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Rabong

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PANITIA BAHASA INGGERIS
SK (FELDA) REDONG, SEGAMAT

MODUL TRIUMPH REDONG VOL.1
NO

UNIT

CONTENTS

PAGE

1

-

2

Unit 1

Articles

3

3

Unit 2

Nouns

7

4

Unit 3

Proper Nouns

10

5

Unit 4

Countable & Uncountable Nouns

11

6

Unit 5

Collective Nouns

12

7

Unit 6

Pronouns

15

8

Unit 7

Reflexive Pronouns

20

9

Unit 8

Demonstrative Pronouns

22

10

Unit 9

Verbs

23

11

Unit 10

Subject Verb Agreement

25

12

Unit 11

Auxiliary Verbs / Modals

29

13

Unit 12

Verb To Be

33

14

Unit 13

Simple Present Tense

36

15

Unit 14

Simple Past Tense

39

16

Unit 15

Simple Future Tense

48

17

Unit 16

Progressive Tense – Past & Present

51

18

Unit 17

Past Progressive Tense

53

19

Unit 18

Present Progressive

55

20

Unit 19

Prepositions

57

21

Unit 20

Adverbs

63

22

Unit 21

Adjectives

67

23

Unit 22

Questions Tag

74

24

Unit 23

Wh-Questions

77

25

Unit 24

Conjunctions

80

26

Unit 25

Punctuation

86

27

BONUS

100 Questions Grammar Practice

95

Contents

2|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 1 – Mia Antasha

UNIT 1 :


ARTICLES

These are the words a, an and the which usually comes before the nouns or adjectives.

1. Definite article – the
This refers to something specific or definite. The usually means ‘You know which ones(s)
I’m talking about’.
E.g.: i. Anne received the award for bravery. (a specific award) ii. ‘Wait for me at the Kerinchi LRT station’. (a specific place) iii. Can I use the phone? (the hearer knows that this means ‘your phone’)
2. Indefinite article – a / an
This is non-specific or indefinite. A / an shows that we are talking about one person or thing. We often use a / an:
 in descriptions
She’s an interesting person.
He’s got a loud voice.
 when we say what something is, or what somebody’s job is.
This is a return ticket.
I’m an engineer.
3. Zero article – (-)
(-) No article is used before the names of countries, cities, streets, continents, lakes, mountains, villages, etc.
He lives in (-) Toronto, a large city in (-) Canada on the shores of (-)
Lake Ohio.
(-) No article is also common before uncountable, plural and often abstract nouns when we are talking about things in general.
Have we got any (-) milk?
(-) Oranges are nicer than (-) apples.
In general, an is used when the word following it begins with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u): an umbrella, an elephant, an octopus, an idea, an apple.
BUT
-

If the first letter of the word is a vowel, but sounds like a consonant, then use a: a used car, a useful gadget.
If the first letter of the word is a consonant, but sounds like a vowel, then use an: an hour, an honest man, an MG sports car.

3|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 1 – Mia Antasha

EXERCISE 1
Fill in the blanks with ‘a’ or ‘an’
1. __________egg

3. ________ dog

2. _________ house

4. ________ university

EXERCISE 2
Fill in the blanks with (-), the or a
1. I speak _____ French.
2. I often listen to _________ radio.
3. _________ phone is downstairs in ___________ kitchen.
4. _________ Canada is a big country.
5.

She’s got __________ nice face and ___________ blue eyes.

6. This table is made of _________ glass.
EXERCISE 3
Fill in the blanks with a, an or the
1

Mr Lee bought _______ big bungalow last month.

2

Ramli wants to be __________ pilot when he grows up.

3.

Mei Ling is ___________ honest girl.

4.

________ fire broke out in that house _______ hour ago.

5.

________ plane is flying high up in _________ sky.

6.

My father works in ________ office.

7

Take _______ class register to _______ office.

8

____________ earth moves around ___________ sun.

9

Sabrina gave ________ orange to _________ beggar outside the gate.

10

_____________ sun rises in __________ east.

11

She is going to take _________ bus to get to _______ railway station.

12

_________ bat lives in __________ cave.

13.

My brother studies in ________ university in Kuala Lumpur.

4|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 1 – Mia Antasha

14

She is wearing a __________ uniform to school.

15

____________ sky is blue.

16

___________ old lady walked across the busy road.

17

She bought _________ umbrella to school.

18

Adrian is _________Eurasian boy.

19

___________ Indian girl in the blue dress was crying just now.

20

I saw __________ eagle flying in __________ sky.

NOTES

We often use a / an to talk about a person or thing for the first time; and the when we talk about the person or thing again.

A man walked up to a policeman. The man took out a map and asked the policeman ...
Remember: We don’t use a / an with plurals. We can use the with plurals.
e.g. She bought the shoes last week.

EXERCISE 4
Fill in the blanks with a , an or the.
A Bag in a Bag

This is a true story. Last year I went into 1_________ big sports shop because I wanted
2_________ sports bag. 3___________ assistant came up to me, and I told him what I wanted. 4___________ assistant brought me three different bags. I chose 5__________ smallest one and paid for it. 6___________ assistant put 7__________ bag in 8_________ large plastic bag. I told him one bag was enough, and asked him to take 9________ bag out of 10________ other bag. He did so, but he looked very unhappy as I walked out of
11__________ shop.

5|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 1 – Mia Antasha

EXERCISE 5
Fill in the blanks with ‘a’ or ‘an’.

1.

She is ______ nurse.

2.

He is _______ engineer.

3.

He is

4.

She is _______ stewardess.

5.

He is _______ army officer.

6.

She is _______ waitress.

7.

He is ________ inspector.

8.

She is _______usheress.

9.

He is ________ dentist

_______ doctor.

10. She is ______ headmistress.

EXERCISE 6
Fill in the blanks with a, an or the.

1. Did you buy a Proton or ________ Ford?
2. Does he know _______________ man at the corner?
3. She has _________________ secret to tell you.
4. What time does _________________ train leave?
5. Ali ate ________________ apple and drank a bottle of Coke.
6. Did you see _______________ accident?
7. He met _______________ elegant lady at the party.
8. ____________________ teacher is angry with us.
9. I did not see __________________ elephant in the picture.
10. Is that _________________ snake in that tree?

6|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 1 – Mia Antasha

UNIT 2 :


NOUNS

Nouns are called naming words. They are the names of people, animals, places and things. EXERCISE 1
Fill in the blanks.
Daughter

wife

bride

queen

teacher

Headmistress

nurse

lecturer

secretary

grandmother

1. My mother is a _______________.She takes care of sick people.
2. Ashok and his _________ have three children.
3. Mr. and Mrs. Guna have two sons and a ______________.
4. Rubini’s ____________________ gave presents to all her grandchildren.
5. Puan Romizah is our ______________ . She comes to school very early in the morning. 6. The king and ____________visited the old folks home last week.
7. The manager and his ________________ attended the meeting last Monday.
8. The bridegroom and his beautiful ______________ are dressed in blue.
9. Madame Ganes is an excellent __________. She teaches us English in our school.
10.Pn Laily is a very humble and helpful ___________.All her college students like her.

7|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 1 – Mia Antasha

EXERCISE 2
Underline the nouns in these sentences.
1. The careless boy lost his pen.
2. I went to the market with my mother.
3. The girl fell down the stairs.
4. My grandfather has an old car.
5. The typist works in the post office.
6. The fishermen are drying their nets in the sun.
7. The scout jumped into the pond to save the child.
8. The robbers broke into the shop and took all the money.

EXERCISE 3
Underline the correct answer.

1.

The ( boys , boy ) are playing badminton.

2.

Can I have a plate of ( rice , milk ).

3.

The ( horse , horse’s) tail is bushy.

4.

Please put (a little , many ) salt into the soup.

5.

( A herd , A staff ) of cows are grazing in the field.

6.

The ( twins , cousins ) looks like each other.

7.

( Buffaloes, Donkeys ) are very useful farm animals.

8.

You can put your pencils in this ( case, purse ).

8|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 1 – Mia Antasha

EXERCISE 4
Write the masculine form for the words given.

FEMININE
Eg.

MASCULINE

girl

-

boy

mother

-

father

1.

wife

-

_____________

2.

bride

-

_____________

3.

daughter

-

_____________

4.

heiress

-

_____________

5.

niece

-

_____________

6.

bridesmaid

-

_____________

7.

princess

-

_____________

8.

headmistress

-

_____________

9.

policewoman

-

_____________

10. woman

-

_____________

11. sister-in-law

-

_____________

12. heroine

-

_____________

13. lady

-

_____________

14. widow

-

_____________

15. waitress

-

_____________

16. steward

-

_____________

17. salesgirl

-

_____________

9|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 1 – Mia Antasha

UNIT 3

: PROPER NOUNS



Special names given to a person, animal, place or things are called Proper Nouns.



Proper nouns always start with capital letters.

No

Category

Proper Noun

1.

People

The Prime Minister, Syafiq Elias, Mohd Ali

2.

Places

Malaysia, Kangar, Jalan Telawi, Kota Tinggi

3.

Buildings

4.

Objects

Parker pen, Nokia handphone, Proton Saga

5.

Animals

Garfield, Mickey Mouse, Winnie Pooh

Concord Inn, Putra World Trade, Petronas Twin Tower

EXERCISE 1
Rewrite the sentences using the correct punctuation.
1. last year the national day celebration was held in putrajaya.
________________________________________________________________

2. malaysians proudly fly the jalur gemilang.
_________________________________________________________________

3. national day is celebrated in august.
_________________________________________________________________

4. my friend bought a proton waja last month.
_________________________________________________________________

10 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 4 : COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS


Countable nouns are nouns that can be counted such as books, pencils, cars and tvs.



Uncountable nouns are nouns that cannot be counted such as sugar, air, water and hair. EXERCISE 1
Underline the correct answer.

1. I do not have ( many, much) time to complete my work.
2. Can I have ( some, a few) tomato sauce.
3. There are ( much, many) things that you can do in your free time.
4. We need ( a lot of, many) energy to carry the cupboard.
5. They poured (some, a few) water into the vase.
6. I saw (many, much) animals in the zoo.
7. The children ate ( some, much) sandwiches.
8. There are only (much, a few) pieces of paper left on the table.
9. I need (a lot of , a few) money to buy the expensive bracelet.
10. Not (many, much) people turned up for the concert.
11. They were scolded because they made ( many, a lot of) noise.
12. ( A lot of, Many) of the children were not feeling well and had to be sent home.
13. We have got (much, a few) new teachers this year.
14. I don’t have any money left. Can you lend me ( some, much)?
15. The Smith’s family will spend ( a lot of , a few) days in Hawaii.

11 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 2
There is only ONE mistake in each sentence. Underline it and rewrite each sentence correctly. Example :
There are too much pupils in this class.
There are too many pupils in this class.

1.

I want any fried rice for lunch.
_________________________________________________________

2.

He does not have much sisters. He is an only child.
_________________________________________________________

3.

We have a little magazines in our house.
_________________________________________________________

4.

Is there a lot of onions in the basket.
_________________________________________________________

5.

Mr Lee has much relatives.
_________________________________________________________

6.

That man hasn’t some hair on his head.
_________________________________________________________

7.

My mother is cooking many soup.
_________________________________________________________

8.

