Premium Essay

Quantitative Qualitative • Method • Method O Protection of Human Rights O Protection of Participants’ Rights O Research Design O Research Design and Research Tradition O Population and Sample O Sample and Setting O Data

In: Other Topics

Submitted By chiarello66
Words 5044
Pages 21

Making patients better: a qualitative descriptive study of registered nurses’ reasons for working in surgical areas
Carolyn Mackintosh

BA, MSc, RGN, Pg Dip, PhD

Senior Lecturer, Division of Nursing, University of Bradford, Unity Building, Trinity Road, Bradford, UK

Submitted for publication: 13 May 2005
Accepted for publication: 16 December 2005

Carolyn Mackintosh
Division of Nursing
University of Bradford
Unity Building
Trinity Road
Bradford BD5 0BB
Telephone: þ44 1274 236546

M A C K I N T O S H C ( 2 0 0 7 ) Journal of Clinical Nursing 16, 1134–1140
Making patients better: a qualitative descriptive study of registered nurses’ reasons for working in surgical areas
Aims. To explore the reasons and motivation identified by qualified nurses for working within the surgical area.
Background. Little is known about the career decisions qualified nurses make, although it is clear that some areas of practice are more popular than others. This qualitative descriptive study considers one common area, surgery, and explores the motivation for decisions made by Registered Nurses (RNs) to work in this area. Method. A sample of 16 RNs working within surgical areas participated in semistructured interviews, using a thematic interview schedule. Findings were analysed using the framework suggested by Morse and Field.
Results. Analysis of findings indicates that all participants actively chose to work within surgery and that this was because of the pace and turnover of surgical work, personal satisfaction at the recovery of patients; the close links between this type of work; and participants’ original aims when first entering nursing and participants’ preference of surgery to other areas of nursing work. Participants actively rejected working in areas where patients were…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...About O*NET The O*NET program is the nation's primary source of occupational information. Central to the project is the O*NET database, containing information on hundreds of standardized and occupation-specific descriptors. The database, which is available to the public at no cost, is continually updated by surveying a broad range of workers from each occupation. Information from this database forms the heart of O*NET OnLine, an interactive application for exploring and searching occupations. The database also provides the basis for our Career Exploration Tools, a set of valuable assessment instruments for workers and students looking to find or change careers. The Occupational Information Network (O*NET) is being developed under the sponsorship of the US Department of Labor/Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA) through a grant to the North Carolina Department of Commerce. Learn more about the O*NET project partners. About O*NET Data O*NET Applications Starting Points Content Model Anatomy of an occupation Every occupation requires a different mix of knowledge, skills, and abilities, and is performed using a variety of activities and tasks. These distinguishing characteristics of an occupation are described by the O*NET Content Model, Explore the interactive Content Model to see the range of occupational descriptors in the O*NET database. which defines the key features of an occupation as a standardized, measurable set of variables......

Words: 529 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ok O O Kkkk

...James 4:17 - If anyone, then, knows the good they ought to do and doesn’t do it, it is sin for them. Proverbs 20:4 - Sluggards do not plow in season;     so at harvest time they look but find nothing. 10:4 - Lazy hands make for poverty,     but diligent hands bring wealth. Hebrews 6:11-12 11 We want each of you to show this same diligence to the very end, so that what you hope for may be fully realized.12 We do not want you to become lazy, but to imitate those who through faith and patience inherit what has been promised. Col 3:23 Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for the Lord, not for human masters, Acts 20:34-35 34 You yourselves know that these hands of mine have supplied my own needs and the needs of my companions. 35 In everything I did, I showed you that by this kind of hard work we must help the weak, remembering the words the Lord Jesus himself said: ‘It is more blessed to give than to receive.’ ” 1 Cor 9:24-25 24 Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one gets the prize? Run in such a way as to get the prize.25 Everyone who competes in the games goes into strict training. They do it to get a crown that will not last, but we do it to get a crown that will last forever. 2 Tim 2:6-7  The hardworking farmer should be the first to receive a share of the crops. 7 Reflect on what I am saying, for the Lord will give you insight into all this. Matthew 5:14 New International Version (NIV) 14 “You are the light......

