Premium Essay

Is It Ethical to Have Abortion?

In: Social Issues

Submitted By xyang
Words 992
Pages 4
Is it ethical to have an abortion?
ETHIC ISSUE
It is ethical or unethical to have an abortion.

INTRODUCTION
Abortion is a controversial social issue that has been continually argued over for the last 40 years. The pro-choice people and the pro-life people hold different opinion on whether or not a mother have right of abortion. “According to the pro-life position, the conceptus has an absolute right to life from the moment of conception onward. According to the pro-choice position, however, women have absolute rights over their own bodies and lives” ( Thiroux, J & Krasemann,2009).On the whole, when we talk about it is moral or not of abortion and whether or not abortion should be legal, we may mainly consider about the result for existence of abortion. This article will analyse this subject by using consequentialist ethical theories.

FACTS ◆ 54 countries allow abortion, which is about 61 percent of the world population. ◆ Unintended pregnancies account for almost half of all pregnancies and four out of ten unintended pregnancies end in abortion. ◆ Out of the total number of pregnancies, 24% end in abortion. ◆ The number of abortions per year is approximately 42 million and the number of abortions per day approximately 115,000. ◆ 83% of all abortions are obtained in developing countries and 17% occur in developed countries. ◆ 1% of all abortions occur because of rape or incest; 6% of abortions occur because of potential health problems regarding either the mother or child, and 93% of all abortions occur for social reasons (i.e. the child is unwanted or inconvenient).(The center for bio-ethical reform, from http://www.abortionno.org/Resources/fastfacts.html) ◆ Never-married women account for 64.4% of all abortions; married women obtain 18.4%; 9.4% are performed on divorced women.

ASSUMPTIONS Stick up for the fundamental right of…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Abortion

...| Abortions | Is it moral or immoral | | Naugie Pratt | 9/25/2012 | | Ethics of Abortion; Is it moral or immoral? Many debates over abortion focus on the political and the legal side of things, whether or not it is or isn’t morally correct for a woman to have an abortion. Many would argue that abortion should be outlawed and treated like a murder, instead of a personal choice over one’s life. Behind the debates are more fundamental ethical questions which aren’t always given the specific attention they deserve (Cline, Austin). Some would also believe that the law shouldn’t legislate morality, but all good law is based on moral values. (Cline, Austin) http://atheism.about.com/od/abortioncontraception/p/AbortionEthics.htm Arguments of a fetus being a person with legitimate rights, this would have to be a “no” and “yes” answer. The reason being is because it is a “woman’s right” to do whatever she wants with or to her body, if she is competent enough to make a life effecting decision, such as getting an abortion. Even if the fetus is a person, the abortion may be justified as necessary to a women’s bodily autonomy, but that wouldn’t mean that abortion is automatically ethical or unethical, to say the least. Even though states can’t force women to carry pregnancies to term, but they could argue that it is the most ethical choice to make. (Cline, Austin ) http://atheism.about.com/od/abortioncontraception/p/AbortionEthics.htm In my personal......

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Abortion Could It Be Ethical?

...Abortion Could it be Ethical Kelanah Hubbard SOC120 Introduction to Ethics and Social Responsibility Prof. Jennifer Murphy September 3, 2012 Could you imagine witnessing a child have surgery at 21 weeks gestation for spina bifida, outside of the womb and then be placed back inside? Would you agree with the mother aborting the child if there were no chance of adverse side effects from surgery and the child was going to have a normal birth in 3-4 months? “As the surgeon was closing the womb, the miracle happened. Baby Samuel pushed his hand out of the womb and grabbed the surgeon’s finger. Photographer Michael Clancy caught this astonishing act on film. And in that instant, Clancy went from being prochoice to being prolife. As he put it, “I was totally in shock for two hours after the surgery…. I know abortion is wrong now---it’s absolutely wrong.” (Alcorn, 2000, pg.33) Abortion and whether it is right or wrong ethically and what might be some of the opinions and ethical solutions, has always been a big debate and will be covered more. Utilitarianism argues that given a set of choices, the act we should choose is that which produces the best results for the greatest number affected by that choice. I believe that is the best solution for the crisis of abortion because it would make more people have to weigh their options and truly think about the choice they are about to make. People in society these days make decisions very selfishly and do not think about what......

