Free Essay

Human Security

In: Other Topics

Submitted By BRFRANK
Words 1939
Pages 8
AN ESSSY ON

THE POSSIBILITIES AND LIMITATIONS PRESENTED BY THE NEW LIBERAL APPROACH OF HUMAN SECURITY

By ANON

INTRODUCTION

1. ‘Human Security’ is an emerging paradigm which is used to understand contemporary security issues that affect the individual rather than the state. The notion of ‘National Security’ where the perceived threat came from another state intending to attack other states borders is being re-viewed. “Ideally, ‘national security’ and ‘human security’ should be mutually reinforcing, for the past 100 years far more people have died as a direct or indirect consequence of the actions of their own governments or rebel forces in civil wars than have been killed by invading foreign armies. Acting in the name of national security, governments can pose profound threats to human security”. 1 The stability of states in relation to ‘human security’ is viewed as issues that directly effect the population rather than the government. The fundamental objective of ‘human security’ is the freedom from fear and want. This paradigm has a number of possibilities and limitations that make it a challenging new concept.

STRATEGIES FOR SUPPORT

2. The ‘Human Security’ paradigm provides the possibility to develop complex strategies which will enable timely intervention by the international community in order to provide support to countries and states that are unable to independently resolve ‘human security’ issues. By understanding the concept of ‘human security’ it is easier for the international community to identify its factors and to produce strategies that address the requirements in an effective, efficient and timely manner.

3. The primary elements of ‘human security’ were initially embraced by the landmark 1994 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Human Development Report (HDR) entitled New Dimensions of Human Security. 2 “The seven broad categories of the security problematique –economic, environmental, personal, community, health, political and food were all identified in this report. Although primarily an analysis of development crisis facing the post- Cold War world, it also adopted a key postulate that, if applied, would have major implications for security politics”. 3 Although these categories are still to be defined by the international community, they are recognisable as a framework for the ‘human security’ issues. By being able to recognise and understanding the primary elements, the ‘Human Security’ threats can be identified earlier and can act as ‘triggers’ for the early recognition of potential issues.

4. Understanding these ‘triggers’ will enable states to devise complex strategies that will allow for the possibility of early intervention by the international community. It is understood that due to the diversity and complexity of the range of issues within the broad categories, multiple strategies may be required. “International initiatives - such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) present realistic opportunities to enhance human security”. 4 These initiatives rely heavily on support from the international community and require commitment by nations in order to be effective. The development of strategies by nations would serve to enhance the relationships between government agencies (including military and police forces), non-government organisations and international humanitarian agencies. This in turn would allow for better cooperation and planning and achieve a more targeted level of support.

5. The ability to foresee and to predict issues prior to the culmination of the event should be harnessed where practicable by the international community. Strategies enable orchestrated action which can potentially offset the negative effect on human life and minimise the impact on other states, thus containing the problems and enhancing the provision of aide by local governments, foreign countries and international aid agencies.

COORDINATED APPROACH

6. In addition to the possibilities of complex strategies, and in direct support of the actions entailed within them, the paradigm of ‘Human Security’ has the possibility to provide a very coordinated, targeted and effective approach to the issues. Throughout the international community there are numerous nations which are already committed to supporting the needs of the individual within the ‘human security’ construct.

7. Not all of these nations such as Japan and Canada agree on the priorities within the spectrum of issues and therefore plan and act in different ways in relation to the issues. For example;” the Japanese government has focused on ‘freedom from want’ and the impact on human security of economic downturns”. 5 “To facilitate this Japan established The Trust Fund for Human Security through the UN with contributions from Japan”. 6 “Canada has focused on ’freedom from fear’ as the pillar of its human security doctrine. As part of its security agenda Canada has promoted initiatives such as the International Criminal Court, the landmines treaty and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P)”. 7 Regardless of the individual countries focus, more and more countries are fostering the human security concept and are incorporating it into their strategic guidance.

