Premium Essay

Ifrs and Gaap Convergence

In: Business and Management

Submitted By 1ovakyn
Words 1734
Pages 7
IFRS and GAAP Convergence
Mercy Hudson
Strayer University

I have read and understand Strayer University’s Academic Integrity Policy. I promise to conduct myself with integrity in the submission of all academic work to the University and will not give or receive unauthorized assistance for the completion of assignments, research papers, examinations or other work. I understand that violations of the Academic Integrity Policy will lead to disciplinary action against me, up to and including suspension or expulsion from the University. I understand that all students play a role in preserving the academic integrity of the University and have an obligation to report violations of the Academic Integrity Policy committed by other students.

Chevron Corporation, an American multinational energy corporation is active in more than 180 countries. Chevron is one of the world’s six ‘super major’ oil companies. For the past five years, Chevron has been continuously ranked as one of America’s five largest corporations. Chevron’s headquarters is in San Ramon, California (Fox, 2012). It is engaged in every aspect of the oil, gas, and geothermal energy industries, including exploration and production; refining, marketing and transport; chemicals manufacturing and sales; and power generation. Chevron was originally known as Pacific Coast Oil Company in 1979, where they made their oil discovery in Pico Canyon north of Los Angeles, California (2012). Since its origination, it has blossomed and generated large amounts of revenue ever since. The International Financial Reporting Standards would be beneficial for Chevron. However, since this company has been in existence for a decade and have foundational methods and ways of their accounting and financial systems such as GAAP already implemented, it is hard for Chevron to adjust and…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Pros and Cons of Gaap and Ifrs Convergence

...Pros & Cons of GAAP and IFRS Convergence The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) was formed in an attempt to bring uniform accounting standards within international countries through its issuing of the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Today, over 100 countries including Canada, India, and Japan have adopted these standards for financial reporting. The growth of multinational companies such as Coca Cola and the increasing desire of cross-border investing have made it apparent that the U.S.accounting standards known as the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) can no longer remain separate from IFRS. Under the request of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), FASB and IASB signed the Norwalk Agreement, which promised the convergence of GAAP and IFRS by as early as 2015. As a result, it appears that the importance of FASB will decline as IASB becomes the primary responsibility holders of the new merging accounting standards. What advantages and disadvantages can come of GAAP and IFRS integration? Once finalized, the convergence of GAAP and IFRS will create high quality financial reporting that will be uniform amongst companies both domestic and abroad. This will allow investors to interpret and compare financial statements from domestic and foreign countries according to the same accounting standards, which will enable them to make better investment decisions.As the......

Words: 787 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ifrs and Gaap Convergence

...IFRS and GAAP Convergence Janette Renea Anderson Professor David Ochwangi Intermediate Accounting 303 May 22, 2012 IFRS and GAAP Convergence Currently, more and more companies large and small are doing business world-wide and creating a growing need for international accountancy standards for everyone. The globalization of business and finance has led more than 12,000 companies in almost a hundred countries to adopt IFRS. In 2005, the European Union (EU) began requiring companies incorporated in its member states whose securities are listed on an EU-regulated stock exchange to prepare their consolidated financial statements in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Australia, New Zealand and Israel have essentially adopted IFRS as their national standards. Canada, which previously planned convergence with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), now plans to require IFRS for publicly accountable entities in 2011. The Accounting Standards Board of Japan (ASBJ) and the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) plan convergence by 2011. (Journal of Accountancy, 2008) To start an explanation of ‘Convergence’ I would first need to explain a ‘conceptual framework’. The definition of a conceptual framework is a coherent system of interrelated objectives and fundamentals that can lead to consistent rules and that prescribes the nature, function, and limits of financial accounting and financial statements......

Words: 984 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Gaaps and Ifrs Convergence

...The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) was formed in an attempt to bring uniform accounting standards within international countries through its issuing of the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Today, over 100 countries including Canada, India, and Japan have adopted these standards for financial reporting. The growth of multinational companies such as Coca Cola and the increasing desire of cross-border investing have made it apparent that the U.S.accounting standards known as the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) can no longer remain separate from IFRS. Under the request of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), FASB and IASB signed the Norwalk Agreement, which promised the convergence of GAAP and IFRS by as early as 2015. As a result, it appears that the importance of FASB will decline as IASB becomes the primary responsibility holders of the new merging accounting standards. What advantages and disadvantages can come of GAAP and IFRS integration? Once finalized, the convergence of GAAP and IFRS will create high quality financial reporting that will be uniform amongst companies both domestic and abroad. This will allow investors to interpret and compare financial statements from domestic and foreign countries according to the same accounting standards, which will enable them to make better investment decisions.As the ease of interpretation of financial records......

