Premium Essay

Literary Criticism Review

In: English and Literature

Submitted By hhs4uyyz
Words 2697
Pages 11
Literary Criticism Review
Paradigm: a framework containing your basic assumptions, ways of thinking and methodology about how something should be done, made or thought about.
Cognitive dissonance (psychology): the excessive mental stress and discomfort experienced by the individual who: * Holds 2+ contradictory beliefs, ideas, of values simultaneously * Is confronted by new info that conflicts with existing BIV
Is/ought dilemma: us aging -> the world as we wish to be OR the world as it actually is
HISTORICAL LENS/NEW HISTORICAL LENS
Historical criticism -> insisted we need to know a literary piece, that we need to know authors bio, social background, ideas during that time, cultural milieu (environment) New historicism
New Historicism: seeks to find meaning in a text by considering the work within framework of prevailing ideas/assumptions of its era.
*All about paying close attention to historical context of literary works (e.g: poems, novels, plays)
GOALS:
1) Study how a work of literature reflects its historical/sociocultural context
2) Understand how literary works comments on and relates to its context
Therefore, approach is interdisciplinary
Example of this lens: Always by Erasure
MARXIST LENS (Karl Heinrich Marx + Friedrich Engles) * A form of critique for interrogating all societies and their texts in terms of certain specific issues like race, class, and the attitudes shared within a given culture
(see terms) * Marxist critique may begin such an analysis by showing how an authors text reflects his/her ideology thru an examination of the fictional worlds characters, settings, society, or any other aspect of text leads a look into:
1.Authors social class
2.Its effect upon the authors society
3.Examines the history and culture of the times reflected in the text
4.Investigate how the author either correctly/incorrectly…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Literary Review of the Ambitious Guest

...Literary Review of “The Ambitious Guest” by Nathaniel Hawthorne Though the family lived a simple yet proud life in the Notch of the White Hills, they were not immune to the vanity the stranger brought to their cozy cottage they caught his disease of fame and paid dearly. The story began on a cold September night in a dangerous area in New England as a cheerful family set around their hearth to enjoy their solitude of their inner circle. As the wind roared outside, a stranger, a young man came to their door on his way to Vermont and made his self at home with this simple family. The stranger shared his dreams of wanting to make his mark on the world, and family followed suit from the oldest Grandmother to the youngest of the children. As the family and the stranger told their tales Hawthorne gave many clues of the price, they would pay for their ambitions. Characters In the ambitious guest, Hawthorne presents seven characters, the ambitious guest, Mother, Father, Eldest daughter, Aged grandmother, and younger children. All of the characters besides The Ambitious guest are somewhat flat characters, for the most part happy but have moments of worry about what the future holds for them, which is part of the Hawthorne’s foreshadowing. Critic Sonya Solomonovich described “the way they grow despondent and then cheerful again in their domestic bliss as almost comical”. (Solomonovich, 2012, p2) The protagonist The Ambitious Guest is also a flat character. “The......

Words: 319 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Literary Criticism of Edgar Allen Poe

...Eliot Glassheim, in his article "A Dogged Interpretation Never Bet the Devil Your Head" in "Poe Studies / Dark Romanticism", explains how Poe tells a story with seemingly no hidden message and he wants to look further into the story for the hidden meaning. Mr. Glassheim starts to explain how one the surface the tale is weak and one feels cheated. He talks about Poe's sheers at the practice of the scholars that say every fiction should have a moral, and that they found that every fiction does. He mentions the way Poe attacks the critics, such as those from the Dial and Down-Easter, who prefer stories with moral lessons that can be summed up in didactic tag lines. During the first few paragraphs of the story Eliot says that the narrators voice can be identified with Poe, who has been accused to have never written a moral tale. He goes on to say that Poe is setting out to prefect the perfect moral fable form, starting off better than his predecessors by announcing his moral in the title. Eliot says that the insult to Dial is an attack on Transcendental Idealists in general. He goes on to explain how the narrator simply characterizes Toby Dammit's behavior as queer. He then mentions how Poe says the other Transcendental critics of the time would explain Toby's behavior. According to Eliot the satire against transcendentalism is reasonable and convincing. However, he warns to be careful because the narrator isn't presented as normal either. He says that although at first......

