Free Essay

General D Macarthur

In: Historical Events

Submitted By rennyocean
Words 406
Pages 2
General D. MacArthur

On the morning of September 8, 1945, General Douglas MacArthur made his way by automobile toward the American Embassy in the heart of Tokyo. One American observer described it as a city "completely flat with destruction," where even "the rubble did not look like much." As he presided over a ceremony at the Embassy -- his home for the next five and a half years -- MacArthur ordered General Eichelberger to "have our country's flag unfurled, and in Tokyo's sun let it wave in its full glory as a symbol of hope for the oppressed and as a harbinger of victory for the right." This moment was not broadcast throughout the world as the surrender ceremony aboard the U.S.S. Missouri had been six days earlier. Yet in hindsight, it was just as symbolic of the occupation period to follow: optimistic, thoroughly American, and unmistakably MacArthur.

Although the occupation was nominally an allied enterprise -- MacArthur's title was Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, or SCAP -- it was very much an American show, and there was no doubt who was in charge. As historian Michael Schaller has noted, "From its inception, the occupation became synonymous with its supreme commander. Although few Americans could name the man in charge of the German occupation (General Lucius Clay and, later, John J. McCloy) most could readily identify the top man in Tokyo."

Reference: American Experience. 2009. MacArthur and the Japanese Occupation (1945-1951). [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/peopleevents/pandeAMEX99.html. [Accessed 24 January 14].

Japan surrendered to the Allies on August 14, 1945, when the Japanese government notified the Allies that it had accepted the Potsdam Declaration. On the following day, Emperor Hirohito announced Japan's unconditional surrender on the radio (the Gyokuon-hōsō). The announcement was the emperor's first ever radio broadcast and the first time most citizens of Japan ever heard their sovereign's voice. This date is known as Victory Over Japan, or V-J Day, and marked the end of World War II and the beginning of a long road to recovery for a shattered Japan.
On V-J Day, United States President Harry Truman appointed General Douglas MacArthur as Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), to supervise the occupation of Japan. During the war, the Allied Powers had planned to divide Japan amongst themselves for the purposes of occupation, as was done for the occupation of Germany.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

General

...from TDIL's ftp: anu.tdil.gov.in pub dict site I N 1.m I Pron 1.m a Det 1.ek, abatement N abbey N 1.kmF, GVtF, GVAv, mdApn, b A, 2.yAg, smAE ag jF vZmAlA kA Tm a"r tTA -vr, 2.tk mphlA kESpt pzq vA -tAv  , aback Adv 1.acAnk, ekAek, 2.pFC  abandon VT 1.CoX  nA, yAg  nA, yAgnA, tjnA, d d 2.EbnA aAj^ nA nOkrF CoXnA, apn kodrAcAr aAEd mCoX  nA,   d ,   nA d d abandoned A 1.CoXA h,aA, Enjn-TAn, 2.EbgXA h,aA, iEdy lolp, lMpV, drAcArF, aAvArA , , abandonment N 1.pZ yAg, sMpZ aAmosg,   EbSkl CoX  nA d , abate VI 1.km honA, GVnA, DFmA honA abate VT 1.km krnA, GVAnA, DFmA krnA, m@ym krnA, rok  nA, smA krnA d 1 1.IsAiyo kA mW, gz\ArA, kVF, mW, , , 2.mht  aADFn sADao kF mXlF k , abbot N 1.mht, mWDArF, mWAEDkArF abbreviate VT 1.km krnA, s" krnA, CoVA krnA, p sAr EnkAlnA abbreviation N 1.s" , GVAv, sAr, lG,!p, skt, p  2.sE" pd yAf, fNd yA pd kA lG!p ^ , abdicate VTI 1.-vQCA s CoXnA, yAg krnA, tjnA,   pd yAg krnA abdication N 1.pd yAg abdomen N 1.X, V, k"F, udr p p , abdominal A 1.udr sMbDF, V kA p abduct VI 1.BgA l jAnA, EnkAl l jAnA, bhkA l jAnA    abduction N 1.EksF ko PslA yA DmkA kr BgA l jAnA,  , DokA  kr EnkAl, l jAnA, blAkAr hrZ, aphrZ d  abed Adv 1.EbCOn pr, fyA pr, EbCOn m    aberrant A 1.DAEmk mAg s EvcElt, pT B , BVkA h,aA  aberration N 1.Bm, Ev" , Bl, Qy,Et, pT B tA p abet VT 1.b kAm  Ely uskAnA, bhkAnA, k  ,r shAyk honAaprAD aAEd mnA  abeyance N 1."EZk EvrAm, Evlb, WhrAv, zkAv, ToX smy  Ely akmytA  k......

Words: 164153 - Pages: 657

Free Essay

General

...Click OK to save the loaded role to the database. 6. Save your work. 7. Assign Role to the attribute: From the Navigator window, open the attribute. In the Navigator Control Properties, under the Attribute tab the Type in the main region should be set to Role. In the Default region, select the proper Value (role) and click Apply. Save your work. Assign a role for each of the attributes listed in the Performer Definitions table below. 8. Define Notification Performers. For each notification outlined in the Performer Definitions table below: a. Open the appropriate workflow process. b. In the workflow process, open the notification. c. In the Navigator Control Properties window, click the Node tab. d. Set Performer Type as Constant instead of Attribute. e. Choose OIEADMIN as Value. f. Click Apply and save your work. Note: To directly link a role to a notification, Set Performer Type as Constant instead of Attribute. Then, select the role OIEADMIN. By using the Constant type, you have more flexibility. The table below lists the notifications, the seeded performer for each workflow process, and new performer Process | Notification | Seeded Performer | New Performer | Server Side Validation Process | Inform Sys Admin of Payables Validation Failure | AP Expense Report WorkflowAdministrator | OIEADMIN | Manager (Spending) Approval Process | Inform System Administrator - No Approver | AP Expense Report......

