Premium Essay

Scientific Ethics

In: Social Issues

Submitted By lisaodonis
Words 4617
Pages 19
Adrienne McIntosh
Instructor: Stephanie J. Hawkins, Ph.D. HS5315: Professional & Scientific Ethics
September 7, 2008

For this assignment, submit your Part 2: Analysis of Ethical Dilemma paper to your instructor, who will provide feedback. Papers should be submitted to the assignments section of the course and follow the required guidelines.
In this second part of the project, provide an analysis of a hypothetical ethical dilemma that you have developed. Keep in mind that the hypothetical ethical dilemma you are analyzing should also be within the same work environment that you analyzed and submitted in Unit 5 for Part 1: Analysis of Work Environment.
There are several substantial areas that you must consider in your analysis. The following questions will help you to begin your analysis of the ethical dilemma you have chosen.

• What is the ethical dilemma and who are the individuals involved? Be sure to fully describe the dilemma and its context.

• What are the main ethical concerns presented in the dilemma? What sources and references can you use to support your analysis?

• How could you apply the theories and techniques of human service professions to a wide variety of ethical dilemmas?

• What documentation would you provide for the Ethics committee if it were a real-life situation? What decision making process would you present to them upon review of this case? How would you define and relate the role and functions of ethical standards in scientific research in the human service professions?
These questions are only meant to help you start your analysis. You should also include (Herlihy, B. Corey G., 2006) … “Suggest that counselors who are culturally responsive increase their chances of practicing in an ethical fashion with diverse client groups they went on to “say that…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Scientific Management

...Outline in full the principles of scientific management. What does this theory contribute to management in contemporary organisations? The main objective of management is maximum prosperity for both the business or owner and the employees. Maximum prosperity for a business means higher dividends and the development to its highest state of excellence. For employees it means higher wages than given in other businesses of the same industry and the ability to work at their highest rate of efficiency. Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856- 1915) published the book The Principles of Scientific Management in 1911, with which he abolished the then present rule-of-thumb method and introduced and entirely new system of scientific management. With ‘time and motion study’ single tasks would be thoroughly studied, timed and then analysed with the goal of determining one best way of performing a job. It dramatically improved productivity in many businesses and therefore helped achieve maximum prosperity. Taylor shows a negative bias towards workers in his book. He alleged that most employees deliberately do as little as they safely can. Reasons for what he called ‘Soldiering’ were; fear that increased output would mean fewer workers would be needed and that increased pay would not increase with productivity. Taylor believed that if his principles of scientific management were applied, this issue of Soldiering would be avoided. In order for the scientific methods to be applied correctly,......

Words: 878 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Scientific Management

...Introduction Scientific management is theory of management that analysed and maximise the potential of workflows. The main reason for the existence of scientific management is to improve economic efficiency, for example like labour productivity. Frederick Winslow Taylor introduced the principal of scientific management in 1911 and he was also known as the father of scientific management that changes the world of management. Scientific management methods includes analysed, synthesis, work ethic, efficiency, standardization of best practises, elimination of time wastage and turning transformation of hands-on production into mass production (T Fredrick, 2003). Body Scientific management has been used in organizations throughout the world up till now and has been very effective in certain ways. For example, H. Wayne (2011) mention that Fredrick Winslow Taylor theories and methods used made significant, evolutionary contribution to management and industrial areas. There are ways scientific management helps the organizations and ways that causing problems slowing down the organization. Scientific management consist of four principles of management and they are: develop a science for every element of an individual’s work, which will take over the out-dated rule-of-thumb method, scientifically choose and groom a worker to jobs that they are incapable of doing, dividing work and responsibility almost equally between management and workers as management takes over works that are......

Words: 631 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Scientific Prose

...Scientific Prose Style The text under the analysis is entitled «The Main Peculiarities of a Snowfall». The text belongs to the scientific style. The Scientific style is a functional style of literary language, directing on the proving a hypothesis and creating new concepts. The Scientific style can exist within 2 forms: the written form of language (scientific articles, monographs or textbooks) and oral form (scientific reports, lectures, discussions at conferences, etc.)[1] The main function of scientific prose is to prove a hypothesis, to create new concepts, to disclose the internal laws of existence, relations between different phenomena.[2] The main aim of the scientific prose style is to present precise information and to establish a clear and logical progression of ideas. The genre of the text can be defined as popular scientific prose and it exists in written form. The common features of the scientific style are: 1. The use of objective, precise, and mostly unemotional language means: e.g.: «A snowfall consists of myriads of minute ice crystals…”; “The Pacific Ocean is the source of moisture for most snowfalls west of the Rocky Mountains…» 2. The impersonality is reflected in the choice of grammar and syntactic constructions: e.g.: «The formation of snow begins with these ice crystals in the subfreezing strata of the middle and upper atmosphere when there is an adequate supply of moisture present. » 3. The...

