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German Costing

In: Business and Management

Submitted By stephe4u
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Volkswagen is an automobile company that uses the German-based costing system. It was founded in 1937 and is the biggest German automaker in the world, as well as the second biggest automaker in the world. The annual financial statements of Volkswagen AG have been prepared in accordance with the provisions of the Handelsgesetzbuch (HGB – German Commercial Code). The main function of costing systems is help companies determine the cost of a product related to the revenue it generates. Two of the more common costing systems used in business are traditional costing and activity-based costing. Traditional costing assigns manufacturing overhead based on the volume of a cost driver, such as the amount of direct labor hours needed to produce an item. A cost driver is a factor that causes cost to incur, such as machine hours, direct labor hours and direct material hours. Activity-based costing allocates the costs of manufacturing a product according to the activities needed to produce the item. Activity-based costing provides a more accurate view of product cost, but companies typically use it as a supplemental costing system. The allocation bases used in activity-based costing differ from those used in traditional costing. Activity-based costing determines every activity associated with producing an item and allocates a cost to the activity. The cost assigned to the activity is then assigned to products that require the activity for production. On the other hand, flexible margin costing or GPK is a time-tested cost accounting used by many companies in German-speaking countries. GPK is about marginal costing instead of full costing, short-term decision support instead of long-term and cost center instead of activities and processes. Management accounting has been more important to companies in German-speaking countries, such as Germany, Austria, and Switzerland,…...

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