Premium Essay

How Does Dickens Use Representations of Speech and Other Stylistic Techniques to Create a Sense of Threat and Menace in the Following Extract, and in One Other Episode Elsewhere in the Novel?

In: English and Literature

Submitted By Alexxxpearmain
Words 793
Pages 4
How does Dickens use representations of speech and other stylistic techniques to create a sense of threat and menace in the following extract, and in one other episode elsewhere in the novel?

Dickens uses Magwitch in the extract, and throughout the novel, to create a sense of threat and menace. The first part of dialogue we hear from Magwitch shows the reader he is going to be a threat, “Keep still, you little devil, or I’ll cut your throat!” The use of the imperative command ‘keep still’ shows dominance to Magwitch, we can see he is going to be a powerful, superior character to Pip who is quite submissive. As the reader has already created a sense of empathy with Pip before this extract the reader becomes protective over Pip, so when Magwitch is aggressive towards him it automatically shows him as the ‘enemy’. Magwitch addresses Pip as ‘you little devil’ this vocative is derogatory and shows Magwitch’s and probably most Victorian’s view towards children. The use of the exclamatory statement ‘I’ll cut your throat!’ shows an aggressive intonation and threat, ‘cut’ is an emotive lexical choice and Dickens wants the reader to feel fearful like Pip would. Magwitch is a physical threat to Pip here.
Then, Dickens uses a syndetic list to describe Magwitch as “a man who had been soaked in water, and smothered in mud, and lamed by stones, and cut by flints, and stung by nettles, and torn by briars’ the lexical choices of the list show; sibilance, ‘soaked..and smothered’, bilabial, ‘mud...by briars’ and fricatives, ‘flints’. The sibilance creates a hissing sound and fricatives create harshness, both of these make an aggressive lexical set, this suggests an aggression surrounding Magwitch. The use of a sydentic list suggests the bad events happening to the ‘man’ are never ending, and so are the bad things about him. All of the descriptions are due to forces of nature…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Re-Read the Signalman from ' "I Have Made Up My Mind, Sir, " ' to 'I Have Seen Such an Attitude on Stone Figures on Tombs' . How Does Dickens Build Up a Sense of Mystery in This Extract?

...In this extract from The Signalman, we learn about the ghost that the signalman has been seeing, which is troubling him. It creates an air of mystery, which continues to unfold throughout the play, ultimately culminating in the death of the signalman. In this extract I think Dickens manages to create a sense of mystery due to two main factors. By learning that the signalman believes he has seen a ghost in the tunnel, it explains his strange behaviour when he first encounters the narrator. Despite the revelation providing answers, the potential presence of a ghost automatically gives the story a mysterious feel. The structure of this extract consists of dialogue between the signalman and the narrator, with a vast contrast between the two voices The signalman is reporting his account of what he has seen and the narrator who tries to offer logical interpretations for what the signalman describes. The questions that the narrator asks are ones which the reader would want to ask. The interruptions by the narrator allow for clarification of events; moreover, it increases suspense and adds delays. The manner in which the signalman answers the questions creates a sense of conviction to the story, but also adds mystery because it makes the prospect of the spectre being real more viable. However, both narratives contain elements of doubt and uncertainty, which allows scope for the readers own interpretation. Suspense and tension builds up as more details are revealed, and this is......

Words: 674 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Does the Use of Multi-Sensory Devices in the Arts Create a Better Experience for the Viewer?

...Does the use of multi-sensory devices in the arts create a better experience for the viewer? Sarah Rachel Kemp Manchester Metropolitan University, Fine Art - Printmaking “Synaesthetes may be more likely to participate in creative activities (Rich, Bradshaw & Mattingley 2005), and some studies have suggested a correlation between synaesthesia and creativity (Domino 1989; Dailey, Martindale & Borkum 1997).”[i] After reading an extract on sense experience from the text Phenomenology of Perception by Maurice Merleau Ponty, I decided to find out more about the condition of synaesthesia. I discovered the quote above and became intrigued by the idea that creativity could be linked to a specific genetically predisposed condition in the brain, as I had always believed that while some people are just naturally gifted when it comes to creativity, that to think in a creative way could be learned and developed through practice. If the experience of perceiving more than one sense at the same time is simply a natural part of the way we experience the world, then maybe multi-sensory art can be better appreciated by more people than an art piece that involves the use of only one of our senses to experience it? I decided to research further into the condition of synaesthesia in order to help me determine if the use of multi-sensory techniques and devices in the arts creates a better experience for the viewer. What is Synaesthesia? Synaesthesia is probably best......