Words: 316 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Scientific

...It is not difficult to find examples of Scientific Management in the 21st Century; the car and computer manufacturing plants, the work environments we go to everyday, the hospitals we are treated in and even some of the restaurants we might eat in, - almost all of them function more efficiently due to the application of Scientific Management. In fact, these methods of working seem so commonplace and so logical to a citizen of the modern world that it is almost impossible to accept that they were revolutionary only 100 years ago.  Although Scientific Management does play an important role in the 21st century, it is necessary to note that this method of management contains weaknesses that limit its influence in current work environments, and consequently not all of its tenants are applicable to modern organizations. Scientific Management is perhaps best seen as an evolutionary stage in management ever developing history. This essay will attempt to highlight both the strengths and weaknesses of Scientific Management in context of the 21st century through examination of its application in several modern organizations.  Scientific Management was developed in the first quarter of the 20th Century; its father is commonly accepted to be F.W. Taylor, although some variations of the theory have been developed by Gantt and Gilbreth. Taylor recognized labor productivity was largely inefficient due to a workforce that functioned by “rules of thumb,” and a mentality that equated......

Words: 2465 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Scientific Management

...The concept of scientific management was introduced in the USA, in the late nineteenth century by Frederick Winslow Taylor (1912/1970a, cited in Locke, 1982). After laws had been passed to protect the rights of the employees, such as limiting the length of working day and prohibition of use of child labour, the employers started to think, how productivity of the workers could be increased (Fincham & Rhodes, 2005). Taylor made numerous suggestions, and in his time, they were useful and successful, since the productivity of work had improved. Scientific management was accepted and applied in many organisations of Taylor’s time in the USA (Witzel, 2005). However, what was applicable a hundred years ago can be irrelevant nowadays, in the twenty-first century. The student immediately jumps to a presumption that scientific management may not be applicable nowadays, comparing the two contexts – the context in which it emerged and the context of the study. Locke (1982) argues that principles of scientific management are still important in modern world, but his claims clash with key motivation theories in modern organisational behaviour, as well as with the statements made by such authors as West (2004), and Keuning, and Opheij (1994). Some of Taylor’s ideas will be examined below one by one and put on one shelf for comparison and checked for compatibility with ideas of other theorists and scholars. The student shows evidence of being familiar with ...

Words: 800 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Scientific Management

...Scientific Management - Scientific Management This essay will critically evaluate the scientific management’s importance and its contribution in the current management context. In this era of rapid economic development and industrial expansion of different nations, scientific management has enabled every nation to be involved in this global market. Scientific management is the theory which serves as the ‘backbone’ to many current management theories. Scientific management will be briefly described initially. After that, the essay will identify why scientific management is an important contribution to management theory when Frederick Taylor proposed it.... [tags: Business Employee Management] 1639 words (4.7 pages) $19.95 [preview] Scientific Management - Scientific Management Fredrick Taylor, the father of scientific management. He had a firm belief in "one best way" (Samson & Daft, 2003), of doing something. In the year 1899, Taylor held an experiment that involved German and Hungarian men, whose job involved some very heavy-duty work (Gabor, 2000). To his disappointment, men either refused to work, or wouldn't work to his expectations. The men hated him utterly; to the extent he required security when going home (Gabor, 2000). In his entire dilemma with his employers, in stepped Schmidt, a man not of intelligence but had the strength of a bull and an ox-like mentally required to reach the standards of Fredrick Taylor.... [tags: Taylorism Business Management......

Words: 8474 - Pages: 34

Free Essay

Scientific Management

...Introduction Frederick Winslow Taylor was born in 1856 with a silver spoon in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was considered the founder of scientific management and was one of the pioneer batches of management consultants and he devoted his time to the development of his ideas. Scientific management is defined as the support of the selection of the right people for the right jobs, adequately training them, and placing them in the right spot and paying them well in a scientific method. Cause of Production Inefficiency Taylor attributed lack of productivity to soldiering. It is the scenario which workers perform their job below the maximum possible output on purpose or in deliberately. It is paramount to note that Taylor did not fully blame the workers. He concluded that soldiering was a result of misunderstandings by workers and management’s inability to understand and implement precise and efficient work processes (S.Pugh & J.Hickson 1996). According to Taylor also from Marshall (2007) p57, another reason for the inefficiency in businesses is the method that solitary tasks are done. He proposed a time study to identify the most pristine conditions, machines, tools and etc. Hence, the next part talks about the causes that Taylor attributed to soldiering. Firstly, workers had this deceptive idea that any increase in their productive output, fewer of them would be needed and jobs would eliminate which would ultimately inevitably result in unemployment. Many workers......

