Free Essay

Lifespan

In: Other Topics

Submitted By lulunio
Words 711
Pages 3
Motor development and language acquisitions contribute to the development of attachment and are very crucial to an infant undergoing human development. Attachment grows throughout infancy because their learning from our environment and it builds by adapting to environment language skills are not as advanced but continual practice with the caregiver is crucial because it advances an infants trust. In the documentary Charles Nelson proves early experiences influences the source of human development and attachment, he finds that language is not only limited to words, faces play an extreme role in communication. An Astounding fact that a infant can recognize their mother by her facial arts even if the face is distorted, through seeing a face everyday a baby forms the sudden understanding of expression, and essential part of communication. A child needs a face to understand intentions/motivations and the ability to process information in faces are essential to survival and correlate to attachment Engaging in human contact will enhance an infant and their natural ability of leaning.
Talking to an infant or making sounds with an upbeat tone and exaggerated facial expressions causes connection between them and the caregiver. Exciting the senses by allowing an infant to explore different textures, exposure to different sights/smells helps to activate motor development. Exposure to toys and the ability to sit up and retrieve or grasp different objects increases skills causing crawling, hoping, sliding to different areas. Infant’s need a caregiver at all times to spark developmental skills in language and motor areas if not early human development and attachment could be tarnished eternally.
Parental neglect or abuse inhibit motor, language, and emotional development of a one year old because if deprived of these will be permanently disabled, being that babies have a learned behavior if deprived of sensory experience exercise use of practice they will lose all functions to survival. In the documentary Niley was blocked of certain light and exposure to one eye causing an immediate cataract if not operated on immediately by a doctor she would have been disabled in one eye for the rest of her life. Also if expression through a face is not fluctuated an infant will have social disorders and even autism like symptoms, children with autism are not good with recognizing faces generally or at recognizing facial emotion; if a child cannot read a face trust is deprived .Charles Nelson has worked with children in orphanages in Romania that hardly see faces because there are no caregivers in the first year of life they are lying on their backs in cribs staring at the ceiling, face processing has been derailed because they don’t have normal input.
A major component of emotional and psychosocial development is attachment. Children who have experienced neglect have been found to demonstrate higher frequencies of insecure, anxious, and avoidant attachments with their primary caregivers than non maltreated children. In fact, studies have demonstrated that 70 to 100 percent of maltreated infants form insecure attachments with their caregivers. Often, emotionally neglected children have learned from their relationships with their primary caregivers that they will not be able to have their needs met by others. This may cause a child not to try to solicit warmth or help from others. There are also language problems associated with neglect. In order for babies to learn language, they need to hear numerous repetitions of sounds before they can begin making sounds and eventually saying words and sentences. Language development may be delayed if the parent or other caregiver does not provide the necessary verbal interaction with the child. Research shows that neglected children are more likely to have cognitive deficits and severe academic and developmental delays when compared with non-neglected children. When neglected children enter school, they may suffer from both intellectual and social disadvantages that cause them to become frustrated and fall behind. A medical condition associated with child neglect is "failure to thrive," which can be defined as "children whose growth deviates significantly from the norms for their age and gender. This condition typically occurs in infants and toddlers under the age of 2 years. Failure to thrive can be manifested as significant growth delays, as well as poor muscle tone, unhappy or minimal facial, expressions decreased vocalizations and general unresponsiveness.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Lifespan Perspectives

...Lifespan perspectives ***** ******** Psy/375 June 25, 2012 ***** ******* Lifespan perspectives Although humans seem very different from one another, each human develops partly like everyone else, yet partly like no one else. Most of the time human’s attention is focused on one another’s unique qualities instead of realizing how similar humans really are. In fact, as humans, almost everyone has traveled some similar path. People such as, President Barack Obama, Joan of Arc, and Marilyn Monroe shared similar paths of life span development. Each one began to walk at approximately age one, began to talk sentences at about age four, as young children they played with toys while imagination worked wonders, and as young adults they would pack these toys up because they were no longer needed. As life goes on every human will experience almost the same developmental patterns from conception until death (Guest, 2011). Life-span perspective is the perspective that human development lasts all though out life. It views development as multicultural, multidirectional, multidisciplinary, plastic and contextual. In this perspective once a human hits their early 20’s, they have not completed development. In fact there are many developmental points in a human’s life after young adult hood that will last until death. This explains how human development is life-long (Guest, 2011). Multicultural can be defined as development that is affected by a person’s culture. ......