Words: 1956 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

O Henry

...Tel:+86-551-5690811 5690812 Narrative Patterns Research in O Henry's Novels · , ( , 332000 ) Abstract:O· Henry is living in the time when novelists are in the great pursuit of narrative pattern research. Hence his works is inevitably Henry's novels in my opinion is also marvelous for his outinfluenced. Beside his humorous language, surprising ends and expressions, O· standing narrative patterns arrangement. In this article, a research will be conducted onto his narrative pattern in the aspects of narrative perspectives, narrative space and narrative time. By this research, more information and references is intended to obtain for the further study on this area. Key words: Narrative Pattern; Narrative Perspective; Narrative Space; Narrative Time : I02 :A :1009-5039(2011)08-0350-03 1 Introduction · O Henry (1862-1910), as one of the most famous writers of short story in American literature history, or even around the whole world. Plus his contribution in narrative patterns research, he is also honored as the one of the founders of American short story history. Great praises, as well as critics are raised from the world onto his short novels which are well known for the humor, vivid spots description, surprising endings. However, in this article we will pay attention to the narrative patterns in O· Henry's novels, the area of which seldom calls focus and research from the American literature academy. We will have an analysis and research over his novels by the......

Words: 3019 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay


...Business Strategy Case 3 The O-Fold Kyle Huffman Olds College Submission Date: February 14 2013 O-Fold Business Opportunity Introduction Alex Richards was a 4.0 GPA student, double majoring in finance and accounting. Before taking a trip to Colorado, Alex was faced with a problem: whether or not to take a suit on the plane, he did not want to wear it on the plane nor pack a suit case due to having the clothing wrinkle. He came up with the idea of the O-Fold, a cylindrical tube that clothes could be wrapped around, secured with straps, packed into tight spaces, and arrive wrinkle free. After completing a preliminary patent search online and finding nothing similar to his idea, Alex had to make a choice whether or not to start a company. He came up with four options, sell the idea, license the idea, outsource production, or use a crawl-walk-run strategy. External analysis With more then $5 billion in sales the luggage industry strengthened, as the baby boomer generation reached its peak travel ages (45-54). With profit margins growing from 28.9 percent in 1990 to 45.9 percent in 2000 the industry is looking profitable. As well having around 75 percent of the merchandise imported, this lowers the cost of production and materials. An important trend to look at is the use of handbags or carry on items. With the rising cost of fuel airlines started charging for check baggage, resulting in an increase of people buying carry on/handbags. Handbags sales increased from......

Words: 1664 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

O. Henry

...El péndulo [Cuento. Texto completo]O. Henry | -Calle Ochenta y Uno... Dejen bajar, por favor -gritó el pastor de azul.Un rebaño de ciudadanos salió forcejeando y otro subió forcejeando a su vez. ¡Ding, ding! Los vagones de ganado del Tren Aéreo de Manhattan se alejaron traqueteando, y John Perkins bajó a la deriva por la escalera de la estación, con el resto de las ovejas.John se encaminó lentamente hacia su departamento. Lentamente, porque en el vocabulario de su vida cotidiana no existía la palabra “quizás”. A un hombre que está casado desde hace dos años y que vive en un departamento no lo esperan sorpresas. Al caminar, John Perkins se profetizaba con lúgubre y abatido cinismo las previstas conclusiones de la monótona jornada.Katy lo recibiría en la puerta con un beso que tendría sabor a cold cream y a dulce con mantequilla.Se quitaría el saco, se sentaría sobre un viejo sofá y leería en el vespertino crónicas sobre los rusos y los japoneses asesinados por la mortífera linotipo. La cena comprendería un asado, una ensalada condimentada con un aderezo que se garantizaba no agrietaba ni dañaba el cuero, guiso de ruibarbo y el frasco con mermelada de fresas que se sonrojaba ante el certificado de pureza química que ostentaba su rótulo. Después de la cena, Katy le mostraría el nuevo añadido al cobertor de retazos multicolores que le había regalado el repartidor de hielo, arrancándolo de la manta de su coche. A las siete y media ambos extenderían periódicos sobre los muebles...

