Premium Essay

Organizational Concepts

In: Business and Management

Submitted By MaryJaneK
Words 452
Pages 2
University of Phoenix
Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

Organizational behavior (OB) is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act within organizations. By investigating this field of study we can apply the knowledge towards improving an organization’s effectiveness. The determinants of behavior that are studied in organizations are individuals, groups, and structure. OB will apply the knowledge gained by these determinants and the effect of structure on behavior in order to ensure that an organization will work more effectively. Organizational behavior is concerned with the study of human behavior within an organization and how that behavior affects its performance. Because there is a concern for employment-related situations OB emphasizes behavior that is in direct relation to concerns such as jobs, work, absenteeism, employment, turnover, productivity, human performance, and management (Robbins & Judge; 2009). According to the chapter readings there has appeared to be a general agreement that organizational behavior “includes core topics of: motivation, leader behavior and power, interpersonal communication, group structure and processes, learning, attitude development and perception, change processes, conflict, work design, and work stress.” (Robbins & Judge; 2009).

“Organizational culture is the system of shared actions, values, and beliefs that develops within an organization and guides the behavior of its members” (Schmerhorn, Hunt, &Osborn; 2008). When dealing with the functions of organizational culture there are important survival issues to take into consideration. These include external adaptation and internal integration. With external adaptation we ask: “what precisely needs to be accomplished and how can it be done?” With internal integration we ask: “how do members…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

...Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts MGT/307 September 24, 2012 Jason Winsor Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Organizations make changes to enhance the business and to keep up with technology. Change, however, is not always accepted by every employee. By observing organizational behavior managers and leaders of an organization can differentiate between the employees who can and cannot accept change. Organizational behavior and culture along with diversity and communication are four factors within an organization that affect the way employees perform their duties. Defining these terms will help create an effective work environment. Organizational behavior is a study of how individuals, groups, and structure affect the behavior of an organization (Robbins & Judge, 2009). Because each organization is different the results of organizational behavior is different for every organization. The goal of every organization is to be successful and to be successful an organization must have employees who work together in an effective way. By studying the behavior of employees’ managers can determine what makes their employees more effective. By doing this managers are creating a more productive work environment. The organizational culture of a business is what guides the employees to be effective. Organizational culture is the beliefs, values, and actions created within the business that is shared by employees (Schermerhorn Jr., Hunt, &......

Words: 876 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

...Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Organizational Behavior can be defined as “the study of human behavior in organizations.” (Schermerhorn, Hunt & Osborn, 2005, 17). This paper will explain key concepts and terminology of organizational behavior and how it relates to Redwood Coast Regional Center (RCRC), my organization. The discussion items include organizational culture, diversity, communication, organizational effectiveness and efficiency and organizational learning. Organizations are made up of people, whose actions influence all areas of business, and in turn create the dynamic of organizational behavior. Organizational Culture A key concept of organizational behavior is organizational culture. As stated by Marino and Salls (2005), “Your organization’s character and values are an underlying factor of many of its behaviors, and can tell you a lot about everyone’s priorities and level of engagement. One of today’s popular sayings is ‘Culture eats strategy for lunch any day’.” (p. 27). The culture within the organization of RCRC consists of people who value individuals first. Those served by the agency as well as its employees, are most important, and are treated as such. Redwood Coast Regional Center has a board of directors whose decisions are based upon what is best for the people while, of course, keeping in mind cost-effectiveness. Unfortunately, the agency is restricted by the State budget, as RCRC is a state funded agency, and is......

Words: 1097 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

...Tyrone Groce University of Phoenix Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts For a company to be successful in the highly competitive business world it is important that company leaders are aware of some key concepts to help to give the company an edge. These five concepts can make or break a company if not recognized or effectively used. The five concepts are: Organizational Culture and Behavior the study of behavior within a company environment, Diversity is the different individuals that work within and make up the company, Communication how well is the company message sent upward, downward and laterally, Business Ethics making the right and honest decision and lastly Change Management making change within the company mastering new challenges. Each concept has its place within a successful company and each is equally important for management, the employees, why? To provide the best possible product to the customer. It is important that everyone within the company has at least a general knowledge of these concepts. Each are unique factors which going into the makeup of a company. The concept to understand is Organizational Culture and Behavior or OB as it is commonly known, it is best defined as [the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations. It does this by taking a system approach. That is, it interprets people-organization relationships in terms of the whole person,......