Words: 1184 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Scientific Management

...Topic 1. Question 1: Summarize the chief tenets of the scientific management and social person movements. Be sure to identify key players in both movements. (5 page maximum, single spaced.) The scientific management and the social person movement differ noticeably. In its very initial stages, engineers had become vital to the development and installing advances in both technology and power. They were to become a prime source of information about management practices. One strong example would be Henry Towne as it was he whom called for engineers to look beyond the technical side of manufacturing and become involved in the economizing of efforts within the factory itself. The greatest player in the scientific management era being Frederick W. Taylor whom was a central figure in the development of management thought. Taylor gave a push and provided credibility to the idea of management. Taylor and others promoted systematic management with its popularized label of scientific management. It was characterized by advancing technology, market growth, labor unrest, and a lack of knowledge about management, industry in the United States was ripe for methods, systems, and better ways to produce and market products. To meet this need, Taylor provided a voice. Taylor's book 'Shop Management' provided the text for the teaching of industrial management to a growing body of college students who sought positions in industry. Frederick Taylor’s theory focuses...

Words: 13326 - Pages: 54

Premium Essay

Scientific Management

...The classical scientific approach arose because of the need to increase productivity and efficiency. The emphasis was on trying to find the best way to get the most work done by examining how the work process was actually accomplished and by scrutinizing the skills of the workforce. The classical scientific school owes its roots to several major contributors, including Frederick Taylor, Henry Gantt, and Frank and Lillian Gilbreth. Frederick Taylor is often called the “father of scientific management.” Taylor believed that organizations should study tasks and develop precise procedures. As an example, in 1898, Taylor calculated how much iron from rail cars Bethlehem Steel plant workers could be unloading if they were using the correct movements, tools, and steps. The result was an amazing 47.5 tons per day instead of the mere 12.5 tons each worker had been averaging. In addition, by redesigning the shovels the workers used, Taylor was able to increase the length of work time and therefore decrease the number of people shoveling from 500 to 140. Lastly, he developed an incentive system that paid workers more money for meeting the new standard. Productivity at Bethlehem Steel shot up overnight. As a result, many theorists followed Taylor's philosophy when developing their own principles of management. Henry Gantt, an associate of Taylor's, developed the Gantt chart, a bar graph that measures planned and completed work along each stage of production. Based on time instead of......

Words: 1524 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Contradicting Scientific Methods

...the universe, and there is ample evidence that He is, then science is just knowledge or a system of knowledge covering general truths about His creation. If God doesn't exist, then faith and science will contradict since science is the search for facts about the cosmos. For those with faith, however, science can be one of our greatest forms of worship. Science is mankind's attempt to understand how the world works. The scientific method is one of the greatest tools to accomplish this. It starts with a question about the world. Then background research, a hypothesis or educated guess about the research, an experiment, analysis to determine if the hypothesis was correct, and the report of the results. If the hypothesis was correct, the cycle is finished. If not, another hypothesis is put forth, and testing begins again. The scientific method infers that a provable fact will be repeatable and verifiable—that other scientists will come up with the same answer if their experiment is performed in the same way. There is nothing unbiblical about the scientific method as such. God made light, matter, water, plants, animals, and humans. We honor Him when we endeavor to understand His amazing creation. We also learn more about Him, about His wisdom and power and elegance. And we appreciate His grace more fully when we understand the implications of the miracles He performs. Being thankful for healing is much richer when we see the cancerous tumor disappear from one MRI to the next...

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Scientific Investigation and Non-Scientific Investigation

...Law, K.Y. School of Arts and Social Sciences The Open University of Hong Kong Abstract The paper reviews the main difference between scientific investigation and non-scientific investigation and the change of the scientific principles from different approach. In the first section of the text, the author describes the definitions of scientific investigation and non-scientific investigation and the different of both researches. Furthermore, Using the example to explain the difference between the two, so that a better understanding. The second section of this study is to present three styles of scientific principles; it’s divided to positivist search, interpretive search and critical search. It’s analyze the different of the above search and described their characteristic and feature Introduction Scientific investigation is the way in which scientists and researchers use a systematic approach to answer questions about the world around the people. A scientific investigation is an empirical (measurable) study of a question using the scientific method. The main parts are listed below: (1) problem: the question people intend to answer, (2) hypothesis: the best anticipated guess to the outcome of the question, (3) experiment: study is carried out and the results are measured, (4) Results: the data/information measured during the experiment is organized in a meaningful way. Charts/graphs/tables are made, (5)discussion/analysis: the results are......

