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Management Question

In: Business and Management

Submitted By lyou3
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Paragraph 1 (366 words)
Motivation has usually been defined as a force that encourages certain behaviours, gives direction to certain behaviours and provides ongoing persistence to attain the set goals (Linder, 1998; Islam & Ismail, 2008). Based on this definition, motivation consists of several factors: individuals must be encouraged, they must have a clear aim and they are willing to commit to achieve the objectives. The application of employee motivation in a workplace has been well established by management. However, what forces can influence motivation and how they can be employed to be utilised to encourage certain behaviours in the workplace are not so well understood by many corporations. Hence, it is necessary to analyse some common forces which can be used to influence motivation.
According to Fishbach et al. (2010), various forces can lead to different consequences. Positive forces can reinforce certain behaviours as those behaviours usually receive a rewarded consequence. On the contrary, negative forces can also develop certain behaviours which can bring a punishable consequence to prevent these behaviours from reoccurring. So in a workplace, positive forces such as verbal encouragement from management to employees’ performance as well as promotion will increase employees’ goal commitment, whereas negative forces for instance, demotion of employees’ job status and reduction on employees’ remuneration will motivate employees to pursuit the sets goals but these forces lesson the desire of ongoing passion on the progress of goal attainment. Therefore, it is vital for management to understand how to utilise these forces to motivate employees by referring a theory in motivation.
One of these theories in motivation is reinforcement theory can capture the essence of above forces and relevant…...

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