Words: 1070 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Lifespan

...Lifespan Perspective Paper Lifespan Perspective Paper A person’s lifespan is from the moment of conception through death. Lifespan development is the different stages a person passes through as he or she develops. Perspective of lifespan development understands the changes that occur in development. Freud and Piaget have very different theories of lifespan development. Freud’s theory is a basis of id, ego, and superego, whereas Piaget’s is a cognitive development that occurs over a person’s lifetime. Nature and Nurture are more than perspectives in lifespan development they influence how and who a person will be. Lifespan development is the time from conception to death as a person develops and grows; the perspective in relationship to human development is lifelong, and theories of lifespan development can be seen in Freud, and Piaget, while the influences of a person life is nature and nurture. What is Lifespan Development A person’s lifespan begins as a fetus and as it develops and grows for nine months in the womb becoming a person either male or female will continue through stages in a his or her life. The study of human development is a science seeking to understand how humans change over their lifetime (Berger, 2008). The changes a person goes through as he or she grows can be linear-gradual, predictable, steady, but normally they are none of these. The common stages are birth, infancy, adolescence, adulthood, old age, and the ending death. To define lifespan...

Words: 1130 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Lifespan

...Lifespan Development From infancy to late adulthood development on different levels take place. A lifespan can be long or short; children develop faster than others, this can come from heredity, some genetic deficiency or lack of parental involvement. A child development should be parallel with her chemical genetic balance, gifts and talents, proper eating habits from the mother, her environment, and under the watchful eyes of her parents. Cognitive happens when individuals knows, understand or believe what they are capable to know and understand, these cognitive development happens within stages of lifespan. People and nature goes through processes of development; there are factors which can affect physical development within middle age children. Middle Childhood Attention span is a condition known as A.D.D or Attention Deficit Disorder; children with this disorder have difficulties learning to perform physical tasks. The key factor to consider is whether the child abilities are affected by her paying attention to do what she is performing. Can she actually perform a task of building a pyramid block, or is she easily distracted by her peers on her other side playing with water colors? When a child does not have a relationship with their senses, this can affect their physical development. There can be a particular smell which causes a child to feel sick, but this smell may not bother another child, or certain noise that may make the hair on their backs stand straight up.......

Words: 1248 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Lifespan Development

...Lifespan Development Name Institution Course Date Lifespan Development Lifespan development is a wide field in the field of psychology. It all began with Darwin, who, in his quest to understand evolution, began to study the topic. In simple terms, lifespan development refers to a process, usually beginning from conception and ending when an organism dies. The process occurs methodologically and is as a result of the change that occurs with increasing age. Although the lifespan development may look simple, it is quite complex and involves different developmental stages. According to Baltes, (1996), the entire life cycle has four eras. These eras, he says, take an approximate time of 20-25 years. Levinson goes further to identify the developmental periods as childhood and adolescence, early childhood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood. At this point in time, it is formal to simplify various terminologies that relation to human development. This is because they will feature constantly in the preceding sections. First and foremost is development. This is simply a change characterized by movement from one state to another. Usually, development leads to transitions. Development, as will be used in this paper, will refer to growth, and progression through certain stages, commonly termed as “maturity.” Another term of significance is stage. This refers to sections that differentiate the various phases of growth. The phases involve...

