Premium Essay

Poor to Poorer

In: Social Issues

Submitted By echen193
Words 905
Pages 4
Education Matters
“If you drop out of high school or have no more than a high school diploma, do not expect a good routine production job to be awaiting you” — Robert Reich

Robert Reich’s “Why the Rich Are Getting Richer and the Poor, Poorer” is written based on metaphors of boats. He states that “All Americans used to be in roughly the same economic boat” (2). This means that in the past, as economic tides rose, we rose with it and when it drops, we go down together. However, we are in a different society now. We are in a world where “national borders no longer define our economic fates” (2). Reich categorizes Americans to be in 3 different boats based on their roles to the economy: “One sinking rapidly, one sinking more slowly, and the third rising steadily” (2). The future of the economy belongs to the symbolic analysts, not to the routine factory workers or to the in-person servers. Routine workers are people who work in the assembly line of big corporations, also known as the boats that is sinking rapidly. A lot of young men think that they can drop out of school and get a job as a routine worker to help raise themselves and their family, but in fact they are wrong. Education does matter! When a big corporation needs to lay off their workers, you would expect the older ones to go first, but that’s actually not the case. The younger ones are the first to be laid off, because “older works in such industries are protected by seniority” (14). Although employees in other countries are willing to work for a much lower wage, that doesn't guarantee job safety. As technology advances, big corporations would no longer need workers to work in the assembly line since machines could work nonstop and accomplish a task much faster. In fact, they might only need a handful of foreign employees because they wouldn't mind cheaper wages and communication isn't essential…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Poor Communication

...“Closes relationships sometimes mask poor communication” Communication is a complex word. Each person has a different understanding of this word. It requires a skill to be complete, to be perfect. “Closes relationships sometimes mask poor communication”. How can this be possible? Why misunderstanding among closes friends, family members or partner? This article we just read will help us answer these questions. Communication to me is something we have to learn at our young age. Parents have to teach their kids how to communicate, how to say clearly what they feel, what they think. Parents should listen to their kids. Let them say want they want to say without being interrupted. Usually out of anger a parent will shout a “shut up” to the kid without even knowing what he wanted to say. Even if the kid is wrong he needs to be listening. Generally when you scream at your baby he gets frustrated and won’t be able to tell anything later. How will you have good communication skills in your marriage or with your children if you didn’t have it with your parents? This article tells us a little bite why close relationships mask poor communication. I really agree with all the reason it gives because we always expect other to understand us without saying a world or express clearly what we want. We think that because we have being together for so long we should know each other. I don’t blame them because that’s what we are being thought about love. They will tell you that when you love...

Words: 515 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Identification of the Poor

...Who are the poor? The answer is what poverty is. WHAT IS POVERTY? In the most extreme definition, poverty manifests itself in the form of outright starvation and destitution because individuals or households do not possess the resources which give access to the basics for survival or which enable them to enjoy some minimum standard of living. (Christine Barrow; 2001) From a theoretical Perspective of Poverty. Culture of Poverty The underlying idea is that the lifestyle of the poor differs in many respects to that of the non poor in society. Similarities have been found in this poverty lifestyle even across different societies. This leads to the development of a sub culture, with its own norms and values, which can now be transmitted from one generation to the next. Technically, the culture of poverty is a subculture of poor people in ghettos, poor regions or social contexts where they develop a shared set of beliefs, values and norms for behaviour that are separate from but embedded in the culture of the main society. Once the culture of poverty has come into existence it tends to perpetuate itself. By the time slum children are six or seven they usually absorbed the basic attitudes and values of their subculture. Thereafter they are psychologically unready to take full advantage of changing conditions or improving opportunities that may develop in their lifetime. Oscar Lewis. Marxist Perspectives Conflict theorists posit that poverty results from the failure of......

Words: 1598 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Free Trade for Poor Nations

...Trade & Finance Assessment Task 1 Free trade for poor nations Individual Assignment Prepared for: October 2012 Submitted: July 2012 Prepared by: Table of Contents Introduction …………………………………………………………………………… 3 Background …………………………………………………………………………… 4 Argument for free trade ……………………………………………………………… 4 Argument against free trade ……………………………………………….………. 5 Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………….. 7 List of references ………………………………………………………………………8 Introduction Through globalisation, competition, specialisation and access to technology, free trade and openness has allowed most countries to improve their growth enormously. Free trade has allowed and opened up a lot of opportunity for developing nations to improve their economy and to make provision for rapid growth. The comment that free trade cannot work or be in the interest of the world's poorest countries due to them being at a competitive disadvantage in every sector is a little false, as free trade has shown to help some but not all such or similar nations. Free trade can help the poor increase their wealth and provide opportunity however, in today’s world, free trade may also act as a hindrance to growth and lead to even greater poverty and resentment toward larger economies. This report aims to argue both points that free trade can work in developing nations and be in the best interest of poor countries. However, there are many counter arguments......