Please give me a piece of trousers.
_________________________________________________________

12 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 5


: COLLECTIVE NOUN

A collective noun is the name of a number of persons, animals or things grouped together and spoken of as one whole.

Here are more collective nouns for you.



a company of actors



a host of angels



a gang of labourers



a bevy of girls/ ladies/ beauties



a bench of magistrates



a tribe of natives



a posse of policemen



a crew of sailors



a choir of singers



a team of players



a staff of teachers



a circle of friends



a band of magicians



a haggle of vendors



a monastery of monks



a convent of nuns



a shush of librarians



an army of soldiers



an audience of spectators



an embassy of diplomats

13 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1
Fill in the blanks with correct collective nouns.

1. a

___staff __ of teachers.

2. a

__________ of sheep.

3. a

__________ of students.

4. a

__________ of people.

5. a

__________ of executives.

6. a

__________ of members.

7. a

__________ of jurors.

8. a

__________ of ships.

9. a

__________ of flowers

10. an

__________ of spectators.

11. a

__________ of people.

12. a

__________ of stamps

13. an

_________ of musicians.

14. a

__________ of players

15. a

__________ of workers.

16. a

__________ of sailors.

EXERCISE 2
For each of the following, underline the correct answer.

1.

An ( army , crew , group ) of soldiers marched to the camp.

2.

The deer was attacked by a ( school, pack, team ) of wolves.

3.

What is that ( set , pair , pack ) of tools doing under the car.

4.

There is a ( flock, nest, litter) of mice in the drawer.

5.

A ( troupe, group, party) of dancers came to our school concert last year.

6.

The small girl sang a song in front of a ( tribe, staff , crew ) of teachers.

7.

I bought a ( comb, bouquet , stalk ) of flowers for my mother on Mothers’ Day.

8.

My father bought a ( bar, loaf , slice ) of bread for breakfast.

14 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

9.

Kassim gave his sick grandmother a ( comb, bunch, pack ) of grapes.

10.

The girls saw a ( gang, herd , group ) of cows in the field.

11.

The office is at the top of that ( flight , row , group ) of stairs.

12.

She ordered a ( suit , suite , row ) of furniture for her new house.

13.

The boys were chased by a ( herd , troop , pack ) of stray dogs.

14.

Miss Tan has a ( stack , group , chest ) exercise books to mark.

15.

We listened to a ( troupe , band , collection ) of musicians in the park.

16.

The fisherman saw a ( school , flock , swarm ) of whales in the ocean.

17.

My father bought a ( string , bundle , bouquet ) of pearls for my mother.

18.

The ( team , crew , pride ) of hockey players from my school is very good.

19.

There is a ( heap , collection , bundle ) of rubbish under the tree.

20.

Please show me your ( group , collection , pack ) of stamps.

21.

Last night I saw a ( collection , cluster , bouquet ) of stars in the sky.

22.

The Philippines is made up a ( string , herd , group ) of islands.

23.

The money is in that ( stack , chest, flights ) of drawers.

24.

I saw a ( troop , herd , group ) of monkeys in the zoo.

25.

Muthu is looking after his ( flock , herd , group ) of cows.

15 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 6

:

PRONOUNS



We use pronouns to replace nouns.



We also use pronouns to avoid repeating the same nouns in every sentence.

Below are three classes of personal pronouns.
First person

the speaker

I, we, me, us

Second person

the person spoken to

you

Third person

neither the speaker nor the speaker talking to

he, she, it, him, her, they, them Here are some examples of how personal pronouns can be used to replace nouns.


First person
Mariam and I went to the cinema.
We went to the cinema.



Second person
“John, will you be playing football this afternoon?” asked Ravi.



Third person
Ramesh admires Mr. Lee greatly.
He also respects him as a very good teacher.

16 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1
Fill in each blank with a suitable personal pronoun from the box below.

them she they

he

her

us

you

we

they

him

1. Robert went out to play after ______he____ had taken his lunch.

2. Nomads are wanderers and ______________ do not have any fixed homes.

3. Have you seen Susan? I have not seen _____________ since last week.

4. The gardener told _____________ not to play near the road but we did not listen.

5. The old man wanted to cross the road, so I helped ___________

6. My friend and I joined the army. ____________ wanted to be soldiers.

7. Although whales are mammals, _______________ live in the sea.

8. My sister dreamt that ________________ was flying like a bird.

9. I came to your house because I wanted to talk to _____________ urgently.

10. My friends made me join _____________ for a drink.

17 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 2
Fill in the blanks with suitable pronouns. you they

These

ourselves

He

Whose

We

It

their

her

1.

_______________ plants belong to Mrs Leong.

2.

Ahmad has a cute cat. __________ is from Bangkok.

3.

Mr and Mrs Lee took ___________ children to the zoo.

4.

We built the sandcastles all by ______________ .

5.

____________ mother works as a teacher?

6.

The dog is fierce. __________ barks at strangers.

7.

The boys are happy because __________ father bought for them some presents.

8.

___________ pen is this?

9.

___________ apples are sour.

10.

We did the homework all by ____________________ .

11.

_____________ is helping his father in the workshop.

12.

Mrs Tan is not at home. She has gone to __________ mother’s house.

13.

Those bags belong to my cousins. _________ bought them yesterday.

14.

Badrul and I went to Ipoh last night. ____________ went there by bus.

15.

“Did all of ______________ enjoy yourselves?” Rahim asked the children.

18 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 3
Underline the correct answer.

1.

My mother sends _________ to school every morning ( me, mine )

2.

Janet played with _________ just now. ( her, hers )

3.

I polished ________ bicycle this morning. ( my, he )

4.

____________ class is the cleanest. ( Our, Yours )

5.

I found this umbrella. I think it belongs to ________. ( you, their )

6.

__________ is helping his father in the workshop. ( He, She )

7.

Muthu is not at home. He had gone to _______ father’s house. ( her, his )

8.

My sister and ________ like to watch the show. ( me, I )

9.

Did you tell ________ to bring some food? ( they, them )

10.

_________ visited relatives in Batu Pahat on Sunday. ( We, Us )

11.

Please give __________ some dog food. ( it, its )

12.

___________ are wild animals. ( This, These )

13.

Do not go near ___________ . ( they, them )

14.

______________ is an architect. ( He, Him )

15.

I saw __________ at the market last week. ( her, him )

19 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 7


:

REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

We use a reflexive pronoun after a verb when the subject and the object are the same person. Example: I said to myself, ‘This will do fine.’


We use myself etc. for emphasis.



An emphatic pronoun can mean ‘without help’. It usually comes at the end of the sentence. Example: Pak Mat said, ‘I cut down the tree myself.’
Language Notes:
If the subject and object are the same, we use reflexive pronoun as the object. Compare:
1. I see you. (object pronoun)
2. I see myself. (reflexive pronoun)

Subject

Verb

Reflexive Pronoun

I

see

myself.

You

see

yourself.

He

sees

himself.

She

sees

herself.

It

sees

itself.

We

see

ourselves.

You

see

yourselves.

They

see

themselves.

20 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1
Fill in the blanks with the correct reflexive pronoun.

1. I don’t have enough time for _______________ .
2. Are both of you serious or can you laugh at ______________ ?
3. They can’t solve the problem by _______________ .
4. Encik Ibrahim doesn’t like to talk about ______________ .
5. What did Sarah tell ______________?
6. We sometimes blame _____________ for our problems.
7. Do you ever go to the movies by ______________?
8. Maybe you expect too much of marriage, Hussin. Don’t be so hard on ____________.
9. I have to take care of the children. They can’t take care of _____________.
10. Don’t just look at the problems. Give _____________ credit for the good things you have done too.

21 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 8


:

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

Pronouns can be used to point out persons, things, or ideas. A pronoun that points out something is called a demonstrative pronoun.

SINGULAR

: This is her handbag.

That is his tennis racquet.

PLURAL

: These are her handbags.

Those are his tennis racquets.

The forms this is and these are used to point to things nearby. That is and those are used to point to things farther away.

EXERCISE 1
Complete the table below.

Singular

Plural

1.This is my fiance.
2._________ is my new car.
3.___________ is my son over

7._____________ are my rabbits

there.

in the hutch.
8_____________are my books

carrying the baby.

on the rack.

1.That is my fiance.

5________ are my notes.

2._________ is my new car.

6._________ are my kids.

3.___________ is my son over

7._____________ are my rabbits

there.

in the hutch.

4._______ is my wife who is

8_____________are my books

carrying the baby.

Far

6._________ are my kids.

4._______ is my wife who is

Near

5________ are my notes.

on the rack.

22 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 9

:

VERBS



The most important word in a sentence is the verb.



A verb expresses :
I ) an action

2 ) an event

3 ) a state

* drink

* moves

walk


* organise celebrate shines

Most verbs are used to express actions.

Study the tables given below carefully.
Aminah
He

does

She

delivers

It

plays

Raju

waters

I

have

You

do

They

deliver

We

walk

The boys

play

Lim and Chan



has

water

Verbs expressing an action.
The man drives a green car to work.
Fish swim in the sea.
Pn. Norzillah reads the newspaper every morning.
They drink orange juice daily.



Verbs expressing an event.
The English Language Society organises the story-telling competition annually.

23 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

We celebrate Teacher’s Day on 16 May every year.
The students take part in the debate competition yearly.
Our Principal gives a speech at our prize giving day every year.



Verbs expressing a state.
The sun moves around the earth.
The moon shines at night.
Birds fly.
Water boils at 100 degrees centigrade

24 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 10 :

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT

A sentence consists of a subject and a verb. The subject may be a noun or a pronoun.
The verb must agree with its subject. When the subject is singular, the verb must be singular too. ( the singular verb normally ends with an ‘s’ )

Singular Subject

Singular Verb

The bird

has

no Malay name.

The bird

lives

on insects.

Johan

loves

chocolates.

The student

answers

the questions.

It

eats

the fish.

She

completes

the experiment.

He

concludes

the essays.

When the subject is plural, the verb must be plural as well. (The plural verb normally does not end with an‘s’).
Plural Subject

Plural Verb

The birds

have

no Malay names.

The birds

live

on insects.

Johan and Hannah

love

chocolates.

The students

answer

the questions.

They

eat

the fish.

We

complete

the experiment.

You

conclude

the essays.

25 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1
Underline the correct word in the brackets.
1

My mother and I (go, goes) to the market every morning.

2

She (come , comes) here every week.

3

They often (play, plays) with their brother.

4

The rabbits (has, have) a short tail.

5

(Do, Does) they dance?

6

Plants (need, needs) water and sunlight to grow.

7

We (collect, collects) stamps during our free time.

8

Siew Lan ( opens , open) the windows every morning.

9

It sometimes (rain , rains) at night.

10

The boy (run, runs) in the field every evening.

EXERCISE 2
Fill in the blanks with the correct form of verbs in brackets.

1

She ___________(cook) every day.

2

The dog always _________(bark) at us.

3

Hens ___________(lay) eggs.

4

Firdaus and his brothers ___________(do) their homework every evening.

5

___________(Do) they play for their school football team?

6

His parents _________(sell) fruits for a living.

7

A bat __________(sleep) during the day.

8

Ali often _____________(read) in class.

9

Ghazali _______(wear) white shirts every day.

10

Zarena_____________(write) letters every Friday.