Words: 4003 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Lifespan Development

...* Lifespan development is the field tha examine pattern of growth, change, and stability in behavior. (womb to tomb) * Major topical Areas (Physical Dev., Cognitive Dev., Personality Dev., Social Dev.) * Physical- Body and the brain. * Cognitive- Growth and behavior * Personality- Stability and change * Social- interaction and relationships grow * Cultural factors and developmental diversity * Broad factors * Orientation toward individualism or collectivism * Finer differences * Ethnicity * Race * Socioeconomic Race * Gender * Korosol increase stress * Cohort- group of people born at around the same time in the same place * Age graded influences- similar at particular age group * Sociocultural graded influences- social and cultural factors present at a particular time. * Modafin * Critical period- environmental stimuli are necessary for dev. * Sensitive Period- Certain kind of stimuli in environment. * Development is constructed thru biological, sociocultural, and individual factors working together. * Development is lifelong * Early adulthood is not the endpoint of development * No age perios dominates * Development is Multidimensional * Consist of biological, cognitive, and socioemotional dimensions * Multiple components within each dimension * Health and Well-Being * Parenting and......

Words: 945 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Lifespan Development

...Lifespan Development and Personality PSY 103 (Introduction to Psychology) Lifespan Development and Personality Middle adulthood has been seen as a variety of different ages depending on the source you choose to believe. Oxford English Dictionary defines “middle-age” as the period of life between young adulthood and old age, now usually regarded as between about 45 and 60 years of age. The U.S. Census describes middle age as including the age categories of 35-44 and 45-54, and the Collins Dictionary considers it approximately between the ages of 41-60. No matter how it is viewed middle adulthood or middle age is arguably the most defining time of a person’s life. I will explain the factors that affect physical and cognitive development in most people as they reach these stages in life. First, let’s explore the physical affects. As we begin to get older it is almost inevitable to notice the physical changes that our bodies take as we age. Although some may age quicker or slower than others depend on the environment you live in and/or your genetic background. Slower metabolism, lose of organ functions such as eyesight and hearing loss and even gender specific ailments such as erectile dysfunction in men and menopause in women. These changes have no bias regarding race, ethnic background or social-economic class, as we get older our bodies start to change. Although many of these changes are biological in nature, there are certain that we do that can decrease or speed......

Words: 1147 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Lifespan

...A person’s lifespan is from the moment of conception through death. Lifespan development is the different stages a person passes through as he or she develops. Perspective of lifespan development understands the changes that occur in development. Freud and Piaget have very different theories of lifespan development. Freud’s theory is a basis of id, ego, and superego, whereas Piaget’s is a cognitive development that occurs over a person’s lifetime. Nature and Nurture are more than perspectives in lifespan development they influence how and who a person will be. Lifespan development is the time from conception to death as a person develops and grows; the perspective in relationship to human development is lifelong, and theories of lifespan development can be seen in Freud, and Piaget, while the influences of a person life is nature and nurture. What is Lifespan Development A person’s lifespan begins as a fetus and as it develops and grows for nine months in the womb becoming a person either male or female will continue through stages in a his or her life. The study of human development is a science seeking to understand how humans change over their lifetime (Berger, 2008). The changes a person goes through as he or she grows can be linear-gradual, predictable, steady, but normally they are none of these. The common stages are birth, infancy, adolescence, adulthood, old age, and the ending death. To define lifespan development is also to mention that humans in their......

Words: 3692 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Lifespan Development and Personality Paper

...Lifespan Development and Personality Paper Adolescence, also known as teenage years is a time of dramatic change. Adolescence is a period in one’s life in which major physiological, cognitive, and behavioral changes take place. This phase of life marks a developmental period that follows childhood and comes before adulthood. Adolescence is closely associated with puberty, which is also considered as a developmental milestone, particularly in the western countries. Puberty refers to the period of adolescence when a person becomes capable of reproduction (Carpenter, S. & Huffman, K., 2010). In this paper, I will discuss the various factors that affect the physical, cognitive, social, moral, and personality development of adolescents. Adolescence is a time of rapid physical growth which is illustrated by the drastic growth spurt in the height, weight and skeletal muscles. The actual age may vary but generally occurs somewhere between the ages of 12 through 18. This is a critical stage where a child attempts to become independent, wants to establish their identity and there are noticeable changes in their moods and behavior. During this time in the adolescent’s life, the physical development factors are genetics and nutrition. If the child has genetics that hinder on his or her physical development the child will only develop as his DNA allows. If the child does not have proper nutrition, he or she could be underweight or overweight. This is such a crucial stage for......