Words: 1949 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Working Poor

...Minimum Wage and the Working Poor HD 403 Poverty Spring 2012 Introduction It is believed one way to help the working poor is to increase the minimum wage to elevate their yearly income. But surveys and studies have shown that raising the minimum wage has done very little to help poverty rate. What it has done is eliminate jobs that the working poor filled and increased inflation. It seems to be an ineffective way to help the poor, a combination of other anti-poverty tools together would produce better results. Issue Each president has wanted to help those in poverty and the working poor in America. President Clinton increased the federal minimum wage to bring up the wages of the working poor. Is that the answer? What will happen when the federal minimum wage is brought up to $9.50 an hour? This article is looking into possibilities of what may happen with poverty and the working poor if the minimum wage were increased. The working poor are people in the workforce but wages still fall below the poverty level. The Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007 has increased the minimum wage to $7.25 an hour (Rep. Miller, 2007). The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports in 2011, there were 73.9 million American workers age 16 and older were paid hourly wage. But only 1.7 million workers made minimum wage of $7.25 per hour and 2.2 million had wages below the minimum (USDL, 3/2012). The working poor looked like a person who had not graduated high......

Words: 2032 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Poorer

...The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Poorer? I do believe that capitalism does cause the poor to become poorer. Capitalism is described as an economic system in which the trade of a country is controlled by private owners for a profit. According to Hernando de Soto’s research, the lack of formal property rights limits growth, and without this growth the poor remain poor. For example, most poor people informally own their residence. Because this kind of resident doesn’t have any property rights they also don’t have access to loans to improve their living environment. It’s an ongoing cycle of ugly. No property rights equals no money to improve your poverty stricken life. The same rights apply to businesses. A lot of businesses refuse to legalize because of business corruptions such as excessive regulations and bribery. Because these businesses are considered illegal they must remain small to stay out from under the government’s radar. And because they have no property rights they don’t have access to business loans in order to develop and grow. Anything that contributes to growth is a capital, and in the Classical growth model growth is emphasized on capital. So I don’t really feel that a poor person’s income would increase or decrease because in the classical growth model it’s all about saving. Saving leads to investments which increases capital and eventually leads to growth. It is, however, much harder for a poor person to save in the first place. They are too......

Words: 319 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Poor Living Conditions

...India Belton Essay 2 English 1010 July 27, 2013 Professor Long Poor Living Conditions Affects Children While most people live their day to day life, there are some children living in poverty. Living in these types of living conditions can influence the mental health of a child. Children living in poor quality environments can be a lasting effect on their life. Adults are often affected by poor living conditions because of the financial strain on them; not being able to provide for their families. Children will be affected differently than adults; kids are easily influenced until they reach adulthood. Of course, children learn how to act and behave form where they grew up. Influences come from older kids and adults in the area. Crime and abuse in poorer environments can cause children to develop social inabilities will have an unclear views on their adult life. Depression is a typical result of growing up in a place full of negativity and where schools may not have the best surroundings for a better outlook on life. Poverty affects a child’s growth and educational outcomes in their early years. School is a child’s way to profit and gain knowledge to escape from poverty to maintain a better life. Poverty is a continual problem throughout the world and has extreme impact on just about all aspects of life and outcomes for children. Poverty limits the chances of educational achievement and this is one of the primary tools to escape poverty. The definition of poverty is......

Words: 974 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Luck of the Poor

...The Luck of the Poor A person in poverty, we tend to imagine is someone who is poor and cannot afford a roof over his head. However, poverty can be a relative term that can include more than just the destitute and homeless. The definition of poverty depends on who we ask the question, how it is understood and who responds. For example, for the average middleclass person, not being able to afford a first class ticket makes him feel poor and on the other hand being able to afford a meal may make the homeless man feel like a million dollars. The broad point here is that poverty can depends on what the person’s idea of subsistence is; his basic needs and what he feels deprived of. In the U.S. the poverty line sets the threshold of income at $ 21,200 dollars for a family of four. That amount is deemed necessary a family to meet minimal food, housing and other basic needs. No one wants to be poor, so how do people fall into poverty? A combination of factors than can be broadly divided into two categories can be blamed for poverty. Individual causes such as lack of responsibility and motivation, poor choices can lead to poverty. Structural causes such as lack of adequate health care, poor educational systems, lack of jobs, social and political structures that includes the exploitation by people in power. I believe that structural causes are more to blame for poverty than individual causes. Individual causes such as poor choices, health issues and conflicts can lead to poverty......