Words: 8807 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

How Are Relationships Presented in “Hour” and One Other Poem

...Hour by Carol Ann Duffy and Sonnet 116 by William Shakespeare present two people’s ideas of love, and this is reflected in their relationships in which they depict. In Hour, a man describes how every moment with his lover is precious, and how he has overcome the hindrance of time. In Sonnet 116, the poetic voice attempts to define love in its most perfect form, by telling both what it is and what it is not. In both cases, the male speakers attempt to illustrate true love. Time is referred to in both poems as contradictory to love; however both relationships conquer time. In Hour, “Time hates love, wants love poor, but love spins gold, gold, gold from straw”. Duffy personifies time and love here as being enemies. The Love described is so strong that each moment lingers; it steals time, as the world slows down around them when they are together. Love overpowers time, as it is not susceptible to it; even if it is only for a short while, and “time hates” this, as it is usually in control. There is a reference to wealth throughout the poem, linking the great value of his lover to the great value of money, wealth. You cannot do anything in this world without money, and the lovers cannot do anything in this world without each other. Therefore, time “wants love poor”. It wants to devalue their relationship to stop them from profiting in love, so time is able to remain omnipotent. However “love spins gold, gold, gold from straw”. Love is precious and can change something worthless,......

Words: 545 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Evolution of British Novel

...The English novel is an important part of English literature. This article focuses on novels, written in English, by novelists who were born or have spent a significant part of their lives in England, or Scotland, or Wales, or Northern Ireland (or Ireland before 1922)]. However, given the nature of the subject, this guideline has been applied with common sense, and reference is made to novels in other languages or novelists who are not primarily British where appropriate. Portrait of Samuel Richardson by Joseph Highmore.National Portrait Gallery, Westminster, England. Contents [hide] 1 Early novels in English 2 Romantic period 3 Victorian novel 4 20th century 5 Survey 6 Famous novelists (alphabetical order) 7 See also 8 References Early novels in English[edit source | editbeta] See the article First novel in English. The English novel has generally been seen as beginning with Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe (1719) and Moll Flanders (1722),[1] though John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress (1678) and Aphra Behn's Oroonoko (1688) are also contenders, while earlier works such as Sir Thomas Malory's Morte d'Arthur, and even the "Prologue" to Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales have been suggested.[2] Another important early novel is Gulliver's Travels (1726, amended 1735), by Irish writer and clergyman Jonathan Swift, which is both a satire of human nature, as well as a parody of travellers' tales like Robinson Crusoe.[3] The rise of the novel as an......

Words: 4017 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Compare How Poets Use Language to Present Feelings in the Manhunt and One Other Poem (Nettles)

...Compare how poets use language to present feelings in “The Manhunt” and one other poem (Nettles) In ‘Manhunt’, Simon Armitage uses rhyme to reflect the togetherness of a relationship. He says “After the first phase, after passionate nights and intimate days.” As the poem goes on, the reader can start to recognise that the un-rhymed cuplets show how fragmented their relationship has become. In ‘Nettles’ Vernon Scannell uses elements of nature, the nettles, to portray his keen anger towards the pain his son is going through. At the beginning of the poem, Scannell uses soft ‘s’ sounds to emphasise the soothing of his injured son who has fallen in a nettle bed. The child is presented using emotive language. “It was no place for rest. With sobs and tears the boy came seeking comfort and I saw white blisters beaded on his tender skin. We soothed him till his pain was not so raw.” These soothing sounds emphasises the love his father has for him and how he wants him to recover quickly. The ‘watery grin’ is another emotive description also serving as an opposing image. The way in which Scannell merges the child’s laughter of comfort and relief with the tears of pain from the sting of the nettles shows that the child is being helped by his father to get over the pain. In ‘Manhunt’, there is imagery indicating how carefully she treats her husband. “And handle and hold the damaged, porcelain collar bone, and mind and attend the fractured rudder of shoulder blade.” The point she......