8. The more countries that adopt this paradigm, the stronger the possibility there is for a combined, focused international approach to the resolution of human security issues. An approach that can effectively target the current issues and provide effective and tailored support while conducting planning and preparation for another. A central, internationally recognised organisation with an already established global reputation, supported by multiple nations in the conduct of support to ‘human security’ issues such as the United Nations (UN) could be a formidable vehicle for providing this effect. One of the four main purposes of the UN is “To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms”. 8 The UN is already an organisation that is dedicated to the support of the ‘human security’ paradigm and is chartered “To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion”. 9

9. If all countries supporting the ‘human security’ concept were to collectively combine their support with that of the UN, encompassing planning, experience, resources and policies, aid programmes and development incentives then the UN would have the ability to be an overwhelming force multiplier in the provision of support across all or most of the ‘human security’ issues. As a collective, the international community has the capacity to provide enormous possibility through united support, power and influence to achieve great things within the ‘human security’ domain. But, with all great possibilities there are limitations to its effectiveness.

LIMITATIONS OF THE CONCEPT

10. Despite the numerous possibilities for the creation of strategies and the provision of a holistic international approach to support to ‘human security’ issues, there are recognisable limitations within the construct.

11. The limitations are not numerous in great proportion but can be complex and varied and affect both the upper and lower end of the ‘human security’ spectrum. Some are less debilitating than others and with time could be worked through to great effect. Others are more complex and diverse and may hinder the progress of a coordinated and combined ‘human security’ approach.

12. “History records that in almost 50 percent of cases, countries emerging from conflict have reverted within five years. Although politically motivated, this resumption of conflict also occurs because of a breakdown in the implementation of effective policies on governance, security and development. The international community often contributes to this situation by providing too light a presence with too early an exit, under-resourcing and lack of coordination between civilian and military actors. Such strategies may contribute to the renewal of hostilities and entrenched poverty”. 10 Although in contrast, there have been successful interventions that have enabled peace and stability. These are normally achieved when there is an understanding of the requirement and an ensuing commitment to the resolution of the issues.

13. The analogy of the three-legged stool is a simple means by which to understand the fragility of the process for the stability of a state. in order for the state to remain stable and free from ‘human security’ issues, it needs all three legs to remain strong. If one leg was to weaken and break then the effects upon the state could be harmful to its people and a number of issues such as poverty, economic instability and a break down in security could develop. 11

14. The development, integration and implementation of successful policies can be as challenging to a developed state as it can be to a less developed and more fragile one. ‘Human security’ issues can develop within any state, regardless of its situation. Some ‘human security’ issues cannot be foreseen and thus unpredictable by nature such as natural disasters. There is limited capacity within some states to plan for such events, these states are therefore reliant upon international aid in order to survive.

15. The language of ’human security’ can cause limitations across the international community. Unless the language of these ‘issues’ is widely understood by all and therefore by nature ‘common’ there will be issues with translation, thus limiting its effectiveness. Other issues such as cultural diversities and sensitivities can limit the effectiveness of the support provided. States need to be mindful of the environment in which they are working, if handled incorrectly, there is a distinct possibility of the reverse effect being created by a supporting state.

CONCLUSION

16. In conclusion, the ‘human security’ paradigm has some interesting possibilities which can be successfully achieved if the international community collectively embraces the concept. Although it is still an emerging concept, it has the potential to enable the world to view security from another perspective, one that concentrates on the effects on the individual rather than the state. It enables predictable trends and re-occurring issues to be understood and therefore better resolved at all levels. The ‘human security’ concept is not without fault or limitation and will take time, investment and understanding to be effective. By adopting this concept and working towards a better understanding of its possibilities, capabilities and limitations, the international community can be one step closer to realising world stability and perhaps edges closer to the dream of world peace.

Notes

1. http://www.humansecuritygateway.com/aboutUs.php - what is Human Security?

2. 1994 United Nations Human development Report (HDR)-New Directions of Human Security.

3. Nicholas Thomas and William T. Tow, ‘The Utility of Human Security: Sovereignty and Humanitarian Intervention. Security Dialogue, Vol. 33, No 2, June 2002, p.178.

4. Michael G. Smith and Jacqueline Whelan, Security Challenges, Vol.4, No. 2 (Winter 2008), p.2, Advancing Human Security: New Strategic Thinking in Australia.

5. Thomas, ‘Globalisation and Human Security’, p.110.

6. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, The Trust Fund for Human Security- For the “Human-centred” 21st Century, August 2009.

7. Thomas, ‘Globalisation and Human Security’, p.110.

8. http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/index.shtml- UN at a Glance, 4 Main Purpose.

9. Charter of United Nations and Statute of International Court of Justice, 1945, Chap. 1, Article.1, Para 3.

10. Michael G. Smith and Jacqueline Whelan, Security Challenges, Vol.4, No. 2 (Winter 2008), p.2, Advancing Human Security: New Strategic Thinking in Australia.

