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Juvenile Court System

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Juvenile Court System
Felicia Simmons

Monty H, Mathis M.Ed

Juvenile Court
The juvenile court system takes into different consideration when it comes to juveniles. They look at the age of the juvenile as well as the nature of the offense or crime that has been committed. Although the nature of the offense or crime will not ensure that the juvenile will be charged as an adult. In the juvenile court system when a minor commits a crime they are referred to as delinquent not criminals. Juveniles are not arrest they taken into custody and also in court a juvenile case can have adjustment made so that the minor may be sent home or placed in a detention facility, or a child care shelter. At this point the juvenile will be a findings hearing or adjudication hearing. If the juvenile is sentenced they can be sentenced from a range of different things such as commitment to a youth center, treatment, training schools. Before the juvenile is released they might be moved to a residential childcare facility or an aftercare facility.
Adult Court System In the adult court system age isn’t a big factor at all, but the courts do look at pass offense as well as any other background or criminal history. Adults are refereed as criminal and they may chose to plead guilty, not guilty or no contest to any charges that they may be facing. An adult offender that is in the due process stage will either be sent to jail or they get a reduction in the charges that they have received. At this point the adult offender would be called to trial and after the trail has taken place they will be given a conviction sentence hearing which will determine what they will be convicted with. After the conviction hearing they will be given a sentencing which can lead to incarceration, probation, parole, electronic monitoring, or halfway house.
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