Words: 902 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

...Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Michael D Bishop MGT/307 August 1st 2011 Dr. Robert Kight University of Phoenix Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts To be effective all organizations needs to achieve the goals and objectives presented. When meeting these goals and objectives, people makes the difference how effective organizations perform. This paper will discuss the following key concept and terminology on Organizational culture, Organizational behavior, Diversity, and Communications as it relates to people in an effective organization. The paper will also describe each concept’s observable aspects and it would provide a brief analysis of the culture and behavior of the Metro bus. In the United States of America Metro bus is the sixth largest bus transportation system and is a department in the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA). At Metro bus organizational culture, organizational behavior, diversity, and communications allow the organization its unique operations consistency and reliability. Organizational culture Organizational culture is embedded in the heart of an organization and developed by members with the same-shared beliefs and values. An organizational culture display how organizations adapts or integrate when identifying internal and external issues, (Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn, 2008). Organizational culture has an impact on job satisfaction, which is a key factor for......

Words: 1083 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

...Running Header: Organization Behavior Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Tina Gregory University of Phoenix Victoria James, SPHR Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Everyday we are faced with several obstacles within our working environments. Some of those obstacles include the culture of the organization, behavior or the organization, the diversity within the organization (or lack of), and the communication on receives within their organization. We are continually looking for ways to improve these areas and be able to co-exist with one another when faced with different opinion on what each area should represent in ones organization. I will be explaining the meaning of each of the different obstacles that I have outlined above and how they relate to one another or within the organization that I work for. Organizational Culture Organizational culture is recently a new concept. Asim Khan defined organizational culture as being a set of operating principles that determine how people behave within the context of the company.1 Some say that an organizations culture is what is going to make a true organization. Many organizations have their own cultures and no two organizational cultures are the same. Organizational culture includes two survival issues for an organization; external adaptation and internal integration. External adaptation deals with people that are not within the organization and reaching the set goals the organization has....

Words: 1100 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

...Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Business owners and management have been trying to make their companies the best for many years. In the process of archiving this goal, the companies considered all how they would get this done. It turned out to be obvious that the how people respond to group environments had a huge role in an organization's achievements. A common belief was established, "People are an organization's most important assets!” (Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn, 2009,). This began the study of Organizational Behavior. There are quite a few major beliefs and terms that come in to play. By knowing the beliefs and terms, one has a better understanding of Organizational Behavior is reached. Businesses that use the organizational behavior terminology and concepts regularly encourage change to create a further productive and greater work environment. Organizational Behavior takes a closer look of the way people and groups act in organizations. The way people and groups operate in organizations and how these organizations act in response to their environments. These factors consist of how employees or groups operate, believe, feel, and react to their job and organization. Typical its most important function is to build better relationships. Several of the key views of organizational behavior are organizational culture, diversity, and communication. By learning and understanding this knowledge, every employee should be capable of know how his or...

Words: 686 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Key Concepts of Organizational Design

...Key Concepts of Organizational Design Rosalind Patterson MMPBL550 August 30, 2010 Professor Josey Crisostomo Key Concepts of Organizational Design Given the importance of organizational design, why is it so often the blame for inefficiency and ineffectiveness? The reason is because good organizational design helps communications, productivity, and innovation. Organizational design is the process of aligning an organization’s structure with its mission. This means looking at the relationship between tasks, workflow, responsibility and authority, and making sure all these support the objectives of the business (www.mindtools.com). In this paper we will explore the importance of organizational design choices, the advantages and disadvantages of various organizational structures, assess the relationship between strategy, structure, and process in organizations, and analyze the relationship between organizational design and decision-making processes. Importance of Organizational Design Choices Hiring talented people is not enough to ensure the success of an organization. The best and brightest employees will not be able to do their best work in a poorly designed workplace. Consequently, poor organizational design is one of the leading causes of low employee morale and productivity (www.leadership-and-motivation-training.com). Effective organizational design creates a culture of commitment. The employees fully understand their......

