Premium Essay

Project Approach

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Melosapink
Words 1238
Pages 5
The project approach
Katz, Lilian G. Scholastic Early Childhood Today12.6 (Mar 1998): 43-44.
Turn on hit highlighting for speaking browsers by selecting the Enter button
Abstract (summary)
TranslateAbstract
Engaging children in active investigations of topics that have personal meaning for them can enhance a curriculum and a child's desire to learn. Projects are ways to help children answer their own questions and learn more about the world.
Full Text * TranslateFull text *
Headnote
Enhance your curriculum by engaging children in active investigations of topics that have personal meaning for them. Projects are ways to help children answer their own questions and learn more about the world.
A PROJECT IS an in-depth investigation of a topic worth learning more about. The study is undertaken by a small group of children within a class, by a whole class, or occasionally by an individual child. The key feature of a project is that it is a research effort focused on finding answers to questions about a topic posed by children, the teacher, or both. Rather than simply seeking right answers, the goal of a project is to learn more about a topic.
The Place of Project Work The project approach should be seen as complementary to the more informal parts of the early childhood curriculum. Project work is not a separate subject; it provides contexts for applying specific skills learned in other parts of the curriculum. Nor is project work an "add on" to the basics; it is integral to all the other work included in the curriculum.
Project work encourages children to take initiative, assume responsibility, make decisions and choices, and pursue their own interests.
Themes, Units, and Projects
Both themes and units have an important place in the early childhood curriculum. However, they are not substitutes for projects, in which children ask questions that guide…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Project Approach

...PROJECT APPROACH This section describes the nature of solution that can be established through the project and/or the scheme of conveying that solution. This approach identifies the setting, solution and commitment to which the project will be delivered. The content of project approach are Measured Options also known as (Options Considered), chosen options, Objectives and Practically HRIS is a system used by human resources departments to track employees and information about them. A HRIS is often a database system or a series of inter-related databases. Toolwire’s proud to inform you that our software application will combines many human resources functions, incorporating benefits administration, payroll, recruiting and training, and performance analysis and review into one package. Any organization that needs to keep track of a larger number of employees than they can handle with paper records or spreadsheets may be in need of a human resource information system software application. I typically say that companies with greater than fifty active employees, probably needs to at least start looking into what is available within the HR software market. HRIS software has pricing structures that can solve more complex or short statement that you may have can. Author: TEAM B Owner: TOOLWIRE Client: RIORDAN MANUFACTIRUNG'S Document Number: 001002003 Project name RIORDAN MANUFACTIRUNG'S HRIS UPGRADE Draft/ Final Release Date: 11-10-2011 Document History ...

Words: 1087 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Leadership Approach

...Leadership Approach Happiness R. Brown University of Phoenix LDR/531 Organizational Leadership Brenda Talsma October 22, 2012 An important aspect to any organization or team is leadership and the impact it can have on the success and completion of projects, goals and objectives. Leaders have many different styles in their approach of the leadership role. Some qualities needed to perform successful leadership roles include: respect, confidence, loyalty and obedience. The writer will provide an over-view and some insight of the approach of power-influence leadership. “Power-influence research examining influence processes between leaders and other people” (Yukl, 2010, p.14). Power can be achieved through established relationships between leaders and followers. Individuals must be first willing to work together to achieve objectives and having influence to lead people will help in achieving that. Power is used not only in professional environments but in the personal lives of individuals as well. Power can be attained through ways that include: hard work, money, information, and intelligence. Power can be viewed as neutral and most often power is subject to one’s ethics and point of view. Many people who hold some form of power have been able to develop and retain relationships that have benefited them well in many areas. Politicians are able to develop and retain relationships with the people of their communities and then encourage those community......

Words: 720 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Lifecycle Project Management Approach

...Lifecycle Project Management Approach Successful projects and campaigns result from quality stakeholder engagement, research, insight, careful planning, implementation, and constant adjustments based on feedback. We approach all projects from a project lifecycle perspective, with most projects following a series of interdependent stages. Typically, these stages include understanding, planning, designing, implementing, and concluding. There is a time and place for each product and service. Within each stage, projects may require any combination of management, research, creativity, training, and technical services. When we approach each project, we assess which project lifecycle stages will be required, and then we combine the best combination of services, products, and people for that stage. Recognizing there are no “one size fits all” solutions, we tailor each project to suit our clients’ individual needs and unique operating environments. Since all our products and services are aligned with the lifecycle stages, we offer the right support, at the right time, focused on the right goals.   Project lifecycle stages 1. Understanding Solid projects and campaigns begin with quality research and insight. This can include audience, product, competitor, and stakeholder research. The insights gleaned at this stage are used for the strategic planning, design, and implementation stages. Moreover, any baseline data may be used for pre/post comparisons within the final evaluation. ...