Words: 1340 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Lifespan Development

...Lifespan Development Lifespan Development A child can always brighten a room, the inquisitive look in a child’s eyes as he or she gazes upon their new surrounding, and the joy they get from everyday objects that adults take for granted because adults have seen and touched these objects. This paper will attempt to describe how certain surroundings and traditions can affect ones personality from aspects in their childhood. Over a lifespan the human body develops, and at different ages the body changes. What factors affect physical development? Physical development starts when we are born, the genetic make-up from our parents may decide on how fast or slow our motor skills are developed. Another factor that plays in our early development is the environment we are born into, or in some bigger families the place we are born into can be a factor in our development. According to child psychologist, Dr. Richard Woolfson a first born child may learn at a faster rate than a second or third born. First born children are surrounded by adults, so speech may come quicker where as a child born with siblings may develop motor skills at an accelerated rate often copying, or mimicking siblings. The environment that the child is exposed to is probably the most important factor in the child’s development, what children are exposed to, or not exposed to, may decide how their speech or personality are developed. A child exposed to......

Words: 962 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Lifespan

...develops rapidly * Can swallow and urinate * Head engages in pelvis | 9 | * Amniotic fluid reduces * Birth takes place any time between 38-40 weeks | Time of pregnancy in months | Length in cm | Weight in kg | 1 | 0.35 | Almost none | 2 | 3.5 | 0.05 | 3 | 8.5 | 0.1 | 4 | 15.0 | 0.2 | 5 | 23.0 | 0.4 | 6 | 30.0 | 0.75 | 7 | 38.0 | 1.5 | 8 | 45.0 | 2.0 | 9 | 51.0 | 3.5 | Summary of the stages of Growth&Development- PIES Physical changes take place across the lifespan * Growth * Fine and gross motor skills * Puberty * Menopause * Ageing Intellectual changes take place across the lifespan * Language acquisition * Moral development * Effects in older people Emotional changes take place across the lifespan * Attachment and bonding * Building self esteem * Independence Social changes take place across the lifespan * Cooperation * Relationship building * Team working * Beliefs Developmental stages at each Life Stage Infancy (0-3 years) Physical Development * Humans are quite helpless and dependant when they are born compared to most other animals. * In order to survive they need to be looked after. * They are born with several reflexes. Reflexes: an unlearned and quick response to a stimulus(light, sound, smell) which is usually needed for survival and/or protection. * Babies are almost......

Words: 4545 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Lifespan and Personality Development

...Lifespan and Personality Development: Middle Childhood Taylor Nail PSY/103 February 02, 2015 Michael Phillips Lifespan and Personality Development: Middle Childhood What kinds of things can affect an individual from the age of 6 to 12 years? There are many things that can affect a person of this age group (middle childhood). During the middle childhood, Social and Moral Development describes that “children either develop a sense of their own competence at a variety of tasks, especially schoolwork, or they come to believe they are not capable of success (n.d.)”. Even though this age group can determine their own success and their own identity, there are factors that can affect these individuals’ physical, cognitive and social, moral, and personality development. There are many things that can affect the physical development in young children during their middle childhood, including environmental influences. With all of the research going on these days, it all loops back around to one issue these children face in the environment; obesity. For example, more and more children are spending more time watching television, and while watching the television they are snacking or having more meal time causing them to increase in weight, ultimately affecting their physical development. This problem increases as the children grow older. “Children’s TV time and home environment factors were assessed longitudinally among 169 families with children followed from 6 to 12 years of......