Words: 1015 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Literary Criticism

...NAME HERE January 21, 2013 CLASS HERE A Biographical Approach on John Milton’s “When I Consider How My Light is Spent” John Milton, one of the greatest English poets, was born in London on the 9th of December, the year 1608. He was the second child of John Milton and Sara nee Jeffrey. The family lived on Bread Street in Cheapside, near St. Paul's Cathedral. John Milton Sr. worked as a scrivener, a legal secretary whose duties included preparation and notarization of documents , as well as real estate transactions and money-lending. Milton's father was also a composer of church music, and Milton himself experienced a lifelong delight in music. The family's financial prosperity afforded Milton to be taught classical languages, first by private tutors at home, followed by entrance to St. Paul's School at age twelve, in 1620. In 1625, Milton was admitted to Christ's College, Cambridge. While Milton was a hardworking student, he was also argumentative to the extent that only a year later, in 1626, he got suspended after a dispute with his tutor, William Chappell. Milton settled down in London, where he began schooling his two nephews, later also taking in children of the better families. The Civil War was brewing — King Charles I invaded Scotland in 1639, and the Long Parliament was convened in 1640. Milton began writing pamphlets on political and religious matters; Of Reformation, Animadversions...

Words: 609 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Review Literary Works

...Review of Literary Works South University September 24, 2011 Introduction In canto 9, we see a deeper meaning. In this canto, willand intellect are two components of the human soul that are buried in the imagery of the text. Both Dante and Virgil have in common that like the heretics, they have tried to fathom the world via the intellect. This is an imperfect approach. Life can not be understood this way and this approach needs to be cleansed from Dante's soul. He must realize that mere human wisdom can not fathom the totality of God and life. Summary We see Dante growing pale with fear at his realization of Virgil’s failure to extricate them. In vain, Virgil tries to reassure Dante. Virgil appears to be waiting for someone impatiently. Then, Dante notices three Furies (animals that are half woman, half serpent) coming toward them. They laugh and scream once they see Dante. In addition, they call out for Medusa to come and turn Dante into stone. Virgil swiftly then covers Dante’s eyes so that he will not be able to see Medusa’s head. In this section we see, furies, that is Queen Medusa’s handmaids, including Alecto, Magaera and Tisiphone. In this canto, The Heavenly Messenger: serves as the elper to Virgil and Dante. He may possibly be St. Paul. In this section, the heretics are buried in open graves because they had trusted reason rather than faith and the church. Medusa here is an evil, serpent-haired goddess who can turn people to stone......

Words: 846 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Traditional Criticism

...A Research about The Traditional and The New Criticism What is Literary Criticism? Literary criticism or literary analysis can be defined as, “An informed analysis and evaluation of a piece of literature”. Or A written study, evaluation and interpretation of a work of literature”. * The study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature * A theory founded upon the term “critique” (an analysis of written or oral discourse) * Literary Criticism is usually in the form of a critical essay (though book reviews may sometimes be considered literary criticism) The literary criticism is a concept, formed on the basis of critical analysis and primarily estimates the value and merit of literary works for the presence or quality of certain parameters of literary characteristics. Literary Analysis on the Basis of Literary Theory The literary theory is a boarder concept incorporating various strict senses and merits for the systematic study of the nature of literature and provides a complete set of methods for analyzing literature. * There are several "schools" of criticism which I will begin to examine Traditional Criticism The traditional criticism approach examines you examine how the author’s life, his/her biographical information, contemporary times and effect of his life circumstances on his inspiration and their reflection in his works.It Connects an author’s life events with the ideas presented in a text * Believes that authors use their own life experiences to......

