Free Essay

Psy 240 Final

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Reaper2rp
Words 1987
Pages 8
Schizophrenia is a disorder that causes a person to lose contact with reality. The person with the disorder displays signs of detachment from reality, hallucination, paranoia, and delusions. One of the more common ways to tell if a person has schizophrenia is if they have totally ruined any social relationship and hear voices that no one else can hear. A lot of schizophrenics believe the voices are government people talking to them or they are being talked to by aliens and that aliens are everywhere.
Schizophrenia is typically inherited through your genes. One of your parents or grandparents most likely had the disorder and passed it on to you. The disorder is usually triggered by some sort of stress and symptoms start to show. In the beginning you may see little signs like trouble sleeping or concentrating. You might see your irritable or have tense feelings. As life goes on you might develop problems thinking or with emotions and behaviors. These might include Isolation, Hallucinations as discussed before. Lack of emotion and problems paying attention are classic symptoms as well. Bizarre behaviors, delusions as mentioned previously and thoughts that don’t really associate with one another brought together in very loose association all can be seen in schizophrenic symptoms.
Of course symptoms depend on the type of schizophrenia present. For instance Disorganized schizophrenia symptoms may have showing little emotion, childlike behavior, and problems thinking and explaining ideas clearly. Paranoid schizophrenics may show anxiety, false beliefs of others trying to harm loved ones or yourself, or anger/arguing. Catatonic schizophrenia has signs like lack of activity, not much response to other people, weird facial expressions that are not called for, rigid muscles and or posture, and lack of activity. Of course undifferentiated schizophrenia might include symptoms from more than one type of schizophrenia.
Drug and alcohol problems are frequently involved around schizophrenics, relationships going bad, and suicide risk is higher. They also have a lot of disruption with daily activities. Antipsychotic medications can balance out the chemicals in the brain and get rid of some of the symptoms of schizophrenia making it easier to cope with, however there is no cure and relapse is very common. Clozapine and chlorpromazine are some of the drugs used to treat the symptoms. Only one percent of people get schizophrenia but ten percent of people have someone related to them who have the disorder.
Concordance in schizophrenia is higher in twins, forty five percent for identical twins and ten percent in fraternal. Because the concordance rates for schizophrenia are less than one hundred percent in twins it is suggested that experiences can trigger the disorder. Other triggers are things like birth complications, autoimmune reactions, traumatic injury, early infections, and stress.
Developmental disorders resulting in neuron forming wrong connections during fetal development can cause schizophrenia. The disorder may even lay dormant until puberty hits and changes happen in the brain. The forebrain, hindbrain, and limbic system are affected by the disorder. Or irregularities in any of these can cause the disorder. Excessive amounts of dopamine are a cause for the disorder. The antipsychotics help balance the dopamine levels.
Alcohol is involved in three percent of deaths in the United States. It is a depressant because it stops neural firing however in low doses it stimulates it. Genetics play a big role in alcoholism over 55 percent heredity and several genes have been linked to alcoholism. I would need to question Ron about his parents and grandparents. Most likely I would find out that someone else in his family is or was an alcoholic.
Death is known to come from consumption of alcohol if a person reaches unconsciousness from too much consumption and their blood levels reach point zero five percent fatality may occur. Alcohol starts off usually as a social drink that loosens people up and relaxes them for social interaction. Like anything it can be abused and people start to self-medicate with it if depressed or unhappy and often make things worse. Alcohol increases activity of urine in the kidneys and eventually causes the kidneys to become damaged.
Ron started drinking as a teenager most likely at parties and other social occasions and found that alcohol had the power to make things happen that normally would not happen if people were in their right state of mind. This party favor became a need for him eventually even when he got up in the morning. He soon felt more normal under the effects of alcohol then without them and needed a drink to perform the simplest of tasks. Alcohol then becomes more than just a habit it becomes a need to function and when that happens people tend to do anything to get more.
Ron noticed this need and tried to get help but you must be committed not only in the body but in the mind. The need is still there and you have to know how to master it. It might just be in Ron’s nature to drink if his family has a history of alcoholism but nurture definitely played a role in his alcohol abuse. Around peers for years who were doing the same thing he continued abusing alcohol as if it was the right thing to do. I suspect if he had different role models this might of changed.
