativity that needs addressing in our society. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people still experience ongoing prejudice and discrimination as a marginalised minority group (Pedersen, Beven, Walker & Griffiths, 2004). Despite efforts by the government to address the......

Words: 794 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Indigenous People

...David Casani November 17, 2014 Indigenous Peoples’ Rights in the US and Contemporary Issues The United States is the melting pot of many different ethnicities and indigenous tribes attempting to harmoniously coexist. One of the major ethnic groups is the Indigenous Peoples of America. Who are they? Jose R. Martinez Cobo was a diplomat and politician who elaborated a definition for Indigenous Peoples, although the UN officially never adopted his definition, which is the commonly accepted understanding of the concept of Indigenous Peoples, stating: “Indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those which, having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre-colonial societies that developed on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of the societies now prevailing on those territories, or parts of them. They form at present non-dominant sectors of society and are determined to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations their ancestral territories, and their ethnic identity, as the basis of their continued existence as peoples, in accordance with their own cultural patterns, social institutions and legal system” (NCIV). Currently, there are 4.1 million indigenous peoples living in the US, which contributes to 1.5 of the US population (Nelson 1-19). The majority of these individuals are members of one of the five greatest tribes that forms the Confederacy of the Five Nations: Navajo, Hopi, Apache, Iroquois, and Lakota. The......

Words: 3145 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Indigenous Health

...outbreak. Unfortunately the Indigenous Australians were not able to quarantine the European colonists arriving on the first fleet in 1788 and there was no immunisation injections available to protect them from the colds, flus and other infectious disease that arrived with the colonist. In 2015 there are vaccines available to assist people develop a stronger immune system to help prevent some disease and medical technology has progress and people can now live longer than they ever had before. Unfortunately there is still a gap between the life expectancy of an Aboriginal Australian and a non-Aboriginal Australian. In 2010-2012 the average life expectancy for Indigenous Australian male and females were 69.1 and 73.7 while for non-indigenous Australians it was higher, 79.7 for males and 83.1 for females (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2013). This is similar in other indigenous cultures across the world, the United Nations declaration on the rights of Indigenous Peoples makes mention of the health of Indigenous Peoples right to health care “Indigenous individuals have an equal right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. States shall take the necessary steps with a view to achieving progressively the full realization of this right” (United Nations, 2007). What is the Australian government doing to assist the Indigenous Australian population to achieve and attain a longer life expectancy like the non-indigenous population? In 2008......

Words: 910 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Indigenous People

...Sa ating bansang Pilipinas ay may mahigit na 40 tayong iba’t ibang katutubong grupo at sa bawat grupo ay may kanya-kanyang kultura at lengwahe. Bawat pangkat din ay nakatira sa isang “specific” na rehiyon sa isang isla. Ang ating mga pangkat-etniko ay makikita sa iba’t ibang parte ng tatlo nating kapuluan: Luzon, Visayas at Mindanao. Ang ating mga katutubo, o mas kilala bilang mga “Lumads” ay silang mga taong namili na mamuhay ayon sa tradisyon na pamamaraan hindi katulad natin na patuloy na nag-eebolb dahil sa mga mananakop na napapadpad sa ating teritoryo. SINO NGA BA ANG MGA ITINUTURING NATING MGA INDIGENOUS PEOPLE? Sa tagalog, sila ang mga “Pangkat-etniko o mga Katutubo.” Sila ang mga itinuturing nating mga sinaunang tao dito sa Pilipinas. Noong Martes, Setyembre 15, ay ginanap ang Noise Barrage para sa paghingi ng hustisya sa pagpatay sa mga Lumads. Sa aking mga nasagap na balita, ang nangungunang dahilan daw sa pagpatay sa kanila ay hindi dahil sa sila ay pinagbibintangang mga NPA o New People’s Army, ang katotohanan nito ay gusto nilang kunin ang lupa ng mga Lumads dahil sa mga naitatago nitong mga ginto at mga mineral na hindi mapagkakaila na mapakikinabangan talaga. Naisip ko lang— wala bang karapatan ang mga Lumads na angkinin ang lupa na sa kanila naman talaga? Mas nauna pa sila sa ating makatungtong dito sa Pilipinas, pero parang sila pa ang naaagrabyado. Sabi nila, hindi raw ito ang unang beses na nangyari, pero bakit parang hindi nakararating sa gobyerno......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Indigenous Materials