11. Michael G. Smith and Jacqueline Whelan, Security Challenges, Vol.4, No. 2 (Winter 2008), p.2, Advancing Human Security: New Strategic Thinking in Australia.

Bibliography

Les Etudes du CERI - No 117-118 – September 2005, Human Security: Concepts and Implications

http://www.peacestudiesjournal.org.uk - Journal of Peace, Conflict and Development
Issue 17, August 2011 – Human Security: A Framework for Peace Constructs, Gendered Perspectives and Cosmopolitan Security.

http://www.unesco.org/en/esd/themes/peace-and-human-security…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Security

...Protect Your Information Personally identifiable information or PII defined by Department of Commerce as “Information which can be used to distinguish or trace an individual's identity, such as their name, social security number, biometric records, etc. alone, or when combined with other personal or identifying information which is linked or linkable to a specific individual, such as date and place of birth, mother’s maiden name, etc. (OMB Memorandum M-07-16, Note 1). The definition of PII is very broad and makes no distinction between “sensitive” and “non-sensitive” PII. Terms not specifically defined within this Memorandum (e.g., sensitive) should be considered to reflect the definition found in a commonly accepted dictionary. (OMB Memorandum M-07-16, Note 7). Examples include direct references such as name, address, social security number, and e-mail address. It also includes any information that could be used to reference other data elements that are used for identification, such as gender, race, and date of birth.” This has been around for a very long time, it can cover many topics for example employee monitoring, information privacy, (the biggest) identity theft, etc. Every single topic mentioned go hand and hand in a general converstion of PII. I wonder from time to time where does my information go, who hands it in, are they responsible, how can I trust that anonymous person? These questions can go on forever and ever but, I can worry less about my information......

Words: 978 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Human Resources Security Information

...Human Resources Information Security Standards Human Resources Information Security Standards Standards August 2009 Project Name Product Title Version Number Human Resources Information Security Standards Standards 1.2 Final V1.2 Final Page 1 of 10 Human Resources Information Security Standards Document Control Organisation Title Author Filename Owner Subject Protective Marking Review date Wokingham Borough Council Human Resources Information Security Standards Steve Adamek, Head of Business Systems G\Government Connect\WBC Policies Head of Business Systems IT Policy Internal Public April 2010 Revision History Revision Date Revisor Previous Version Description of Revision V2.1 V2.2 V2.3 V2.4 V1.0 V1.1 V1.2 Laura Howse Laura Howse Steve Adamek Laura Howse Laura Howse Laura Howse Laura Howse 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 1 1.1 Updated to include WBC references Updated to incorporate WBC changes Updated to incorporate Unison changes Updated to incorporate Unison changes Final Version Updated to include feedback from Human Resources Updated to include feedback from Human Resources Document Approvals This document requires the following approvals: Sponsor Approval Name Date Director of Transformation General Manager for Business Services & Section 151 Officer Head of Business Systems Deputy Head of Human Resources Computacenter Service Manager (Outsourced IT Provider) Document Distribution Andrew Moulton Graham Ebers Steve Adamek Maureen......

Words: 2757 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Security of the Human Rights Defenders in Protecting Human Rights in Bangladesh

...Security of the Human Rights Defenders in Protecting Human Rights in Bangladesh Security of the Human Rights Defenders in Protecting Human Rights in Bangladesh -Justice A. K. Badrul Huq Human Rights are Charter of Rights for Mankind. Human Rights are those Rights which are inherent in the nature of Human Beings without which Human Beings cannot live in the World. Concept of Human Right is not a new one but ancient. From the earliest time, human history is a history of long struggle to protect human rights, liberty and independence. Scholars like Plato and Aristotle championed thought that People/Men were not subject who are exclusively made to bow but, also were Human Beings who needed to be taken care of. History witnesses that powerful Emperor/Rajas by dint of their power and superiority conquered another weak state/ country and Land and Independent citizens of conquered/vanquished state/ country were taken to the Land of Conquerors and their Liberty and Independence were seized, thus grossly violating their Human Rights to live in their state/ country/Land as free and Independent citizens. citizens of the conquered country were taken to the Land Conquerors as slaves. We speak of Roman Civilization. But the question is- By dint of sheer power and arms did Romans not violate Human Rights of free and Independent citizens of another weak and powerless countries. In the face of Human Right violation can Romans be characterized as Civilized? My answer is in firm......