The hard physical strain put on the body by quitting alcohol suggests that he would have learned by now not to do it anymore. After suffering hallucinations, delusions, convulsions, headaches, vomiting, and other things related to withdrawal syndrome which an alcoholic of his magnitude surely had. You would think that this suffering would leave a big enough memory to make sure he never touches alcohol again. This must mean his psychological attachment or biological attachment to alcohol outweighs the memory of pain.
There is no medical cure for alcoholism however it is treatable. It affects the brain in both short term and long term effects. Alcohol affects parts of the brain that controls cognitive abilities like the forebrain. It also can affect the hippocampus which is responsible for long term memories. Eighty percent of alcoholics have thiamine deficiencies which is important to the cerebellum because it controls respiration and heart rate. Alcohol can also block the ability for the brain to repair itself which can be a serious problem. The reason for this is alcohol inhibits nerve cell regeneration which is critical for repairs.
People typically check themselves into rehabilitation facilities where no alcohol or drug products are allowed. They go until they feel able to cope with the outside world. Inside they deal with the stressors involved with alcohol and learn how to say no to it when offered. I suspect that Ron learned all this as well but was never fully committed to quitting. You have to want to stop drinking to be able to. The chances of relapse are high if you go into a facility from social pressure or force. The chances are also high that an alcoholic who stops on their own will relapse at least once before going into long term sobriety. A habit alone is hard to break but a habit that controls your physical and mental parts of you seems almost unbreakable without setting up proper rules for yourself.
I would suggest that Ron set up rules as well such as having no alcohol in the house. Never go near alcohol or even in a place that has it unless some sort of supervision is around. You need an excellent support system and belief in yourself in order to break such a habit. I should know I enjoyed drinking, smoking, and doing drugs and conquered all three.
Mary has difficulty sleeping and the doctor will not get her involved with sleeping pills due to the fact that they might get her dependent on them. However is that not the case with lots of medications in the world today, I suspect it is. Doctors sometimes are overly concerned I believe and spend too much of our time and money trying to be our parents and not our doctors. Lack of action and continuous sleep problems can cause increased risk of automobile accidents, irritability, memory problems, and increased risk for heart disease, depression and functional impairment.
There is short term insomnia which is up to three weeks and long term which is above three to four weeks. There are three types of insomnia transient, acute and chronic. Transient lasts less than a week, acute lasts less than a month and chronic lasts longer than a month. All three can be symptoms of other disorders or a primary disorder themselves. They can be related to stress, anxiety, fear medical problems or treatments such as psychoactive drugs, or drugs for depression, Alcohol or things like restless leg syndrome can also cause insomnia.
When we sleep the brain replenishes things and fixes neurons that get damaged during the day or diminished. Since this rejuvenation process cannot be fully done by the lack of sleep brought on by insomnia the symptoms of insomnia are born. Mary has no medical problems relating to insomnia which suggests her problems are in her mind. She cannot sleep due to worry, or stress. I would recommend her sitting down with a psychiatrist so she can discuss all her problems. From there she will feel like some of that worry or stress was taken away by being able to rationally talk about it.
Studies show that both medical and non-medical treatments work best together and are more successful together than apart. Mary needs to find the source of her insomnia and work both with a psychiatrist and physician to solve the problem. Most likely in the beginning taking a couple ambien or trazadone to eliminate the symptoms temporarily would help and then starting an exercise routine to coincide with therapy would help eliminate the stress involved with insomnia.
I find that all three things alcohol, schizophrenia, and insomnia all share symptoms of each other and play a role in each other’s problems. After all schizophrenia has a strong relation to both insomnia and alcohol. Insomniacs who don’t sleep can have hallucinations common in schizophrenia and resort to abusing alcohol. Finally alcohol can definitely give people delusions seen in schizophrenia, and keep a person awake. For these reasons I chose to write about all three. They all follow each other in a perfect cycle and it is important to keep that knowledge in mind when faced with dealing with anyone who has any of these conditions.
Resources:
http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/neuro/neuro01/web1/Fisher.html http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001925/ http://insomnia.ygoy.com/2010/10/05/how-insomnia-affects-the-brain/ http://alcoholism.about.com/od/about/a/treatment.htm http://www.helpguide.org/mental/schizophrenia_symptom.htm http://alcoholism.about.com/cs/alerts/l/blnaa18.htm http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/guide/insomnia-symptoms-and-causes

CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY
I certify that the attached paper is my original work. I am familiar with, and acknowledge my responsibilities which are part of, the University of Phoenix Student Code of Academic Integrity. I affirm that any section of the paper which has been submitted previously is attributed and cited as such, and that this paper has not been submitted by anyone else. I have identified the sources of all information whether quoted verbatim or paraphrased, all images, and all quotations with citations and reference listings. Along with citations and reference listings, I have used quotation marks to identify quotations of fewer than 40 words and have used block indentation for quotations of 40 or more words. Nothing in this assignment violates copyright, trademark, or other intellectual property laws. I further agree that my name typed on the line below is intended to have, and shall have, the same validity as my handwritten signature. Student's signature (Justin Caines):
Justin Caines…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Psy/240 Week Three Checkpoint

...Week Three Checkpoint: Interactionism Rebecca J. Castle PSY/ 230 10/14/2011 Julie Ball, MS Ed Week Three Checkpoint: Interactionism A person’s culture is going to have a lot to do with how their personality is shaped. Someone that has grown up in a home with constant fighting and hostility is going to have a guarded personality and may be either hostile or very anxious. On the other hand, someone that has been raised in a home of cooperation and love will have a higher chance of being and extroverted person and more easy going. Growing and observing another’s behaviors has a huge impact on how our personality will turn out. We learn by not only trial and error but also by observing others, which will carry over into how we do and handle things. Personalities begin to develop at a young age and then carry into adulthood. Once someone is labeled with a specific personality trait, it is hard to lose that label. How that label affects their lives depends on the type of label. For instance, a young man that has been labeled as being disagreeable may find it hard to make friends because they have already decided that he will be hard to get along with. On the other end of the spectrum, a young man labeled as conscientious and agreeable may acquire many friendships as well as better opportunities. Labels can be both helpful and harmful. A person is not born knowing how to handle a social experience; therefore I feel that social experiences are what shape a......

Words: 533 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Week 8 Psy 240

...oxidase inhibitors is the first, a drug named Iproniazide was actually created for tuberculosis, but all it did was leave patients with less worries; side effects with iproniazide is an increase in blood pressure and the risk of stroke. The second classification is known as Tricyclic Antidepressants, the first to be introduced is named Imipramine. This antidepressant reabsorbs the serotonin and norepinephrine which increases levels in the brain. Selective Monoamine-Reuptake Inhibitors is the third classification that came about in the 1980’s SSRIs, meaning selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (Pinel, 2011) SSRIs are substances that act as serotonin to stimulate the reuptake of serotonin from synapses. Mood Stabilizers is the fourth and final classification for antidepressant drugs. Mood stabilizers were developed to act against depression without increasing mania, and/or to act against mania without increasing depression according to (Pinel, 2011). A theory that is based on the four classifications of antidepressant drugs is that they are all “agonists” of serotonin, norepinephrine, or both. Agonists meaning a substance that acts as another substance to stimulate an activity. Anxiety Disorder has many sub-categories, but it can ultimately be defined as “any disorder in which anxiety is the central feature or in which anxiety appears when the individual tries to resist a phobia.” (Technology, 1996) Anxiety can be directly related to stress, but becomes classified as a......