26 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 3
Circle the best answers.

1.

Jamal _____________ to bed at ten o’clock every night.
A. go
C. went

2.

B. goes
D. is going

He ___________ not like rambutans.
A. does
C. did

3.

B. do
D. is

Fadhil ____________ to play in the rain.
A. like
C. likes

4.

B. liking
D. liked

There _____________ seven days in a week.
A. is
C.were

5.

B. was
D. are

Nazliah ____________ a pink dress.
A. has
C. does

6.

B. have
D. is

I ____________ my teeth every day.
A. brush
C. brushes

7.

B. brushed
D. am brushing

_________ you visit your grandparents every week?

27 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

A. Does
B. Do

8

C. Is
D. Did

Abdullah and Fadilah ___________ to the same school.
A. goes
C. is going

9.

B. go
D. going

She ____________ some money now.
A. want
C. wanted

10.

B. wants
D. wanting

Kamaluddin ____________ television every night.
A. watch

B. watches

C. watched

D. watching

EXERCISE 4
Underline the correct verb so that it agrees with the subject in each of the sentences below.
1. My student (is, are) a hardworking student.
2. The girls (is, are) preparing for the performance.
3. Shanthi (has, have) to sit for the test.
4. I (teach, teaches) Mathematics as well as Living Skills.
5. Elephants (is, are ) mammals.
6. “I (has, have) some questions,” said Sheilla
7. The Form 3 Wira students (arrives, arrive) very late at the laboratory.
8. Armi, Rashid and Yahya (wear, wears) glasses.
9. Nurul Huda (are, is) not satisfied with her present performance in the class.
10. The competition (is, are) one of the many events organized by the Hobby Club.

28 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 11

: AUXILIARY VERBS / MODALS



Not all verbs express action.



Verbs that do not express action are either verbs or auxiliary verbs



An auxiliary verb is a helping verb.



It is always before a verb




She has done her work.

It regulates the tense of its sentence.




We could see the sun rising in the east ( past tense )

Common auxiliary verbs : am , are , be ,can , could , had , has , have ,is , may might, must , shall, should ,was , were, will , would

Modals
1.

Functions/Usage

Examples
Most birds can fly except penguin. To give or refuse permission

Can

To express the ability of a living or non-living thing

They can have breakfast now You cannot tell her the secret. To make a request

2.

To express possibility

Mother could have waited for us

To express possibility

Could

Can you help me carry this table? I may buy a present for
Linda
We might go for a picnic today May/might
To give or ask permission

May I borrow your car?
You may leave now.


Modals or auxiliary verbs are used with another verb to express possibility, permission, obligation, determination, refusal, etc. Can, could, will, would, must,



might, may, shall, should are all termed ‘modals’.

29 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

Modals

Functions/Usage

Examples
Will you please open the door?
Would you please open the door?
Could you please carry the table?
Can you please carry the table?

Will, Would
Could, can

To ask for assistance
To ask polite questions

Have to,
Must
need

To express necessity

I have to study tonight
She must go to the clinic today.

Should,
Ought to

To express advice

You are tired, you should take a rest.
Your dress is dirty, you ought to wash it.

EXERCISE 1
Read these sentences
1

I am going jungle trekking tomorrow.

2

The boys are camping beside the river.

3

He will be cutting the grass on Sunday.

4

Old newspapers can be recycled.

5

We could see the rainbow after the rain.

6

The workers had cleaned the drains last week.

7

The strong wind has blown the dried leaves away.

8

The flood victims have gone back to their houses.

9
10

We must keep our school clean.
The flowers were planted all along the garden path.

30 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 2
Fill in the blanks with the correct verbs given in the box.

does

can

are

is

am

have

has

was

had

do

were

did

1 This man ___________working as a lawyer in the same firm where my father works.
2 My father ___________a bad cold last week.
3 Carter and Jack _________________meeting n Kuala Lumpur next week.
4 Dashima ________________all the cooking at home.
5 My father and mother _______________ gone out for a wedding dinner.
6 They always _________________their homework together.
7 I _____________always on time because punctuality is a good habit.
8 That boy ___________________caught cheating during the test last Monday.
9 They ______________having a picnic by the seaside today.
10 Azlina ____________the ironing and cleaning yesterday morning.
11 My father ____________ just taken my brother to the dentist. They will be back in an hour.
12 The new laws _____________protect the wildlife from illegal hunters.

31 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 3
Fill in the blanks with can, cannot, may or may not to make meaningful sentences.

1. Too much rain ……………… cause floods in low-lying areas.
2. It is too noisy that we …………………….. hear the announcements.
3. He is very angry that he ……………….. join us for dinner.
4. “Do you think you ……………. keep a secret?” asked Fatimah.
5. It is already 3.00pm. He ……………… come for the lesson.
6. The camel ………………….. travel for days without drinking water.
7. You ……….. write to us at this address or send an email.
8. She must stay in the hospital. The doctor says she ……………… have dengue.
9. I am afraid I ……………….. make any changes because the date of the competition has been fixed.
10. Pak Musa ………………… be thin, but he is very healthy.

EXERCISE 4
Rewrite the following sentences using ‘may’.
1. Could I possibly get a lift?
____________________________________________________________________
2. Do you mind lending me your bicycle?
____________________________________________________________________
3. I would like to speak to the teacher.
____________________________________________________________________
4. Could I have your permission to go out?
____________________________________________________________________

32 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 12

:

VERB-TO-BE



It consists of “am”, “is”, “are”, “was” and “were”.



The base form is “be”; the progressive form is “being”; and the participle form is
“been”.



Functions : o The verb “to be” has two main functions: as the main verb and as the helping verb. o

As a helping verb, it functions to indicate progressive tenses and passive sentences. 1. Verb “to be” as main verb.
Depending on the subject and the tense, the verb “to be” changes its form into “am”, “is”,
“are”, “was” “were” or “been”.
Thus, we have:
1.

I am a teacher.

2.

He was our guest speaker last year.

3.

He is good at English.

4.

They are in the room now.

In this case, the verb “to be” functions as the main verb.
2. Verb “to be” as helping verb.
i. Verb “to be” indicates progressive tense (continuous tense). Thus we have:
1.

He is learning English.

2.

She is being childish now!

3.

They are cooking for the party tonight.

4.

She was sleeping when I dropped by yesterday.

33 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

VERB-TO-BE
Subject

Present Tense

Past Tense

is

Was

am

Was

are

Were

Singular
He
She
It
Salleh
I
Plural
You
We
They
The girls

EXERCISE 1
Fill in the blanks with ‘am’, ‘is’ and ‘are’.

1.Neither she nor I ______ going to the concert.
2.Either she or they ________to take the things to your house afterwards.
3.Too much salt _______ bad for you for it will give you high blood pressure.
4.The town council ________ proposing a law to make every house owner pay extra tax. I think everyone will object.
5.The children _________ going to get the best opportunities in life.
6.Every man and every woman __________ to help to make this scheme a success.
7.He can never give up politics because politics _________ in his blood.
8.The policemen ________ setting up road blocks everywhere to catch the robbers.
9.There ________ a number of chairs in the canteen. You can take one of them.
10.The owner of the three houses ___________ not here today.

34 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 2
Fill in the blanks with ‘was’ or ‘were’.

1. The prices of the things he bought _________ very high.
2. Every boy and every girl in the school __________ asked to help in the concert last month. 3. Neither he nor I __________ wrong in this matter. So, do not blame either of us.
4. Not only his friends but also his enemies __________ praising him for his honesty at a ceremony two years ago.
5. There __________ very little variety in the food they served in the canteen.
6. The crew and passengers ____________ treated to dinner when they landed on the island. 7. His family ___________ always eating durians when they visited their grandparents in the village.
8. The class ___________ quietly doing their work when the teacher went to the office.
9. “The Beautiful Garden” ____________ written by a Malaysian author three years ago.
10. The people ___________ busy selling ‘ keropok’.

35 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 13

:

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE



The Simple Present Tense is used to show a truth or a fact



Study the examples below: o o

My mother cooks fish curry every week.

o


Susan brushes her teeth every morning.

The boys play football in the evening.

The Simple Present Tense is also used for actions which are done habitually or which happens regularly.



Adverbs like every morning, once a month, usually, always, never , often can be used with the Simple Present Tense.


Susan brushes her teeth every morning.



My mother cooks fish curry every week.



The boys play football in the evening.

REMEMBER:


Singular nouns take the singular form of the verb in the simple present tense.



Plural nouns take the plural form of the verb in the simple present tense.



We use the Simple Present when we talk about something which happens repeatedly.

Eg: Ali walks to school everyday.



We use the Simple Present to describe a series of actions in the present.

Eg: Every morning, Ali wakes up, brushes his teeth and takes a bath.

36 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

Study the table below carefully. It will help you.
SINGULAR
He
Susan
The cat

plays sings writes runs PLURAL
They
We
I
You

play sing write run EXERCISE 1
Underline the correct forms of the verbs in brackets to complete the sentences.
1. The earth [ moves / move ] round the sun.
2. Lions and tigers [ hunt / hunts] for food in the jungle.
3. Anna and Ben [ practises / practise ] playing the piano an hour everyday.
4. Mosquitoes [ is / are] harmful insects.
5. Latif often [ watch / watches] television at night.
6. Cocks [ crow / crows] ; a hen [ cackle / cackles].
7. Mona usually [ exercises / exercise ] in the morning.
8. Sometimes the children [ walk / walks ] to school but usually their father [ drive / drives] them.
9. Sheila and her cousins often [ participate / participates] in essay writing competitions.
10. My friend [ speak / speaks ] Chinese fluently but he [ do not know / does not know how to write it.

EXERCISE 2
Complete these sentences by underlining the correct verb form.
Sarah ( 1) ( is / are ) a policewoman. Her day (2) ( begin / begins ) early. She
(3) (leave / leaves ) for work at 6 a.m. each day. She ( arrives / arrive ) at the police station at 7.45 a.m. At 8 a.m. she and the other officers (5) (attend / attends) a meeting. Their police chief Captain Costa (6) ( talk / talks) to them about their duties for the day.

37 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

Sarah and her partner Bill usually (7)

(patrols / patrol ) a certain part of the city

each day. They ( 8 ) (make / makes ) sure that the streets and back alley ( 9 )

(is / are)

safe for the public. They visit shopping and video arcades to look for students who
(10) (play / plays) truant. Sarah’s day often ( 11 ) ( end / ends ) at 6.30 p.m.
EXERCISE 3
Complete the sentences with the simple present tense of the verbs in the box.

breathe

have

hurry

love

play

put

demonstrate

snow

weave

write

1.

Mum, we ____________your cakes. They are delicious.

2.

Dareen ______________ articles for a famous magazine.

3.

The cook usually ___________________ new recipes every Tuesday.

4.

My little brother ____________ home from school every afternoon to watch cartoons.

5.

During winter it _________, so we have to put on our boots.

6.

Dolphins _____________ underwater through their blowholes.

7.

Danny ___________tennis at the club every weekend.

8.

We usually _________ recyclable things in special bins.

9.

Dogs __________ a well-developed sense of smell.

10.

The women ___________mats out of screw-pine leaves for a living.