Words: 2969 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Abortion

... PRO-CHOICE Abortion is the termination or premature ending of pregnancy by removal or expulsion of a fetus or embryo from the uterus. An abortion can happen spontaneously because of complications for the period of a pregnancy, or the abortion can be induced. A therapeutic abortion is an induced abortion, which is carried out to save or preserve the health of the mother. An elective abortion is an abortion carried out for any other reasons. Therefore, abortion refers to the induced abortion of pregnancy. Abortion is generally used to mean an induced termination of pregnancy whereas a miscarriage is generally used to mean a spontaneous termination of pregnancy. In abortion, the termination is intentional while in miscarriage, the termination is not intentional (Naden, 2007). Pro-choice abortion is the conviction that all women have the absolute right to choose to whether to abort a baby from their bodies. The paramount view of the pro-choice is that a baby ultimately does not have any human rights within its mother’s womb. A Pro-choice abortion allows women to have a choice on how to abort the unwanted child. Characteristically, the method of abortion is ultimately determined by the fetus age. During the first trimester of the fetus growth, a woman can choose to have a Suction Abortion or to use pills popularly known as the morning after pill or. On the start of the fourth month, the abortion is more often than not performed by Dilation...

Words: 1590 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Abortion

...Background Information Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior to viability. An abortion can occur spontaneously, in which case it is usually called a miscarriage, or it can be purposely induced. The term abortion most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human pregnancy. Induced abortion has long history, and can be traced back to civilizations as varied as China under Shennong, Ancient Egypt with its Ebers Papyrus and the Roman Empire in the time of Juvenal. There is evidence to suggest that pregnancies were terminated through a number of methods, including the administration of abortifacient herbs, the use of sharpened implements, the application of abdominal pressure, and other techniques. Introduction The ethics of abortion is a highly controversial issue that had been going continually argued over for the past few years and probably many years to come. Usually, debates about abortion focus on politics and the law: should abortion be outlawed and treated like the murder of a human person, or remain a legal choice available to all women? Behind the debates are more fundamental ethical questions which aren’t always given the specific attention they deserve. Some believe that the law shouldn’t legislate morality, but all good law is based upon moral values. A failure to openly discuss those values can obscure important discussions. The labels “Pro-life” and “Pro-choice” imply that...

Words: 2642 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Abortion

...Running Head: THE ETHICAL ISSUES SURROUNDING ABORTION The Ethical Isues Surrounding Abortion Lynette Freemer Kaplan University HU 245-03 Professor Kashani December 21, 2013 Abortion is when you terminate a pregnancy by having the fetus removed from the uterus. Abortions can be the result of a complicated pregnancy, or they may be induced. An induced abortion is referred to as an elective abortion, and an abortion due to pregnancy complications is called a therapeutic abortion. The cultural views on abortion are different around the world. People who are against abortion are referred to as pro-life, while everyone else is referred to as pro-choice. Many parts of the world have a current controversy with the ethical and legal aspects of abortions. Abortion is currently a legal operation in the United States. Women's abortion rights in the United States appear straightforward since abortions have technically been legal in the U.S. since 1973 (Krasemann & Thiroux, 2012). When examining the issue more closely, however, the status of a woman's right to abortion is far from static. Depending on location, age, and stage of pregnancy abortion rights are currently a complex and varied situation for American women. Before 1973, there was no national law on abortion in the United States. Many women sought illegal, unsanitary and potentially lethal abortions at the hands of unlicensed practitioners. The Roe v. Wade case changed this, allowing abortions to be......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Why Women Should Not Have an Abortion

