Premium Essay

In Gaining Knowledge, Each Area of Knowledge Uses a Network of Ways of Knowing

In: Other Topics

Submitted By D4777
Words 799
Pages 4

What does it mean to know?
The two areas of knowledge are history and art and the ways that will be connected to them are memory, emotion, reason, imagination and faith.
I’ll approach my topic with connecting reality to ways of knowing and areas of knowledge using real life situations.
The only two ways in which humankind can produce knowledge is through passive observation or active experiment. Active learning is where the learner queries the world in the search of knowledge.
Passive learning is where the learner has no control over the knowledge that presents itself.
Taking other knowledge is as data, by logical operation knowledge can be inferred for example. Testimony which is knowledge based on the acceptance of testimony involves accepting what others say .
“There are only two ways in which humankind can produce knowledge: through passive observation or through active experiment." I agree with this quote because gaining knowledge from others and learning from them is passive observation while active experiment is actually experiencing something in order to gain knowledge in the situation.
We don’t just produce knowledge we also discover it, like dinosaurs we didn’t produce them we discovered them.
Creation is more discovery or giving meaning at least with respect to knowledge. It not like we produced knowledge of moon ,it was there we gave it names and gave a meaning to the existing moon, before that we had no name and did not know.
To know things with passive observation and active experiment is either by seeing it with your own eyes to believe it real or hearing it and proving it to believe it’s true, people who gain knowledge by trying out things fall in active experiment.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Gaining Knowledge in the Context of Values

...Roman Karki Mr. Shane Horn T.O.K. Year 1, Monday 22nd September 2012 Reflection on Knowledge In Context of Values Subjects, Activities and their Significance The previous schooling system which I was a part of had the basic emphasis on academics along with reasonable presence of basic extracurricular activities (that is to say visual arts, dance, music and sports). Those however where seldom emphasized and we were made to focus more on our academic school life rather than extracurricular. There were students talented in many other fields besides academics, but they were praised only on the field not in the class, the teachers would inform us that extracurricular is important for all round development but rarely any action was taken to support this statement. Moreover they were constantly told to focus on their academics more. I also found that the school failed to present extracurricular in more attractive manner. For example: During dance class the boys would rarely appear and were found to bunk class as they did not seem to find dance class worth their time and requested the teachers for excuse on gender basis. Visual arts were usually spent skipping, only the interested students could not bear to bunk class. Sports were popular obviously, but no one enforced mandatory participation to passive students who preferred to study in class instead of exercise. In music class, which was once a week most students rarely showed any intrigue towards learning their...

Words: 4008 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Siemens Sharenet : Building a Knowledge Network

...ShareNet : Building a Knowledge Network Case Background: Siemen’s Information and Communication Network’s (ICN) Group Strategy Division had been delegated with the task of proposing a strategy for the future of ShareNet. ShareNet, a Knowledge Management System had grown from a small experiment to a tool and was widely used by ICN’s Sales and marketing department (S&M), had been rolled out to R&D department and one of the Siemen’s large U.S. Client. There had been a meltdown in the telecommunications industry which had precipitated major cutbacks throughout ICN.Group Strategy team faced pressure to cut costs and as a result, ShareNet was likely to come under increasing scrutiny as it been viewed by the upper management as a “ Nice to Have” and not as a “ Mandatory’ tool. There were questions around funding on whether Development and Maintenance of ShareNet be treated as a corporate initiative or the ICN’s five product divisions which use it as a resource should fund for the ongoing development and support. Case Analysis: The core idea of building ShareNet, a global knowledge network surfaced when an internal ICN consultancy group, Business transformation partners teamed up with a group from Boston consulting group who identified the unique challenge faced by Siemens due to the poor reuse of customer solutions and sharing of best practices which was critical to shift from pure technology products to products with solutions. ShareNet consisted of knowledge library with......