Words: 1062 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Shinning Houses- Literary Criticism

...January 11, 2013 Literary Criticism “The Shinning Houses” By Alice Munro The short story The Shinning Houses by Alice Munro epitomizes a time of great change, showing a conflict between the old and the new. Mary is the main character of the story and is faced with a decision that could potentially change the life of her neighboring friend, Mrs. Fullerton. Mrs. Fullerton is the oldest living member of the newly growing community, but her fifty year old house is being threatened by the on going petition, forcing the destruction of her home. This is because the community believes her property brings down the real state value of their homes and believes it would be better for the community as a whole if she were gone, so they try to get Mary to sign the petition. Mary understands their point of view, but because of the relationship she has with Mrs. Fullerton and her own insistence that it would be wrong to do, she refuses to sign the petition. Her individual decision is a vital part of the main message and theme of the story for it is pressed upon that despite social pressure; we do not have to conform. Mary represents the individualist lifestyle in her actions that go against the community’s petition despite their power and tendency to succeed, teaching the reader that our individual actions do in fact matter. It is through the Archetypical point of view and Social Marxist approach that the reader is able to further understand that individuality does not go unseen and......

Words: 1029 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Literary Review Outsourcing

...Abstract For the past four decades, outsourcing has provided organizations in running aspects of production and operations (Corbett, 2004). Designed to help build better businesses, stronger economies, and improve conditions in developing countries, outsourcing has become a popular business concept. The purpose for this paper is to review outsourcing as a viable business concept, identifying how outsourcing is used, benefits and setbacks, and options available for business support. The author will examine the concepts driving companies to use outsourcing as a worthwhile business strategy, utilizing several sources showing progression from initial conception to present day use. With today’s rapidly changing environment, one must question how outsourcing will adapt, allowing for continued success. Introduction In recent years, consumers have felt the impact of outsourcing on a personal level as they contact technical support for computers, satellite, and other services. While the ideas have been utilized for decades, outsourcing has become more common today as companies attempt to downsize without compromising success. The following will examine the concepts driving companies to use outsourcing as a worthwhile business strategy, utilizing several sources showing progression from initial conception to present day use. Outsourcing Overview Outsourcing involves transferring work or tasks to an external party, allowing for partnerships with other organizations (Power,......

Words: 5064 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

A Literary Criticism of Charlotte Temple

...A Literary Criticism of Charlotte Temple Charlotte Temple is a novel written by Susanne Rowson in the late eighteenth century. The novel was first published in England, but was soon published in America having many different editions throughout the years. Charlotte Temple is considered the second American book and was extremely popular during its time of publishing due to its somewhat short length and topic. Charlotte Temple is a story of an innocent and ignorant young girl who is seduced by a man, which ultimately leads to her death. The novella was considered to be somewhat taboo during its time period because of its nature dealing with lust and young love, a prevalent theme noticeable throughout the entire story. The story begins with the introduction of the English soldier Montraville whose attention has been caught by the young woman Charlotte Temple. Montraville describes her beauty to his friend Belcour, who seemed more interested in the idea of a looming war (The American Revolutionary War) than the woman that has caught the eye of his friend. For three days Montraville cannot get Charlotte out of his head and therefore decides to go to her home to see her. After deciding that he should leave and not think of or see her at all, he catches a glance of two women walking in a field. One of the women is Charlotte and the other is her French teacher Mademoiselle la Rue. Montraville later meets up with and bribes la Rue, so long as Charlotte will meet him the next......

Words: 2450 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Literary Review: Sherlock Holmes, a Master Detective's Mind at Work

...LITERARY REVIEW DRAFT Shaun P. Grech, WRTG 101, 30 November 2013 Thesis: Sherlock Holmes, a Master Detective’s Mind at Work Unquestionably, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was on to something when he created Sherlock Holmes. In Stanton O. Berg’s article, “Sherlock Holmes: Father of Scientific Crime and Detection,” the author believes that “the famous sleuth had a decided stimulating influence on the development of modern scientific crime detection” (446). Holmes was indeed a dramatic representation of the investigative curiosity of the time period. Berg cites criminologists of the era who were either inspired by Doyle’s fictional character, leading them to their own discoveries in forensic science, or who were driven to start implementing Holmesian methods within professional police forces (448). A review of Sherlock stories reveals that almost every one of the forensic techniques utilized by police forces today is touched upon in one form or another. In E.J. Wagner’s book The Science of Sherlock Holmes, such methods included the examination of dirt, cigar ashes, blood stains, fingerprints and a dabbling in ballistics among others. Part of the lure of Sherlock Holmes is that readers are captivated by the iconic nineteenth century detective’s innate abilities in solving his cases so seamlessly. In essence, he is the perfect intellectual model for analytical ability and razor edge wit. How then, is Holmes able to utilize the powers of his mind so......