EXERCISE 4
1. Ali _________________ (wash) his car every Saturday.
2. Aminah _____________ (iron) her clothes every morning.
3. Every day, Ali _________ (read) books, _______ (do) his homework and _________
(play) football.
4. Every Sunday morning, Aminah ________ (go) to the market, ________ (buy) newspaper and ____________ (do) house chores.

38 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 14 :

THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE



The Simple Past Tense is used to talk about actions, states, and situations in the past.



We use the Simple Past when we talk about something which started and finished in the past. Eg: Yesterday, Ali walked to school.



We use the Simple Past to describe a series of actions in the past.

Eg: Yesterday, Ali woke up, brushed his teeth and took a bath.



We can use the Simple Past together with the Past Continuous .

Eg: Yesterday, while Ali was walking to school, he saw a cat.

Example:


Emily Dickinson lived in the nineteenth century. She was a poet.
She wrote more than a thousand poems

39 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a



You can use the simple past tense with time expressions that refer to the past.

Some examples of past time expressions are:
i. “last”
Examples:


She was here last Sunday.



They were in London last year.

ii. “ago”
Examples:


He went shopping in the new mall a week ago.



We saw the Director eating in the café a while ago.

iii) “yesterday”
Examples:


Joe was at the cinema when their parents came back from Tokyo yesterday.



Ali and Zai were doing their assignments yesterday afternoon.

REGULAR VERBS
You will notice that the word ‘look’ does not change when we add the suffix “-ed” and the main verb ‘look’ is the same. Therefore “LOOK” is a regular verb.
PRESENT

I look through the window.

PAST

I looked through the window.

40 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1
Past Tense – Regular Verbs

Give the answers for the following.

1.

walk

____________________

2.

play

____________________

3.

boil

____________________

4.

wash

____________________

5.

kick

____________________

6.

lock

____________________

7.

watch

____________________

8.

clean

____________________

9.

sew

____________________

10.

dust

____________________

11.

paint

____________________

12.

fry

____________________

13.

study

____________________

14.

pray

____________________

15.

try

____________________

16.

cry

____________________

17.

dry

____________________

18.

live

____________________

19.

wipe

____________________

20.

smile

____________________

41 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 2
Fill in the blanks by changing the verb in the brackets into past tense form. The first sentence has been done for you.
1. The result was so unexpected that it shocked everyone. (shock)
2. My mother ____________ chicken curry for dinner last night.
3. Sam ____________ us to lock the doors.

(remind)

4. My sister __________ my hand so tightly that it hurt.
5. Who ____________ my new shoes?

(cook)

(grip)

(borrow)

6. My mother ________ her clothes while watching television.

(iron)

7. We had to stop the game yesterday because it __________ heavily.
8. His sister _______ cakes for him yesterday.

(rain)

(bake)

9. The headmaster _______ his teachers about the new programme.

(inform)

10. The plumber _____ the broken pipe in just ten minutes.

(fix)

EXERCISE 3
Use the words in the brackets to fill in the blanks.
1. Kamal ______________ his grandfather in the village . (visit, visited)
2. They __________ fruits at the orchard.( plucking, plucked)
3. Siti ______________ after he sisters when her mother was away. (look, looked)
4. My mother _______________ chicken rice last night. (cooking, cooked)
5. Sarimah and Karina ______________ the clothes and dried them outside. (washing, washed) 6. Kamal ______________ to school yesterday because his bicycle broke down. (walked, walk) 42 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

7. David was bored, so he ______________ a movie last night. (watch, watched)
8. Lim and Shini ___________________ the desks and chairs just now. (arrange, arranged) 9. Jokun __________________ a few books from the library just now. (borrowing, borrowed) 10. She ___________________ with the headmaster an hour ago. (talk, talked)
11. The boys __________________ in the river yesterday evening.( playing, played)
12. When they _________________ the zoo, they bought the tickets at the counter. ( reach, reached) 13. My grandmother ________________ some chilli seeds in the garden. (plants, planted)
14. My father and my uncle _____________________ the house last Sunday.( paint, painted) 15. Puan Minah __________________ a hammer to hit the nail into the wall. (using, used)

43 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

IRREGULAR VERBS



Present
Past
Future

A verb is a ‘ doing ’ or an ‘action’ word.

The tense tells when the action takes place.

( today )

verb

I paint a picture.

verb + ed

I painted a picture.

will / shall + verb

I shall paint a picture.

(yesterday )
( tomorrow )

Irregular verbs do not follow this pattern. Their past tense is different.
These are the most commonly used irregular verbs.
PRESENT
Today
I…….
am

PAST
Yesterday
I ……. was PRESENT
Today
I …….. cry PAST
Yesterday
I…….. cried awake

awoke

deal

dealt

bear

bore

dig

dug

begin

began

do

did

bite

bit

draw

drew

bleed

bled

dream

dreamt

blow

blew

drink

drank

break

broke

drive

drove

bring

brought

dry

dried

build

built

eat

ate

buy

bought

fall

fell

catch

caught

feed

fed

choose

chose

feel

felt

come

came

fight

fought

creep

crept

find

found

fly

flew

see

saw

forget

forgot

sell

sold

freeze

froze

send

sent

fry

fried

shake

shook

give

gave

shine

shone

go

went

sing

sang

44 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

grow

grew

sink

sunk

hang

hung

sit

sat

hear

heard

slide

slid

hide

hid

sleep

slept

hold

held

smell

smelt

keep

kept

know

knew

speak

spoke

lay

laid

speed

sped

lead

led

spend

spent

learn

learnt

spin

spun

learned

spoil

spoilt

smelled

leave

left

lend

lent

stand

stood

lie

lay

steal

stole

light

lit

sweep

swept

lighted

swim

swam

lost

swing

swung

lose

spoiled

make

made

take

took

mean

meant

teach

taught

meet

met

tear

tore

pay

paid

tell

told

read

read

think

thought

ride

rode

throw

threw

ring

rang

wake

woke

rise

rose

wear

wore

run

ran

win

won

say

said

write

wrote

45 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1
Fill in the blanks with the correct irregular verbs.

1 The man (drive) _________________his car to work yesterday.
2 The boys (swim) ________________in the swimming pool the whole morning.
3 Siti Nurhaliza (sing) ______________ a melodious song at the concert.
4 Mariah (write) _______________on the exercise book.
5 The boy (run) ______________towards his father.
6 The Mathematics teacher (teach) _______________the students algebra last week.
7 My mother (go) _____________to the market this morning.
8 Cik Zarina Bi (pay) ____________the shopkeeper for the goods.
9 The Prime Minister (shake) ____________hands with the teachers at the parade.
10 The aeroplane (fly) ____________over the tall building.

EXERCISE 2
Fill in the blanks with the correct irregular verbs.

1 The man (drive) _________________his car to work yesterday.
2 The boys (swim) ________________in the swimming pool the whole morning.
3 Siti Nurhaliza (sing) ______________ a melodious song at the concert.
4 Mariah (write) _______________on the exercise book.
5 The boy (run) ______________towards his father.
6 The Mathematics teacher (teach) _______________the students algebra last week.
7 My mother (go) _____________to the market this morning.
46 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

8 Cik Zarina Bi (pay) ____________the shopkeeper for the goods.
9 The Prime Minister (shake) ____________hands with the teachers at the parade.
10 The aeroplane (fly) ____________over the tall building.

EXERCISE 3
Past Tense- Irregular Verbs

Write the Simple Past Tense for the following.

1.

go

___________________

2.

eat

__________________-

3.

sit

__________________

4.

see

__________________

5.

run

___________________

6.

give

___________________

7.

find

___________________

8.

dig

___________________

9.

sell

___________________

10.

send

___________________

11.

sink

___________________

12.

lose

___________________

13.

take

___________________

14.

blow

___________________

15.

sell

___________________

47 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 4
Irregular Verbs

Use the words in the brackets to fill in the blanks.

1.

He _________ clerk two years ago ( is, was )

2.

John ________ a toy to his sister. ( gives, gave )

3.

Maria _________ part in the netball game. ( take, took )

4.

We __________ a good meal at home last night. ( have, had )

5.

After the game, Johan ________ home by bus. ( goes, went )

6.

Those boys _________ at the canteen during the recess. ( are, were )

7.

Jason _________ a sandwich for lunch this afternoon. ( eats, ate )

8.

Ali ________ the second prize for his story last week. ( win, won )

9.

Mrs Wong ___________ a magazine from the shop. ( buy, bought )

10.

They __________ the wooden table in the hall. ( put, puts )

11.

The boys ________ back late after the football match. ( come, came )

12.

Linda _________ the song sweetly, so everyone clapped loudly. ( sings, sang )

13.

The woman __________ bitterly when she heard the sad news. ( cries, cried )

14.

The children _________ in the clean water. ( swam, swim )

15.

Sharmila ________ a lot of water because the food was very spicy.
( drinks, drank )

48 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 15 :


SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

We use the future tense to show future action.
REMEMBER!
Examples:



I will go to your place on Monday.

The following are examples of some words that may be used with verbs in the future tense tomorrow Mr Lopez will call us at 9 p.m. tomorrow.

tomorrow night

present

next week

next month

past

next Friday

next year

future

9 pm tomorrow

Now



Monday

We form the simple future tense using will in this way:

will + base form of verb
Examples:
Sue will wash the dishes later.
They will visit Mrs Lim tomorrow evening.
The taxi will be here at 3 pm.



We can also use the “going to” form for future action that is planned earlier or events that we think are likely to happen in the future. We form the simple future tense using “going to” in this way:

Present tense of the verb to be + going to + base form of verb
49 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

Examples:
He is going to play golf on Saturday.
I am going to swim in the evening.
Oil prices are going to rise next week.



We use Future Tense to show actions which will happen in future.

Eg: Tomorrow, Ali will walk to school.

50 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 16 : PROGRESSIVE TENSE- PAST AND PRESENT


The past continuous tense is formed by the past tense of the verb to be+ the present participle. 

It is used for past actions whose exact limits are not known.



The past continuous is chiefly used for past actions which continued for some time but whose exact limits are not known and are not important.

Example:

He is talking on the phone. ( present progressive tense)
He talked on the phone an hour ago. (past tense)
He was talking on the phone an hour ago. (past progressive tense)

She is singing a song.
She sang a song last night.
She was singing a song last night.

The cat is eating a fish.
The cat ate a fish just now / It ate a fish just now.
The cat was eating a fish just now. /It was eating a fish just now.

PROGRESSIVE TENSE
Ways to change base words to the verb+ing form

By

By

By

adding “ing”

omitting the “e” and adding
“ing”

doubling the last consonant and adding “ing”

e.g. ; discount = discounting

e.g. : produce = producing

e.g. : win = winning

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EXERCISE 1
Change the verbs below into the verb-ing forms bring, hope, end,

rejoice, raise, sweep, keep, bear, deserve, continue

1. _________________

6. _________________

2. _________________

7. _________________

3. _________________

8. _________________

4. _________________

9. _________________

5. _________________

10. _________________

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UNIT 17 :


PAST PROGRESSIVE TENSE

Notes: There must be an agreement between the subject and Past Progressive Tense
(verbs – to- be and verb+ing) when using it in the past tense.