Words: 3969 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Security

...Introduction As a future information security professional, it is vital that you understand the scope of an organization’s legal and ethical responsibilities. To minimize liabilities and reduce risks from electronic, physical threats and reduce the losses from legal action, the information security practitioner must understand the current legal environment, stay current as new laws and regulations emerge, and watch for issues that need attention. Law and Ethics in Information Security As individuals we elect to trade some aspects of personal freedom for social order. Laws are rules adopted for determining expected behavior in modern society and are drawn from ethics, which define socially acceptable behaviors. Ethics in turn are based on cultural mores: fixed moral attitudes or customs of a particular group. Some ethics are recognized as universal among cultures. Slides 9 Types of Law Civil law represents a wide variety of laws that are recorded in volumes of legal “code” available for review by the average citizen. Criminal law addresses violations harmful to society and is actively enforced through prosecution by the state. Tort law allows individuals to seek recourse against others in the event of personal, physical, or financial injury. Private law regulates the relationship between the individual and the organization, and encompasses family law, commercial law, and labor law. Public law regulates the structure and administration of government......

Words: 2358 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Human Security

...United Nations Development Programme Human Development Report Office This note should be read in conjunction with the Regional/ National Human Development Report Toolkit. While the toolkit provides general guidance on preparing a Regional or National Human Development Report, this note gives specific suggestions on how to approach the concept of human security as a topic for such a report. Human Security A Thematic Guidance Note for Regional and National Human Development Report Teams BY OSCAR A. GÓMEZ AND DES GASPER Contents What is Human Security?............ 2 Getting Started...................................... 4 Selecting objectives and themes...... 4 The process.................................................... 6 Many important aspects of human development relate also to people’s security: loosely defined as people’s freedom from fear and freedom from want in a broad sense. Applying a human security approach offers an opportunity to analyse many issues in an informative way. This note explains how one might go about doing that. Human security relates to much more than security from violence and crime. A report team wanting to look at the security of people’s livelihoods (economic, food, environment or health security) might apply a human security approach. Human security can also be used to look into personal, community and political security. Indeed, human development reports from around the world have applied the approach in other innovative ways.......

Words: 7478 - Pages: 30

Free Essay

Human Security and Human Rights

...the era of globalization. New actors, new events, new issues being securitized and new approaches of international relations, particularly of International Security Studies came out in this period. With this set of new affairs, the concepts of Human Security and Human Rights gained relevance in the international security and international norms field. And because those terms are still contested among both the academics and the States’ decision-makers, there is a need for us to understand what they really mean. The purpose of the present essay is to bring forward the differences between Human Security and Human Rights, regarding the fact that they are very similar and complementary, and also to understand the implications that the emphasis in the concept of Human Security have for the States foreign policy and for the international order and justice. The essay is composed by an introduction, a main body where we develop the answers for the research questions, a conclusion and finally the references. 2. The Prominence of the Concept Human Rights in International Relations 3.1. Human Security different from Human Rights? Despite the fact that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted in 1948, due the debate raised because of the Holocaust, the WWII and many others factors, it is known that Human Rights gained more emphasis in the post-Cold War period, when the emergence of new wars (no longer conflicts between nation-states, but intra-state......

Words: 1597 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Security

...property and sought access to the Gmail accounts of human rights activists and this leads to disclosure of data to non-authorized users so it violates the confidentiality 4. What was the attacker's profile based on the definitions provided on the Week 2 lecture material? Based on information provided in the Elderwood Project I categorized this attacker’s profile as a Nation State because it is targeted specific countries so the motivation is political and speaking about skill the attackers develop targeted malware, zero day exploits, also they were organized as a unit of expert attackers with very sophisticated skills and wanted to hit critical infrastructure or government systems The steps they used to conduct this attack were: 1. Create Trojan 2. Packed Trojan a. Via Email : i. Attach Exploit ii. Deliver Malware through Email b. Via Web Vector iii. Hack a Chosen Website iv. Deliver Malware through Website 3. Steal Date 4. Analyze Data 5. How was the attack detected? Through the monitoring the Trojans that being used and one of them was Internet Explorer zero-day exploit the one that been used in attacking google. 6. What can Google do to protect itself from another attack like this? For Google or any other victims should follow a plan of protection including: 1. Intrusion prevention network which is a preemptive approach to network security used to identify potential threats and......