...in the entire world have abortions. Women believe there are many reasons to abort such as fear of having or raising a child, rape, or not having enough money. But whatever the situation, there is never an acceptable reason to get an abortion. Some important reasons why women should not abort have to do with human values, religious values, and values of conscience. The first reason why women should not have an abortion is related to basic human values. Women need to think about their unborn babies who are not responsible for this situation. These unborn babies should have the privilege to live and grow into a normal person. Women need to be more humanitarian and less egoistic with these babies. On the other hand, the baby doesn’t know how or why he is here. It is not necessary to kill a life; there are many other solutions to resolve this problem short of abortion. The second reason why women should not abort has to do with religious values. In almost all religions, a woman is not permitted to have an abortion. If they do, their religions will punish them. In some religions, for example, a woman cannot take communion after having an abortion, and before taking communion again, she must do many things as a form of penitence. In whatever religion, abortion is punished and for this reason, women should not abort. Finally, the third and most important reason why women should not abort is related to her conscience. When a woman has an abortion, she will always......

Words: 404 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Is Abortion Ever Ethical?

...Is abortion ever ethical? ‘Is abortion ever ethical?’ This is a highly debated question, which has just as many arguments for than it has against. Abortion in the U.K is legal from up to 24 weeks, but even though that is the law, many people still today debate against this, as they believe strongly that abortion is never ethical in any situation. In my opinion abortion is ethical in certain situations such as; if a woman has been raped and as a result became pregnant from that action, if a mothers life is in great danger from carrying out the pregnancy or if the mother has become pregnant from such a young age that she could not financially support that child or give that child the love it needs for it to have a good life (pro-life). However, I do not believe that legally being able to have an abortion of up to 24 weeks is at all ethical. In my opinion I believe that an abortion should only take place up to 9 weeks from fertilization, this is because it is at this point when the embryo/zygote becomes a foetus, which in my opinion is when it changes into an actual human being. 9 weeks is also a reasonable amount of time for a woman to make a choice of whether or not to have an abortion. I am highly against the fact that an abortion is made legal of up to 24 weeks, when it is scientifically proven that a baby can be born at 24 weeks and live, whereas if a child were born at 9 weeks it would be impossible for it to survive. In conclusion I believe that abortion is...

Words: 341 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Do We Have to Allow Abortion

... Khetib Safi Myriame Should We Allow Abortion A baby is a human being, even if he is in his mom’s stomach. This action is not a new one, but the real debates about it have just begun because of the taboos that Islam impose. Abortion means to kill a baby when he or she is just a fetus. It has a lot of reasons, it can be wanted or sometimes a woman aborts for health reasons. However, a baby is a gift from God, and a mom who kills her baby knows that and has strong reasons to kill her own creation. Abortion may be prohibited by Islam, but nowadays, this act is considerate as a subject of conflicts between pros and cons. Therefore, I completely agree with those who fight to allowed abortion. Opponents of abortion say that this act is a crime and to kill a baby for any reason is against the law in Morocco and the punishment is prison and sometimes death penalty. They do not care on the reasons; So what can they say if I tell them that health is a reason that cannot be discussed? I found some cases that show that if a mother gives birth to a baby, she will die. Don’t they see that it is a danger for the mother? What will happen to this baby without his mother? In this case, there are some extreme cases in which the mother has AIDS or a handicap that will affect the baby. Are these risks to take just to have a baby? To care about the feelings of the baby, when he will growth is very important. It reminds me a......