Words: 14192 - Pages: 57

Free Essay

General O. O. Howard

...Brief History of General Oliver O. Howard General Oliver O. Howard, a Civil War hero was born on November 8, 1830 in Leeds, Maine and died October 26, 1909 in Burlington, Vermont. He served as organizer and head of the Freedmen’s Bureau in (1865-72) and founder of Howard University. He used his position in the Freedmen’s Bureau to fight for, protect, and create educational possibilities, and a better way of life for the freedmen. Howard University gets its name from him and the Howard University Hospital, as we know it today was called "Freedman's Hospital.” He became the third president of the University, but resigned to go back to the military. The military was his love and in his blood. General Howard is described as a “Christian man who stood up for his beliefs and convictions, and who used his position as head of the Freedmen’s Bureau to fight for the well-being of Negroes in the South.”1 The General took pride in his position to defend race relations, education, and the general welfare of people. He felt that “no aspect of freedom for the newly emancipated was quite as close to his heart as that of providing educational facilities.”2 The General’s dedication and commitment to the freedmen was recognized by President Andrew Johnson, who in 1865 appointed General Howard to commission the Freedmen’s Bureau. As a result of his new appointment the General moved to Washington. Being a deeply religious man, The General’s religious roots lead him to “join others in...

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

O and B

...under scrutiny as every worker may have their own epitome of ‘one best way” to perform a task . His other theory of a ‘fair days of work’ ,may not be successful at Commerzbank as a workers wage depends upon his performance in monetary terms . However, this principle must be viewed with a degree of caution, as the notion of this theory would exclude payments being made to new/untrained employees and trainees. As they may not generate any revenue at all or an insignificant amount for Commerzbank. According to this theory this may lead to a salary which is below the minimum wage .If this was to happen Commerzbank would be breaking the law. It is worth considering that due to the drastic change in the volatile economy employers have rights unlike in Taylor’s Industrialised time . Some people may disagree and state that due to Taylor believing that it is a mangers role ,to do the thinking and the workers to the physical aspect of the job .If a worker was slow it would be the managers duty to use their initiative, and do part of the job to pick up the pace . Instead of the manger doing the mental aspect of the task they are also doing the physical at this point. If a worker generated a vast amount of revenue for Commerzbank, but was not paid accordingly this would lead to predicaments .The firm may be unable to match the X amount of revenue to a workers salary, thus resulting in underpayments being made . Money is not the only motivator to a worker as culture,......

Words: 515 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

I/O Psychology Worksheet

...industrial/organization (I/O) response to the military’s request with private and government sectors (Spector, 2012). The United States, I/O were more concerned with an employee’s performance and organizational productivity. The United Kingdom directed more energy toward the health and fatigue of employees (Spector, 2012). The I/O continued to rise after the World War I in many areas used in the world today (Spector, 2012). (Spector. 2012) says “I/O psychology is an eclectic field that has borrowed concepts, ideas, techniques, and theories from many other disciplines.” These experiments played a major role in the development of I/O by providing principles and different techniques (Spector, 2012). Much in the twentieth century, professors mentor students, teach college courses, write textbooks, as well as research papers. This practice of I/O allow psychologist to analyze jobs, design employee performance systems and training programs, which assist in implementing organizational changes (Spector, 2012). 2. Explain why industrial/organizational psychology should be considered a science. Include an explanation of how descriptive and inferential statistics are used in I/O research. Industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology should be considered a science because it is the study of the human behavior in the workplace and within organizations (Spector, 2012). The study is to improve work performance, the health and well-being of its employees, satisfaction and safety. The......

Words: 577 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

A O Sba

...and the latter led by his sister Queen Nanny (and later by Quao). Over time, the Maroons came to control large areas of the Jamaican interior and they often moved down from the hills to raid the plantations. This resulted in the First Maroon War. In 1739-40 the British government in Jamaica came to an agreement with the Maroons. They were to remain in their five main towns Accompong, Trelawny Town, Moore Town, Scots Hall and Nanny Town, living under their own chief with a British supervisor. In exchange, they agreed not to harbour new runaway slaves, but rather to help catch them. They were paid a bounty for each returned slave. This last clause in the treaty naturally caused tension between the Maroons and the enslaved black population, although from time to time runaways from the plantations still found their way into Maroon settlements. | | | However, tensions between planters and Maroons remained and a Second Maroon War broke out in 1795. The Accompong Maroons remained neutral and the British left them alone. By the end of the war, all the other Maroon settlements in Jamaica had been destroyed, and Accompong alone remained. The Trelawny Town Maroons were resettled in Nova Scotia for a few brutal winters, and the survivors were sent back to Africa to live in Sierra Leone. Their Lifestyle Jamaican Maroons intermarried with Amerindian natives, establishing independence in the back country as the island changed hands from the Spanish to the British in......