Words: 1259 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Lifespan

...the day that the individual passes away. This essay will describe the physical and cognitive changes in the field of psychology that is called "Lifespan Development." This essay will also describe some of the theories involved in the field and how heredity and environment shape an individual. Each and every person goes through several stages, starting with infancy, childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, middle age, older age and then eventually death. The infancy stage, is the birth to two years old and is crucial stage for the development of relationships with others. The infant is totally dependent on an adult and learns that the world surrounding them is a safe place; this is the stage when bonding occurs. The childhood stage is two through ten years old. There are numerous changes in this stage; the child becomes less dependent on the adults in their life and gains more self-control of their physical and cognitive abilities. From the age of ten to twenty years old the individual is in adolescence, the adolescent is developing their identity and the thought process is more complex and logical. The early adulthood stage is from the age of twenty to forty years of age. In this stage the person is gaining financial independence, working in a career, and thinking of selecting a life partner. The next stage in the human lifespan is middle age, this stage is from the age of forty to sixty-five years. The middle age person is usually established in a career and providing......

Words: 1054 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Lifespan

...rejecting of the child. In resistant children, the caregiver is often interested in the child but misunderstood to the needs. Conclusion There is the good measure of the attachment styles. Allows a careful analysis of secure/insecure attachment. These styles linked to measures of maternal responsiveness and sensitivity. The parent should have a bond with their baby. Also, provide the baby with a loving and attentive caretaker. Having a family is a blessing and joy to your family. Sometimes we as parents, we miss the mark. When it comes to our children, we give them all the right attachment. They still may grow and make their choices. We give them what is needed to become independent and successful adults. References: (Development through the Lifespan Ch. 6,7,8) ...

Words: 787 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Lifespan Development

...Lifespan Development and Personality Luis Cervantes PSY/103 January 11, 2016 Susanne Nishino Lifespan Development and Personality Developmental psychology is the study of how human beings age and transform throughout the eight major stages of life. This paper will focus on the physical, cognitive, social, moral, and personality development of individuals found in stage two, (early childhood 1-6 year olds). Through exploring, and examining the countless influences that affect their growth development. The physical growth transformations infants undergo in stage two of lifespan development range from, brain, motor, to sensory/perceptual development, and infant’s overall body height and weight. During the first two years, brain development and the central nervous system experience the most growth increase of any other infant’s body parts. Brain growth and learning transpire simply because neurons grow in size and the number of axons and dendrites, escalate (Carpenter S, & Huffman K. 2013a. pp. 237, 238). Meanwhile on the outside of the infant’s skull the fontanels or soft spots close off (Bjorklund, D. F., & Bering, J. M. 2002., pp. 272- 275). Motor skill development fall into two categories fine, and gross motor skills. Fine motor skill development involves the muscular, skeletal, and nervous systems generating precise operations of motions on the infant hands (Fluetsch, K. 2015 p. 9). Example of fine motor skills, a child’s ability to grasp a fork, spoon,...

Words: 1516 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Human Lifespan

...Topic and suggested assignments/activities and/assessment Unit introduction. Learning outcome 1 Taught session: definition of relevant terms; explanation of physical, intellectual, emotional and social with regard to human development. Taught sessions: group work; internet research on the stages of growth and development throughout the human lifespan. Guest speaker: arrested and delayed development; causes and effects; Q&A session. Assignment 1: The human lifespan (P1, M1, D1) For one famous individual, research and produce a fact file which includes relevant pictures, charts and diagrams to describe each stage of life they have already lived through, and the ones they will. For two of the life stages discuss the nature/nurture debate in relation to their development and evaluate the effects of both genetic inheritance and the environment, referring to the nature/nurture debate and providing a justified conclusion. Learning outcome 2 Buzz group session: life factors and their effects on individuals; plenary. Taught session: life factors; group work with case studies. Television recording: of major life events, (BBC News); class discussion. Assignment 2: Life factors and life events (P2, P3) For your chosen famous individual, research and explain the effect of five life factors on their development at two life stages; explain the influence of two predictable and two unpredictable major life events on their development. Learning outcome 3 Internet......

Words: 297 - Pages: 2