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Nike and Sweatshop Labor

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单薄的一句承诺,终其一生的等待 ——《狼族少年》影评

这是一部讲述狼族少年与普通少女爱情故事的影片,或许情节略显老套,但是没有猜忌,没有误会,没有撕心裂肺,只有纯粹的感动,却是直戳人心底最柔软的角落。《狼族少年》塑造了一个温情的氛围。像是旧时期的家庭剧,昏黄色调的画面中,大人孩子围坐一桌吃着热腾腾的饭菜。
他,本是茹毛饮血、野性难驯的狼孩,是需要被掩盖的实验半残品,他不懂规矩,为了觅食,闯入她们家。当众人避之不及,警局不予过问时,是她善良的姐姐收留了他,给他人的待遇,面对他的抢食,姐姐只是温暖的抚慰抱怨的三个孩子,下顿我多做点,他那么可怜,你们多同情下他。
她,本是身体孱弱、性格孤僻的小孩,被一个无耻的爱慕者苦苦纠缠,对突然闯进的他,最初她看不惯他的粗鲁和愚笨,很是排斥。可是只会像狼“哼哼”的他,会帮她搬重物,会为她驱赶骚扰者,会在钢筋掉落时,护住她和家人,由于他一点一滴的介入,她开始走出孤僻的世界,融入孩子们各种各样的游戏,重拾欢笑。 她拿着训狗书慢慢学习,用食物做饵,教他如何细嚼慢咽,如何刷牙、系鞋带、写字、画画,她会弹琴唱歌给他听,把他打扮的稀奇古怪。而他,只要一个土豆、红薯或玉米,就能欢快的乖乖听话,每次学会做对后,他讨赏一般把头伸到她面前,满心期待的等着她温柔的抚摸,每次嬉戏玩耍时,都会对她察言观色,开心着她的开心。在他身上,人性的善良与单纯,美好的让人向往。
然而,现实社会怎么会那么简单的包容一个异类?在他的观念里,没有道德法律伦常,只有守护自己在乎的对象,所以,当她遇袭时,他愤怒的变成野性难训的狼人,全力守护,不惜杀人。人类对于未知的恐惧,只会加大我们防患于未然的防护,宁可错杀一千,不可使一人漏网。
他被关进了圈养牲畜的肮脏铁屋,脖子、脚脖都被手腕粗的铁链牢牢拴住,门外若干手持枪械的人一刻也不松懈的把守,或许我该为他庆幸,至少他没有像实验用的小白鼠被人化验,探究他为什么会变身,为什么抗打击,又为什么体温高于常人,衰老缓慢! 残酷的现实里,只有她一家人体谅他,默默为他清扫脏臭的铁屋,姐姐依然关心他的吃住,她依然会去陪伴他。但是,现世没有他的安身之所,他想带她逃离,她却不愿成为世人追踪他的线索。听着他嘴里磕磕巴巴的第一次吐出不成句的“不要走”时,看到这里我的眼泪一下子就掉下来了。而她哭到崩溃,却也只能不停打他,用石头扔他,说着“对不起”驱逐他离开,而他只是愣愣的流着泪,不知所以然的看着她转身离去。
第一次分别,一晃就是47年,她早已远走他乡定居美国,因为老房屋的买卖重回故土,夜半,冥冥之中似乎有所牵引,她避开熟睡的孙女独自走向记忆中脏臭的铁屋。当她在响动中拉开了关着他的那个小铁屋子的门,早已经没有了当初的恶臭,只有他搬来的各种各样山花,她走向最里面用来关他的房间时,里面透出温暖的橙黄色的光。在她开门的瞬间,没有吱呀的声音,门被打开了,看到了嘴唇干裂的他。他的容貌没有改变,还是一如从前的他,依然在等着,坐在床上的屁股抬起来,想起身又怕她生气,就递给她一张纸条。那是她当年离开时留下的,当她接过纸条,看着上面模糊的字迹,写着“等我,我会再回来的”时,眼泪再也抑制不住了。
47年了,他就这样一直抱着虚无缥缈的希望,一直等待着她,守护着他们一起生活过的地方,守护着这一句单薄的承诺,守护着她。47年的时光,他是怎样明白字条的含义,守着一句微薄的承诺,等着不见踪影的她?她抱着他哭泣:“真的对不起,对不起,我现在才回来,对不起,我去了别的国家,对不起,我和别的男人结了婚有了孩子,对不起,我现在这样年老,头发都白了。”他对着熟睡的她读着那本童话书:“最后他们两个终于走到了一起,互相陪伴到老,幸福一生!此时,女主角已经老去,男主角也是一样爱着她。”他就这样一字一句的说着,不知道怎样学会的说话,不知道为了等她练习了多久,不知道这么多年,他是怎样的照顾着她当年种植的所有植物,让它们一直存活到现在,就如同他守候等待的心,一直没有消失过。他拿着她当年弹过的吉他,住在他们初次见面的屋子里,不停地练习着她留给他的习字帖,学习着她交给他的简单的书本,守着她的一切,等着她回来,就这样度过了47年。他是永生的,当白发苍苍的她站在他的面前的时候,依旧年轻稚嫩的他还是立刻就认了出来,那是他刻在血液中,记在心里最深处的人,永远都是那个在冬日的午后,弹着吉他唱着简单的歌,微笑如斯的女孩,一直都是。最后一个拥抱,她早已哭得不成样子,而他没有说什么,就像当年一样。