Words: 1050 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

O Boticario

...products. These types of products offered patients personalised treatment, particularly in the area of skin care. Krigsner wanted his new shop to be more than just a pharmacy; he wanted it to be a truly pleasant place where people would feel good. So, instead of counters full of remedies, the store had a carpeted waiting room with a sofa, magazines and coffee for people to enjoy while their prescriptions were being prepared. It was the beginning of the special customer care that the brand is still known for today. In a few short years, what started out as a small pharmacy had become the largest perfume and cosmetics network in the world with more than 3,600 shops in Brazil and approximately 600 points of sale in other countries. O BOTICARIO IS… A brand with attitude, a brand of closeness, self-esteem, happiness and beauty that inspires beauty! A brand that knows that happy women are the most beautiful women An upbeat brand that always sees the GOOD side of life A brand that offers its customers specialised counselling, invests in ongoing training and takes special care of its Fans A brand of addictive products with unforgettable fragrances, vibrant colours, irresistible textures and proven results A brand that specialises in gifts, even if they are for yourself THE BRAND IDENTITY The brand’s history coincides with the Brazilian beauty values (at the beginning, non industrial production) as it is a former pharmacy : - the customer’s well-being is......

Words: 771 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

"O Me! O Life" Analysis

...cities fill’d with the foolish, Of myself forever reproaching myself, (for who more foolish than I, and who more faithless?) Of eyes that vainly crave the light, of the objects mean, of the struggle ever renew’d, Of the poor results of all, of the plodding and sordid crowds I see around me, Of the empty and useless years of the rest, with the rest me intertwined, The question, O me! so sad, recurring—What good amid these, O me, O life? Answer. That you are here—that life exists and identity, That the powerful play goes on, and you may contribute a verse. Abstract Meaning In his poem “O Me, O Life,” Walt Whitman questions the futility of life. Whitman ponders on the rapid advancement of our world through economy’s eyes. Though he admits to the disappointment that can be felt through human achievement, he also conducts an argument through a powerful metaphor at the end of his poem recognizing the importance of human purpose, “Answer… That the powerful play goes on, and you may contribute a verse.” Whitman argues that every person is contributing to human existence because they are living and breathing. He connects this idea to the rest of his poem by using a question and answer format. At the beginning of his poem he introduces his final argument, “Oh me! Oh life! of the questions of these recurring,/ Of the endless trains of the faithless, of cities fill’d with the/ foolish”. Whitman conducts his question to the......

Words: 434 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

O Fodase

...concentração em Produção e Recepção de Mídia Orientadora: Dra. Lucilene dos Santos Gonzales MARÍLIA 2007 UNIVERSIDADE DE MARÍLIA FACULDADE DE COMUNICAÇÃO E TURISMO PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM COMUNICAÇÃO Reitor: Márcio Mesquita Serva PRÓ-REITORIA DE PESQUISA E PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO FACULDADE DE COMUNICAÇÃO, EDUCAÇÃO E TURISMO Diretora: Dra. Suely Fadul Villibor Flory CURSO DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM COMUNICAÇÃO LINHA DE PESQUISA PRODUÇÃO E RECEPÇÃO DE MÍDIA ORIENTADORA PROFª DRª LUCILENE DOS SANTOS GONZALES UNIMAR – UNIVERSIDADE DE MARÍLIA NOTAS DA BANCA EXAMINADORA DA DEFESA DE MESTRADO LUCIANA DE VITO ZOLLNER Comunicação do McDonald’s em Tempos de Crise: Educação como recurso de persuasão em textos publicitários Data da Defesa: Banca Examinadora Profa. Dra. Lucilene dos Santos Gonzales Avaliação: _______________________ Assinatura: _____________________ Prof. Dr. Avaliação: _______________________ Assinatura: _____________________ Prof. Dr. Avaliação: _______________________ Assinatura: _____________________ A Deus, que me ajudou durante a caminhada e ao Juarez, companheiro amado que sempre acreditou que eu poderia alcançar meus objetivos. AGRADECIMENTOS Programa Bolsa Mestrado, que ampara-se no Decreto Nº 48.298, de 3 de dezembro de 2003 e na Resolução SE 131, de 4-12-2003 e Resolução SE 105, de 1-12-2004 pelo amparo financeiro a esta pesquisa. Maria Júlia de Araújo Simões (Supervisora de Ensino e membro da Comissão do......