Words: 728 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Epithet in the Novel "Jane Eyre"

...INTRODUCTION The present course- paper is devoted to the comprehensive study of stylistic device – the epithet in the literary work “Jane Eyre” by Charlotte Bronte. The topicality of chosen by us theme lies in the fact that a human being perceives the reality by means of various images. These images exist everywhere: in art, in nature, in thoughts, and in speech in particular. Each of us at least ones created an image. We use different means (stylistic expressive means and devices) to achieve the aim. In our research we would like to concentrate our attention on “epithet”, a figure of speech which gives the opportunity to create the most expressive and vivid images. Despite the fact that there are many works devoted to the problem under analysis some important aspects such as structural - the lexical stylistic device the epithet as its component have not been fully investigated. This defines the actuality of the work and its theoretical value. The basic purpose of this course-paper is formulated as a research of linguistic nature of epithet, its types from the point of semantic, structural parameters and its informational significance in the text. The given aim predetermines the concrete tasks of the research. The course- paper pursues the following objectives: 1) to read the novel “Jane Eyre” and to find epithets; 2) to reveal the theoretical notion of the epithets and its categories; 3) to observe emotional, evaluative, expressive components of the......

Words: 18859 - Pages: 76

Free Essay

Literary and Social Concerns in the Novels of William Thackeray and Charles Dickens

...Кафедра іноземної філології Literary and Social Concerns in the Novels of William Thackeray and Charles Dickens CONTENTS |INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………… |3 | |PART 1. A review of literary and social concerns in the novels of William Thackeray and Charles Dickens………………………………………………… | | |1.1. Social concerns as a mirror of current literature in the XIX century…. |4 | |1.2. Social and literary problems in “Vanity Fair” by William Thackeray... |4 | |1.3. Art, veracity and moral purpose in “Oliver Twist” by Charles Dickens |5 | |Conclusion ……….…………………………………………………………….. |7 | |PART 2. Approaches and manners of the social problems transmission………. |10 | |2.1. The problem of poverty and social inequalty in society. The authors’ approach to this |11 | |problem............................................................................... ...

Words: 12201 - Pages: 49

Free Essay

How Does the Director of Great Expectations Use Filmic Techniques to Create an Atmosphere of Tension in the Scene Where Pip's Benefactor Is Revealed?

...How does the director of Great Expectations use filmic techniques to create an atmosphere of tension in the scene where Pip’s benefactor is revealed? This essay will be analysing the scene where Pip’s benefactor is revealed in David Lean's version of 'Great Expectations' focusing on how tension is brought to the screen. Great Expectations is a novel written by Charles Dickens in 1861 but set in 1812. The film version I will be analysing was produced in 1945. Firstly an interesting aspect of this scene is that only diegetic music is used. I think the director chose to do this because not using any non diegetic music makes the scene seem a lot more realistic as the sound used are real such as the wind outside and the chiming clock. This makes the tension more genuine as there is no unrealistic mood music creating it. It strengthens identity with Pip as he can hear everything the audience can and also creates a contrast to other scenes. The wind throughout this scene almost serves as mood music as it gets louder and quieter to create tension, it is also used later on in the scene when Magwich lets his guard down and then an increase of the wind makes him tense once more. Only using diegetic music also draws attention to smaller sounds for example, when Pip drops the glass later on in the scene. The sharp sound is incredibly obvious compared to all other sounds used in the scene. Secondly the technique of pathetic fallacy is employed through the use of the pouring rain...

Words: 2212 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Other Financial Management Techniques

...Other Financial Management Techniques The President of EEC has decided to adopt the balanced scorecard. The balanced scorecard translates an organization’s mission and strategy into operational objectives and performance measures for four different perspectives. The President would like for the managerial accounting team to continue research and explain how to use a balanced scorecard to measure unethical behavior with EEC. First as the team is going to obtain research in how to transition to a balanced scorecard let us review the first part of the research, as well. Definition of a Balanced Scorecard The balanced scorecard is a strategic planning and management system that is used extensively in business and industry, government, and nonprofit organizations worldwide to align business activities to the vision and strategy of the organization, improve internal and external communications, and monitor organization performance against strategic goals. It was originated by Drs. Robert Kaplan (Harvard Business School) and David Norton as a performance measurement framework that added strategic non-financial performance measures to traditional financial metrics to give managers and executives a more 'balanced' view of organizational performance (Balance Scorecard Institute). Any measurement system should be developed by the mission, goals, and objectives of the organization, in this case we are analyzing EEC (MUSE, 2010). After defining a balanced scorecard it has an......