Words: 878 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Project Management: a System Approach to Planning, Scheduling, and Controlling

...retained for other projects has been guaranteed. ODA的作用 The Olympic Delivery Authority’s (ODA) Learning Legacy website is packed with case studies and reports based around ten themes, promoting successes in areas including health and safety, sustainability, procurement, transport and project management. It comprises more than 300 papers put together by the ODA and its supply chain of companies from all over the UK, along with contributions from independent industry bodies and academics.  When launched late last year, it marked the first time that a construction project in the UK had sought to capture knowledge on this scale. So far the website has been used by almost 43,000 people – with 35 per cent of visits coming from overseas. 网站赞助 Now the website will continue under the auspices of the Major Projects Authority (MPA), a partnership of the Cabinet Office, HM Treasury and other Departments with the aim of improving the delivery success rate of significant projects across central Government. 网站搬家 The relocation of the Learning Legacy website to a new permanent home from November fulfils a recommendation made by ODA Chairman Sir John Armitt in his report on London 2012’s business benefits, published before the Games began. 网站目的-保留经验 ODA director of venues and infrastructure, Simon Wright, who has been with the organisation since 2006, said: “The Learning Legacy initiative was created to ensure the lessons of delivering one of Europe’s largest construction projects......

Words: 2183 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

The Integral Approach

...nteThe Integral Approach® Courtesy of The Integral Institute® "Integral" means "inclusive, balanced, comprehensive." The Integral approach may be contrasted to other methods—mythic, rational-scientific, pluralistic—which, as they themselves announce, exclude other approaches as being inferior. They are thus, by definition, partial and incomplete. These latter methods, although widely accepted and dominant in the world's cultures, tend to generate partial analysis and incomplete solutions to problems. As such, they appear less efficient, less effective, and less balanced than the Integral approach. Like any truly fundamental advance, the Integral approach initially seems complicated but eventually is understood to be quite simple and even straightforward. It's like using a word processor: at first it is hard to learn, but eventually it becomes incredibly simple to use. The easiest way to understand the Integral approach is to remember that it was created by a cross-cultural comparison of most of the known forms of human inquiry. The result was a type of comprehensive map of human capacities. After this map was created (by looking at all the available research and evidence), it was discovered that this integral map had five major aspects to it. By learning to use these five major aspects, any thinker can fairly easily adopt a more comprehensive, effective, and integrally informed approach to specific problems and their solutions—from psychology to ecology, from business to......

Words: 5222 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

How Would You Use the Systems Approach, and What Makes It so Critical to the Success of Project Management

...would you Use the Systems Approach, and what Makes it so Critical to the Success of Project Management [Name] System approach is a strategic management concept which views the structure of a company as that of an interconnected and purposive system consisting of various business sections. It is a key approach to effective organizational management and structuring that groups elements on the basis that they can successfully be linked up together to give room for better management. System approach can be used in project management to evaluate both external and internal elements which affect the success of a business. According to Banathy, system approach is multi-directional (1964). This is because it allows an interactive approach to project elements. This management approach defines a project’s goals, objectives and the set procedures that are followed in successfully completing it. System approach is important to the success of any viable project. By interconnecting several elements of a project, this system provides a simplified base for management that reduces complexity. It also helps promote specialization and efficient coordination between different project departments. This results in efficient and specialized handling of project’s tasks and procedures, all which are critical to the success of project management. Moreover, through system approach, management strategies can be analyzed and evaluated for improvement. Simulations of new project management models......

Words: 300 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

A Multi-Stakeholder Industrial Projects Selection: an Analytic Hierarchy Process and Zero-One-Goal Programming Approach

...A MULTI-STAKEHOLDER INDUSTRIAL PROJECTS SELECTION: AN ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS AND ZERO-ONE-GOAL PROGRAMMING APPROACH Salah R. Agha School of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic University-Gaza, Gaza Strip, Phone: 970-599-746-533, aghasr@yahoo.com ABSTRACT This study uses Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Zero-One Goal Programming(ZOGP) to select the most favorable industrial projects from the viewpoints of three stakeholders, namely, govern mental, consultants and academics. Therefore, it is the purpose of this paper to help reach a consensus among the stakeholders for selecting certain projects using weights obtained by AHP as inputs to (ZOGP) model. This is first done by identifying the projects from each individual stakeholder's viewpoint. Further, an aggregate model that simultaneously combines the viewpoints of the three stakeholders is built assuming that the three stakeholders have equal weights. Results show that the aggregate model does strike a balance not only among the conflicting criteria, but more importantly, it strikes a balance among the different stakeholders. Therefore, the aggregate model would make it easier for stakeholders to reach a consensus. Keywords: Multi Criteria Optimization; Project Prioritization; Integrated AHP-ZOGP; Multi-stakeholder. 1. Introduction Traditional methods used in project selection usually justify the projects using low level capital budgeting which works well for investments with......