Words: 671 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Security

...greatly over the last few decades. It has changed from family-owned, to big box stores. Amazon poses a huge threat to the retail industry. This is because more consumers are avoiding the shopping carts; and choosing to have purchases delivered to their front door. This industry trend has been growing because of the internet. Because of technology, retail companies have to respond to a growing on-line presence. At the end of 2013 Target suffered a drastic security breach. Target was accused of failing to maintain reasonable security which caused customers cards to be breached. Target was sued and had to pay millions of dollars in fines. Target has since drastically enhanced their data security measures. Introduction Industry Analysis: Strategies and the Role of Information Technologies Target Retail Corporation “The practice of selling finished products finds its roots in ancient civilizations. Over time, trade and commerce would become the most prominent driving force for the expansion of the human populace around the world. It was in North America that the first retail stores began to appear. These general stores, established in the eighteenth century, offered consumers a wide range of products and goods. Not long after these smaller stores emerged, larger, “department” stores evolved, offering larger inventories of goods” (Auerbach, 2013). Target retail store is in the discount retail industry. Target is a Minneapolis, MN based discount retail......

Words: 5422 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Human Security in Horn of Africa

...“I am one or two days away from death; they will shoot me dead, thus if you give birth to a son please name him after me.” ----An Eritrean victim of human trafficking from The Sinai Desert INTRODUCTION This paper examines the issue of human trafficking as it relates to human security in the Horn of Africa. Trafficking takes place by criminal means through the threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of positions of power or abuse of positions of vulnerability. Further, it relates to all stages of the trafficking process: recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of person. An agreed definition of human trafficking exists under Article 3 of the “Palermo Protocol” on trafficking in persons which went into effect on 25 December 2003. This internationally agreed definition focuses on exploitation of human beings – be it for sexual exploitation, other forms of forced labor, slavery, servitude, or for the removal of human organs. Trafficking is not just a transnational crime across international borders; the definition applies to internal domestic trafficking of human beings. In the Horn of Africa (HOA), both cross border and internal trafficking of women and children is prevalent. For example, in Ethiopia, children are being trafficked into armed conflict where it is reported that over 20,000 of them have been victims. Almost all of the countries in the region have been identified as sources, transit points or......

Words: 7776 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

Security

...the CSO or Chief Security Officer. The CSO reports to the Board of Directors directly, hence cannot be influenced by the CEO or the CFO. According to the guideline by ASIS, this is the best model for a position that is as critical as the Chief Security Officer. Our CSO has been trying to add security to the culture of the company, and so far, it has been working. Being that the department is very new (about 1 year old), the security policies are now part of the human resources new hire packet. During their orientation, every new employee has to listen in on about 30 minutes of presentation that is security related, in addition to the normal company and culture orientation. The policies and procedures are now also embedded in the company intranet, and everyone has to sign a letter that says they read everything about the company’s security policies and procedures. This part also complies with the ASIS CSO guideline of bringing security into the company culture. According to the guideline, there is physical security that is handled by the CSO through his Facilities Director, as well as information security that is handled by the Information Security Director. They both report to the CSO (although the facilities director also reports to the Vice President of Human Resources). The company also has a Legal General Council, but this position reports directly to the CEO. The CSO regularly liaises with the General Council on all legal matters relating to the security department.......

Words: 561 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Human Security and National Security

...HUMAN AND NATIONAL SECURITY: ENMESHING CONCEPTUALIZATION OF SECURITY PARADIGM IN EMERGING SECURITY DYNAMICS Introduction and Background In the realm of international relations and political science, there has been the recurring debate on the human versus national security. Theorists and scholars, like Goucha and Crowley (2008, 57) enrolled into the ethos of realism take the state-oriented view of the security and places the dominance of national security over human security; whereas, those who take the idealistic view of the entire episode take the human security as the primary level of security to be protected by the state (Mathew, 2010, 78). The idea of human security gained eminence in security studies with developments taken place in the aftermath of the post-Cold War era. The Cold War put the security apparatuses and concepts over all other dominant themes of national and pubic life and couched them into strategic and national cultures all over the world. Now as the world is moving into new era of globalization, economic expansion and post-industrial revolution, the focus has also been shifted from national security to other facets of global world like climate change, AIDS/HIV and poverty. In this work, the contrasting debate between national security and human security will be presented in an argumentative style. For this purpose, the concept of human security will be derived from UNHP Report of 1994 whereas the concept of national security will be couched in its......