Words: 1463 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Developing a Strong Sense of Valuing Other People in the Workplace and Elsewhere in Society

...Developing a strong sense of valuing other people in the workplace and elsewhere in society By Sarah Sabir University of Manitoba Introduction Values form the foundation for everything that happens in the workplace and in society (Heathfield, para. 2). So, is employee satisfaction crucial to a company’s overall success? Employees are considered an important asset to the business. If an employee is unhappy, that has a negative impact that can range from high turnover and low productivity; to a loss in revenue and poor customer service (Mayhew, para. 1). The consequences will impact not only the individuals in the workplace, but the overall society. Although a company’s mission and values are essential to success, an employee is the most valuable assets a firm can have (Mayhew, para. 1). For a business to keep running, its people must be fully engaged and satisfied with their work. According to Infographic by Bullhorn: “dissatisfied or neutral employees ranked having a bad boss as one of the top five reasons” (Lewis, 2012, para. 1). The management team should take the first step in understanding the reasons for their employees’ dissatisfaction. Core Canadian values, as defined by the citizens themselves are the foundation for the social contract. The social contract reframes the roles for government, citizens, business and the communities. Citizens insist that political leaders continue to be responsible for pooling economic, social and public safety risks......

Words: 2510 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

How Does Shakespeare Use Representations of Speech and Other Dramatic Techniques to Convey the Relationship Between Angelo and Isabella in the Passage Below and One Place Elsewhere in the Text?

...The passage opens by Isabella using a speech representations, she refers to Angelo as ‘my lord’ this mode of address reinforces the difference in class and also the respect that Isabella must give to him, not only because he is in charge but also he could potentially save Claudio’s life. A common thought that has been displayed in many plays such as Measure for Measure is that men are weak and women are the strong willed ones who cannot be lustful but for a man it is more acceptable and for a dramatic twist Angelos turns round to Isabella and states a declarative ‘we are all frail’, he reinforces his point by again stating ‘women are frail too’. To Angelo’s short remarks Isabella replies with a paragraph agreeing with his thoughts, this can be seen as a dramatic technique as Isabella is strong willed and stubborn yet she agrees as states that even she is weak - which could potentially encourage him - but her agreeing can also help bring to light just how much power he has. ‘call us ten times frail; for we are soft as our complexions are’. He has so much power that Isabella must agree with what he says if its harmless. Shakespeare uses the dramatic technique of presenting Isabella as either naive or a really dedicated soon to be nun, but not letting Isabella know that Angelo is talking actually talking about wanting to sleep with her. Shakespeare highlights that Isabella hasn’t been aware of Angelo's intentions as previously they spoke and Isabella offered ‘gifts’ but in......

Words: 1056 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Is Sports Journalism Dominated by White Males and, If so, How Does This Influence the Representation of Other Ethnic Groups?

...Is sports journalism dominated by white males and, if so, how does this influence the representation of other ethnic groups? Introduction The world of sports journalism has long been seen as the domain of the white, middle-class male (Farrington, Kilvington, Price & Saeed, 2012). For several decades the status quo remained the same: white male journalists reporting on white male athletes to a white male audience. However during the 1990s the emergence of black footballers, both domestic and foreign, within the British game began to change the overall dynamic. In addition to this sport became big business, moving from the back pages to the front (Boyle, 2006), and occasions such as the Olympic Games are now massive worldwide events that receive similarly massive attention from the world’s media. It is clear that sport has changed dramatically over the past 20 years, as has the diversity of the athletes who appear in our newspapers, on our television screens and on our radios. With reference to these points I intend to investigate whether sports journalism is still dominated by white males, and if so, how does this cultural bias influence how other ethnic groups are represented in the sporting media. Due to word constraints the essay shall focus on Northern Europe, specifically Sweden and the United Kingdom. Diversity in the newsroom Diversity in a news organisation can bring many benefits, including a broader spectrum of opinion, varied specialist knowledge and......