Words: 292 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Gaap & Ifrs Convergence

...GAAP & IFRS Convergence Eileen Walker Strayer University 3/1/2013 Professor Lightweis ACC304 By definition, convergence is the “coming together from different directions, especially a uniting or merging of groups or tendencies that were originally opposed or very different” (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2009). As it applies to accounting, convergence is the “collaborative efforts of the FASB and the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to both improve U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and eliminate the differences between them” (IASB-FASB Update Report to the Financial Stability Board Plenary on Accounting Convergence, 2012). While efforts towards convergence have been on-going since 2002, there still remains much to be resolved between the two entities. Whether or not convergence may be completed and implemented within the next five years remains to be seen, and will most assuredly be contingent on the resolution of several key differences. In an April 2010 report published by The Finance Professionals’ Post, some of the major differences between GAAP and IFRS were as follows: * Inventory Valuation – Last In First Out (LIFO) is permitted under GAAP, but not under IFRS. GAAP requires carrying amount at lower or cost or market while inventories reported under IFRS are carried at lower of cost or net realizable value. Companies using LIFO would have to revalue......

Words: 1998 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Ifrs and Gaap Convergence

...1. Describe what accounting convergence means and assess the likelihood of the convergence being completed and implemented in the next five (5) years? Accounting convergence is a process or goal to establish one set of accounting standards that can be used internationally by attempting to eliminate the differences in the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and the US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP). Convergence also seeks to establish understandability amongst users and enforceable by regulators (Erchinger, Melcher, 2007). The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) have been trying to implement a global acceptable standard for financial reporting since the end of 2002 onwards (Fogarty, 2011). However to this day in 2013 the convergence of both IFRS and US GAAP has yet to be completed and implemented. The likelihood of the convergence being completely finished and implemented seems possible but yet so far as both the IASB and FASB have already been trying for ten years to get it completed despite the hurdles they have endured. In November 2007 the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) voted 4-0 in favor of eliminating the requirements that forces foreign companies with U.S listings to reconcile their results with to U.S GAAP therefore companies with a year end of 2007 are no longer required to follow these set of principles (Fogarty, 2011). 2. Evaluate and describe......

Words: 1269 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Ifrs Convergence

...Accounting Principles (U.S. GAAP) are required throughout the United States, other countries utilize other methods of classifying their financial statement items. While the standards of accounting differ among many countries, there has recently been an effort to attain a universal set of standards under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). While this has not yet been achieved, multiple countries have made an effort to converge their standards with IFRS. This paper attempts to illustrate the diversity that currently exists throughout the accounting world, briefly comparing several key differences of U.S. GAAP to the standards used in Hong Kong, China, Mexico, and the United Kingdom. Hong Kong With a few minor exceptions, Hong Kong has officially converged its financial reporting standards with IFRS effective January 1, 2005 (AdoptIFRS.org). Hong Kong’s primary GAAP-required statements are known as Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standards (HKFRSs), including their interpretations (Deloitte Global Services Limited, 2013). Other mandated GAAP requirements are found in Hong Kong’s Companies Ordinance as well as its Listing Rules (Deloitte Global Services Limited, 2013). The following paragraphs briefly highlight key financial statement items and their differing treatments by Hong Kong under IFRS and U.S. GAAP. The Balance Sheet While U.S. GAAP only provides a small amount of direction when clarifying how assets and liabilities should be offset, IFRS gives......

Words: 2220 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Ifrs Gaap

...4. In considering the rules based approach of GAAP and the principles based approach of IFRS we looked at GAAP first. GAAP provides application clarity, low risk, and for companies in the same industry there is easy comparability. These Rules, however, must be accounted for using these rules even if the information is misleading, uneasy to compare across industries and the risk increases when rules are not followed. IFRS allows us to consider best out of multiple ways to account for transactions, comparibility among companies across multiple industries, and it is easier to defend actions and positions by using the principles that were followed. That being said, we believe that the IFRS approach is needed over the US approach. We believe that the rules are put into place by the US approach and companies then take the steps necessary to get around them. We believe that principles should be used and there should be required disclosures to guide investors and shareholders and help them understand the principles that were used and the decisions made that were based on these principles. There is still need for solid framework for larger key issues, but we feel as though principles are the right way to go. To deal with inconsistencies, there would still be a few concrete rules laid out to govern however principles will be still be used. Lessees and Lessors will also be required to show equal and opposite assets and liabilities on their balance sheets for every and all lease without...