Words: 784 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...| Bridging the Knowing-Doing Gap | Exploring Tacit Knowledge & Knowledge Creation | | Conor Butler | | Abstract With billions of dollars spent each year on management training, business research, management consulting and with many books and articles written on the same subjects, it has been argued that all of this information and knowledge is not reflected in what organisations actually do Pfeffer, Sutton (2000). There is often a big gap that occurs between translating all the knowledge and information that we learn into positive actions that can be of benefit to an organisation. How often does a manager attend a training session, read a manual or be present at a conference, often at the expense of an employer, that attempts to teach them the correct way to implement a strategy or attack and solve a problematic process only for that manager to fall back to old ways of behaving?. Often people can fall back into old work habits due to time pressures, peer pressure, lack of faith in their capabilities, and sometimes by the idea that everything is going fine anyway so the need for change is not that necessary. There are many talented managers that have complex ways of thinking and possess “tacit” knowledge of internal efficiencies but would be unable to write them down in a manual. They are “unable to conceptualize their strategic insights” (Senge, 1990). A lot of this knowledge can then get lost or leave with an employee when they change jobs or retire. ...

Words: 2358 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Can We Know When to Trust Our Emotions in the Pursuit of Knowledge? Consider History and One Other Area of Knowledge.

...Can we know when to trust our emotions in the pursuit of knowledge? Consider history and one other area of knowledge. Candidate Name: Nastassja Isabelle Session Number: 002636-063 School Name: Binus International School Simprug Session: May 2013 Word Count: 1598 “The sign of an intelligent people is their ability to control their emotions by the application of reason”, American author, Marya Mannes once said. Emotion is defined as a strong feeling deriving from one’s circumstances, mood, or relationships with others. In the pursuit of knowledge, there are times when emotion could be involved in order to gain a better understanding of a certain aspect. However, relying on emotions too much could also cloud our judgment, for it is a very subjective way of knowing. This essay will discuss how reliable our emotion is in the pursuit of knowledge in two areas of knowledge; history and the arts. To start with, emotion plays a big part in judging historical figures and events that were immortalized through history books. The question is, would it be accurate enough to judge them solely based on our emotions? Take Richard III for example. He is known as an evil deformed hunchback in history. Shakespeare had popularized Richard III’s ‘deformed hunchback’ image by his famous historical tragedy titled “Richard III” where he was portrayed as a king who ruthlessly lies, murders, and manipulates, so many people had viewed Richard III like that. Shakespeare’s “Richard III” was......

Words: 1926 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Knowledge and Use of Contraception

...A MINI-RESEARCH PROJECT ON THE KNOWLEDGE AND USE OF CONTRACEPTIVES AMONG NIGERIAN UNDERGRADUATES: A CASE STUDY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR WRITTEN BY BASSEY, RACHEAL EFFIONG MATRIC NO.: 10/55011 DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR CALABAR SUBMITTED TO PROF. (MRS.) E. N. NWAGBARA (COURSE LECTURER) DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR CALABAR IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE COURSE REQUIREMENT: (SOC 3102) METHODS OF SOCIAL RESEARCH II APRIL, 2014 CERTIFICATION This is to certify that this mini-research project was carried out by Bassey, Racheal Effiong with Matric No.: 10/55011 of the Department Of Sociology, University of Calabar, Calabar. Under the supervision of Prof. Nwagbara E. N. DEDICATION This project is dedicated to the Almighty God who has been my strength and guide throughout this research study. DECLARATION I, Bassey, Racheal Effiong with Matric Number: 10/55011 hereby declare that this research on “The knowledge and use of contraceptives among Nigeria undergraduate” is an original work written by me under the supervision of Prof. (Mrs.) Nwagbara, E. N. in the Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I wish to tender my unreserved appreciation to my heavenly father who has kept me and helped me through this endeavours. My sincere appreciation to my wonderful Lecturer Dr. (Mrs.) Nwagbara who has made it possible for this......