Words: 1378 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...Kenny Joseph Sr.Rita English-81 12/18/13 Research paper The poor people in the United States have a claim on the more fortunate people in the country. There are many people who are less fortunate and it affects many people in the country. In the United States poverty is greatly increasing especially in the east coast like Brooklyn, New York. It is one of the poorest places in New York State. They have an estimate of 414 individuals living In public spaces or who are homeless according to the homeless outreach population estimated.(Nyc1) The majority of streets less were male ranging in from 21 to 55 and older. Brooklyn outreach rooms have an average of 1157 contacts which are people who go to these homeless shelters and talk to the homeless because the homeless people usually don't have anybody(Nyc1). They can be the loneliest people in the world and the people who go to have a conversation with street homeless people every month could be the thing that brightens their day. The people that they talk to are on average 54 years old and are place into a shelter or a drop in center. These shelters provide food, warmth, and medical care for those who need it. During the winter it is the best thing for the homeless in Brooklyn to do to try and get into one of these homeless shelters in Brooklyn. It could be the thing that saved them from doing something stupid like breaking into somebody's home just for warmth and they end up......

Words: 826 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Why Is Africa so Poor?

...Econ 101 January 1/22/15 HW: Why is Africa so Poor? Question 1.) Zambia’s government had good intentions, however, they placed all of their focus onto one particular resource; copper. The money made from the copper went back into the production of the mineral. The copper mines were the center of Zambia’s efforts, but that was their downfall. They assumed that the copper mines would provide an abundance of income; but when the system became corrupt ,copper pricing plunging and the lack of any foreign income or aid Zambia became poorer than when they were independent. Where as Botswana was a little more wiser. Botswana also had a mineral wealth, diamonds. But instead of putting all of the money back into production of the mineral the income was distributed to things such as infrastructure, education and health. Botswana also allowed for private businesses to grow and foreign investments were welcomed. This story can teach us two things. The first is don't place all of your income and production efforts into one resource; its always good to have a backup plan incase things go astray. The second is to accept business and investments. If we limit our market to X amount of people in a specific area, we are only hurting our income possibilities. When we allow for others to invest in a product and something goes wrong, there's still some money available to try and place things back on track. Foreign investment and business outside of a market area will only aid in the overall......

Words: 511 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Helping the Poor

...Helping the Poor Helping the Poor Friendly visiting, dole charities and dole queues Robert Whelan based on research by Barendina Smedley Civitas: Institute for the Study of Civil Society London First published October 2001 © The Institute for the Study of Civil Society 2001 The Mezzanine, Elizabeth House 39 York Road, London SE1 7NQ email: All rights reserved ISBN 1-903 386-16-0 Typeset by Civitas in New Century Schoolbook Printed in Great Britain by St Edmundsbury Press Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk Contents Acknowledgements Authors vi viii Introduction: Hand-outs and Leg-ups Section 1: The Visiting Charity The Charity Organisation Society 1. The Organisation of Charity 2. Preaching the ‘Gospel of Social Reform’ in West London 3. The Fulham and Hammersmith Committee and Its Cases Section 2: The Dole Charity The Mansion House Fund 4. From West End to East End 5. Lord Mayor Aid 6. The Aftermath 7. Moralities and Mathematics Appendices Appendix 1 Applications for Relief Received by the Fulham and Hammersmith District Committee of the COS, November 1879 - October 1880 Appendix 2 The 27 Extant Fulham and Hammersmith Casebooks Appendix 3 The Charity Organisation Society by Miss Octavia Hill Notes Index 1 9 24 39 51 59 85 90 99 137 164 166 182 v Acknowledgements This book has been made possible by a generous grant from the Wincott Foundation. The author would like to express his thanks to the trustees. The......

Words: 68635 - Pages: 275

Premium Essay

Poor Prognosis

...Physical, emotional, cognitive and behavioural responses an individual is likely to experience in response to a newly diagnosed condition with a poor prognosis in the 1st week after diagnosis. Receiving a medical diagnosis is stressful. Regardless of the diagnosis, or how the patient perceives it, the patient usually and immediately feels uncertainty: Life may never be the same (McClain, Buchman, 2010). There are physical, emotional, cognitive and behavioural responses a patient is likely to experience in response to a newly diagnosed condition with a poor prognosis. For example; when a patient has been diagnosed with cancer it can be hard for doctors to give prognosis to the patient. It can be hard to understand what the prognosis means and also hard to talk about, even for doctors. Doctor may tell the patient that the cancer is likely to respond well to treatment or may tell the patient that the cancer is harder to control. There are many factors that can affect prognosis; some of the factors that affect prognosis include: the type of cancer and where it is in your body, the stage of the cancer; which refers to the size of the cancer and if it has spread to other part of your body, the cancer’s grade; which refers to how abnormal the cancer cells look under a microscope, your age and how healthy you were before cancer (National Cancer Institute, 2014). The feelings of the diagnosed patient can change from day to day, hour to hour, or even minute to minute (National......