Words: 2210 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Security

...Department of Commerce An Introduction to Computer Security: The NIST Handbook Special Publication 800-12 User Issues Assurance Contingency Planning I&A Training Personnel Access Controls Audit Planning Risk Management Crypto Physical Security Policy Support & Operations Program Management Threats Table of Contents I. INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intended Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Important Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Legal Foundation for Federal Computer Security Programs . 3 3 4 5 7 Chapter 2 ELEMENTS OF COMPUTER SECURITY 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Computer Security Supports the Mission of the Organization. 9 Computer Security is an Integral Element of Sound Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Computer Security Should Be Cost-Effective. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Computer Security Responsibilities and Accountability Should Be Made Explicit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Systems Owners Have Security Responsibilities Outside Their Own......

Words: 93588 - Pages: 375

Premium Essay

Security

...Recruiting and Selecting Quality Security Employees for security job position Contemporary Issues in Security Management Abstract For years, recruitment and hiring methods have been deemed by dated by human resource managers but are realizing that different strategies and methods are need to attract millennials. Hiring qualified personnel has become an essential component in an organization foundation. This paper will explore multiple articles that provide techniques on how to recruitment and hire candidates from college graduates, apprentices, and novices to the security profession and presents key components of innovative approaches and traditional human resource techniques, and training policies that will meet any small or large business goal of highly hiring qualified candidates. In addition, it will highlight techniques, practices and, lessons learnt in enhancing a company’s ability to attract, hire, retain, and improve human resource practices, improve human resource development and human resource capabilities in today’s security career field. Keyword: Employees, Hiring, Human Resources (HR), Security Recruiting and Selecting Quality Security Employees in the security field Currently there is a high demand for security professional specializing Cybersecurity, Personnel Security, Physical Security, and Industrial security and many other security jobs. The issue is attracting, hiring, retaining people that......

Words: 3616 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights

...From Compliance to Practice Mining Companies and the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo Tanja A. Börzel/Jana Hönke SFB-Governance Working Paper Series 25 • October 2011 DFG Sonderforschungsbereich 700 Governance in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit - Neue Formen des Regierens? DFG Research Center (SFB) 700 Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood - New Modes of Governance? SFB-Governance Working Paper Series Edited by the Research Center (SFB) 700 „Governance In Areas of Limited Statehood - New Modes of Governance?“ The SFB-Governance Working Paper Series serves to disseminate the research results of work in progress prior to publication to encourage the exchange of ideas and academic debate. Inclusion of a paper in the Working Paper Series should not limit publication in any other venue. Copyright remains with the authors. Copyright for this issue: Tanja A. Börzel/Jana Hönke Editorial assistance and production: Tanja Kilper/Sara Gebh/Anna Jüschke All SFB-Governance Working Papers can be downloaded free of charge from our website www.sfb-governance.de/en/ publikationen or ordered in print via e-mail to sfb700@zedat.fu-berlin.de. Börzel, Tanja A./ Hönke, Jana 2011: From Compliance to Practice. Mining Companies and the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo, SFB-Governance Working Paper Series, No. 25, Research Center (SFB) 700, Berlin, October 2011. ISSN 1864-1024......

Words: 16584 - Pages: 67

Premium Essay

Security

...Security is an intentional process of securing anything from expected jeopardy. It is a condition in result of various protective measures. There are different aspects of security that ranges from personal life to national security. This is a separate department in large managements.   This is a condition that prevents unauthorized information or people from having access to confidential or personal areas. Writing on this subject matter might not be difficult but writing well is surely. It’s not simple to comprehend a professional paper on such a diverse subject. It has various categories and concepts which need to be researched and studied properly to write an ample document.   Our company has been writing security term papers since long and it has experienced writers who know their job very well. Physical security, information security, computing security, financial security, human security or food security, writers at our company are skilled enough to produce highly authentic term papers on any one of these categories of security. No matter how difficult topic you have for your term paper we guarantee you quality in any case.   Writers at our company follow your given specifications keenly to produce desired papers. With us you don’t need to worry about the quality of your term paper because excellence is never compromised at our company. Just place your order with us and experience it yourself.   Services provided by our company include:   ...

Words: 295 - Pages: 2