Words: 10596 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

Summary of the Use of Knowledge in Society

...The Use of Knowledge in Society is published on American Economics reviews in 1945,which mainly talked about the knowledge of particular circumstances of time and place. He was referring to division of knowledge that businessman will not particular knowledge of how to run their business, instead within the business,workers might know to how make a product which the boss doesn’t know and consumers will know how the best they can economize,and outsiders will not have the access to get to know such kind of information. Workers and customers who seem to have better knowledge are called "the man on the spot". So if the businessman is not able to observe every details better than his workers do,does it imply that he or she is an uncivilized boss running an efficient economic model? The answer is no, because there is no need to know those things which are considered almost impossible to be accomplished, and unnecessary even if such goal is achieved.Hayke took an example of tin market,for some reason there is a disruption on the supply of tin on the global market,that means less tin is supplied in the market,the effect of the disruption will comminuted through changes in prices,individuals will economize on the tin accordingly without knowing the disruption itself,like why it happened,how long it will last or anything else about the disruption,all they have to do is to react to the higher price of the tin. Decrease on the supply of tin drives the price up which follows the rule of......

Words: 430 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Gaining Knowledge of Our Environment

...Gaining Knowledge about Our Environment How often do you pay attention to the environment around you? There are few people that take notice of how humans treat and take care of the earth; however, the people that do observe the earth are trying to gain awareness so people can see just what is happening around them. In Delaney’s essay, Pilgrim at Topanga Creek, he goes on to discuss the nature of human versus wildlife. The wildlife that he seems to focus on is coyotes and humans coexist. He goes on to explain that coyotes do not mean intentional harm, because they are just doing what they need to do to survive. Another environmentalist, Aldo Leopold wrote an essay called “Land Ethic.” Leopold goes on to express his ideals of how mistreated the environment really is. Like Delaney, he expresses how humans and the environment coexist; however, unlike Delaney, Leopold refers to plants and animals. He tries to prove the point that humans do not have respect for the natural world. While both essays’ focus on the subject of the environment there is a compare and contrast of similarities, differences, and tones. In both essays’ Leopold and Delaney discuss how easily humans take over land that belonged to animals long before we took over the land. Delaney talks about how the coyotes invade the yards in his neighborhood; however, there are people that leave food out for the coyotes, but call in complaints when the coyotes attack their yards, pets, or children. About 100 coyotes......

Words: 987 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Grade vs Gaining Knowledge

...The Grade Verses Gaining Knowledge Marjorie Godek Brigham Young University-Idaho Sister Hopkins, March 6, 2015 Introduction You are defined by a number, A single number, a single letter. And if your number is not a 4.0, you’re no good. If your letter is not an A, we don’t want you. This is the message that is being sent to students across America. Young human beings are reduced down to a number, slapped on a piece of paper, or mechanically entered into some cyber sphere. This is the value of today’s students in America; the numbers that represent them. However, there are key principles taught by David McCullough in his address “Love of Learning,” and Thomas G. Plummer’s “Diagnosing and Treating the Ophelia Syndrome” that have given new insight into addressing the errors in our educational system that so many today are lamenting, yet are misdiagnosing, and treating with snake oil. These two men have been on both the learner and the teacher side of life, and I believe have correctly identified critical elements to true learning. And as they possess such experience, it begs the question: how does our country’s current approach to education align with these men’s ideas about learning? Let’s be so bold as to propose that it does not. These men provide the two key pieces to education that our country is currently lacking, and while both use rational thinking to arrive at their conclusions, Plummer argues that individuals stunt their learning and growth when they depend on......

Words: 1922 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Hayek -the Use of Knowledge in Society

...Hayek: The Use of Knowledge in Society Discussion Questions 1. “The peculiar character of the problem of a rational economic order is determined precisely by the fact that the knowledge of the circumstances of which we must make use never exists in concentrated or integrated form, but solely as the dispersed bits of incomplete and frequently contradictory knowledge which all the separate individuals possess (H.3)” i. What does Hayek mean by a “rational economic order”? a. The economic problem of society is thus not merely a problem of how to allocate "given" resources—if "given" is taken to mean given to a single mind which deliberately solves the problem set by these "data." It is rather a problem of how to secure the best use of resources known to any of the members of society, for ends whose relative importance only these individuals know. Or, to put it briefly, it is a problem of the utilization of knowledge which is not given to anyone in its totality. ii. What does Hayek mean by “dispersed bits of incomplete and frequently contradictory knowledge”? b. The economic problem of society is thus not merely a problem of how to allocate "given" resources—if "given" is taken to mean given to a single mind which deliberately solves the problem set by these "data." It is rather a problem of how to secure the best use of resources known to any of the members of society, for ends whose relative importance only these individuals know. Or, to put it......