Words: 1386 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Scientific Merit

...Scientific Merit Sharon Morrow PSY7650 Introduction The study discussed in this paper is attempting to determine if there is a connection between age and gender and these individuals’ well-being and satisfaction as it relates to their job. This study included both men and women of various ages, various educational differences, and of various work or job positions within the corporate and industrial realms. This study is a quantitative study that investigates an avenue to develop a plausible explanation for the connection between age and gender and these individuals’ job well –being and satisfaction. In addition, the study looks for this connection to be a generalized concept that can relate to other individuals in other regions and places. We will look at how the study advances the knowledge base for this type of research, this study’s contribution to theories, the procedure of data collection and if this is appropriate for this type of study, the methodology used for this study, and assess the validity and reliability of the information and the research study. Ethics will be another concept that will be examined. Ethics is a very prominent aspect of research and this study involves human participants so these individuals’ rights are of utmost importance. Lastly, the overall scientific merit of the study will be examined and how the study meets the criteria of a good research study. Advancing the Knowledge Base The topic that is covered by this study...

Words: 4385 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Scientific Method and Steps in Scientific Inquiry

...Scientific Method and Steps in Scientific Inquiry Thomas J. Tophia Jr. BSHS/435 May 26, 2016 Dr. Judith A. Geske Scientific Method and Steps in Scientific Inquiry This paper will define and describe the scientific method and the steps in scientific inquiry. This paper will further explain what the steps are in the scientific method of inquiry or research process and why each of these steps must be included to support the scientific method. Further the paper will briefly discuss how the scientific method was applied in the article “Faculty Beliefs, Perceptions, and Level of Community Involvement in Their Research: A Survey at One Urban Academic Institution”. Lastly the paper will summarize how scientifically sound research supports the function of a human service manager. Scientific Method The scientific method can be defined as a method that is used for research and study and involves “identifying a problem that defines the goal of research, make a prediction that, if confirmed, resolves the problem, gather data relevant to this prediction, analyze and interpret the data to see if it supports the prediction and resolves the question that initiated the research.” (Monette, Sullivan, & DeJong, 2011) These steps now provide the foundation for education research according to, “Monette, Sullivan, & DeJong, 2011”. The scientific method can help produce the right answers to questions that cannot be answered with common sense alone. Researchers can use...

Words: 664 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Scientific

...Scientific Inventions That Changed Medicine for Providers and Patients. Jason Robert Luedeman UMUC 13 June 2016 X Rays and the History of Radiography X-rays were discovered in 1895 by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen (1845-1923) who was a Professor at Wuerzburg University in Germany. Working with a cathode-ray tube in his laboratory, Roentgen observed a fluorescent glow of crystals on a table near his tube. The tube that Roentgen was working with consisted of a glass envelope (bulb) with positive and negative electrodes encapsulated in it. The air in the tube was evacuated, and when a high voltage was applied, the tube produced a fluorescent glow. Roentgen shielded the tube with heavy black paper, and discovered a green colored fluorescent light generated by a material located a few feet away from the tube. He concluded that a new type of ray was being emitted from the tube. This ray was capable of passing through the heavy paper covering and exciting the phosphorescent materials in the room. He found that the new ray could pass through most substances casting shadows of solid objects. Roentgen also discovered that the ray could pass through the tissue of humans, but not bones and metal objects. One of Roentgen's first experiments late in 1895 was a film of the hand of his wife, Bertha. It is interesting that the first use of X-rays were for an industrial (not medical) application, as Roentgen produced a radiograph of a set of weights in a box to show his colleagues ......

Words: 632 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Scientific

...4208 REV: JANUARY 4, 2011 STEVEN C. WHEELWRIGHT WILLIAM SCHMIDT Scientific Glass, Inc.: Inventory Management In January 2010, Ava Beane, the newly hired Manager of Inventory Planning for Scientific Glass (SG), contemplated the critical nature of her first big project with the company. During her interviews for the job, several executives had told her very directly that the company’s need for a more effective way to manage its inventory was urgent. At the time, Beane had felt confident she could address the problem quickly and meaningfully. Now on the job for several weeks, Beane was gaining a fuller appreciation of the difficulties of the task. Until recently, SG had treated inventory management as largely an afterthought. As a fastgrowing organization with annual sales of $86 million, the company historically emphasized the twin goals of continued sales growth and high customer satisfaction. During the past year, however, executives at the company had identified a disturbing trend: Inventory balances were increasing substantially, which tied up extra capital the company needed to fund its growing operations. In recent years the company exceeded its target debt to total capital ratio of 40%. If this trend persisted, it could jeopardize SG’s ability to fund a planned expansion into new international markets. Beane was given four weeks to come up with recommendations on how to make the inventory plan support the company’s sales and customer-service......

Words: 5746 - Pages: 23