故事的结局,一开始我以为是女主醒来后没有看到狼孩,以为只是她的一场梦境,所以黯然离开了。狼孩只是想让女主醒来后可以看到雪人,所以独自一人跑去堆雪人,可是却在山上看到女主离开的车子。再一次的错过,甚至永远不会再相见,因为女主不会再抱着希望回到这里。不禁觉得导演太残忍了。狼孩本以为可以和女主永远在一起,最后希望却还是落空了让人揪心这样的错过。
后来再一想又觉得,这或许就是这部影片的深刻之处了吧。如果女主角真的选择留下,她那么大岁数的人,居住在这附近的房子里,狼孩的频繁暴露,很容易引起一些人的注意。一个容颜不老的秘密,可以让很多研究机构真正的心动,而且重要的是在于狼孩的身份根本阻止不了这些怀有野心的人对他身上秘密的贪婪和猜想。他们可以完全以正规的渠道,去猎杀狼孩,所以女主角为了保护男主角的秘密,让自己这个知情人离开,并不在把房子出售,起码在她有生之年,这个狼孩的秘密会一直保留下去,等她去世以后,见过狼孩真正样子的人就不多了,甚至已经都快没有了,除了踢球的那些小孩毛孩在成年后有些模糊的记忆,真正知道秘密的人也许都死光了。正如他47年前的决定一样。就如同女主角的孙女看到只是一个奇怪的流浪汉而已,没有人会知道他真实的身份,更不会再有人对他的容颜长驻,似乎有长生不老身体发生兴趣了。回过头来,再看看女主角拒绝房子的出售时的表情,以及最后唱的那首歌中的歌词含义,世界上最远的距离,不是我不能说我想你,而是彼此相爱,却不能够在一起。也许,也许,又或许也许,谁又能真正读懂她内心真正的想法。但是有一点是肯定的,他们的爱是世俗无法容忍和接受的,所以结局早已注定。 他们之间的感情,透彻纯净的令人感动,从相识到相依,再到最后的两次分别,他们甚至从未牵过手,他们感情的交汇是彼此轻抚脑袋,他们之间不单单是爱情,更多的是依赖与理解,唯有两次和着眼泪的拥抱更令人心痛--第一次,她抱着被铁链拴住的他,哭着说“对不起,都是因为我”;第二次,47年后白发苍苍的她,依然抱着他说“对不起,我回来的太晚”。还记得影片开头说过的一句话“狼的一生只能有一个伴侣”。所以他这一生不会再爱上另外的人。片尾的字幕出现时,回放起女孩为狼孩曾唱过的歌,而狼族少年依照那晚的约定在空旷的雪地上堆着他的雪人,孤独还将继续,但是等待已经结束。传说,“彼岸花,开一千年,落一千年,花叶永不相见。情不为因果,缘注定生死。”
当我再看一遍,觉得本片的另一个深刻的地方就是狼族少年人性的纯真。狼族少年,那是纯真和懵懂,执念与守候。纨绔公子哥,那是欲望。少女,那是自私。当狼族少年裹着怪物的表象出现的时候,我们生生的站在了他的对立面,看着光影划过他的脸庞,静止而安详的美态,懵懂初生的依赖眼神幽静的望着你。一碰即碎的虚幻。我们暗藏男二的欲望和女主的自私在蹒跚前行。丑恶的欲望来的刚猛,肆意行凶,栽赃嫁祸,硬硬的撕碎美好。暗涌的自私来的柔绵,不经意间嫌弃撇嘴,高高在上冷脸孤傲,细细的化作裂痕,永远无法修补。我们为纨绔男二被咬喉而死大快人心,这样赤裸裸的欲望能够轻易的嫌恶。我们暗自埋怨失约的女主,看戏的心态说,怎么能丢下他呢。其实,在平日里,如她自私的心态比比皆是,已经腐蚀了我们的心。
人性都是本恶,他们在被世界改造之前,就已经腐朽到了骨头里。而那狼族少年,他的心是干净的,是毫无杂质的,所以四十七年之后,他依旧还是当初那个眼睛明亮的少年。这个世界改变了一切,改变了所有人,却没能改变他。始终记得那颗可怜瑟瑟的豆芽菜般的种子,被狼少细细的捧着,呵护着,浇水,灌溉。47年后,当厚厚皑皑的白雪笼罩下的江原道,开出这样满屋的葱绿的时候,我们沉醉其中的美好,巧妙的手法掩盖了这段梦的本质。…...

