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Sleeping Disorder

In: Social Issues

Submitted By siulbukol
Words 392
Pages 2
Essay Assignment
Describe the following sleep disorders and include the causes, symptoms, consequences and possible treatments for: Narcolepsy, Insomnia, Sleep Apnea, Nightmares, and Night Terrors.

Narcolepsy is a disorder of losing the brain’s ability to regulate sleep-wake cycles. Narcolepsy results to excessive daytime sleepiness. Main cause of narcolepsy is unknown but many cases are thought to be caused by lack of brain chemical “Orexin”, which regulates sleep. Some studies show that narcolepsy might be genetic as well. Symptoms of narcolepsy are often referred to the “Tetrad of Narcolepsy”, which are cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and hypnogogic hallucinations. No treatment has been proven yet, but taking oral CNS stimulants such as Amphetamine and Methylphenidate can help with the excessive daytime sleepiness. Insomnia is a disorder in which a person suffers from having trouble in falling asleep or in staying asleep. Insomnia is caused by the disturbance of the circadian rhythm that results to the inability of to fall asleep during the regular sleeping hours. Symptoms include awakening at night and awakening too early; difficulty falling asleep at night; feeling tired after sleeping; and difficulty paying attention. Getting proper and regular sleep patterns can help treat insomnia. Sleeping pills and other sedatives can also help treat insomnia.

Sleep Apnea is a disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or instances of shallow or infrequent breathing during sleep. People who suffer from sleep apnea may feel fatigue during daytime, slow reaction time, and may have vision problems. Main symptom of sleep apnea is snoring. Being overweight or smoker usually causes it and can be treated with proper diet and exercise, and quitting smoking. Nightmares are unpleasant dreams that can bring fear, despair, anxiety and sadness to the person. It is usually…...

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