Words: 763 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Gaap and Ifrs

...Outline Part 1 Background and Overview Part 2 US GAAP and IFRS Part 3 China GAAP and IFRS Part 4 Summary of Convergence Process Part 5 Pros & Cons of Convergence Part 6 The reasons for differences in accounting practice ww.ifrs.org + The International Accounting Standards Board + The International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC) Foundation + Objective – a single set of global financial reporting standards + Aim – convergence between national standards and international standards + IFRS Framework + IFRS SMEs + Supported by the Group of 20 Leaders (G20) who, at their September 2009 meeting in Pittsburgh, US. Country Status for listed companies as of April 2010 Argentina Required for fiscal years beginning on or after 1 January 2011 Australia Brazil Canada Required for all private sector reporting entities and as the basis for public sector reporting since 2005 Required for consolidated financial statements of banks and listed companies from 31 December 2010 and for individual company accounts progressively since January 2008 Required from 1 January 2011 for all listed entities and permitted for private sector entities including not-for-profit organizations Country China Status for listed companies as of April 2010 Substantially converged national standards European All member states of the EU are required to use IFRSs as adopted by the EU for listed Union companies since 2005 France Germany India Indonesia Italy Japan Mexico......

Words: 1833 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Convergence of Ifrs and Us Gaap

...in doing their business. International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and US generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) are two main accounting principles that is widely used in the majority of the companies. However, there will be still conflict in the interpreting and understanding each other financial statements due to these two different approaches. Therefore, to overcome this problem, International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) are working on it by taking the necessary steps as time passes to close down the gap and standardised the accounting principles globally making it easier for all parties. (157 words) 1.0 Introduction In the world of globalization, a number of countries had been experiencing the convergence of their local GAAP and IFRS in order to apply the international accounting standard to suit the growing business world. This does not left out the people of the United States who are also trying to converge the accounting standards of US GAAP and IFRS in order to close down the gap between the accounting standards. FASB and IASB are the main international bodies assisting the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to achieve this goal. 2.0 Benefits 2.1 Facilitate international business and economy growth There are a number of benefits that people can gain from the convergence of US GAAP and IFRS. For example, the convergence of these accounting standards will contribute towards the internal......

Words: 2197 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Comparing Gaap & Ifrs

...the differences between Generally Accepted Accounting Principals (GAAP) and the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Currently, the majority of countries in the world follow International Financial Reporting Standards guidelines; however, the United States still uses Generally Accepted Accounting Principals. This topic has been a main focus because there is a plan for convergence between the two frameworks in the near future. The United States accounting system will undergo drastic changes when this occurs, but in the long-run the idea is to simplify the accounting procedures around the world. The main difference between GAAP and IFRS is that GAAP is considerably rule-based, whereas IFRS is more principal-based which means IFRS has room for interpretation. The specific differences are far too many to cover in a short presentation, however, an explanation of some major differences are mentioned below. In certain instances, GAAP and IFRS follow different approaches for the determination of specific amounts as well as how these amounts are recognized in financial statements and within the notes. One of these instances occurs in the measurement of inventory. Unlike GAAP which accepts the FIFO, LIFO, and weighted-average methods, IFRS does not accept LIFO. Also, when inventory is recorded on the balance sheet, IFRS requires that it be reported at the lower of historical cost or Net Realizable Value. GAAP, on the other hand, requires inventory to be reported at the......

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ifrs and Gaap

...IFRS and GAAP Comparison ACC/291 December 8, 2014 Cameo Christopher IFRS and GAAP Comparison The two most widely known accounting standards used are the International Financial Reporting Standard or (I.F.R.S.) and the U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles or (G.A.A.P.) The IFRS is used in more than 110 countries worldwide where the GAAP is generally used only in the United States. Every accountant around the globe is familiar with these accounting standards. These two accounting standards have similarities and differences that will be brought to light. We will also discuss the liabilities between the two and how the two accounting standards tie into Financial Accounting Standard Board and International Accounting Standard Board. IFRS 8-1 The Financial Accounting Board and the International Accounting Standards Boards both work together to develop and re-enforce the financial reporting standards for publicly held companies. In order to move fair value measurement for financial instruments certain steps need to be taken. One step is related guidance on measurement and enhanced disclosure requirements to inform financial statement users about the fair value measurements included in the financial statement. There are different standards for fair value measurements between the United States and other countries. Component depreciation is very important for companies in the United States and across the globe. Component depreciation is when...