Ali

was

eating rice when

it

rained.

singular base verb + “ing”

+ past tense shows past tense

singular verb-to-be subject The students were writing essays when the dismissal bell rang.

plural+ past tense verb to be shows past tense base word + ”ing”
( omit “e”)

plural subject

Sentence structure

:

Singular subject
Plural subject

was

were

53 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1
Study the subjects in the following sentences and write the correct Past Progressive Tense.

1. Abu _____ ______ (sit) on the chair when it broke.
2. The teachers _____ _________ ( teach ) when they heard the announcement
3. My mother _____ _____ (cook) when the phone rang.
4. The principal _____ _____ (give) a speech when she fainted.
5. The students _____ ______ (run) across the road when the accident happened.
6. A boy ________ ______________ (read) a book under the tree a moment ago.
7. The birds ______ _______________ (fly) in the sky when it rained.
8. My mother ______ __________________ (bake) some cookies in the kitchen when she came. 9. The girls _________ ______________ (run) around the field when it started pouring.
10. The man and the woman ______ ______________ (watch) television in the living room when they heard someone on the door.

EXERCISE 2
Study the subjects in the sentences and fill in the blanks with the correct verbs to be and spelling of verb +ing form.

1. The spectators ______ _______ (cheer) the Malaysian Team.
2. My mother _______ ______ (praise) Nana when the announcement of Gegar Vaganza was made.
3. Kien Keat and Boon Heong __________ ________ (train) at the badminton academy when they received the news.
4. They _________ ________(feel) on top of the world when they won the competition.

54 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 18 :


PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

We use the Present Continuous to show an action which is happening at the moment of speaking. Eg: Now, Ali is reading a book.

EXERCISE 1
Fill in the blanks.
1. Now, Ali _________ (wash) a car.
2. Aminah ___________ (bathe) now.
3. The cats ______________ (sleep ).
4. The farmers _________________ ( rest) under a tree.
5. My teacher _________________ (mark ) the books.

EXERCISE 2
Choose the correct answers and fill in the blanks.
1. The boys __________________________ in the playground. ( is playing, are playing) 2. The woman ____________________ the floor with a broom. ( is sweeping, am sweeping) 3. The little girl _______________________ an ice-cream.( are eating, is eating)
4. The man with a songkok ____________________ some fish. (am choosing, is choosing) 5. A woman _____________________ some oranges into a plastic bag. ( is putting, are putting) 6. The girl _____________________ after the children.(is looking, are looking)
7. Some people _____________________ under the tree. ( are standing, is standing)
55 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

8. The children __________________________ in the sea. ( am swimming, are swimming) 9. The men ______________________ on the bench in the park. ( is sitting, are sitting)
10. A boy ______________________ a book under the tree. (is reading, are reading)
11. The birds _____________________ in the sky. (is flying, are flying)
12. My mother ________________________ some cookies in the kitchen. (is baking, are baking) 13. The girls _______________________ around the field. (are running, is running)

14. The man and the woman _____________________ television in the living room. (is watching, are watching)
15. The waiter ________________________ some food to the customers. (is serving, are serving)

56 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 19


:

PREPOSITIONS

A preposition is a word which is used before a noun or pronoun to show its relation to some other words in the sentence. Preposition used in sentences show how things, people, and animals relate to each other in space , time and others.

Examples

He sat on the bench.

(space)

He called the police at ten o’clock.

(time)

He opened the letter with a knife.

(method )

He killed the fox for its fur.

(purpose)

Preposition of time

ten minutes for a month

after

for two years four days

For + duration of time a long time

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The weekend
Night

After
For + duration of time

At

Midnight
Noon
4 o’clock/4 pm

Wednesday
Wednesday morning

by

21 September 1990

until/till

Twenty-first September

before

September 21

on

after

since (+point in time)

1998
Winter/summer
May
In
the morning the afternoon the evening

58 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1
Tick () to the correct statement.

1

There is a laptop on the table.

2

There is a round clock on the wall.

3

The compact disc is under the table.

4

The table is in front of the sofa.

5

There is a chair near the table.

6

The computer table is opposite the sofa.

7

The mouse is between the key board and a book.

X

EXERCISE 2
Look at the picture and fill in the blanks with the words provided.
In

on

under

up

down

59 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

1.

The fox is ______________the rock.

2.

The hen is ______________ the cage.

3.

The dwarf is _____________ the tree.

4.

The horse walks ____________ the road.

5.

The giant is ______________ on the hill.

EXERCISE 3
Look at the picture. Read the sentence and number it based on the picture.

a. I am in the water.
b. I am up here in the tree.
c. I am on the leaf.
d. I am under the bridge.
e. I am under the tree.

60 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 4
Underline the correct preposition in the bracket.
1.

Alan is very tall (for, in ) his age.

2.

He went to work (on, at) half past seven.

3.

Alia sat (beside, between) Rosnah and Lim.

4.

I have replied (to, from ) her letter.

5.

He is (on, in ) duty today.

6.

The cat is lying (on, inside) the sofa.

7.

He has been reading (since, for ) ten o’clock.

8.

My mother is not (in, at ) home.

9.

The boy fell (of, off ) his horse and broke his leg.

10.

Have you heard (from, at) Aini lately?

EXERCISE 5
Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition. The words in the table may help you.

across

along

before

behind

from

past

through

to

towards

1.

The sparrow is flying __________ the rambutan tree.

2.

Mother is throwing the rubbish _______ the rubbish bin.

3.

The girl is running away _________ the dog.

4.

The baby is walking _______ the television.

5.

Mary is running ______ the final station in the cross country race.

6.

The music can be heard ___________ the wall.

7.

Walk _____________ this road to come to a junction.

8.

The best swimmer is swimming ________ the widest river.

9.

We have to complete this test ________ we go home.

10.

The Blue house is marching ________ the Green house.

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into

EXERCISE 6
Underline the correct answer.
1.

The boy is walking (to, from, across) the canteen.

2.

Mary ran (into, toward, across) the road.

3.

The kitten fell (from, into, past) the well.

4.

The seal leapt (from, into, through) the hoop.

5.

He is cycling (from, to, along) the school to the market.

6.

The deer is running (to, from, past) the tiger.

7.

Please be at the cinema (before, by, on) 6.00 p.m. because the movie is starting at
6.15 p.m.

8.

The snake crawled (into, in, at) the basket.

EXERCISE 7
Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition.

1.

Did you meet Mr Lim _________ the meeting yesterday?

2.

She hid the dirt ___________ the carpet.

3.

Don’t walk ___________ the dog. It might bite you.

4.

Monica’s birthday is ___________ the 3rd of October.

5.

The baby has been sick __________ a few days.

6.

I received a letter ________ my sister who is studying _______ London.

7.

Remember to switch off the lights ________ you leave the room.

8.

The ball rolled ________ the stairs and fell ________ the drain.

9.

The clinic will be closed _________ the public holidays.

10.

James works ________ an accountant in a bank.

11.

My grandmother left her spectacles __________ the table.

12.

I am looking for a piece _________ paper to write a letter.

13.

The man ran ________ of the burning house.

14.

The manager came in __________ ten o’clock this morning.

62 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 20 :


ADVERBS

There are several types of adverbs such as adverbs of manner, time, frequency, place and degree.

 Adverbs are words that describe verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.
 There are many kinds of adverbs.

Adverbs of Manner
Adverbs of manner describe ‘how’.
Examples:
quickly, strangely, confidently, wisely, sweetly

Study the following examples.
a. How did she shout?
She shouted loudly.
b. How did he sing?
He sang confidently.
c. How did the fire burn?
It burned slowly.

EXERCISE 1
Identify and underline the adverbs in the sentences given below.

1. The very end of the restaurant is strictly for non-smokers.
2. Sheila is solely responsible for the cleanliness of the library.
3. The miser counts his money carefully every night.
4. Mary’s parents rarely allow her to go out at night.
5. The lion sprang on its prey mercilessly.
6. Mawi’s fans waited eagerly for him to come on stage.

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Adverbs can be formed from adjectives by adding –ly or –ily.
Example:

ADJECTIVES

ADVERBS

1. angry

angrily

2. great

greatly

3. careful

carefully

4. neat

neatly

5. strange

strangely

EXERCISE 2
Form adverbs from the following adjectives.

ADJECTIVES

ADVERBS

ADJECTIVES

brave

greedy

bitter

happy

brief

loud

hopeful

low

clear

patient

correct

quick

cruel

sad

easy

serious

free

sudden

furious

willing

64 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

ADVERBS

EXERCISE 3
Choose and fill in each blank with suitable adverbs given below.

Sweetly

correctly

hurriedly

soundly

confidently

fiercely

Cruelly

wisely

quietly

attentively

badly

patiently

1. The bull charged __________ at the small boy.
2. The children slept __________ after the Sports Day.
3. Anuar spends his money __________ because he is a careful person.
4. The girl smiled __________ at her idol.
5. He walked __________ into the house so as not to wake his mother.
6. Nathan was injured __________ when a lorry crashed into his house.
7. In order to be a good debater, one must be able to speak __________.
8. The wicked man hit his children __________.
9. The intelligent girl answered all the teacher’s questions __________.
10. The lady walked __________ when she saw two strangers following her.
11. Mr. Lee waited __________ for his daughter to come out from the interview.
12. The class listened __________ while the teacher explained the experiment.

EXERCISE 4
Replace the underlined words with a suitable adverb.

1. The swans swim with grace.
2. All of a sudden, lightning flashed in the sky.
3. The spectators clapped in a loud manner for their team.
4. Joanne waited for her results in anxiety.
5. The mother kissed her baby with great love.
6. Think with care before you decide on a life partner.
7. Rahman answered his friend in a rude manner.
8. Mr. Wong did the job in an efficient manner.

65 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

ADVERBS OF DEGREE



Adverbs of degree describe ‘to what degree’. It answers the question on ‘ how much’ or
‘to what extent’.

Examples: quite, nearly, very, absolutely, slightly, too, reasonably, more, less
Study the following examples.
a. Andrew is quite good on the piano.
b. There are nearly five thousand people at the concert.
c. He was too careless.
d. I’m rather busy.

EXERCISE 1
Identify and underline the adverb of degree in the sentences below.
1. He is too shy.
2. Are you quite sure?
3. The walk was rather long.
4. The patient is much better today.
5. Do not walk so fast.
6. Sheila is very good at scrabble.
7. Do you think the food is rather tasteless?
8. This imported book is reasonably cheap.
9. There are more girls than boys in this class.
10. The activities that we had were less tiring.

66 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 21


: ADJECTIVES

An adjective tells us what something or someone is or seems like. It is used to describe nouns or pronouns.

EXERCISE 1
Underline all the adjectives given in the sentences below..

1. Nobody wants to employ lazy workers.

2. He is very greedy. The more he has, the more he wants.

3. She will not listen to your advice. She is a very stubborn girl.

4. Encik Abu Bakar is a dedicated teacher. All the pupils like him.

5. We enjoy Joe’s company. He is such a jovial person.

6. A brave man jumped into the river to save the drowning child.

7. That clumsy girl has broken another glass.

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Comparison of Adjectives
[ Positive Degree , Comparative Degree, Superlative Degree ]

1. Adjectives have three degrees of comparison.
i. Positive eg. Mr Bingo is a strong man. ii.Comparative eg. Mr. Frank is stronger than Mr. Bingo iii. Superlative eg. Mr David is the strongest of the three.