Words: 1362 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Key Concepts of Organizational Design

...Key Concepts of Organizational Design Allison Battles University of Phoenix / MMPBL 550 November 1, 2010 Professor Frederick Janson Key Concepts of Organizational Design Organizational design is an important aspect of organizational theory that designates many of the processes and the structure within an organization. It can shape the organization’s culture and help the organization to achieve its goals. Organizational design is also important to change management within the organization. The most important factor, though, is that it supports the company’s strategy for success. As many organizations are experiencing growth, the concepts of organizational design become more complex. The organizational designs and structures discussed here will simplify the terms in order for a clearer understanding of the concepts. Importance of Organizational Design Choices Organizational design is vital to an organization’s success. Part of developing a strategy for a company to achieve its goals is to create a dynamic organizational design that fits the company’s purpose, culture, and processes. “To optimize effectiveness, the form of organization must be matched to the purpose it seeks to achieve” (Autry, 1996, para. 7). In the most basic terms, the organizational design should be aligned with the organization’s strategies-the goals, the objectives, and the mission-and support the desired outcome. It is important that the organizational design of a company......

Words: 2218 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Key Concepts of Organizational Design

...Key Concepts of Organizational Design Ryan MMPBL/550 December 13, 2010 Key Concepts of Organizational Design [The introduction goes here. It should be one or two paragraphs explaining the findings of your paper. The introduction should prepare the reader for the contents of the paper by previewing the four main topics in your paper. Be sure to end with a transition word or sentence to lead into Section 1 of your paper. Triple click anywhere in this paragraph to begin typing your own introduction.] In this paper, I will provide some key concepts of organizational design and its importance, assessing the relationships between strategy, structure, and process in organizations and the relationship between organization design and decision-making processes are analyzed. In the next section, I will describe the five best design choices and the characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of various organizational structures. Importance of Organizational Design Choices [This should explain the importance of organizational design choices. Be sure to end with a transition word or sentence to lead into the next section of your paper. Triple click anywhere in this paragraph to begin typing.] One valuable element of developing a strategy for a company is to form an organizational design that fits the company’s purpose, culture, and processes. Organizational design has become a top priority because of increased competitive pressures and the use of information......

Words: 2065 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

...Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Katie Jackson MGT/307 Steve Jessup 7/30/11 Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts The personality of an organization is dubbed organizational culture in business and in academics. Composition of culture includes the values, assumptions, norms and apparent signs of members and their behaviors within an organization (McNamara, 2000). The behavior of these members, or organizational behavior, is understood and studied and as an academic discipline. This discipline also includes interpersonal interactions as well as the dynamics of an organization. Organizational culture, organizational behavior, diversity, and communication are all key concepts discussed in this paper. Organizational Culture and Behavior When a business operates with a clear vision of the future it is said to utilize a strong organizational culture. In addition to a clear vision supported by “well-developed and well-communicated beliefs and values, the internal environments of organizations with strong and positive cultures often include high-performance orientations, emphasis on teamwork, and emphasis on innovation (Ch.1, pg. 1.)” A solid structure is built from a strong culture accompanied by positive behavior. The Organizational Culture Inventory (OCI) is a tool used to access the behaviors of individuals within an organization. The OCI has identified three types of organizational cultures: constructive, passive/aggressive, and......

Words: 779 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

...ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR TERMINOLOGY AND CONCEPTS Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Abraham Perez University of Phoenix Dr. Monica Galante MGT/307 Organizational Behavior and Group Dynamics October 27, 2010 Organizational Behavior Terminology When working in a group, there are many people working from different backgrounds. Most of the people working in groups have different types of views on work related problems. Companies that you work for have different organizational culture, organizational behavior, they have different diversity, and they have to have good communication between them. Organizational Culture “There Are no single definition for organizational culture.” (http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/ndu/strat-ldr-dm/pt4ch16.html) Actually, there are different types of definitions for it. One of the definitions would be as follows: “A set of understanding or meanings shared by a group of people that are largely tacit among members and are clearly relevant and distinctive to the particular group which are also passed on to new members (Louis 1980)”. What this means is that there are different types of background work methods that are actually pass from employer to employee to create a better work environment. Organizational Behavior Organizational behavior is the study of individuals and their behavior within the context of the organization in a workplace setting. This means that it is how the employees react and act within the......