Words: 861 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ifrs to Gaap

...COMPARING IFRS TO GAAP Lucien Goode University of Phoenix ACC/291 12/7/2015 IFRS VS GAAP There are over twenty-eight million businesses in the United States alone and less than one percent of those companies are incorporated. Corporations have been doing international business for hundreds of years and with the tech boom error growing over twelve times more than the early nineties, the way the world does business has changed tremendously. With the United States having so many businesses there is a consistent need to make sure that the accounting process is done the same all over the country, and to help prevent fraudulent or any misleading information. This issue has become even more important with the evolution of traditional business to ecommerce which leads to the constant moving of money between countries. Accounting has the ability to be done in many different forms and fashions, but the world had narrowed it down to only two accounting practices which are IFRS and GAAP. Accounting practice has been around for hundreds and thousand years and could be trace back to ancient times. In earlier years of accounting and its development started in early Mesopotamia Accounting can also be closely related to writing, counting, and early auditing systems used by ancient Egyptians and Babylonians. The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) has been adopted by more than one hundred and ten countries and was created in the early 2000’s versus its......

Words: 1015 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Gaap and Ifrs Convergence

...GAAP and IFRS Convergence Kenneth DeWitte Strayer University 1. Describe IFRS and GAAP and what convergence means. The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) is the accounting framework used by the European Union, Japan, Canada, and other world economic leaders. The IFRS is based on the tenets of understandability, reliability, and comparability. It is based off the International Accounting Standards (IAS) and had the opportunity to be built from accounting ideas and principles used across the world. In recent years it also has had the chance to look at the United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and modify the rules to enhance clarity and consistency, intentionally setting itself apart from U.S. GAAP. United States GAAP is an aggregate of rules that show how to account for transactions and also present the transactions with reliability, consistency, and full disclosure. This amounts to a level of clarity that even someone not very knowledgeable about business can make a confident decision when investing. These rules were brought together by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). It is more specific than the IFRS requiring less interpretation and more consistent action taken by all businesses, leading to comparability through financial statements. The convergence of these two accounting frameworks is a must for both foreign and domestic businesses. There are some problems between the two systems coexisting. This has led......

Words: 1121 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Pros/Cons Ifrs Convergence W/ Us Gaap

...Advantages and Disadvantages of switching from U.S.GAAP to IFRS Nara Yoon Charles Center Summer 2009 Advantages and Disadvantages of switching from U.S.GAAP to IFRS 2 In today’s business, markets are demanding increasing conformity. Many countries have converted to and implemented the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB)’s accounting standards. The United States, however, still maintains its own Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). Both IASB and FASB have created International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (U.S.GAAP) respectively. These accounting standards are rules of measurements for financial statements that companies issuing stock to the public must provide to stockholders (Libby, 21). There are various advantages and disadvantages of the U.S. companies changing their systems from U.S.GAAP to IFRS. As the markets have grown to become more complex and global, the disparities between the two standards have been a significant issue as consumers and producers call for reform. The current differences between U.S.GAAP and IFRS affect many aspects of business. There seems to be some future losses but the U.S. is continuing to move toward conversion. The primary benefits U.S. hopes to get are comparability, and thus, greater market liquidity and lower cost of capital. They also hope to see cost savings for multinational companies who keep record of several accounting standards. Most...

Words: 3319 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Us Gaap Convergence with Ifrs

...Devine Hamdani 10/1/11 Project 1 US GAAP Convergence with IFRS As the business world has become more global, regulators, investors, large companies and auditing firms began to realize the importance of the establishment of a single set of high quality accounting standards. With a common accounting language around the world, investors will be able to have greater comparability and greater confidence in the transparency of financial reporting worldwide. IFRS, acronym for International Financial Reporting Standards are financial reporting standards that have been adopted by International Accounting Standard Board (IASB). Increasing number of publicly held companies in many countries are now requiring or allowing the use of IFRS for the preparation of financial statement. In the United States, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) have also proposed a “Roadmap” in incorporating the convergence of US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP) to IFRS with the help of Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) and IASB. The IASB and FASB, committed to improving IFRS and US GAAP and achieving their convergence, are also committed in providing public transparency and accountability by reporting their process in achieving their goals. In 2006, the IASB and FASB began to set out their plans of completing major projects in their issued Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). These priority major projects comprises of their joint projects on financial......

Words: 1678 - Pages: 7