Words: 1824 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

A Book of Practice in Stylistics

...Structure…………………………………………………………………………….14 Connotational Meanings of a Word………………………………………………………………………….14 The Role of the Context in the Actualization of Meaning…………………………………………………….14 Stylistic Differentiation of the Vocabulary…………………………………………………………………..16 Literary Stratum of Words. Colloquial Words…..…………………………………………………………..16 Lexical Stylistic Devices…………………………………………………………………………………….23 Metaphor. Metonymy. Synecdoche. Play on Words. Irony. Epithet…………………………………………23 Hyperbole. Understatement. Oxymoron. ……………………………………………………………………23 CHAPTER III. SYNTACTICAL LEVEL..................................…………………………………………38 Main Characteristics of the Sentence. Syntactical SDs. Sentence Length…………………………………..38 One-Word Sentences. Sentence Structure. Punctuation. Arrangement of Sentence Members. Rhetorical Question. Types of Repetition. Parallel Constructions. Chiasmus. Inversion. Suspense, Detachment. Completeness of Sentence Structure. Ellipsis. One-Member Sentences. Apokoinu Constructions. Break. Types of Connection. Polysyndeton. Asyndeton. Attachment Lexico-Syntactical Stylistic Devices. Antithesis. Climax. Anticlimax. Simile. Litotes. Periphrasis. CHAPTER IV. TYPES OF NARRATION………………………………………………………………57 Author’s Narrative. Dialogue. Interior Speech. Represented………………………………………………57 Speech. Compositional Forms. ……………………………………………….……………………………57 CHAPTER V. FUNCTIONAL STYLES ………………………………………………………………..61 Colloquial vs. Literary......

Words: 56594 - Pages: 227

Premium Essay

Reading a Novel in 1950-2000

...Reading the Novel in English 1950–2000 i RTNA01 1 13/6/05, 5:28 PM READING THE NOVEL General Editor: Daniel R. Schwarz The aim of this series is to provide practical introductions to reading the novel in both the British and Irish, and the American traditions. Published Reading the Modern British and Irish Novel 1890–1930 Reading the Novel in English 1950–2000 Daniel R. Schwarz Brian W. Shaffer Forthcoming Reading the Eighteenth-Century Novel Paula R. Backscheider Reading the Nineteenth-Century Novel Harry E. Shaw and Alison Case Reading the American Novel 1780–1865 Shirley Samuels Reading the American Novel 1865–1914 G. R. Thompson Reading the Twentieth-Century American Novel James Phelan ii RTNA01 2 13/6/05, 5:28 PM Reading the Novel in English 1950–2000 Brian W. Shaffer iii RTNA01 3 13/6/05, 5:28 PM © 2006 by Brian W. Shaffer BLACKWELL PUBLISHING 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148-5020, USA 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK 550 Swanston Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia The right of Brian W. Shaffer to be identified as the Author of this Work has been asserted in accordance with the UK Copyright, Designs, and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, except as permitted by the UK Copyright, Designs,......

Words: 123617 - Pages: 495

Premium Essay

Critical Evaluation of the Representation of Speech and Thought in Justin Bieber’s Never Say Never and Kanye West’s Can’t Tell Me Nothing.

...In this essay I will analyse the representation of speech in Justin Bieber’s Never Say Never and thought in Kanye West’s Can’t Tell Me Nothing using approaches developed by G.N. Leech, M.H. Short and S. Rimmon-Kenan. I will use the aspects of Leech and Short’s essay ‘Speech and Thought Presentation’ that I consider to be constructive and compensate the shortcomings of their essay with the improvements – in my view – made in Rimmon-Kenan’s essay. Also, since Rimmon-Kenan’s essay ‘Narration: speech representation’ does not include an account of thought representation, I will convert his distinctions of speech representation. Thus “diegetic summary” (DS) will be “diegetic thought summary” (DTS); “Summary, less ‘purely’ diegetic” will be “Thought Summary, purely diegetic” (TS); “Indirect content paraphrase”(ICP) will be “Indirect thought content paraphrase” (ITC); “Indirect discourse, mimetic to some degree”(ID) will be “ Indirect thought, mimetic to some degree” (IT): “Free indirect discourse” (FID) will be “Free indirect thought” (FIT); “Direct discourse” (DD) will Be “Direct thought” (DT) and “Free direct discourse”(FDD) will be “Free Direct thought” (FDT). ITC, FIT, DT and FDT correspond with Leech and Short’s distinctions (in definition and symbol, except for ITC which correspond with their IT). I will give examples of DTS, TS and ITS: DTS: The bare report of a thought, without any specification of how the thinker felt or the language the thinker used to think. E.g.,...

Words: 2580 - Pages: 11