...___________________________________________________________________   name  /  year  &  sec  /  USTCA  BUILDING  TECHNOLOGY  1     H  13.0  –  INDIGENOUS  MATERIALS   INDIGENOUS: Originating and living or occurring naturally in an area or environment; natural or in-born. Indigenous materials are generally considered to be materials which are produced in the same bioregion or regional ecosystem where they will be used, although some practitioners consider materials to be indigenous only if they are available on the same site where they will be used. Bamboo, Clay, Coconut, Cogon Grass, Lime, Rattan Bamboo is from the grass family and is one of the fastest growing plants on earth, however it is susceptible to fungi and insect attacks. Bamboos are among the plants most widely used by humans. In the tropics they are used for constructing houses, rafts, bridges, and scaffolding. Split and flattened culms can be used as flooring and interwoven to make baskets, mats, hats, fish traps, and other articles; culms of large species may be used as containers for liquids. Laminated Bamboo Lumber is made of high quality bamboo. It is laminated with LFM Resin with high bonding strength and non-toxic to human.It is used for bamboo furniture and art and craft products. Coconut palms require warm conditions for successful growth, and are intolerant of cold weather. Optimum growth is with a mean annual......

Words: 579 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Stat of Wonder Indigenous People

... Indigenous people and their rights Throughout hundreds of year’s indigenous peoples have suffered most of their time in their native countries. They’ve been under political control that exploited their economy, under dictatorships and abuse of their culture and resources in their existence. These causes mostly occur in brazil. Treating indigenous people and disrespecting the way they live is crucial for them. Just because they have no type of power like certain people have it doesn’t mean they should be treated the way they are treated. On this essay I will argue that if indigenous people adjust a little bit better on in their lives and culture they can live a better life. They’re many issues that affect many characters like Marina Singh and the indigenous tribes in the amazon from the book State of Wonder, a book written by Ann Pattchet. Marina is sent to the amazon in look for her former Co-worker Dr. Eckman who is reported to be dead from a letter Dr. Swenson sent to Eckman’s wife. At the amazon Dr. Swenson, a former researcher for Vogel pharmaceuticals scientist is in search of a new drug that results to be a cure for malaria that is tested on indigenous women. These indigenous people from the amazon think they would be left out of a good health treatment. Other indigenous people work for her without having to have a purpose to do so. In addition, Swenson is concerned...

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Tainos, Indigenous People

...Final Research Paper: Tainos, The indigenous people Before the discovery of the new world, it has been known of the various indigenous people that once inhabited our lands. The more popular natives such as the Mayans, Incas, and Aztecs have been widely sought out in today’s age, unlike other lesser-known tribes such as the Tainos. Today many tribes have vastly decreased in number and size, but there are those who still practice and familiarize themselves with their heritage. I myself can relate to this small percentage of people, due to the fact I am descendent of the Tainos from Cuba. Hence, I decided to make my research paper based on the history of my heritage: The Tainos. The word Taino derived from the meaning “men of the good.” Based on historical facts, the Tainos were indeed good people. These indigenous people established a culture where the human temperament was kind. Among the Taino at the time of contact, generosity and kindness were governing values in society as well as directed towards an ecological interaction with the natural surroundings. It suggested a lifestyle that tried to feed its entire people, and a spirituality that was valued, through ceremonies. The Taino lived humbly in an abundant place and so their environment was abundant. The Tainos & Ciboneys were related to the cultural Arawak group, who was one of the main indigenous people of South America and the Caribbean. They spoke Taino, which was considered Arawak language...