2. The comparative degree is used to compare one person or thing with another. eg. Tasnim is taller than Ramlah eg. That car is cheaper than this one.

3. The superlative degree is used to compare one person or thing with more than one eg. Liza is the tallest of the three. eg. The car is the cheapest.

68 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1

Add ‘-er’ [ comparative ] and ‘-est’ [ superlative ]

Positive

Comparative
[ + ‘-er’ ]

Superlative
[ + ‘ –est’ ]

1 brave
2 great
3 near
4 fast
5 rich

EXERCISE 2

Add ‘-ier’ [ comparative ] and ‘-iest’ [ superlative ]

Positive

Comparative
[ + ‘-ier’ ]

1 dirty
2 early
3 easy
4 happy
5 heavy

69 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

Superlative
[ + ‘ –iest’ ]

EXERCISE 3

Double the last letter + ‘-er’ or ‘-est’

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Comparative

Superlative

1 big
2 fat
3 hot
4 wet
5 sad

EXERCISE 4

Change the spelling

Positive
1 bad
2 far
3 good
4 little
5 many

70 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 5

Add ‘more’ [ comparative ] and ‘the’ + ‘most‘ [ superlative ]

Positive

Comparative
[ + more ]

Superlative
[ the + most ]

1 beautiful
2 careful
3 comfortable
4 expensive
5 famous

EXERCISE 6
Fill in the blanks by using the comparative or superlative forms of the adjectives in brackets.

1.

Nirmala is ______(old) than James.

2.

Mount Kinabalu is the ________(high) mountain in South-East Asia.

3.

She is the ________(good) Biology teacher we have.

4.

It is ________(cool) today than yesterday.

5.

A carpet is ________(expensive) than a rug.

6.

They are the ________(clever) students in the school.

7.

Is Susan _________(popular) than her sister?

8.

He is the __________ (lazy) person I know.

9.

The Angel Falls is the _______(high) waterfall in the world.

10.

This cheese cake is _________(expensive) than the chocolate cake.

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EXERCISE 7
Underline the correct answer.

1.

My mother has a ( big, bigger, biggest ) car than my uncle.

2.

Shanti is the (slim, slimmer, slimmest ) lady in the office.

3.

The little girl has the ( sweet, sweeter, sweetest ) smile I have ever seen.

4.

This steak is (tough, tougher, toughest).

5.

Your handwriting is ( neat, neater, neatest ) than mine.

6.

Elephants are ( strong, stronger, strongest ) animals.

7.

As far as I know, my mother bakes the ( good, better, best ) cheese cake.

8.

Bees are considered the ( busy, busier, busiest) insects.

9.

Mount Everest is the ( high, higher, highest) mountain in the world.

10.

This is the ( bad, worse, worst) fire in the last siz months.

11.

William runs the ( fast, faster, fastest ) in his class.

12.

Do you know which is the ( long, longer, longest ) river in the world?

13.

Both the sisters are as ( tall, taller, tallest ) as their mother.

14.

Can you speak ( loud, louder, loudest) ? I can’t hear you from here.

15.

Mr Teo is the (rich , richer, richest) businessman man in town.

16.

She is (good, better, best) than me at cooking.

17.

Lisa is the ( fair, fairer, fairest)in my class.

18.

Taiping is the ( wet, wetter, wettest) town in Malaysia.

19.

There is (little, less, least) water in the jug.

20.

There is ( much, more, most ) sugar in the bowl than the cup.

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EXERCISE 8
Complete the table of adjectives below.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

angry beautiful cheap dirty expensive fat cold delicious heavy little sad thin happy long short poor smart good tall sweet 73 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 22


:

QUESTION TAGS

The negative Question-Tag for positive statement

Examples:
- She will recover soon, won’t she?
- Breast milk is the perfect source of nutrition for infants, isn’t it?



The positive question-tag for negative statement

Examples:
- Mothers are not urged to discard colostrums, are they?
- House dust isn’t the major problem of allergy, is it?



If the statement contains a main verb, you must use the auxiliary “do” in the
Question-Tag. The tenses of the auxiliary “do” are determined by the tenses of the main verb in the sentence.

Examples:
- He appears calm, doesn’t he?
- She lost her leg in the accident, didn’t she?
- Vegetables contain a lot of fibre, don’t they?

74 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1
Add tag questions to the following.
1.

They want to invent something, _______________?

2.

Elizabeth is a dentist,______________?

3.

They won’t be here,_______________?

4.

There aren’t any problems,______________?

5.

That is your umbrella,_____________?

6.

George is a student,______________?

7.

He’s learned a lot in the last couple of years,______________?

8.

Many flowers have medicinal values,______________?

9.

Joan can’t come with us,______________________?

10.

She’ll help us later,_________________?

11.

Peggy would like to come with us to the conference,_______________?

12.

Those aren’t Fred’s notebook,________________?

13.

You’ve never been to Paris,_________________?

14.

Something is wrong with him today,______________?

15.

Some aquatic animals cannot breathe in the air,_______________?

16.

Nobody cheated on the exam,_________________?

17.

Nothing went wrong while I was gone,__________________?

18.

I am invited,_________________?

EXERCISE 2
Provide responses to the following questions.

1.

The room isn’t too small, is it?

2.

The cat won’t scratch, will it? ____________________

3.

The judges weren’t fair, were they?___________________

4.

The robbers haven’t been caught, have they?______________________

5.

She doesn’t know the way to the clinic, does she?__________________

6.

You needn’t post the letter today, need you?_____________________

7.

They are not allowed to eat here, are they?______________________

8.

The school field will not be used today, will it?__________________

9.

They aren’t ready to perform, are they?_________________________

10.

The train will be delayed, won’t it? ____________________________

____________________

75 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 3
Complete these statements with a question tag.

1.

Ben is worried, __________ ?

2.

Anita should tell the teacher, ____________ ?

3.

Chee Keong isn’t back, ____________ ?

4.

My mother couldn’t come, ___________ ?

5.

You were at the show last night, __________?

6.

The movie wasn’t interesting, ____________ ?

7.

Jenny has a pet rabbit, __________ ?

8.

We haven’t met for a long time, ___________ ?

9.

Mei Leng is your sister, ____________ ?

10.

Nathan doesn’t live here, ____________ ?

11.

He didn’t watch the movie, ____________ ?

12.

You haven’t voted, ____________ ?

13.

Tommy will come, ____________ ?

14.

Susie should be here now, _____________ ?

15.

Ahmad won’t talk to you, ___________ ?

16.

The children were feeling sad, _____________ ?

17.

My neighbours aren’t polite, _____________ ?

18.

You haven’t seen her, _____________ ?

19.

David didn’t talk to you, ____________ ?

20.

They could play very well , _____________ ?

76 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

UNIT 23 :


WH-QUESTION WORDS

A question that asks for information normally uses one of the following question words: when, where, why, who, whose, what, which, how

‘WH’ QUESTION
WORD

When

Where

FUNCTION

To ask information about time

EXAMPLE

Q: When did Omar go to the gallery?
A: He went to the gallery during the holidays. To ask information

Q: Where were you yesterday?

about place/location

A: I was at the library.

Q: Why did Armand go to the railway
Why

To ask for reason

station?
A: He went to the station to pick Shaffi up.

Who

Whose

To ask about people

Q: Who wrote ‘The Runaway Jury’?
A: John Grisham wrote it.

To ask information

Q: Whose diskette is this?

about possession

A: It’s Azmir”s

77 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

To ask about

What

activities

(i) + a form of ‘do’
(ii) + a noun

To ask for specific information Q: What is he doing?
A: He is reading a book on psychology.
Q: What games do you play?
A: I play football and badminton.

To ask a question that requires you to

A: I prefer royal blue to electric blue.

To ask about means

Q: How did you get here?

of transport, manner,

A: I took a cab.

frequency, and

Q: How often do you visit your sister?

distance

How

electric blue or royal blue?

make a choice

Which

Q: Which is a better shade of blue,

A: Once a month.

EXERCISE 1
Write WH-questions for the following sentences.
Response

Question

He goes to school by bus.
He took my friend’s racket.
She is my mother.
The boy cannot buy the book because he has lost her money.
She is going home because she has to prepare lunch.
We employed Mr. Tan because of his qualification. 78 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 2
Construct two Wh-Questions for each of the statements below.

1. To make T-shirts, we have to choose a suitable type of material.

2. The changes often involve chemical reactions or processes.

3. In order to make the rubber shoes, the rubber taken from the rubber tree has to be treated. 4. Wool from the sheep must be cleaned and separated into the different grades of wool.

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UNIT 24


: CONJUNCTIONS

When we produce a piece of writing, we will use certain words to join phrases, clauses or sentences to show how one idea is related to another idea. These words are link words and they are called conjunctions. Refer to the sentences below :

SENTENCE 1

Link word

SENTENCE 2

(conjunction)

I did not buy the book

because

I had no money.

(The word because links sentence 1 to sentence 2 and is used to signal reason.)

TYPES OF CONJUNCTIONS
1. Conjunctions that show similarity or close relationship.

and, also, besides, as well as, both…and, not only…but also

Example :
a. Paul and Peter are good artists.
b. Tanya is not only pretty, but also very smart.
c. Besides playing the drums, Tony also plays the flute.

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2. Conjunctions that show contrast.

but, yet, still, though, although

Example :
a. If you hurry, you may still catch the bus.
b. Although I was tired, I managed to complete my homework.
c. John is playful but he is very intelligent.

3. Conjunctions that show a reason for an action.

as, for, since, because

Example :
a. I went to bed early as I was tired.
b. They were punished because they broke the vase.
c. Since it is going to rain, I shall stay at home.

4. Conjunctions that show the result of an action. so, therefore, consequently, as a result
Example :
a. As a result of her hard work, she managed to get a scholarship to Japan.
b. San Hong had a toothache, so he went to the dentist.
c. David drove recklessly, consequently, he met with an accident.

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5. Conjunctions that express similarity between two events or ideas. both…and neither…nor

Example :
a. Both Ahmad and Mutu are in the shop.
b. Neither Mr. Lim nor his wife are going for the show.
c. Samy sells both hot and cold drinks at his stall.

6. Conjunctions that express choice. or either…or
Examples :
a. Would you like Coke or Pepsi?
b. Either Tom or Dick will win the contest.
c. We will either go shopping or bowling tomorrow.

7. Conjunctions which link two events that are going on at the same time.

as, when, while

Example :
a. The lights went out while I was doing my work.
b. My mother fainted when she heard the news.
c. As I was about to leave the house, the phone rang.

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8. Conjunctions that show the purpose of an action. in order to, so that

Example :
a. He worked very hard so that he could pass his exams with flying colours.
b. In order to be healthy, we must eat good food.
c. He finished his work quickly so that he could watch the football game.

9. Conjunctions that show condition. or else, unless

Example :
a. Unless you do as you are told, you will be punished.
b. You must hurry or else you will miss the bus.
c. You cannot see the doctor unless you have an appointment.

10. Conjunctions that refer to actions that have ended or will end at a particular time. till, until

Example :
a. We will be working here until Wednesday.
b. The mother waited till her son came home.
c. The baby was crying until she saw her mother.

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EXERCISE 1
Underline the correct conjunction in the sentences below.
1.

(Both / Either) Hamidah and Zarin are friends of mine.

