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Psy 410 Week 3 Abnormal Psychology

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By lalabella2
Words 1036
Pages 5
Eating, Substance Abuse, Sex, and Personality Disorders
Psychology 410
07/21/2012
Professor Christa Banton
University of Phoenix

Disorders There exist various types of psychological disorders that impact the lives of individuals in society; these entail substance abuse and eating disorders. Individuals might undergo with gender and sexual disorders along with impulse control and personality disorders: the disorder sees the person become isolated and hold back from members of society. The realm of psychology has established these disorders and engendered treatments. Eating disorders entail a substantive trouble with food. A number of individuals dangerously overdo it with food whereas others decline to eat. The disorder instigates a fracas in the individual’s eating patterns and may perturb the individual’s usual life routine. Eating disorders are highly complex and in spite of scientific research to comprehend them, the behavioral, biological, and social foundations of these illnesses stay unknown (2009). The disorders implicated are Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia, and Obesity. The subject with anorexia nervosa declines to eat, having a blurred view of their bodies, believing they are fat. Bulimia is a multifaceted disorder that entails the individual consuming large amounts of food and then regurgitating the contents of their stomach. The subjected plagued by the disorder dreads gaining weight and will undergo extreme measures to lose weight. Obesity is the reverse of anorexia and bulimia: the subject overdoes food intake in an emotional rejoinder to a given issue. These disorders are highly troublesome and can engender severe mental and physical concomitants. Eating disorders are complex and regardless of scientific research to comprehend them, the behavioral, biological and social bases of these afflictions remain indefinite (2009). The most crucial factors appear to stem from societal pressures, along with traits in personality. Behavior might result depending on genetic or biological factors along the lines of hormones and chemical imbalances in the brain.
A substance abuse disorder transpires when a person overuses a substance that sees them become inebriated. The consistent use of drugs or alcohol instigates psychological alterations in the substance abuser. The behavior and bodily utilities of the individual change and the central nervous system worsen. It is a mental health disorder that has stemmed from prolonged substance abuse. Substance abuse points to addiction in individuals that are biologically prone to excessive usage. Addiction might be genetic and social, and some individuals may drink or take drugs without becoming addicted whereas others go on to be easily addicted. Substance dependence is physiological as well as genetic (2010). Sexual disorders cover a wide spectrum of disarrays. They consist of troubles with sexual identity, performance, and aim. The three pertinent categories of sexual disorders are sexual dysfunction, gender identity disorder and paraphilia. Sexual dysfunctions halt or lessen an individual's gratification of regular sex and avert or diminish the usual physiological changes taken on normally by sexual arousal (1999). The issues are reported to occur throughout the desire stage. The arousal stage comprises erectile dysfunction or, in females, the inability to become aroused. Subjects undergo a disinterest in sex known as hypoactive desire or take on an aversion to sex. A person that has continuous troubles with sexual dysfunction is branded with a sexual dysfunction disorder. Paraphilia is the requirement for particular, non human objects or stimuli that is essential to arouse the person. Gender identity disorder transpires when an individual has an interior conflict relating to sexual gender. The individual undergoes feelings of being in the wrong body. The sexual disorder takes place through past issues or biological factors. Sexual aversion disorder happens when an individual takes on an aversion to sex. The thought of sex makes them uneasy. They will abstain from sexual contact and take on an aversion for sexual body parts. Impulse control disorder denotes reckless and uncontrollable behavior. The individual is impulsive and reacts in an unrestrained manner. The behavior is uncommon in society and goes on to self destructive results. The five major categories noted in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Dombeck, 1995) are Kleptomania, Pathological gambling, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Trichotillomania, and Pyromania. Intermittent explosive disorder has the trait of unrestrained outbreaks of violence or anger. Kleptomania is the impulsive urge to thieve. Pathological gambling is an ungovernable urge to gamble, and trichotillmania is an individual’s feeling an irrepressible need to remove body hairs. Both biological and social factors are noted causes for this kind of disorder. Defects have been discovered in the way the brain takes in chemicals known as neurotransmitters and the means in which they impact those with intermittent explosive disorder. The attributes of the impulse govern disorder that pertains to addiction can be genetic, not unlike substance abuse disorder. Personality disorders result from problems with self identity, interpersonal relationships, inappropriate gamut of emotions, process of perceiving social order, and impulse control issues. These disturbances join to commence a pervasive pattern of behavior and inner experience that is substantially different from the customs of the individual's culture (Dombeck, 2001). These disturbances are displayed in behaviors that are not thought normal. The symptoms of personality disorders clash with the proper series of individual life. They can commence personal and social problems and become disadvantageous to the individual’s professional life. Personality disorders are not ailments in a straight sense as they do not disorder intellectual, emotional, or perceptual functioning (Dombeck, 2001). There are ten groups of personality disorders: borderline, schizoid, narcissism, avoidant, obsessive, dependent, histrionic compulsive, paranoid, antisocial, and schizotypal personality disorders. These disorders impact the individual’s personality qualities and drive them to seek perfection, out of place displays of behavior, inadequacies and deficiency of self identity; these disorders can range from to mild to severe. Personality disorders engender from biological turbulence and social occurrences.

References
(1999). Sexual Dysfunction Disorders. Retrieved April 25, 2010 from http://www.purgatory.net/sexualdysfunctiondisorders (2009). Eating Disorders. Retrieved April 23, 2010 from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/healthpublications/eatingdisorders/completeindex.shtml (2010). Substance Abuse Disorders. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://www.treatmentforsubstanceabuse.org/substanceabuse.php Dombeck, M. (1995). Impulse Control Disorders. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://www.mentalhelp.net/poc/center/index.php?id=144 Dombeck, M. (2001). Introduction to Personality Disorders. Retrieved April 25, 2010 from
http://www.mentalhelp.net/poc/center/index.php?id=8…...

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