Words: 1061 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Psy 240 Analyzing Psychological Disorders

...Analyzing Psychological Disorders Rebecca Howard PSY 240 December 23, 2012 Rebecca Gazda Analyzing Psychological Disorders Psychological disorders are always being researched and new treatments are being developed. Biopsychology is an important field because understanding the processes that occur in the body can lead to more effective drugs and relief for many people suffering from psychological disorders. Schizophrenia, anorexia nervosa, and anxiety are all psychological disorders that psychologists must deal with on a regular basis. Understanding these disorders is important for the health and well-being of patients. Part A: Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder that has many complex symptoms, most of which can also be associated with other disorders (Pinel, 2011). Schizophrenia affects many parts of the brain, including the forebrain and hindbrain. The cingulated gyrus, amygdale, and hippocampus are also affected. These areas are all part of the limbic system. It is believed that schizophrenia occurs when functional circuits of the brain are disturbed, which affects the frontal lobe, temporal lobe, and thalamus (Lundbeck Institute, 2011). With such a large area of the brain being affected by this psychiatric disorder, it brings a host of symptoms. These symptoms are divided into two different groups, positive and negative symptoms. Positive symptoms are ones that cause an excess of normal function, and negative symptoms cause a decrease of normal function.......

Words: 2126 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Ell 240 Final

...field. PART 2: Action Plan Discuss next steps the teacher should take to best facilitate effective language development for the ELLs in his classroom. Be sure to properly cite sources of information that support your suggestions. Your action plan must include the following components: •Identify and describe at least one, but no more than two, standards. You may either use Common Core Standards or state ELD standards. •Describe three to four standards-based interventions/activities based on student data as described in the scenario. Explain why you’re suggesting the intervention/activity. •For each intervention/activity, explain how you used fundamental theories of ELL instruction to inform your thinking. Writing the Final Paper The Final Paper: 1.Must be five to eight double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. 2.Must include a title page with the following: a.Title of paper b.Student’s name c.Course name and number d.Instructor’s name e.Date submitted 3.Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement. 4.Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought. 5.Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis. 6.Must use at least two scholarly sources in addition to the text and required Curtin article. 7.Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. 8.Must include a separate reference page,......

Words: 481 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Brain Week 2 Psy 240

...The Brain Week 2 Psy 240 Biopsychology The human brain is ultimately responsible for all thought and movement that the body produces and is one of the largest and most complex organs in the human body composed of trillions of connections that work together called synapses. The brain weighs approximately three pounds and is made up of nerve cells which interact with the rest of the body through the spinal cord and nervous system. It contains about 75 percent water along with 100 billion neurons. Neuroscientists estimate that there are 100 trillion connections among the neurons, and nearly an infinite number of paths that neural signals can travel through parts of the brain called the morass. These nerve cells transfer information back to the center of the brain where information is processed, generated and appropriately reacted upon. The human brain gives us the ability to move, generate information, to speak and understand language, to interact with the environment, to interact with inanimate objects and to communicate with others. The brain can be divided into three basic units: the forebrain, the midbrain and the hindbrain. However, there are also five major structures of the brain. The Myelencephalon, Metencephalon, Mesencephalon, Deincephalon and Telencephalon. These five major structures of the brain shed some light on the complexity of how it is structured and how the human brain works. The Myelencephalon, also called medulla, is the division of the......

