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Healthcare Museum

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Submitted By yalmeida323
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Pages 4
Health care has always been a growing industry from discovering new illnesses and new vaccines. I will create a Health Care Hall of Fame Museum. In this museum I will have five exhibits that have changed health care, which include: the discovery of germs, vaccines, surgery, childbirth, and Medicare. I will give a brief description of each exhibit and their role in health care.
Germs
Louis Pasteur, born in Dole, a small town in eastern France had an interest in scientific subjects. In 1847, he received his doctoral degree. Pasteur believed that if germs were the cause of fermentation they could also be the cause of contagious diseases. He began to develop the Germ Theory of Disease, and eventually, developed vaccinations. In 1881, Pasteur successfully developed and introduced to the public his anthrax vaccine. In 1855, He launched one of his most famous developments – a vaccine against rabies. Soon after the vaccines were tested and were successful, the Pasteur Institute was built in Paris to treat victims with rabies and other diseases.
Vaccines
Vaccines in the United States, Edward Jenner created the world’s first vaccine for smallpox. Edward Jenner, worked in a rural society most of his patients were farmers or worked on farms. In 1796 he created the world’s first vaccine for smallpox. In the 18th century smallpox as one of the most deadliest and persistent human diseases. The main treatment developed by Jan Ingenhaus, involved scratching the vein of a healthy person and pressing a small amount of matter, taken from a smallpox pustule of a person with a mild attack in the wound. The risk of treatment had fatal results. In 1788 a wave of smallpox swept through and during this outbreak Jenner discovered his patients who worked with cattle had much milder diseased called cowpox and never developed smallpox. In 1976 Jenner conducted an experiment on one of his patients, James Phipps, and eight year old boy. After making two cuts in James arm, Jenner worked in a small amount of cowpox puss. The boy had the normal reaction of slight fever, days later he was in good health. This is how Jenner’s vaccination was born.
Surgery
In our time, surgery and medicine go hand in hand. However, through the Renaissance and until the 18th century in Western Europe, surgery was considered more of a trade than an actual profession, and surgeons had more to do with barbers that with physicians. The academic and social status of barber-surgeons were considerably less than that of a physician. This separation between surgery and medicine may have originated in religious attitudes. At first procedures were done under the supervision of priest but, eventually was spread outside monasteries. In 1308, Baber-Surgeons Company was developed, and in 1369 it led a better educated fellowship of surgeons. In 1493 licensing for surgeons was given to surgeons. By 1540 there were many more barber-surgeons, than physicians, and barber-surgeons ventured beyond their trade into the practice of medicine.
Child Birth
Child birth had huge change in health care. Starting back in the Renaissance, Barber-Surgeons began trying to provide childbirth services. Women at that time were not allowed to practice medicine or midwifery. Men were only allowed in school. Before physicians entered the field of childbirth, laboring women were primarily attended by midwives. Midwives were women who were experienced in dealing with childbirth, they would come to the laboring woman’s house and help her though the laboring process. In 1716 New York City licensed midwives. Medical school began to study and teach physicians about birth. Although, Midwives still controlled the majority of childbirths they would call on physicians during a complicated birth. However, women started seeking physician, they preferred services from those with a degree in hope that they could improve the natural design of birth. By the 1940s hospital births were ideal and by the 1960 women wanted some control over their bodies during birth, creating childbirth preparation classes.
Medicare
Due to Americans over the age of 65 that were unable to get health insurance, President Johnson, in 1965, signed into law the Medicare Program. This program covered the American that were unable to get health insurance. Medicare is purely a government program, which brought the government into health care insurance business. Over the years there have been many changes to keep it relevant with the changing times. People can qualify to receive Medicare by four conditions: be 65 years of age or older, eligible for Social Security benefits, be permanently disabled, or have an end-stage renal disease. Before this program it was difficult for people over the age of 65 to get health care coverage. Medicare pays for the care of millions of senior citizens, the disabled, and those individuals with end stage renal disease. Without this program these individuals would be unable to afford medical care.

Reference: http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/pasteur.html www.cdc.gov www.historyofvaccines.org www.naturalchildbirth.org…...

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