2.

I was fast asleep (because / when) the telephone rang.

3.

I will ask (either / neither) Samy or Muthu to give me a lift home today.

4.

The children were extremely rude, (and / so) they were punished.

5.

(Unless / Although) we stayed back late, we could not complete our project.

6.

We will have to postpone the football game (because / if) it rains heavily today.

7.

(Beside / Besides) sewing, my grandmother spends her time reading.

8.

Soo Ching took a part time job (in order / so) to supplement her family’s income.

9.

(Because / Although) Encik Nordin is already eighty years old, he is still very active.

10.

Sharon is absent today (so / because) she is not feeling well.

EXERCISE 2
Fill in the blanks with suitable conjunctions.
1.

Amira __________ Anisa are sisters.

2.

__________ collecting coins, I also collect stamps.

3.

Kevin plays football __________ his brother prefers hockey.

4.

He must work hard __________ he can do well in his exams.

5.

__________ Jeeva and Jenny work in the same office.

6.

__________ Kumari was tired, she stayed up late to study.

7.

Mr. Wong is rich __________ he refuses to donate any money for charity.

8.

Alan had a high fever __________ he refused to go to the doctor.

9.

__________ it was raining heavily, we could not go shopping.

10.

I refused to speak to him __________ he apologises.

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EXERCISE 3
Underline the correct conjunctions in each of the following sentences.

1.

They had to leave early ( because, until ) they had another meeting to attend.

2.

You will not be able to solve it ( unless, since ) you understand this question.

3.

My brother slept early( so that, because ) he could get up early the next morning.

4.

Linda was in Australia ( while, since ) her husband was in Singapore.

5..

I like reading story books ( but, and ) I don’t like drawing.

6.

She had finished cleaning the house (and, although) the cooking before noon.

7.

My father speaks Japanese ( as well as, as soon as ) English.

8.

Give me back my book ( after, until ) you have finished reading it.

9.

Wash your hands ( before, both ) you touch the baby.

10.

My brother has not come back ( although, since ) this morning.

11.

Susan did not hear me ( unless, although ) I called her twice.

12.

He could not play football ( because, so ) he had hurt his leg.

13.

They stayed her overnight ( so, since ) it was too late to go home.

14.

He acted ( as good as, as if ) he owned the company.

15.

( Because, Although) she knew the answer, she did not tell her friend.

16.

( Neither, Either ) my mother nor my father was home last night.

17.

I will go ( either, neither ) to Australia or Japan to continue my studies.

18.

Would you come by car ( and, or ) bus?

19.

You cannot go for the trip ( until, unless ) you pay up the registration fee.

20.

The painting is very big ( so, and ) it is beautiful.

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Unit 25 :

Punctuation

Choose the sentences with the correct punctuation.

1.

Teachers’ Day is celebrated on May the sixteenth.

D.

Teachers day is celebrated on May the sixteenth.

A.

“What are those?” asked Nazri’s sister.

B.

“What are those?” asked Nazris sister.

C.

“What are those, “ asked Nazri’s sister.

D.

“What are those?” asked nazri’s sister.

A.

“Run! Run save your life!” shouted Azlan.

B.

“Run! Run save your life?” shouted Azlan.

C.

“Run! Run save your life!” shouted azlan.

D.

“Run, run save your life!” shouted Azlan.

A.

“Please help me, Norazman,” said Harma.

B.

“please help me, Norazman, ” said Harma.

C.

“Please help me, Norazman, “ Said Harma.

D.

4.

Teacher’s Day is celebrated on May the sixteenth.

C.

3.

Teaches day is celebrated on May the sixteenth.

B.

2.

A.

“Please help me, norazman,” said Harma.

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5.

The Cimb bank is ten storeys high.

A.

They are going to seremban next friday.

B.

They are going to Seremban next friday

C.

They are going to seremban next Friday

D.

They are going to Seremban next Friday.

A.

azimi, Anita and Yusof will be going on a camping trip.

B.

Azimi, Anita and yusof will be going on a camping trip.

C.

Azimi, Anita and Yusof will be going on a camping trip.

A.

Watch out, there is a bulldog behind you.

B.

Watch out! there is a bulldog behind you.

C.

Watch out! There is a bulldog behind you.

D.

Watch out, There is a bulldog behind you.

A.

Are you going to town , today Morissa.

B.

Are you going to town today, Morissa?

C.

9.

The Cimb Bank is ten storeys high.

D.

8.

The CIMB bank is ten storeys high.

C.

7.

The CIMB Bank is ten storeys high.

B.

6.

A.

Are You going to Town today Morissa?

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10.

My Uncle took me to Pulau Pisang for fishing.

A.

We visited ayer keroh during the deepavali holidays.

B.

We visited Ayer Keroh during the Deepavali holidays.

C.

We visited Ayer Keroh during the deepavali holidays.

D.

We visited Ayer keroh during the Deepavali Holidays.

A.

“Do you know Sujak’s address!” asked buang kardi.

B.

“Do you know Sujak’s address.” Asked Buang kardi.

C.

“Do you know Sujak’s address?” asked Buang Kardi.

D.

“Do you know, Sujak’s address?’ Asked Buang Kardi.

A.

Look someone is trying to break into our neighbour’s house.

B.

Look! someone is trying to break into our neighbours house.

C.

Look, someone is trying to break into our neighbour’s house.

D.

Look! Someone is trying to break into our neighbour’s house.

A.

yes Hassan and I repaired the car ourselves.

B.

Yes Hassan and I , repaired the car ourselves.

C.

yes, Hassan and I repaired the car ourselves.

D.

14.

My uncle took me to Pulau Pisang for fishing.

D.

13.

My uncle took me to pulau Pisang for fishing.

C.

12.

My uncle took me to pulau pisang for fishing.

B.

11.

A.

Yes, Hassan and I repaired the car ourselves.

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A.

“May I borrow your eraser please?” asked Farid.
“May I borrow your eraser, please?” asked Farid.
“May, I borrow your eraser, please?” asked Farid.

A.

Ramli and Nizam like to play hockey, volleyball and golf.

B.

Ramli and Nizam like to play hockey, Volleyball, and golf.

C.

Ramli and Nizam like to play Hockey, Volleyball and Golf.

D.

Ramli and nizam like to play hockey, volleyball and golf.

A.

The capital of terengganu is Kuala terengganu.

B.

The capital of Terengganu is kuala Terengganu.

C.

The Capital of Terengganu is Kuala Terengganu.

D.

The capital of Terengganu is Kuala Terengganu.

A.

Wahab visited the crocodile farm and Melaka zoo last sunday.

B.

Wahab visited the crocodile Farm and Melaka Zoo last Sunday .

C.

19.

“How old are you now, Shafiee?” Asked jalal.

C.

18.

“How old are you now, Shafiee?” asked Jalal.

B.

17.

“How old are you now shafiee?” Asked Jalal.

C.

16.

A.
B.

15.

Wahab visited the Crocodile Farm and Melaka Zoo last Sunday.

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20.

have you read ‘the prisoner of zenda’?

A

“A cat is sitting near the fence,” said Bibi.

B

“A cat is sitting near the fence,” said Bibi!

C

“A cat is sitting near the fence,” said bibi.

D

“A cat is sitting near the fence” said Bibi.

A

The mountain climbers have reached the peak of Mount Kinabalu.

B

The Mountain Climbers have reached the peak of mount kinabalu.

C

The mountain climbers have reached the peak of mount kinabalu!

D

The mountain climbers have reached the Peak of Mount Kinabalu.

A

David Mary and Danny bought some pies.

B

David Mary and Danny bought some pies!

C

David, mary and danny bought some pies.

D

David, Mary and Danny bought some pies.

A

Najib goes to the island in his boat?

B

Najib goes to the Island in his boat.

C

Najib goes to the island in his Boat.

D

24.

Have you read ‘The Prisoner of Zenda’?

D.

23.

Have you read The prisoner of Zenda?

C.

22.

Have you read the prisoner of zenda?

B.

21.

A.

Najib goes to the island in his boat.

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25.

Eskimos use ice to make igloos.

A

ramli will meet Mr. hong at the Airport.

B

Ramli will meet Mr. Hong at the airport?

C

Ramli will meet Mr. Hong at the airport.

D

Ramli will meet MR. Hong at the airport.

A

Where are my markers!

B

Where are my markers?

C

Where are my markers.

D

Where, are my markers?

A

These are the boys comics.

B

These are the boy’s comics.

C

These are the boy’s comic’s.

D

These are the Boys’ Comics.

A

“Help! Help! My house is on fire!” shouted Anuar.

B

“Help, Help, My house is on fire!” Shouted Anuar.

C

“Help, help, my house is on fire?” shouted Anuar.

D

29.

Eskimos use ice to make igloos?

D

28.

Eskimos use Ice to make Igloos.

C

27.

Eskimos use ice to make Igloos.

B

26.

A

“Help. Help. My house is on fire.” shouted Anuar.

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30.

helena is going to genting Highlands this thursday.

A

May I go to the toilet, please?

B

May I go to the toilet, please.

C

May I go to the toilet please?

D

May I go to the toilet, please!

A

“Do you like to jog in the park” asks Leha.

B

“Do you like to jog in the park,” asks Leha?

C

“Do you like to jog in the park?” asks Leha.

D

“Do you like to jog in the park,” asks Leha.

A

“Don’t lie to me, Sazali,” says father.

B

“Don’t lie to me Sazali.” says father.

C

“Don’t lie to me! Sazali.” says father.

D

“Don’t lie to me Sazali” says father.

A

Pulau Sibu is a famous Holiday Resort.

B

Pulau sibu is a famous Holiday Resort.

C

Pulau Sibu is a famous holiday resort.

D

34.

Helena is going to Genting highlands this Thursday.

D

33.

Helena is going to Genting Highlands This Thursday.

C

32.

Helena is going to genting highlands this thursday.

B

31.

A

Pulau sibu is a famous holiday resort.

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35.

The Mechanic uses a Spanner to loosen the Nuts.

A

“Hello, Imran. What are your plans for the school holidays?” asks Zainah.

B

“Hello! Imran. What are your plans for the school holidays?” asks Zainah.

C

“Hello! Imran. What are your plans for the school holidays” asks Zainah.

D

“Hello! imran. What are your plans for the school holidays” asks Zainah.

A

The pupils are singing malay, chinese and tamil songs in the competition.

B

The pupils are singing Malay, Chinese and Tamil songs in the competition.

C

The Pupils are singing Malay Chinese and Tamil songs in the competition.

D

The pupils are singing Malay, Chinese and Tamil songs competition!

A

Wow! you are so lucky! you have visited so many countries.

B

Wow! You are so lucky You have visited so many countries.

C

Wow! You are so lucky! You have visited so many countries.

D

Wow! You are so lucky! You have visited so many countries

A

Faizal will be going to England to study soon.

B

Faizal will be going to england to study soon.

C

Faizal, will be going to England to study soon!

D

39.

The mechanic uses a spanner to loosen the nuts?

D

38.

The mechanic uses a spanner to loosen the nuts.

C

37.

The mechanic uses a spanner, to loosen the nuts.

B

36.

A

faizal will be going to england to study soon

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40.

They had an enjoyable day at the Taman Rimba recreational park.

D

They had an enjoyable day at the taman rimba recreational park.