Words: 34908 - Pages: 140

Free Essay

O Paz

... la alegría o el entusiasmo que nos causa a exaltar nuestra condición de mexicanos: "¡Viva México, hijos de la chingada!" Esta frase es un grito de batalla de verdad, cargado de electricidad peculiar, es un reto y una afirmación, un disparo contra un enemigo imaginario, y una explosión en el aire. Una vez más, con una cierta fatalidad patética y plástica, se nos presenta con la imagen de un cohete que sube hacia el cielo, estalla en una lluvia de chispas y luego cae en la oscuridad. O con la imagen de ese aullido que termina todas nuestras canciones y posee la misma resonancia ambigua: una alegría furiosa, una afirmación destructiva desgarrando el pecho y el consumo en sí. Cuando gritamos este grito en el quince de septiembre, el aniversario de nuestra independencia, nos afirmamos en la frente, contra ya pesar de los "otros". ¿Quiénes son los "otros"? Ellos son los hijos de la chingada: los extranjeros, malos mexicanos, nuestros enemigos, nuestros rivales. En cualquier caso, los "otros", es decir, todos aquellos que no son como nosotros. Y esos "otros" no están definidos, salvo que los hijos de una madre tan vago e indeterminado como ellos mismos.  ¿Quién es la Chingada.? Por encima de todo, ella es la Madre. No es una Madre de carne y la sangre, sino una figura mítica. La Chingada es una de las representaciones mexicanas de la maternidad, como la Llorona o la "sufrida madre mexicana" 1 se celebra el día diez de mayo. La Chingada es la madre que ha sufrido - o......

Words: 3671 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

I/O Psychology Paper

...century various companies in the United States and internationally have used Industrial Organizational Psychology (I/O) in the workplace. For example, AT&T use extrinsic rewards programs to motivate their sales representative to increase sell volumes at each mobility center. Kaiser Permanente also has extrinsic rewards if the departments in the faculties have a high score in customer service they receive an expenses paid vacation to an exotic island in the Bahamas or Caribbean. In this paper the author will identify the evolution of Industrial/Organizational psychology, the difference of Industrial/Organizational psychology and other disciples of psychology, the use of Industrial/Organizational psychology in companies, and the role of Industrial/Organizational psychology in research and statistics. The evolution of Industrial/Organizational Psychology According to Spector (2008), the evolution of I/O psychology begins in the twentieth century, which started in the late 1800s. The two psychologists responsible for I/O psychology is Hugo Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott both of these men were both professors and scientist and the two men began applying psychology theories to organizations. Franks Winslow Taylor an engineer was a major influence in I/O field he studied how to motivate employees to get productivity in the workplace. The theory “Scientific......

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

I/O Psychology

...Industrial/Organizational psychology (I/O) psychology is a branch of psychology of which places focus upon workplace behaviors, ways upon which an employer can retrain happy employees, motivated employees and increase employee productivity. A more accurate definition would include that I/O psychology applies to time proven methods that organizations place value and have true concerns upon the work place environment, dealing with anyone who has ever been employed, held a held a job for a significant period of time, or career (Spector, 2008). Describe the Evolution of the Field of I/O Psychology According to McMillan, Stevens, and Kelloway (2009), “Almost every account of the development of Industrial/ Organizational (I/O) psychology in the United States emphasizes the formative influence of the military and military requirements particularly during the World Wars it is cited as the catalyst that brought I/O psychology out of the closet of academia.” (pg. 283) The history of I/O psychology has two individuals credited with the start of the field, Hugo Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott. Both Munsterberg and Scott were experimental psychologist, and university professors whom became involved with the application of psychology to problems within organizations (Spector, 2008). By Spector’s account I/O psychology is a twentieth century invention that has been in existence almost for the birth of psychology (Spector, 2008). The first text book of I/O psychology was completed in......

Words: 783 - Pages: 4