Words: 1167 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Abortion

...Abortion Essay “It is a mistake to reject religious principles in favour of secular/ethical principles for guidance in medical ethics” Examine and comment on this claim with reference to the topic you have investigated (50 marks) Abortion is the deliberate termination of a pregnancy after the fertilisation of the human ovum and before birth. Abortion is debated because there are many different views with strong opinions and evidence for the pro-life and pro-choice argument. Pro-life is against abortion as they believe abortion should never be allowed and this is mostly religious people who believe with the pro-life argument, whereas pro-choice is where it is thought to be the mothers choice as it is her body so whatever she wants to happen to the baby can happen so the mother should always come before the foetus. Whether or not religious principles should be rejected in favour of non-religious principles is debated in Philosophy because there are a number of ethical issues which constantly surround this. In this essay I will comment on whether it is a mistake to favour non-religious beliefs over religious beliefs when looking at abortion, including those of Aristotle and John Paul II, and secular views which mean non-religious or spiritual views including those of Warren and Thompson. There are a number of types of abortion for example vacuum aspiration or suction termination which can only happen between the first 7 to 15 weeks of conception, this means that the foetus......

Words: 1524 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Abortion

...Abortion Essay “It is a mistake to reject religious principles in favour of secular/ethical principles for guidance in medical ethics” Examine and comment on this claim with reference to the topic you have investigated (50 marks) Abortion is the deliberate termination of a pregnancy after the fertilisation of the human ovum and before birth. Abortion is debated because there are many different views with strong opinions and evidence for the pro-life and pro-choice argument. Pro-life is against abortion as they believe abortion should never be allowed and this is mostly religious people who believe with the pro-life argument, whereas pro-choice is where it is thought to be the mothers choice as it is her body so whatever she wants to happen to the baby can happen so the mother should always come before the foetus. Whether or not religious principles should be rejected in favour of non-religious principles is debated in Philosophy because there are a number of ethical issues which constantly surround this. In this essay I will comment on whether it is a mistake to favour non-religious beliefs over religious beliefs when looking at abortion, including those of Aristotle and John Paul II, and secular views which mean non-religious or spiritual views including those of Warren and Thompson. There are a number of types of abortion for example vacuum aspiration or suction termination which can only happen between the first 7 to 15 weeks of conception, this means that the foetus......

Words: 1524 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Abortion

...May 2015 Abortion From a Different Perspective One of the most popular and controversial topics of today’s society is abortion. This topic brings up a lot of turmoil due to the ethical standpoint most people have on it. There are two distinct sides of this topic: pro-life and pro-choice. Pro-life deems abortion unethical and a form of “violent penetration” (NRTL 2013). On the other side, pro-choice views abortion as a safe and ethical option for teens and young adults that conceive under certain circumstances. Being a male, abortion is a topic that does not affect me directly, but affects me indirectly. Looking at this subject in the perspective of woman can be difficult at times, yet, us men need to realize that one day we could possibly have a wife and a daughter. Would we force our daughter to birth a child that she is not suitable for? Or to birth a child conceived by rape? These questions lead me to choose which side I stand on for this topic. I am pro-choice because it is a healthy alternative, a medically safe procedure and ultimately up to the woman who is carrying the child. Conceiving a child when a woman is not prepared can be a scary incident. Most young teens that become pregnant fear of telling their parent and resort to illegal abortions that have caused “medical problems as a result” (NAF 2015). Around the world, illegal abortion is the number one cause of maternal death. It is estimated that “68,000 women worldwide die each year from unsafe abortions”......

Words: 958 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

It'Sb a Woman's Choice to Have an Abortion

...It’s a Woman’s Choice to Have an Abortion Angel Jones Ethical and Legal Issues in Healthcare AIU Virtual Campus October 31, 2015 It’s a Woman’s Choice to Have an Abortion Abortion is defined as the termination of a pregnancy before birth using medicine or surgery, resulting in the removal of the fetus and placenta from a woman’s uterus. Because the process of this procedure ultimately results in the death of the fetus, Abortion has been one of the most debated ethical issues of our time and dividing our nation (Raffel, Borgone, D’Ambrosio, Heydon, 2015). The world is divided on this issue with pro-choice supporters on one side, pro-life supporters on the other side, and the government in the middle. The government is trying to eliminate the option of abortion for women, stripping them of their right to make decisions concerning their bodies. Is it fair? Everyone has their own opinion or arguments against abortion, but ultimately it should be the woman who makes the choice whether to have an abortion or not. There have been many debates on abortion between the pro-life and pro-choice supporters. Among those topics debated has been whether or not abortions are safe, considered murder, or if it’s used as a form of contraception. The pro-life supporters have argued that life begins at the time of conception so abortion is considered murder. The pro-choice supporters fired back stating that nearly all abortions take place in the first trimester, when a fetus......