A

I had a stomach ache. I couldn‟t stand the pain.

B

I had a Stomach ache. I couldn‟t stand the pain.

C

I had a stomach ache. I couldn‟t stand The pain,

D

I had a Stomach Ache. I couldn‟t stand the pain!

A

Ramli has round brown eyes,

B

ramli has round. Brown eyes.

C

Ramli has round brown eyes!

D

Ramli has round, brown eyes.

A

Wow! That‟s a beautiful watch.

B

Wow, That‟s a beautiful watch.

C

Wow, that‟s a beautiful, watch.

D

43.

They had an enjoyable day at the Taman Rimba Recreational Park.

C

42.

they had an enjoyable day at the taman rimba recreational park

B

41.

A

Wow! That‟s a beautiful watch

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BONUS :

100 GRAMMAR QUESTIONS

Choose the best answer to complete the sentences

1

Amal obtained the …………………… marks in his Science test.
A.
B.
C.

2.

She sat ………………. the clinic and waited for the doctor.

A.
B.
C.
D.
3.

they she we it Syafiq dressed up ……………………… to go for an interview.

A.
B.
C.
D.
5.

in to on across Farahana had booked her flight ticket earlier because ……….. was cheap.

A.
B.
C.
D.
4.

more most some

happily smartly sweetly bravely The building was damaged recently ……………… heavy storms.
A.
B.
C.
D.

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6

The ship sails ……………………. the ocean.
A. along
B. across
C. through

7.

We celebrate Labour Day …………………. 1st of May.
A.
B.
C.

8

on in at

The scouts ……………….. in the jungle last week.
A. camp
B. camps
C. camped

9.

That is the woman ………………….. husband is a pilot.
A.
B.
C.
D.

10

You must drive …………………. to avoid accident.
A.
B.
C.

11

carefully recklessly carelessly

The thief …………….. to escape by the back door because it was locked.
A.
B.
C.
D.

12.

why what whom whose able was able was unable could able

The two policemen walked on ………………… side of the robber.
A.
B.
C.
D.

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13.

Unless he hurries, he ……………… the train.
A.
B.
C.
D.

14.

This work is very easy. ……………….. can do it.
A.
B.
C.
D.

15.

will must could would A ………………….. of bees was flying towards the beehive on a tree.
A.
B.
C.
D.

19.

over for on

My friend ……………… not do the sum because it was very difficult.
A.
B.
C.
D.

18

weakly badly bravely happily Rahman was excited because he flew in an aeroplane ………….. the first time.
A.
B.
C.

17.

Everything
Anybody
Nobody
Somebody

The soldier fought ………………… and was given a medal by the king.
A.
B.
C.
D.

16

miss misses missed will miss

flock herd group swarm …………………………… is our national flower?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Whose
Why
What
How

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20.

Mr. Chan, the mechanic , ……………………. the green car tomorrow.
A.
B.
C.
D.

21

will repair will be repaired repaired is repairing

My elder sister ……………… going to the cinema. She usually ………… there with her friends A.
B.
C.
D.

22.

Rosli and his brother …………… the show twice last weekend.
A.
B.
C.
D.

23.

likes, goes liked, goes like, going will be, going

watch watches watched watching Hazimah stayed at home by …………… while ……………… parents were away.
A.
B.
C.
D.

24.

myself, my herself, her himself, him yourself, your

You must ……………. finish the milk …………… put it into the refrigerator.
A.
B.
C.
D.

25.

The thief ran ………………… the road and hid ………….. some bushes.
A.
B.
C.
D.

26.

so, if so, and either, or neither, nor

towards, above across, behind at, under away, to

Everyone …………… happy when they received a present.
A.
B.
C.
D.

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27.

There isn’t ………………. rice left in the pot.
A.
B.
C.
D.

28.

many little a lot of any A day before Teachers’ Day, the pupils carried ………… chairs to the school hall.
A.
B.
C.
D.

29.

our their your his Hashim is the …………………. boy in his class
A.
B.
C.
D.

30.

The Year 6 pupils have to prepare ………………. well before UPSR.
A.
B.
C.
D.

31.

ourselves themselves himself yourself Kampung Rhu is almost______________ hour’s drive from Kuantan town.
A.
B.
C.
D.

32.

is an the far The angry girl ____________ the book and threw it into the dustbin.

A.
B.
C.
D.
33

tall taller tallest most tall

torn tore tear tearing Zali is flying ___________ kite in the field.
A.
B.
C.
D.

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34.

Puan Aneesa waits for the bus______the bus stop every morning.
A.
B.
C.
D.

35.

at in on to Mujahid jumped ________ the bench and fell into the drain.
A. into
B. on
C. from over

36.

______________ Suzana and Zaharah are school prefects.
A.
B.

Both

C.

Either

D.
37.

All

Neither

Did Nazrin _______________ English well at the seminar last night?
A.
B.
C.
D.

38.

speak spoke speaks spoken That was _____________ most challenging task and we only have ___________ hour to finish it.
A.
B.
C.
D.

39.

a , an a , the the , a the , an

The weather is so hot that there is only _____________ water in the well.
A.
B.
C.
D.

much a little any a few

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40. Her children are very polite and everybody ____________ them.
A.
B.
C.
D.

love loves loved loving 41. Camping ______________ an exciting activity.
A.
B.
C.
D.

were is was are 42. Asiah is very _______________ . Everyone likes her very much.
A.
B.
C.
D.

impolite friendly rude stingy 43. Of the three boys , Roslan is the ___________ in the class.
A. clever
B. cleverest
C. cleverer
44. When I saw Linda, she ______________ her money.
A.
B.
C.
D.

counts is counting was counting were counting

45. Mr. Lim’s dog ______________ his neighbour’s son last week.
A.
B.
C.
D.

bites bite bit bitten 46. Sarifuddin’s fingernails ______________ short and clean.
A.
B.
C.
D.

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47. You went to the library, ______________ ?
A.
B.
C.
D.

isn’t it don’t you didn’t you wasn’t you

48. The workers walked ___________ into the factory because they were late for work.
A.
B.
C.
D.

politely smartly hurriedly slowly 49. The man placed the ladder ____________ the wall.
A.
B.
C.
D.

under down below against 50. There are many shop houses ______________ Jalan Bendahara.
A.
B.
C.
D.

through between along beside 51. Syahmi ___________ to school every day.
A. walk
B. walks
C. walked
D. walking

52 Ameera ___________ the library books just now.
A. return
B. returns
C. returned
D. returning

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53 Have ______ finished your homework?
A. I
B. he
C. she
D. you

54 ________________ painting, Azuani also knows how to play the piano.
A. Besides
B. Although
C. Therefore
D. Furthermore

55 I brought _______ orange for lunch.
A. a
B. an
C. the

56 Turn down the volume. It is too _____ .

A. big
B. loud
C. bright
D. strong

57 “Do not _____ the trees in the park,” says the ranger.
A. climb
B. climbed
C. climbs
D. climbing

103 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

58 Tom’s dog, Pluto was barking ___________ at the stranger.
A. fiercely
B. greedily
C. politely
D. shyly

59 Mardiana got the _____________ marks for English.
A. high
B. higher
C. highest

60 Hana woke up very late, _________ she had to rush for work.
A. or
B. but
C. therefore
D. and

61 _____________ I have the cake or the ice-cream for my dessert ?
A. Might
B. Should
C. Would
D. Ought

62 _______________is the biggest mammal on land, the buffalo or elephant?
A. Where
B. Which
C. Why
D. Who

104 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

63 ________ must listen carefully when in class.
A. It
B. My
C. You
D. Theirs

64. Damia sang ______ during the party.
A. silently
B. sweetly
C. soundly
D. gracefully

65. The eagle caught the chick ____________ its claws.
A. to
B. on
C. with
D. from

66. Syafeeq is a clever boy. He ___________________ makes mistake.
A. always
B. seldom
C. sadly
D. now

67. Neither Fara _________ Cathy won the dance competition.
A. or
B. nor
C. and
D. while

105 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

68. My father lives ____________ Kelantan.
A. at
B. in
C. from
D. to

69. Syahira is the __________ in her family.
A. young
B. younger
C. youngest
D. more young

70. Lunch comes _________ breakfast.
A. after
B. before
C. on
D. by

71. Shina lived here ___________ 1999.
A.

for

B.

because

C.

since

D.

although

72. The train went _________ the tunnel.
A. along
B. over
C. by
D. through

106 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

73. There __________ some kittens in this box a few minutes ago.
A. is
B. are
C. was
D. were

74..He tried to open the door __________ it was locked.
A. or
B. so
C. but
D. and

75. _________ I borrow your pencil, please ?
A. Can
B. Might
C. May
D. Should

76. Arif and I went to the zoo. _______________ went there by bus.
A. We
B. I
C. She
D. They

77. You are getting too fat. You _______________ exercise more.
A. ought
B. would
C. should
D. might

107 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

78. ________________ did the players feel after winning the game ?
A. Why
B. How
C. When
D. Where

79. They _____________________ home when the accident happened.
A. is walking
B. was walking
C. are walking
D. were walking

80. He is the ____________ man I have ever met.
A. kinder
B. kindest
C. kind

81. He has been _________ in Jakarta for ten years.
A. live
B. lives
C. lived
D. living

82. I ____________________ my auntie now.
A. is helping
B. am helping
C. are helping
D. were helping

108 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

83. Kamil ___________ to school everyday.
A. cycle
B. cycles
C. cycled
D. cycling

84. My mother likes to __________ curry puff.
A. cooks
B. cook
C. cooked
D. cooking

85. Chong Meng wants to be an artist because he loves to ___________ .
A. draws
B. drew
C. draw
D. drawing

86. Each of the students ____________ given a pack of biscuit.
A. is
B. to
C. are
D. of

87. The wind blows ______ by the seaside.
A. bravely
B. strongly
C. carelessly
D. immediately

109 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

88. My father’s sister ______ my aunt.
A. is
B. am
C. was
D. were

89. There is _______________ mangosteen tree in Nadia’s garden. Nadia likes to sit and read under _______________ tree.
A. a, an
B. a, the
C. an, the
D. the, the

90. The mangoes in that basket _______________ sweet.
A. is
B. are
C. was

91. I made the desk _________________
A. myself
B. himself
C. herself
D. themselves

92. The games Ranjit enjoys are football, hockey _________ badminton.
A. as
B. but
C. since
D. and

110 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

93. Malaysia is famous ____________ its beautiful beaches.
A. at
B. in
C. for
D. to

94. We ________________ the food hungrily yesterday.
A. eat
B. eats
C. ate
D. eating

95. Muthu gave Sarah _____ silk blouse for her birthday.
A. a
B. an
C. the

96. Ahmad ran __________ to catch the bus.
A. neatly
B. loudly
C. silently
D. quickly

97. She hurt ___________ while cutting the vegetables yesterday.
A. itself
B. herself
C. himself
D. themselves

111 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a

98. They like to swim ___________ play hockey during the weekends.
A. so
B. but
C. and
D. because

99. My father wants to _______ a papaya tree there.
A. plant
B. plants
C. planted
D. planting

100. The tigress licked _____ paws after eating a hearty meal.
A. its
B. his
C. our
D. their

END OF MODULE

112 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 1 – M i a A n t a s h a…...

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