Words: 874 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Psy 240 Brain

...Cerebral Lateralization and Functionality Jennifer Long PSY/240 September 21, 2014 Sharemah Payne There are four ways to test for cerebral lateralization. These include sodium amytal test, the dichotic listening test, functional brain imaging, and the effects of unilateral left- and right-hemisphere brain lesions. The sodium amytal test is a test that is given prior to patients who are undergoing neurosurgery for language lateralization. A surgeon uses the test results to plan the surgery. The test involves an injection of sodium amytal in the carotid artery which anesthetizes the hemisphere on the side injected. Once injected the patient is then asked to recite a series of known letters, days of the week and to name objects in a picture. Then the test is repeated on the other side. When the side left side is anesthetized the patient is completely mute for a minute or two, the ability to talk returns but there are errors of serial order and naming. When the right side was anesthetized mutism does not occur at all, and few errors where done. The dichotic listening test is noninvasive in which the patient is given three pairs of spoken digits through earphones. The digits are given simultaneously, one to each ear, and then asked to repeat all of the numbers, six total. Most people report more numbers from the right ear than the left ear. The functional brain imaging involves the subject doing some activity, such as reading the brain is then monitored by positron......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Psy 240 Genes and Addiction Assignment

...PSY 240 Genes and Addiction Assignment In the study ‘Associations and Interactions between SNPs in the Alcohol Metabolizing Genes and Alcoholism Phenotypes in European Americans’, Sherva, Rice, Neuman, Rochberg, Saccone, and Bierut search for a correlation (a statistical measurement of the relationship between two or more variables) between two alcohol-related phenotypes and SNPs (single-nucleotide polymorphism) in 17 genes involved with alcohol metabolism. Alcohol metabolism is a process through oxidation where alcohol is detoxified and removed from the blood, preventing the alcohol from accumulating and destroying cells and organs. A minute amount of alcohol escapes metabolism and is excreted unchanged in the breath and in urine. Until all the alcohol consumed has been metabolized, it is distributed throughout the body, affecting the brain and other tissues (Byrne, 2014). The two alcohol-related phenotypes were compared to SNPs, or single-nucleotide polymorphisms, where a nucleotide is different from the rest of the chromosome (Byrne, 2014). There have been several studies done previously showcasing chromosomal regions and genes that affect alcohol dependence (alcoholism), most of which play a role in the metabolism of alcohol. Alcoholism is a chronic and often progressive disease that includes problems controlling your drinking, being preoccupied with alcohol, continuing to use alcohol even when it causes problems, having to drink more to get the same effect (physical......

Words: 788 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Psy 240

...Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases, and Drugs PSY/240 10/01/2011 Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases, and Drugs There are many different types of psychological disorders, many of them have treatments or can be lessened with medications. Psychological disorders are also commonly called mental disorders, this is when an individual’s behavior can impact their life and can cause distress for the individual that is experiencing problems. Schizophrenia is when an individual would most likely experience what is called insanity. Schizophrenia can impair an individual’s thoughts, speech, emotional, perception, and motor activities, and can often times lead an individual to not know what is reality and non-reality. Dopamine is the theory with schizophrenia, “schizophrenia is caused by too much dopamine and, conversely, that ant schizophrenic drugs exert their effects by decreasing dopamine levels.” (Pearson Education, Inc, 2009) When the body doesn’t make enough or makes too much of a certain chemical this can often times lead to an illness or disease that needs to be treated by a doctor. Treatments that are given to individuals with schizophrenia can be given medications: (Mayo Foundation, 1998-2011) * Aripiprazole (Abilify) * Clozapine (Clozaril) * Olanzapine (Zyprexa) * Paliperidone (Invega) * Quetiapine (Seroquel) * Risperidone (Risperdal) * Ziprasidone (Geodon) These drugs can help an individual be calm and not get agitated, the medication can......

Words: 1015 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Final Project Hrm/240

...Final Project HRM/240 Final Project Executive Summary What follows is the plan for the General Manager position at our company’s pizza restaurant. The goal of our company is to hire the best person possible for the daily operations of our restaurant. In all size companies, it is the goal to make sure the company obtains the best recruits it can obtain. The following packet is directed at giving each General Manager the correct analysis of the job, so that he/she understands what they are responsible for. It also describes the selection process, how to hire and train new employees, and the benefits for employees. Introduction The job market is very competitive and more companies find it important to get the best employees it can. All processes for hiring new employees must be the best they can be and fit the company’s needs. This will help with the success of the company as well as well as the employee. The complication that occurs is matching the right employee with the right job. Having the right tools will help with selection, recruitment, and make sure that only the best applicants are paid the most attention. This helps the company hire the most qualified employee for each job (Bohlander & Snell, S. A., 2007). Job Analysis The job of General Manager is to run the restaurant according to company policy. Of all the members of the management team, the General Manager is responsible for the daily running of the restaurant. They are responsible for......