Words: 3071 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

A Case Approach

...Gestalt Case approach to the Case of Althea Brandt Althea Brandt is a 15 year old African-American female who reportedly became involved with the Carroll County Department of Juvenile Justice subsequent to stealing money from a family member. She was referred for a psychological evaluation to determine her current level of intellectual and emotional functioning, as well as to assist with treatment and placement needs. The first step in this approach is to employ the phenomenological methodology to assist Althea in developing awareness, establish a dialogic relationship and create the avenue for healthy functioning. It is of primary importance that Althea be led into a positive self- acceptance, knowledge of her environment, take responsibility for her choices, and foster a dynamic system of interrelationship (develop ability to make contact with her field) Corey 2013. My responsibility as a Gestalt therapist is to focus on Althea’s emotion as a rout to both her cognitive and behavioral change. I will not dwell on the past reported events of her behavior as a matter of record; rather I will have to design experiments to have her act out the past behaviors in the here and now. The fact that Althea claims to hear voices and has reportedly engaged in constant conversations with herself, creates a relatively easy avenue to have her role play past events with self-talk, since this is her comfort zone. I would guide her in this self-talk by having her carry on a......

Words: 571 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Study Approach

...TITLE: Study Approach: PAMANTANSAN NG LUNSOD NG MAYNILA CS THIRD YEAR BIOLOGY STUDENTS A. Background of the Study BS Biology students have the burden of memorizing technical/scientific terms, different defining characteristics of representative species from different phyla, long and confusing life cycles of different organisms and such. Many have failed in recalling key details and important information during examinations and majority of that is because of the technicality of the information they need to digest. The change made by the new administration of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila regarding the grading system has motivated the students to study harder to acquire the maintaining grade or to get a higher one. This has driven students to create their own techniques regarding memorizing or understanding overwhelming information and data. In the case of the BS Biology students in PLM, they deal with scientific terminologies, numerous characteristics of different organisms and the like which are hard to put in mind. Different techniques are being used to make the students remember as many information as possible. To make the future students acquire needed values, viewpoints, strategies and forms of knowledge to live creatively in the world of future, new trends in educational area have been needed(Koutselini, 1997). For that reason, together with these new ideas and triggered by the changes in educational arena, various approaches, theories, and trends have......

Words: 886 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Approach to Convolutedness

...extremely important when considering what constitutes as good research methodologies. Content analysis is when researchers examine a class of social artifacts such as newspaper editorials and articles, but moreover, we find that it is the study of recorded human communications. Web pages, magazines, books, speeches, letters, and other forms of communication are all possible venues for content analysis, and these types of media have much further reaching effects than one might think. These data sources provide every day examples of the information that a researcher is looking for without being too obtrusive, which can skew data. Looking at the trends over an extended period of time is also a good way to get this kind of data with a statistical approach to not getting involved or getting in the way. Life histories have the central assumption that human conduct is best to be studied from the perspective of the person involved. Life histories are gathered to record the unfolding history of one’s person, group, or organization’s experience. There are three types of social history; complete, edited, and topical. Primary methods of gathering life histories are interviewing, following public and private archival records, diaries, intimate journal memoirs, logs, and letters. 2. How do researchers conduct field research and participant observation? What are some of the appropriate topics for this type of research? Can generalizations be made from this type of research? Why? What......

Words: 1154 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Project Approach

...How to Select the Right Topics for Your Manual Speeches You've just joined Toastmasters and are eager to give your speeches. The first one, the Ice Breaker, is easy — it’s about you! Then you read ahead in your manual and you draw a blank. What to talk about? The following tips will help you get through the Communication and Leadership Manual while maintaining your excitement about speaking. Selecting the right topics is the secret. * Speak about you. Tell the audience about things that you've experienced. * Speak about things you know. You many not realize it, but you have knowledge that the rest of your club members would like to have. Think about areas of interest and expertise and share them with others. * Speak about things you would like to know. If something interests you or is a lifelong dream, your enthusiasm for that topic will be contagious. Research the subject and present it to the audience. Speech 2 — “Be In Earnest” This speech challenges you to convince the audience of your sincerity or conviction on a topic. I did my second speech on “Unfinished Business” — someone dear to me had just died and I realized how much we leave unsaid to those people closest to us. It was an emotional speech for me, and it helped the club members get to know me better. Other great topics for this speech are political issues, social causes, relationships and anything else you feel strongly about. Speech 3 — “Organize Your Speech” I love this speech because it can be...