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Nike: Sweatshop Debate

...Running head: Nike: A SWEATSHOP DEBATE Nike: A Sweatshop Debate University of Phoenix MGT/448 Instructor J. Ryan April 17, 2012 Nike: A sweatshop debate. Nike, a multi-billion dollar corporation, is the world’s primary supplier of athletic shoes and attire. Over the past several years, Nike has been involved in much controversy over its possible sweatshops. The following will address the legal, cultural, ethical, strategic and operational challenges Nike faces because of this controversy, as well as their roles in resolving this issue. Legal, Cultural, and Ethical Challenges Even though Nike may subcontract its companies to foreign countries, it is still Nike’s responsibility to ensure the manufacturing sites are operated with integrity. With all of the negative press, and investigations that took place to prove Nike was guilty of running sweat shops, Nike had to take corrective actions overseas and consider the effect the negative press had on its financial stand as well the effect it had from an ethical point of view. They developed a code of conduct and terminated contracts with suppliers who did not comply. According to Hill (2009, p 154), Nike has “signaled a commitment to improving working conditions. It requires that foreign subcontractors meet minimum thresholds for working conditions and pay. It has arranged for factories to be examined by independent auditors.” Nike has also created minimum age requirements for factory workers as well as enforcing......

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...Study: “Nike: The Sweatshop Debate” Global Business Strategies - MGT 448 Introduction This document will explain the difficulties in the legal, social, as well as ethical area which the Nike Corporation had encountered because of carrying out international business in Vietnam government. This document prosecutes the strategically as well as operational problems which make part of Nike and equally demonstrates the part of Nike in the scandal of the operation plant and the moral problems which surround this sensitive case. Nike has encountered a lot of legal, social as well as moral problems above of when the example of the plant of the operation was encountered. “Nike is a global corporation that was established back in 1972 by the preceding University of Oregon track star Phil Knight, (Hill, 2009).” Nike is among the key sellers of tennis shoes and garments at low prices. The organization has more than $10 billion in annual incomes and sells its items in over a hundred and forty countries throughout the world. Nike is not associated with any one of its proper manufacturer. Nike doesn't get involved in their own production process. Nike designs and creates their own marketing plans. They also produce to more than six hundred international plants throughout the world. As per (Hill, 2009) by using these types of producers Nike is hiring 550,000. With regards to the legal repercussions this organization is experiencing include the rumor of operating sweatshops in......

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