Words: 1531 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

That Which Is Accepted as Knowledge Today Is Sometimes Discarded Tomorrow”. Consider Knowledge Issues Raised by This Statement in Two Areas of Knowledge.

...accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow”. Consider knowledge issues raised by this statement in two areas of knowledge. School Name: The International School Candidate Name: Muhammad Jamal Teacher Name: Syeda Sobia Haleem Candidate Code: 001307-0019 Session: 2012-2014 Word Count: 1234 “That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow”. Consider knowledge issues raised by this statement in two areas of knowledge. If today, someone came up and said that the universe is motionless, he would be considered a lunatic. But in 1917, it was a common phenomenon widely believed that the universe was static. Until Einstein presented his theory and explained how the solar system worked. This example raises a knowledge issue: “Can we say that the knowledge attained through reasoning and perception is immutable”? Because the aforementioned example completely refuted this idea. What is knowledge? Knowledge is a combination of random information. This is systematically arranged through different ways of knowing specially reasoning and perception. Knowledge is classified as a factual belief. It is indispensable that the statement is considered to be true by all- which is objectivity. Having said that, we cannot ignore the role of Subjectivity in the formation of knowledge. After taking the limitations of ways of knowing into......

Words: 1304 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Ways of Scientific Knowledge in the 1900s

...on beer and wine for ideas was like adding Tons of butter to the railroad tracks the train always kept falling off topic. But when America switched to Tea and coffee the train tracks stayed on target and never fell of the track once. So what I’m saying is that America should have started drinking coffee sooner to help develop good water to eventually rely on the stuff for sources of good knowledge. But another most important thing about the ideas overall is the space the surroundings you finds yourself in like go to a coffee house talk with other people with different kinds of expertise. Eventually after talking with those people regardless of where you meet them just tossing a few ideas around eventually generates a good idea. But on the flip side of the coin they could also generate bad ideas as well as good ones. Sometimes hteres idea processes like the slow hunch where I person heard of an idea and puts it together like a mentally long puzzle and uses logic to put the puzzle pieces together. They happen in mere moments when having a stroke, Flash, epiphany, Eureka, and Light bulb with each one showing you some glimpses of the future of some ideas that have not been foretold of yet that you and your friends could be the first to do so. For example on October forth 1957 was the launch of sputnik and it was aired around the world and one of those guys said huh I wonder if we could hear the satellite in orbit the other person in the group said yeah I got a friend in the......

Words: 736 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

That Which Is Accepted as Knowledge Today Is Sometimes Discarded Tomorrow.” Consider Knowledge Issues Raised by This Statement in Two Areas of Knowledge.(Question #4)

...accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow.” Consider knowledge issues raised by this statement in two areas of knowledge.(Question #4) Technological advancements and increasing globalization in our world have led to vast improvements in the access and diffusion of knowledge in almost every single society. The statement, “That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow.” raises certain issues about the nature of knowledge and the implications of knowledge as we know it. Hence, it will be my aim to explore whether or not knowledge can be the same for everyone, and to investigate the timelessness of knowledge, questioning if it is actually possible to discard knowledge. The scope of this essay will focus on the natural sciences and human sciences in terms of Areas of Knowledge (AoK), and reason, perception, and language within the various Ways of Knowing (WoK). Whilst I realise that perhaps any AoK could have been utilized to explore the extent to which knowledge is personal or shared, the natural and human sciences lend themselves particularly well to this investigation due to the prominent role of inductivism in both these AoK. The five key steps to inductivism; observation, hypothesis, experiment, law, and theory require the use of perception and reason to validate knowledge in these AoK, and hence the aforementioned WoK become distinctly useful in the analysis of this knowledge issue.......