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Help the Poor

...Why do we have to help the poor? Where the poverty rate in the world and in America is growing continuously and dangerous? Helping the poor is the duty of every member of society and governments. Several reasons for poverty are education, health, racism and others. Helping the poor should not just by providing them with money, food, clothes and housing. We should look for and solve the main causes of poverty. I am with helping the poor for several reasons, but not the usual ways, because helping the poor by just providing for their needs keep the problem of poverty continuous and increase the percentage of the poor. Also the problem of poverty causes other problems, such as an increased percentage of crimes, decreased percentage of safety, and decreased the economy, and failures to address the problem of poverty exacerbate the problem and create other problems. Those who are opposed to helping the poor or solve the problem of poverty may not realize that this problem may be reflected on them in the future for other problems. If we do not help the poor, crime rates will go up, and this affects the economy, which means an increase in the poverty rate. Education is closely related to the problem of poverty. For the illiterate person or someone who has a little education it is difficult for them to find any kind of job to fulfill the needs of themselves and their family. I do not mean education as just learning in the school, but also education and training for professions and......

Words: 1847 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

The Poor and Their Money

...i The Poor and Their Money An essay about financial services for poor people Stuart Rutherford Institute for Development Policy and Management University of Manchester January 1999 The Department for International Development will be publishing this work in New Delhi during 1999. For further information contact Sukhwinder Arora at the Department for International Development, New Delhi, India. ii PREFACE Over the last 15 years initiatives to provide financial services to poor people (the ‘microfinance industry’) have come on by leaps and bounds in terms of size and reputation. Despite this, the industry is still only in its adolescence and our understanding of why and how poor and very poor people use microfinancial services ( and why many choose not to use the services that are available) remains partial at best. This essay takes the reader on a ‘voyage of discovery’ that seeks to both deepen her/his understanding and encourage her/him to apply that knowledge to the practice of microfinance. The voyage that Stuart Rutherford offers is a unique one based upon years of careful and detailed personal research. It does not take a deductive approach that develops a theoretical model of the financial behaviour of poor people. Nor does it follow the ‘case study plus best practice’ approach that has been favoured by many practitioners when they write of microfinance. Instead, it adopts an inductive approach - based on thousands of conversations and meetings......

Words: 42654 - Pages: 171

Premium Essay

The Gap Between Rich and Poor and poor Since 2008, the investigated bank, Lehman Brothers has gone bankrupt. It was one of the most significant turning points of the economic crisis of 2008. Because of the economic crisis, the economy of the U.S. has begun to fall. Even though wealthy people lost some of their profit due to the economic crisis, it doesn’t affect a lot for their property. Poor people are most affected by the economic crisis. They have to face a lot of problems, including unemployment and low wages. The economic crisis increased a large gap between rich and poor. In the article, “The Growing Gulf Between the Rich and the Rest of Us” written by Holly Sklar, she agreed that there is a gap between the rich and the poor, and it is rising now. Her argument is strong towards the fact that poverty in America is on the rise. In addition, she mentions that while the poverty is growing, the wealthy people are also on the rise. Sklar is surely right about the gap between the rich and the poor. It is a significant issue for us to know about such inequality. During hard times, the rich still can have their benefit. However, the people who really need money cannot get any help from the rich. While economic inequality has existed over time and occurs in more nations than simply the United States. Some balanced and fair intermediary institution is required to solve the growing problem of debt and poverty in the nation. There is much evidence that proves the growing gap between the rich and poor. ......

Words: 1581 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Why the Poor Stay Poor

...that the gap between rich and poor has grown. Coupled with this is the resultant degradation of economic and social mobility. This serves to show that they there is a tendency for those that are poor, to remain poor. There are a number of causal factors that seemingly predicate this fate of a poverty cycle. The issues that contribute to this range from the education and wellbeing of the individual, societal influences and values, their spending habits, their living conditions as well as their ability to access funding as a means of fuelling entrepreneurial endeavours. Those that are born into poor families will not have access to the resources that those who are born into more fortunate families will be. This is highlighted by the education and wellbeing levels that are typically seen amongst the poor. In poor families there is typically a child who is unable to attend school or is unable to make a satisfactory attempt at learning due to the family’s inability to provide appropriate resources. Instances like this result in high illiteracy rates amongst the poor. This, from the outset of the child’s life, ensures that their career will be significantly hampered and job finding will be far harder, if not impossible. A similar trap exists with regards to the malnourishment of typically poor people. Those who are undernourished will be drastically less productive at work and in turn, will find their wages decreasing. This creates a cycle whereby the poor aren’t able to afford......

Words: 781 - Pages: 4