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Plato Does Not Value Experience Enough

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“Plato does not value experience enough” Discuss (10)

Plato was a philosopher and mathematician born in Greece. If someone does not value something, it suggests they do not believe in its worth, importance or usefulness.
To begin with, Plato was not an empiricist; someone who believes that knowledge is derived from the experience of their senses. This was due to the fact that Plato believed in A prior knowledge; knowledge gained before experience. Plato believed that when we were born, our immortal soul already gained some sort of knowledge which we are able to use in this world. Therefore Plato does not value experience enough due to his beliefs.
Furthermore, Plato understood that the world in which we live is the World of Appearances, where the objects in this life are just poor copies of their true forms in the Realm of Forms. We are deceived by our senses because they limit us to how much knowledge someone can have. For example, there is only so much that we can see from our eyes, which therefore limits our knowledge. On the other hand, pain can argue against this. If you were to hit your head on something quite hard, you will feel pain and come to understand this the world we live in is real and not an “appearance”, and the experience we get here is the only experience that exists. This illustrates that Plato did not value experience enough because he thought that our senses deceived us.
Similarly, Plato argued that everything in this world, the World of Appearances, was temporary and will eventually die. Animals, such as dogs and cats, have a definite and perfect form in the Realm of Forms. But Plato was not concerned with animals and objects, but more with the concepts of beauty and truth. Anything beautiful in this life is only part of beauty of the true form of beauty in the Realm of Forms. This reinforces the fact that anything in this world is not of enough worth to be valued; therefore Plato did not value experience enough for the right reason.
Furthermore, Plato’s allegory of the cave allows us to contrast between the two realms. The prisoners have spent their entire life trapped in a cave. A fire is lit behind them so objects that walk past give off a reflection which only the prisoners can see. The prisoners represent us and the cave represents the Realm of Appearances. Since all the prisoners can see are the reflections on the wall, they believe that that is all there is. This illustrates that our senses allow us to see part of the true forms of things, but not the exact image. The reflections on the wall are all that is in this world, and since they are not the real objects themselves, there is no point valuing their experience. One day a prisoner escapes from the cave and embraces the outside world. He is struck by the sun and he now sees the real objects very clearly. He is able to visualise more and has more freedom. The fact that he is partially blinded by the light from the sun conveys that the beauty of the Realm of Forms is much greater than that on earth, and it will take getting use to. Also, he can see more than he used to which tells us that he is experiencing more of the better thing. Plato said that the freed cave dweller can only be philosophers, so they are able to understand and comprehend the “real experience” so they didn't have to value their experience on earth for there are greater experiences in the Realm of Forms.
Finally, Plato did not value experience in this world because he believed that object here were only mimics of their true forms, so to value them would be a waste of time. Neither did he value the Realm of Forms because he had not experienced it, but that is truly were experience should be valued because it is a perfect realm and eternal.…...

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