Words: 1632 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

No Knowledge Can Be Discussed in a Single Way of Knowing

...“No Knowledge Can be Discussed in a Single Way of Knowing” Lily Jang Theory of Knowledge February7th Using one way of knowing is not enough to determine whether something is true or whether something is believed to be true. Knowledge can be acquired through eight ways of knowing: memory, perception, emotion, imagination, reason, language, intuition, and faith. Plato defined knowledge as the “justified true belief”, which shows that in order for us to obtain knowledge, we need to know certain thing as a fact, not a belief. Believing something to be true simply does not mean knowing something for certain; it only means that we have faith in the fact that it is true. To test if our beliefs are real and true and to obtain knowledge, we need to use the different ways of knowing to confirm or abolish our beliefs. Therefore, “no knowledge can be discussed in a single way of knowing”. Occasionally when people are trying to cover up a truth, in other words, to lie, we have the capability of detecting those lies by looking at their behaviors and facial expressions. I have always been pretty good at knowing whether someone is telling me the truth or not. This works the best for my brother, Ian—I can tell right away and know whether he is lying or not. So in what ways of knowing can the knowledge that ‘Ian is lying’ be drawn upon? The most obvious one I use would be sensual perception, when my senses catch upon the twitching of his lips when he lies and the shaking of his...

Words: 708 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Uses and Limitations of Reason in Gaining Knowledge.

...The uses and limitations of Reason in gaining knowledge. Reason is one of the main ways of knowing. To know is not just to be informed but to be critically aware of that information. Reason, as a tool, is the objective application of human cognitive ability to any and everything . Therefore,fundamental to this essay is the process of knowing anything, and the extent to which reason is applied in that knowing. I will attempt to explore one main question – ' how?' and in order to simplify, I shall attempt to put forth this exploration in the area of economics. When we draw a graph on the cartesian plan explaining rational human behaviour, with ceteris paribus, we suppose the unreal to be able to understand the real. Beyond the irony of it all, the knower is faced with a dilemma at heart – To what extent is this actually true? The presence of ideal and/or constant conditions and rational actors as a presupposition to explainations in economic theory from the very core – such as demand and supply- are clear examples of basing valid theories on certain assumptions. The arguments, the deductions and all inferences made from that theory– whether it is about equilibrium or social surplus – are valid. But a keen knower is bound to question the veracity of the core premise in place to know whether reason in economics is in confluence with truth or divorced from it! To examine the premise of the rational human, I am intrigued into exploring how we firstly define, and then......

Words: 1596 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Network Structure and Inter-Organizational Knowledge Sharing Capability

...Network Structure and Inter-organizational Knowledge Sharing Capability ABSTRACT This paper examines how the structure of a supply network can affect the inter-organizational knowledge sharing capability, which is expressed by absorptive capacity and shared identity. The supply network structure is analyzed by two dimensions – formality and centrality. Propositions about the relationships between network structure and knowledge sharing capability are suggested at the end. Subject Areas: Supply chain management, Inter-organizational knowledge sharing, Absorptive capacity, Shared identity, Network structure. 1 1. INTRODUCTION Historically, individual organizations have tried to improve their own performance in an effort to gain competitive advantage. Today, the success of an individual organization depends largely on the performance of its suppliers and customers [1]. Consequently, supply chain or supply network management is one of the critical success factors in today’s marketplace [2]. As organizations increasingly connect with and rely on partners and suppliers in their supply networks, interdependencies among these organizations naturally increase. This increase, in turn, makes today’s supply networks more complex [3], and members of such complex supply networks face many sources of uncertainties – internal as well as external1. Fisher [4] argues that the strategy of the supply network – lean vs. responsive – should be aligned with the product types – functional vs...

Words: 4801 - Pages: 20