Words: 1078 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ethical Dilemma on Abortion

...uncomfortable with abortion. She seeks some advice from Richard, an influential professor of evolutionary biology who has spent his career seeking to further human potential and minimize human suffering. When Susan asks Richard if she should abort the fetus or give birth to a baby with Down syndrome, Richard replied that human beings should increase happiness and decrease suffering in this world, and therefore he would suggest that she abort, though he also stated that she must make this choice for herself. Richard emphasized the lifelong suffering of both the child with Down syndrome and Susan as the child’s caretaker and stated that it may be immoral to bring a baby into the world if she knew the kind of suffering the child would experience. In fact, Richard suggest that perhaps the most ethical course of action would be to prevent this baby from living a life full of suffering. How would Susan respond? What decision should she make if her baby would suffer with Down syndrome, yet she wants to have a baby? Abbreviated Abortion Ethical Dilemma Essay Ethical dilemmas are complicated situations where people have to choose alternatives of two moral principles that are in conflict, which constitute the sense of what is right and what is wrong. All over the world, people face ethical dilemmas whether these dilemmas are described as personal or professional dilemmas or whether these dilemmas are minor or serious that results in negative consequences. Upon facing ethical......

Words: 2110 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Abortion

...Abortion and Ethics Roseanna Phares SOC120: Introduction to Ethics & Social Responsibility Mr. Russell Tompkins March 26, 2012 Abortion and Ethics In today’s society, “abortion” has raised a lot of ethical controversy all over the world. The word “abortion,” means “the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus in order to end a pregnancy.” (Abortion, 2012) This may be performed for a number of reasons. There are also many different methods of abortion. Abortion has divided people all over the world, and has caused people to debate whether it is right for a woman to terminate her pregnancy or not. I will discuss some of these issues as we go along. I will also, discuss some ethical reasoning about abortion, as well as, talk about pro-life and pro-choice. Most of the debates about abortion, are about if it is right or wrong for a woman to deliberately end a pregnancy before normal childbirth, and killing the fetus in the process. There can be many reasons why terminations take place. The major influence is social circumstances. These range from financial hardship to difficult relationships and family pressure, but their can also be medical reasons for an individual to get an abortion. Those who follow utilitarianism believe that “given a set of choices, the act we should choose is that which produces the best results for the greatest number affected by that choice.” (Mosser, 2012) Some utilitarian’s may ask if having an abortion brings about the......

Words: 1154 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Abortion

...Ethical Issues of Abortion “Abortion is termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior viability” (Wikipedia). Abortions can occur spontaneously which is called miscarriage, or it could be induced. When people talk about abortion, they mostly refer to the induced abortion. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website, approximately forty- two million abortions occur in this world per year averaging to 115,000 abortions per day. Eighty-three percent of these abortions occur in underdeveloped countries. In United States of America, one third of the women before the age of forty-five, have abortions. The average abortion per day in United States of America is 3,700. Eighty-eight percent of abortions are found in first trimester; fifty-nine percent of abortion is done in first eight weeks of pregnancy. Non-Hispanic white women had the largest percentage of abortions rate of (37.1%), followed by non-Hispanic black women (34.4%), Hispanic women (22.1%) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Whenever it comes to abortion, people talk about Pro-Life vs. Pro Choice. Pro-life is when a person believes that the “government has an obligation to preserve all human life regardless of intent or quality of life” (Head). Pro Choice is when “individuals have unlimited autonomy with respect to their own reproductive systems as long as they do not breach the autonomy of others” (Head). Whatever side a person takes, it...

Words: 1945 - Pages: 8