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Pawnshop Industry

In: Business and Management

Submitted By gracie08
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Introduction
It is said that Pawnbroking is the oldest source of credit. (Caskey, 1994) Pawnshop loans are small, short-term, collateralized loans typically used by low-income consumers. Despite their small principal, however, pawnshop loans are an important tool that many customers use to manage their monthly finances during financial shortfalls. (Carter and Skiba, 2012)
In the Philippines, Pawnshop is one of the financial service providers (FSP) that are helping to increase the access to financial services of underserved and unserved. For many Filipinos, pawning is the most convenient way to raise money, easier than securing a bank loan. In the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Report on the State of the Financial Inclusion in the Philippines in 2011, the Banking sector is accounted for more than 80 percent of the total resources of the financial system. This means that the 20 percent are shared by other service providers such as pawnshops, money changers, remittance agents and FX dealers. Some municipalities in the Philippines have no banking presence but have access to pawnshops. While pawnbroking is the main business activity of pawnshops, nowadays many pawnshops are engaging into other auxiliary businesses such as money changing, remittance facilitation, foreign exchange dealership, and bills payment facilitation. Moreover, few pawnshops are offering cash in-cash out centers and offer mobile banking services.
Financial economists have produced a large number of theoretical studies and empirical studies on mainstream banking services, but alternative financial services, and pawnbroking in particular, are hardly touched on in the literature (Carter and Skiba, 2012). With the growing number of pawnshops in the Philippines and the increasing activities and opportunities for pawnshop business, this paper seeks to determine some determinant characteristics of where…...

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