Words: 437 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior Concept and Analysis

...Organizational Behavior Concepts and Analysis MGT/307 October 16, 2011 Organizational Behavior Concepts and Analysis Understanding culture is not an easy task. Culture cannot be distinctly defined by one person or even one organization. Culture is a combination of attitudes, behaviors, personalities, and values. Each of those traits may have a positive effect on an organization but could also negatively impact an organization. Learning more about organizational culture, behaviors, diverse atmospheres and communication skills can lead organization to long term growth and success. Organizational Culture Organizational culture is about relationships between organizational members and how they interact with one another as they perform their organizational roles (Pierce & Newstrom, 2008). Sharing and believing the same goals and assumptions within an organization defines organizational culture. An organization that has strong shared beliefs and can work toward a common goal will operate an efficient business. Organizational culture is also referred to as corporate culture. By definition, corporate culture is a system of shared actions and beliefs within an organization that guides the behavior of its members (Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn, 2008). Organizational culture has observable aspects that include daily observances of work habits within the organization or through personal stories or experiences from members......

Words: 992 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

...Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts November 7, 2011 MGT/307 Steve Rosales Organizational culture is defined as the actions, values, beliefs which are developed in an organization through a system that guides the behavior of the organization. Organizational culture stabilizes influences developed within the organization. Upon entering an organization, new members encounters the beliefs and values of that organization, which an initial development of values begins through internalization. The mid-focus of the culture definition is the culture must be learned and shared. The sharing and learning starts out with addressing the cognitive process and the individual decision- making and behavior. The members of an organization are influenced by organizational culture through developmental values. Several functions of the organizational culture involve internal integration and external adaption. These functions deal with the outcome of accomplishments and the problems faced within the living and working aspects of the organization. External adaption of an organizational culture deals the goals that has been set in the organization, how to achieve the goals, and the method of dealing with success and failures. Yet the responsibility, goals, and methods have close relations to the organization missions and the contribution views collectively. However, the individual in an organization separates the important external issues, ways to measure the......

Words: 1363 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

...* * * * * * * * * * * Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * There are many successful organizations in the world today. Some make millions, even billions of dollars per year. While there are many secrets to having a successful business, it is also necessary for a business to have some fundamental ideals and operation strategies. Examples of this are Organizational behavior and culture, ethics and diversity, communication and the management of change. If a business can manage these essential ideas, then they will be on track to having a successful organization, no matter how small or big they are. Behaviors and Culture of Organizations * Organizational behavior is essentially how organizations behave. It is the studies of how individuals behave in an organization and what the behavior of the organization leads to as a whole. Robbins and Judge (2009) defines Organizational behavior as the study of three determinants of behavior in organizations: individuals, groups, and structure. Individuals have their own beliefs and values that they form in everyday life; when they come to work their beliefs and values do not change because the company has other values, the individual must have values that somehow align with those of the company, otherwise the employee will not be able......

Words: 894 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

...Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts xxxxxxxxxxxxxx MGT307 November 21, 2011 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Organizational behavior is simply studying the way individuals interact and behave in various organizations, then taking this knowledge and using it to better productivity within the organization. In order to better understand the benefit and purpose of organizational behavior it is important to understand some of the key concepts associated with it. This paper will take a look at a couple of these concepts and explain how organizational culture and communication relate to organizational behavior in the workplace. Organizational Culture Within an organization, members might find they share the same values and beliefs that influence their behavior within the workplace; this is referred to as organizational culture (Schermerhorn, 2008). With focused goals and values, a company is able to work towards a common goal more efficiently. There are three different types of organizational culture within an organization, Passive/Defensive, Constructive, and Aggressive/Defensive. Within a passive culture members tend to be more defensive in their actions and the culture as a whole is less effective for the business. However, with the Aggressive culture members tend to be more forceful when interacting with each other, causing again a less effective culture for the business as a whole. Ideally the most effective cultures...

Words: 540 - Pages: 3