Words: 1552 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Psy 240 Week 9 Final Project Analyzing Psychological Disorders

...PSY 240 Week 9 Final Project Analyzing Psychological Disorders To Buy This material Click below link http://www.uoptutors.com/PSY-240/PSY-240-Week-9-Final-Project-Analyzing-Psychological-Disorders You are interviewing for a psychologist position with a top company. After your face-to-face interview with the team, they have provided you with two additional assignments—Part A and Part B below, which will complete the interview process: •    Part A: A psychologist understands how biology can affect psychological activities and disorders. In your interview, you are asked about your understanding of the causes and treatment(s) of schizophrenia. In your reply, discuss the following: o    Areas of the brain affected o    Causal factors o    Associated symptoms o    The neural basis o    Appropriate drug therapies •    Part B: Part B of the interview consists of interpreting some case studies from a biopsychologist’s perspective. You are given four different case studies of disorders and have the option of choosing two out of the four case studies to analyze. •    Write a 1,750- to 2,100-word paper in APA format containing the following: o    Introduction o    Part A of the interview process. o    Part B of the interview process: •    Choose two of the four case studies presented in Appendix A. •    Discuss your understanding of the problem presented in each of the two case studies from the perspective of a biopsychologist. •    Include each problem’s relation to the...

Words: 292 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Psy 240 Sleep Deprivation, Disorders and Drugs

...Sleeping and Dreaming CheckPoint PSY 240 The Brain, The Body, and The Mind January 18, 2012 Windy Baker Kuntz There are two main types of sleep; first you have Non-Rapid Eye Movement Sleep or NREM (also known as quiet sleep and Rapid Eye Movement Sleep or REM (also known as active sleep or paradoxical sleep. This is broken down into five stages. The first stage is the beginning of the sleep cycle. It is considered to be a light stage of sleep. It is a transition period between wakefulness and sleep. Stage one lasts only a brief time (around 5-10 minutes). The second stage is when the brain begins to produce bursts of rapid, rhythmic brain wave activity known as sleep spindles. This only lasts for about 20 minutes and your body tempiture begins to decrease and the heart rate begins to slow down. The third stage is a transition between light and deep sleep. Your brain develops slow deep brain waves known as delta waves. The fourth stage is a very deep sleep that lasts for about 30 minutes, this is where delta sleep occurs and bed wetting as well as sleep walking is most likely to occur. Stage five is where most of our dreaming occurs. This is where we have our REM sleep. Respiration increases and so does brain activity. REM sleep is also referred to as paradoxical sleep because while the brain and other body systems become more active, muscles become more relaxed. Dreaming occurs due because of increased brain activity, but voluntary muscles become paralyzed. Our......

Words: 469 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hca 240 Final

...HCA 240 May 7, 2011 Public Awareness and Human Diseases Introduction Obesity is an issue that is growing rapidly every day. According to WebMD (2010), “Obesity is an excess proportion of total body fat. A person is considered obese when his or her weight is 20% or more above normal weight.” More and more adults are overweight, but what is worse is that there are more and more children who are obese, or are on the fast track to becoming obese. Families are more inclined to eat out because of its convenience and often do not realize the consequences. Television and video games have replace outside activities such as riding a bike and playing sports. There are many different factors that cause obesity. If one has improper eating habits such as eating fast food often, eating larger portions than what is recommended, or eating to relieve stress or boredom then they are more likely to be obese, or become obese, than someone who eats a healthier diet. “While most overweight people have no more psychological disturbances than people at their normal weight, about 30% of people who seek treatment for serious weight problems have difficulties with binge eating.” (WebMD, 2010) Obesity can also be genetic. If one has a family history of obesity, then their chances of becoming obese are greater than someone who does not have a family history of obesity. According to WebMD (2010), “If your biological mother is heavy as an adult, there is approximately a 75% chance that you will be......