Words: 2133 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Literary Review of Carrie by Stephen King

...Tyler Viator Due: March 5, 2015 English 2123 Lisa Nohner A Mother’s Influence Stephen King’s novel, Carrie, is the story of a girl who uncovers her unique ability on her path to womanhood and power. Stephen King wrote his story about Carrie three years after he graduated from college. During the 1970s, while King was in college, he was transformed by the idea of Women’s Liberation and how it would influence both males and females. King used interstitial, grotesque, sexual, gender, power, and violent literary elements with components of the European and American gothic genre to create a Supernatural Horror/Drama that reflected on life during the time period. Carrie White was raised by her widowed mother, Margaret White, on Carlin St. in Chamberlain, Maine during the mid 1970s. Throughout Carrie’s childhood, she was the subject of mental and physical abuse. Her mother and late father, Ralph White, were religious zealots who attempted to conceal Carrie from the outside world. Often times, when Carrie acted out, Margaret would inflict physical pain upon herself and sentence Carrie the closet to punish her for her wrongdoings. The abuse did not stop at home. At the age of 17, Carry had her first menstrual cycle in the girls’ shower of her high school Ewan Consolidated High School. After the girls recognized Carrie’s confusion and panic, they began to collectively ridicule her until Mrs. Desjardin, their instructor could come to Carrie’s aid. On the way home from school......

Words: 2050 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Marxist Literary Criticism of Jane Austen's Persuasion

...Marxist literary criticism has, as the name indicates, its basis in the theories of Karl Marx and his associates. The main idea of Marxism is that “instead of making abstract affirmations about a whole group of problems such as man, knowledge, matter, and nature, he examines each problem in its dynamic relation to the others and, above all, tries to relate them to historical, social, political, and economic realities” (BO). Marx argued that the real foundation of society was the economic structure, that political and legal superstructures rose from this base, and that “[i]t is not the consciousness of men which determines their existence; it is on the contrary their social existence which determines their consciousness” (BO). The most fundamental argument of Marxist literary and cultural theories is that they do not see art as something that is separate from society – art is, as Eagleton says, “part of the ‘superstructure’ of society” (5) – and the central concern of Marxist literary criticism is the relationship between the economy and the literature. Marxist critics argue that art is social because it is produced and received in concrete contexts, and because the creator is someone with a class, gender and racial identity – the author is, unavoidably, “part of her own context” (Haslett 8). Art, in Marxist readings, “is interpreted as a material practice, perhaps because it relies on ‘technology’… is concretely realised in situations which themselves are......

Words: 740 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Role of Knowledge and Preference in Literary Criticism

...Chrystal Hemphill Dr. Kilpatrick ENG 500 10/12/2015 The Role of Knowledge and Preference in Literary Criticism Some argue that beauty is in the eye of the beholder, while others argue that there are scientific and social factors that contribute to a clear definition of beauty. The same type of argument comes into focus when one considers literature. Dictionary.com defines literature as “written works, especially those considered of superior or lasting artistic merit,” but this brings into question how one is to judge whether a work has greater or enduring artistic value. This question is addressed in Plato’s Ion. In Ion, Plato addresses whether it is through experience and skill or through divine intervention that Ion judges the merit of works. Through an explication of the text, one can consider whether it is knowledge or preference that leads to determining value through literary criticism. The dialogue opens with Socrates speaking to Ion who is a rhapsodist, or a professional performer of epic poetry. The reader learns that Ion is a skilled rhapsodist as he has just won first place among competitors at the festival of Asclepius. It is upon this knowledge and skill that Ion bases his affinity for Homer. Ion makes the claim that Homer is a superior poet and because of this, Ion is better able to interpret his works as compared to his inability to interpret other poets’ works. When this claim is made, Socrates goes through a series of deductions in order...

