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Varicose Veins
Varicose veins is one of the vein diseases. With this condition, the varicose veins are usually dilated, thickened, elongated and twisted blood vessels that stop controlling blood flow as they normally would. Sometimes these varicose veins can appear like small spider veins and like thread. Sometimes in other cases they can also appear like large grape-like clusters under the skin.
Varicose Veins Symptoms: Some symptoms of Varicose veins are aching pain, the legs get tired easily, you feel some heaviness in the leg, swelling in the legs, in severe cases you will notice darkening of the skin, there is also numbness in the legs and some itching or irritated rash on the legs.
Some Risk Factors
More often, these varicose veins will occur in women more than in men. Most times in women, varicose veins are common during pregnancy (especially in the first trimester), during the last 14 days of the menstrual cycle and also sometimes they are common in people with jobs where they have to stand for a long time.
Treatment
There are several procedures of treating varicose veins whether used along or in combination. These procedures include:
- Sclerotherapy, this is a procedure where the doctor injects a solution in the veins causing the veins to close and then blood is redirected through to healthier veins. This is the most common known treatment option although multiple treatments may be required. This procedure is normally used or useful at least for to treat small and medium sized varicose veins.

- Microsclerotherapy, though similar to sclerotherapy, this procedure different solutions and injection techniques are used and this one is more effective in treating spider veins.

- Laser surgery, in this procedure, the spider vein are destroyed by the heat from a laser beam without harming the skin. For varicose veins though, this is usually less effective and also has many side effects such as bruising, blistering and discoloration.

- Surgical vein stripping, in this procedure the varicose veins are removed through small incisions at the groin, knee and ankle. This procedure is normally used to treat larger varicose veins.

- Endovenous thermal ablation, in this procedure a thin tube (catheter) is inserted into the vein. The surgeon then applies heat through the tube causing the vein to collapse. The blood is then forced through the nearby health veins due to the scar resulting. Larger varicose veins are also treated by this procedure.

- Coil embolization, this is a procedure in which the catheter is placed first into a large vein right into the leg or calf; after that a small coils is then inserted into the catheter and later guided into the vein after which alcohol is injected. The alcohol in this case acts as an irritant to the vein lining causing it to close and scar. The blood then is rerouted to nearby health veins. In this procedure local anesthesia is required.

Complications of Varicose Veins

If not treated, varicose veins can either enlarge and get worse resulting in the systems becoming more severe and cause more health problems resulting into severe venous insufficiency, severe pooling of blood in the veins slowing the return of blood to the heart. This complication can lead to deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Another problem that can occur is sores or skin ulcers, and ongoing irritation as well as swelling and painful rashes on the legs.…...

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