Words: 2421 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Indigenous and African Resistance

...Indigenous and African people have had similar experiences in the past which have shaped and transformed their history, culture, and society in many ways. During these experiences, both African and Indigenous people have used different forms of resistance in order to escape European colonialism and slavery. For Europeans, slavery was a major factor in their economic success. Millions of African and Indigenous slaves suffered at the expense of European settlers. The objective of the Europeans was to strip African and Indigenous people of their land, possessions, dignity, and even their lives in order to benefit themselves. Given the results of slavery and a look at the society in which we live today, this objective was not a complete success. Some forms of resistance were impactful, while others caused more harm than good. African slaves have been shown to use more secretive forms of resistance while Indigenous slaves used more open forms. Considering the various forms of resistance that African slaves used in comparison to the forms that Indigenous slaves used, and the outcome of this resistance, it can be stated that African slaves were far more victorious in their endeavours for emancipation than Indigenous slaves were. The land that Indigenous people occupied was highly sought after by Europeans for economic activity, as it contained commodities and people who they established as cheap and productive labour (Beckles and Shepard, 118.) Because of this, the Indigenous......

Words: 1642 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Indigenous in Australia

...Australia struggles to bring equality to its indigenous population This article starts by showing us some graphs that represent four different pledges of the “Closing the Gap” commitments made in 2008. The first graph shows the pledge of closing the life-expectancy gap within a generation by 2031. In this graph the blue dots represent the non-indigenous population and the red dots represent the indigenous population. We can see that this target is not on track because, even though the red lines are increasing in a very little measure, it is not enough to close the gap between the indigenous and the non-indigenous, whose life expectancy rate is around 11 points higher. The second graph represents the target of halving the gap in mortality rates for indigenous children under five within a decade by 2018. If we compare the distance between the two dots in 2008 we can see that the difference was very big (100 non-indigenous, 240 indigenous), but today this gap reduced in a great amount because it went from a difference of 140 points to 70 in 10 years, and it still has two more years to keep decreasing. The third pledge shown in the graph is halving the gap for indigenous students in reading, writing and numeracy within a decade by 2018. This target is marked as unclear because the percentage of year-5 students at or above minimum national standards went up around five points, which is not enough to halve this gap. The last graph shows the objective of halving the gap in......

Words: 559 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Significance of Un Declaration of Human Rights on Indigenous People it sets out how the existing rights standards apply to how the rights of indigenous people are protected and recognized in different nations. This declaration helps to reduce the level of discrimination which countries with different cultures treat the indigenous and also improve their situation globally. The declaration and other instrument are significant since the indigenous people are consulted prior to any decision on their property or even their territories so that they can be aware of what’s going on. If they are not consulted then they have the right to be compensated for violation of those rights. Conflicts can now be resolved fairly and mutually without being biased on one group of people by following acceptable procedures to resolve such conflicts between the states and the indigenous people. This includes procedures such as arbitration, mediation and negations. If the problem persists regional, national, and international courts are involved so that the best mechanisms can be put up for disapproving and human rights violation are examined. The instruments are significant as they now affirm equity among different individuals in the states. The aboriginal can be treated equally and be respected like any other citizen. These people can now consider themselves same as the others. All services to be offered to the public are distributed to all people in the country. The indigenous people can now arrange themselves economically, politically and socially so as to......

Words: 2095 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Indigenous Peoples

...DepEd adopts IP education agenda By TONY PE. RIMANDO January 18, 2012, 3:12pm PAGADIAN CITY, Zamboanga del Sur, Philippines – A national policy framework (NPF) has been adopted by the Department of Education (DepEd) recently to answer the basic education needs of Indigenous Peoples (IPs) who live in mountain villages and sitios of Mindanao, and other areas of the country. Education Secretary Armin A. Luistro said the NPF for IPs is in line with the country’s commitment to achieve its Education for All (EFA) targets, and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which are in pursuant to the DepEd Basic Education Sector Reform Agenda (BESRA). Luistro explained through DepEd Order No. 62, Series of 2011, which was received here lately by DepEd Region 9 Director Walter O. Albos, that the NPF was preceded by a consultative and participatory process held in designated venues of Southern Philippines. Albos said the consultations were followed by a national validation workshop where participants affirmed the principles of the draft framework and later recommended the formulation and implementation of an IP basic education program. The events were attended by qualified representatives from various IP communities in the country, together with concerned government agencies, and civil service society partners to ensure that IP groups can claim ownership of this framework, Albos quoted Luistro’s directive. The DepEd chief, Albos said, described the NPF as “an instrument for......

Words: 764 - Pages: 4