Words: 502 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Approachs

...considered as a secondary one. For example, no significant research activity is done on the foreign market (Radomska, 2010). Ethnocentrism arises from the dominance of one culture over another in some sense. This dominancy can relate to the cultural sphere, manual, technical, mental or even ethical and moral skills. This orientation is somehow natural because of some psychological factors. People have a tendency to unite in a compact, somehow similar groups. According to Ahlstrom and Bruton (2010, p. 42) „ethnocentrism (...) reflects a sense of superiority about a person's or firm's homeland. Ethnocentric people believe that their ways of doing things are the best, no matter what cultures are involved. (…) Ethnocentric people tend to project their values onto others, and see foreign cultures as odd or of little or no value to them.” In this orientation, domestic strategies are assumed the best ones and superior over any other, foreign ones. Since national rules were verified by market and occurred good, they are believed to be good on another market also. Therefore managers are brought from the domestic country to subsidiaries. The hierarchy of the organization is usually highly centralized and directly subordinated to the headquarter located in the home country. These factors generate significant costs. Managers must be recruited in the domestic country. As a result, compensation costs for work in another country must be added to the basis salaries. However,......

Words: 5748 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

The Unified Process, a Project Management Approach

...The Unified Process, a Project Management Approach The Unified Process, a Project Management Approach The Agile Unified Process is an easily understandable form of the Rational Unified Process (RUP).It defines a simple way of improving business applications (Methodsandtools.com, 2014). Organization’s changes to software development can be accepted at late stages of progression. The aim of any firm is to grow in future a trend observable in most businesses. It is right for the management to take into consideration the key indicators of a progressive service delivery. These will help in improving their structures through employing the best operational procedures. Improvements can be done on human skills, techniques used, and automations. The agile software delivery aims at developing mechanisms that will ensure a proper economy of the resources. It is achieved by targeting a lower value of risk and getting optimal utilization of the assets. This attributes to a higher chance of a successful business due to reduced negative impacts on the procedures. The management of modules such as projects and programs, should be performed in accordance with the business goal and the available resources. Each module should be designed to efficiently utilize the program budgets, timelines, resources, and uncertainties. The firm has then the capability to figure out how each portfolio will achieve the set goals. Then allocations of finances and human labor to different modules can be......

Words: 2938 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Approach to Leadership

...The Approach to Leadership Abstract Leadership, as defined by Organizational Behavior is “the use of power and influence to direct the activities of followers toward goal achievement.” (Colquitt, Lepine, & Wesson, pg. 430) To be regarded as a leader, one must be proactive and always prepared to be held accountable. Leaders are engaged in their employee’s progression within the workplace assuring that everyone is aware that he or she is there for them. They are observant in what is going on around them while making sure their team has the proper resources to be successful, and in turn profit the company. With an effective approach to problem solving, being able to listen and accepting that failure is inevitable, a strong leader can navigate through any situation that they may be faced with. Introduction “Leaders provide vision and direction for the pursuance of group and organizational goals.” (Martin, Rowlinson, Fellows, & Anita, pg. 154) As a leader holding a management position, one of the top priorities is making sure the employees are engaged and satisfied. “Engaged employees are both efficient and effective in the operation of organizational processes that produce products and services that meet customer demands.” (Medlin, Green, K.W., pg.22) A leader, who has integrity and is optimistic about the direction of the organization, motivates a team to be creative and forward thinking. This paper will examine the leadership practices of an individual and......

Words: 2835 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Aes Approach

...AES Case study approach Cost of Capital for Lal Pir Project Levered Beta Cost of Equity Calculation Cost of Debt Calculation Weighted Average Cost of Capital Calculation Discount Rate Calculation Calculating the Range of Discount Rates for AES Cost of Equity Calculation Cost of Debt Calculation Weighted Average Cost of Capital Calculation Discount Rate Calculation If the project was in USA, PV of Cash Flows Project Value* Abstract: AES has been using a single discount rate for all of its operations – an equity discount rate of 12% based on US data. This discount rate was quite appropriate in the past when most of the operations were based in US. However, the recent expansion of AES into different geographical areas has exposed the diverse operations of the company to varied amounts of risk. The company is now contemplating the use of different discount rates for each of its projects. It is suggested that the costs of equity and debt are adjusted for sovereign spread – the difference in the riskfree rates of the local country and the US. The WACC is later adjusted for the project-specific risks based on a broad range of seven categories including exchange rates, regulatory environment, and operational complexities. It is determined that the new methodology results in a broad range of discounts rates – ranging from around 10% to 30%. However, the use of different discount rates for projects with varied risk in consistent with the theoretical......

Words: 534 - Pages: 3