Words: 1651 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Criticism

...The criticisms on the law of robbery and burglary is that In order for robbery to be committed, theft needs to be completed, in cases of theft appropriation only occurs at one time whereas in the robbery theft is a continuing act, as seen in the case of Lockley where defendant (D) used force to escape after he had stolen; therefore this is a problem because when using elements of theft it conflicts with the courts approach in theft cases. The Theft Act 1968 does not give any definition of the key elements of ‘entry’, ‘trespasser’, ‘building or part of a building’ in burglary. The inconsistency of not having any definitions causes the courts into deciding what the Act actually meant; therefore leading to different courts making different decisions on what it means, especially what is meant by ‘entry’. This is a problem because it means judge made law going against what the parliament actually meant. In addition to this the law on entry has changed as seen in the case of Collins where the principle stated that the D must know they are a trespasser or are reckless in not knowing. Here the CoA held that there needs to be ‘an effective and substantial entry’. However when it came to the case of Brown the ‘substantial’ part was removed and Brown was guilty of burglary as his entry was ‘effective’. Whereas in the case of Ryan ‘effective’ element was abandoned and Ryan was guilty because the jury found that D had entered the house. The decisions in these cases are inconsistent......

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Literary Review on Sepet

...differences. iii. Are there any aspects of theme which are left ambiguous at the end? Why? The theme where love affairs between two different races should be accepted is left ambiguous in the end. This is because from my point of view the director never really showed weather both the hero and heroine are finally lived together or not. Maybe the director wants the community themselves decide and accept the fact. The theme was left ambiguous because community nowadays are used to this thing where marriage or love affair between different races or religion is cannot be accepted. It’s difficult to give a verdict because it depends on each of ourselves point-of-view and how we accept it. iv. How does this film relate to the other literary texts you have read on your topic? This film relates to other film that I have watched for some time ago. The movie’s title is Veer-Zarra. It’s a story about veer( Shah Rukh Kahn ) who is and Indian by nationality and hindu by religion. Whereas, Zarra ( Preity Zinta ) is Pakistani by nationality and Islam by religion. Both of them fell in love when Veer is send to serve the army in Pakistani border, but their love is rejected by Zarra’s father because of nationality and mainly because of religion differences. At the end, Veer been released from Pakistan prison,and when he cum to meet Zarra at the age of 50,to his surprise Zarra lives a life of Hindu devotee and waits for Veers return without marrying anyone else....

Words: 4438 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Literary Review the Ambitious Guest

...Literary Review of “The Ambitious Guest” by Nathaniel Hawthorne Literary Review of “The Ambitious Guest” by Nathaniel Hawthorne Though the family lived a simple yet proud life in the Notch of the White Hills, they were not immune to the vanity the stranger brought to their cozy cottage they caught his disease of fame and paid dearly. The story began on a cold September night in a dangerous area in New England as a cheerful family set around their hearth to enjoy their solitude of their inner circle. As the wind roared outside, a stranger, a young man came to their door on his way to Vermont and made his self at home with this simple family. The stranger shared his dreams of wanting to make his mark on the world, and family followed suit from the oldest Grandmother to the youngest of the children. As the family and the stranger told their tales Hawthorne gave many clues of the price, they would pay for their ambitions. Characters In the ambitious guest, Hawthorne presents seven characters, the ambitious guest, Mother, Father, Eldest daughter, Aged grandmother, and younger children. All of the characters besides The Ambitious guest are somewhat flat characters, for the most part happy but have moments of worry about what the future holds for them, which is part of the Hawthorne’s foreshadowing. Critic Sonya Solomonovich described “the way they grow despondent and then cheerful again in their domestic bliss as almost comical”. (Solomonovich, 2012,......

Words: 1282 - Pages: 6