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Origin of Islam

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Submitted By abhijitmehrotra
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Introduction:-From the viewpoint of the application of the particular branch of law upon the person, laws may be either territorial or personal. A personal law is that branch of civil law which applies upon the person of the particular religious community. Thus the Mohammedan Law applies upon the Muslims.

Muslim Law in India means “that portion of Islamic Civil Law which is applied to Muslims as a personal Law”. It consist of the injunctions of Quran, of the traditional introduced by the ‘practice’ of the Prophet ,of the common opinion of the jurist ,of the analogical deduction of these three,and of the pre –Islamic custom not abrogated by the Prophet Mohammed. Further, it has been supplemented by the juristic preference, precedents

Quran the foundation of Mohummedan Law:- Muslim Law is the founded upon ‘Al-Quran (The word “Quran”, derived from the verb “Qara”(together to read) signified properly reading) which is believed by the musalmans to have existed from eternity, subsisting in the very essence of God. The Prophet Mohammad himself that it was revealed to him by the angel “Gabriel” in various portions and at different times.Its texts are held by Muslims to be decisive as being the word of God (Kalam allah),transmitted to man through the Prophet. Besides inculcating religious and theology, the ‘Quran’ contain also passage which applicable to jurisprudence, which form the principal basis of the ‘sharia’.

The Quran is, Al-furqan, i.e., one showing truth from falsehood and right from wrong. It is in the form of a serious communication addressed by God to Prophet.the communication were revealed to the people on a number of different occasions in the last twenty-three years of the Prophet’s life, and dealt with the great variety of problem,one after another,as they arose.

Ayyam-e-jahiliya.–Pre-Islamic Arabia:- This law had no extention before…...

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