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Private Security Evolution

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Submitted By nanie1714
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In his paper, “A Theory of Human Motivation,” the famed American Psychologist Abraham Maslow outlined the basic human needs. These included Physiological, Safety, Belongingness and Love, Esteem, and Self-Actualization in that order. In his study, he points out that every human being has a need to feel safe (McLeod). It is innate to long for security for your person and your property. Even depictions of the earliest man show them with clubs in their hand. Keeping their home and family secure was their personal obligation. There was no organized security force but security was upheld none the less. As we became a civilized society, there were many factors that drove the development of an organized private security industry to uphold that need for safety. In the Middle Ages the term King of the Castle literally meant just that. It was the king’s responsibility to ensure his castle and the people were protected. The hue and cry principle evolved the as people moved into individual farms and they were no longer protected by castle walls. This was the act of summoning a group of able bodied men to apprehend those that had done harm to a person or any of their property. During the Colonial times, as people moved from small individual farms into towns and cities, a form of constant supervision became a necessity. Crime was increasing and it had to be policed. A watch system led by a sheriff and a constable was developed. While this system worked to some degree protection of self and property was still largely the responsibility of the individual. As we became an industrialized society there was a huge lack of an effective security force. The need for commercial security was eminent. Goods and services had to be protected. As products moved from place to place they were at risk of theft at any point in their travel. There was no public organized means…...

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