Words: 2102 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Psy 240 Week 6

...Week Six Sleeping and Dreaming PSY/240 Sleeping and Dreaming Sleep is considered a natural state in which there is reduced consciousness, reduced sensory activity, and inactivity of all muscles. Sleep is needed for the body to recharge, grow, and is essential for health and well-being. There are three standard psychophysiological measures of sleep and they define the stages of sleep. They are the electroencephalogram (EEG), the electrooculogram (EOG), and the neck electromyogram (EMG). There are four different stages of EEG sleep. Stage 1 EEG is a low-voltage, high-frequency signal slower than being awake. When going from stage to stage the EEG voltage increases and the EEG frequency decreases. Once a person goes from stage 1 to stage 4, the cycles of sleep go back and forth throughout the stages while a person is sleeping. Each cycle is about 90 minutes long. REM sleep is associated with stage 1 EEG while NREM sleep is a combination of all other stages. Stages 3 and 4 are considered slow-wave sleep or SWS due to the delta waves. During REM sleep people have rapid eye movements. Dreaming occurs during the REM stage of sleep. Some people believe that external stimuli can affect their dreams. Some people believe dreams are quick and only last a few minutes, while research suggests they last as long as the person is dreaming. Some people say they do not have any dreams, but more than likely they just do not remember their dreams. Penile......

Words: 416 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Psy/240 Syllabus

...|[pic] |Course Syllabus | | |College of Social Sciences | | |PSY/240 Version 6 | | |The Brain, the Body, and the Mind | Copyright © 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Course Description This course provides an introduction to the investigation of physiological and neurological basis for human behavior. The student will be able to study and discuss various influences on personality development, such as pre-natal maternal behavior; gender; nature versus nurture; brain development; genetic composition; sensory motor interactions; learning disabilities; drug impacts; and neurological diseases. Facilitator Information                                                                                                       Susan Forde svforde@email.phoenix.edu (University of Phoenix) susan.forde@gmail.com (Personal) 646-734-8229 (Central) Facilitator Availability I am available from Sun-Thursday 4pm-8pm (Arizon Time-MST).On Saturdays, I tend not to be......

Words: 784 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Psy 240 Appendix C

...CHARACTER EVALUATION STRANGE CASE OF DR. JEKYLL and MR. HYDE (Robert Lewis Stevenson, 1886) BERTHA THOMAS PSY/230 FEBRUARY 12, 2012 PURVI PATEL CHARACTER EVALUATION: STRANGE CASE OF DR. JEKYLL and MR. HYDE, (Robert Lewis Stevenson, (1886)) “I learned to recognize the thorough and primitive duality of man . . . if I could rightly be said to be either, it was only because I was radically both” (Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Robert Lewis Stevenson (1886). Dr. Jekyll’s self-description of his personality, toward the beginning of his impending and irrevocable metamorphosis, fit comfortably into the category of what is known as psychoticism. Hans Eysenck (1952) proposed that a susceptibility to psychosis represented an important dimension of Personality and might, in fact, be present, in mild form, in the general population. Consequently, Dr. Jekyll seems to be the subject of this mental disorder, coupled with scientific product. Although it is safe to say that most of us would score somewhere at the low or high end of the Big Five characteristic traits, there is usually a plateau upon which we can be scored. Contrarily, Dr. Jekyll fluctuated between these two extremes, enjoying each in its totality, until the pressure of the duality became too much to bear. I believe the concept of humanity’s sense of good and evil (our duality) can be represented by the low and high ends of the Big Five characteristic traits that dwell......

Words: 1077 - Pages: 5