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Penitentiary

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Penitentiary

Penitentiary
In modern society, it isn’t commonplace to hear the word “penitentiary” in our everyday lives. Whether it would be someone being confined for performing and being convicted of a crime on the evening news to reading an article in the newspaper about a local figurehead being placed there because of some type of inappropriate actions either in office or outside of it. Back in the day, it was very out of place to hear about someone being locked up and having the proverbial key thrown away but now it seems like an occurrence in our lives. Where did the concept of the modern day penitentiary come from? Why do we practice this form of punishment today? This is what I will attempt to answer.
To understand our current prison system and how it operates, we have to look back at the past. Originally, the penitentiary began as an set of principles whose purposes were both secular and spiritual, a type of place that would have humane punishment instead of the abusive and labor-heavy environment that you would find over in foreign countries, primarily in the western hemisphere. Over in the west, they used the aspect of physical punishment to expedite the sentences of criminals with serious charges against them, rather than wait for them to appear in front of a judge. Their philosophy in confinement involved having the inmates all being in the same living quarters and using a lot of the same facilities such as the bathroom, etc. The penitentiary here in the states was designed to be a place where the inmates were separated from themselves in isolation usually from the others; the facility was to be clean and help prevent contamination and diseases in the in-housed criminals. Not just to be loafing around during their time, they were to work inside of the facility to hone their skills for when they get released from the penitentiary and would have a…...

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