Words: 6272 - Pages: 26

Free Essay

Background Info on Trmuan and Macarthur...

...Background MacArthur Douglas MacArthur was born on January 26, 1880 in Little Rock, Arkansas. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1903. He was commissioned a second lieutenant of engineers and served in the Philippines from 1903 '' 1904, he was promoted to first lieutenant April 1904. He was an engineer officer and aide to the commander of the Pacific Division. He was promoted to captain on February 1911, then promoted to major December 1915, and colonel August 1917. He married Lousie Cromwell Brooks in 1922 and then divorced in 1929. He then married Jean Marie Faircloth in 1937. In December 1937 he retired from active service but continued as adviser to the Philippine government. July 1941 he was recalled to active duty as lieutenant generaland named commander. He received the Medal of Honor for Philippine defense preparations and operations. In April 1951 he was relieved of his command by President Truman. He died in Washington D.C. on April 5, 1951. Truman Henry Truman was born on may 8, 1884 in Lamar, Missouri. He attended public schools in Independence and in 1901 he graduated from high school. After high school he worked briefly as a timekeeper for a railroad construction contractor. In 1906 he returned to Grandview to help his father run the family farm. He continued to work as a farmer for more than ten years. From 1905 to 1911 he served in the Missouri National Guard. As the US entered WWI he helped organize the 2nd regiment of Missouri Field...

Words: 416 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Macarthur Reading Report

...LIBERTY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY MacArthur Reading Report Submitted to Dr. David W. Hirschman, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the completion of the course, LEAD 635 Pastoral Theology by Shonda M. Curb September 30, 2013 John MacArthur Reading Report Introduction Pastor John MacArthur and the Masters Seminary Faculty provide a unique manual for the aspiring pastor or church leader in "Pastoral Ministry: How to Shepherd Biblically". The major theme of the writings focuses on the character and development of pastors in accordance with New Testament scripture including: Acts 6, 1 Timothy 2-4, Titus 1, 1 Peter 5. The authors demonstrate through biblical reference and personal experiences the model and character of one prepared for pastoral ministry. The aim of the text is to validate the biblical authority of the ministry, to educate in the biblical qualifications of pastoral ministry, and to outline priorities for the pastoral ministry. Summary John MacArthur and his panel at the Master’s Seminary Faculty separate the twenty chapters presented in the book into four major categories that are designed to provide the reader with a dynamic portrayal of what it takes to be an effective biblical pastor. The four categories transition the reader from the biblical perspective of pastoral ministry to the practical. They include: biblical perspectives of pastoral ministry, the preparatory perspectives of pastoral candidates, personal......

Words: 1415 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Douglas Macarthur

...Douglas MacArthur: The American Caesar Douglas MacArthur Is one of the United States greatest war heroes. He was a brilliant commander that was blessed with the instinctive gift for the strategy and tactics of military combat. Even though his critics found him extremely arrogant the Unites States military needed him on the battlefield in World War I, World War II, and the Korean War. He was a man who lived his life by the West Point code of Duty, Honor, and Country and did it proudly. Douglas MacArthur was born at the Arsenal Barracks in Little Rock Arkansas on January 26, 1880 to Arthur and Mary Pinkney MacArthur. He was the youngest of three children in the MacArthur home. His brother’s names were Malcolm an Arthur, but his brother Malcolm died when they were children. His father Arthur MacArthur fought in the civil war and served as Theodor Roosevelt’s highest-ranking military officer, which spelled out Douglas’s military future. On June 3, 1899 he was enrolled at the Unite States Military Academy at West Point. During his time At West Point MacArthur managed the Cadet Football team and received his letter as an outfielder in the first Army vs. Navy baseball game (Douglas). MacArthur was not just an athlete while attending West Point he also excelled in academic and military strategy. He scored one of the highest scholastic averages in West Point history and was top of his class in his first, second and final year at West Point. MacArthur graduated in June of......

Words: 1431 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Genaral Macarthur

...Douglas MacArthur a Leader Tim Johnson Unit 5 Assignment 1 ITT Tech Abstract “Douglas MacArthur was born in Little Rock, Arkansas, on January 26, 1880. After graduating from West Point in 1903, he fought in World War I, and in World War II was the commander of Allied forces in the Pacific. When he criticized President Harry Truman's handling of the Korean War, he was relieved of his command. MacArthur died on April 5, 1964, and was buried in Norfolk, Virginia.” This is a small synopsis that I found on this web site. (MacArthur, 2014) Douglas MacArthur a Leader MacArthur attend WestPoint and graduated in 1903. This was the start of his leadership qualities. He fought in WWI where he achieved the rank of Major. After the war MacArthur was named superintendent of West Point, a post he held for the next three years. In 1930 he was promoted to general and selected as the Army chief of staff. MacArthur earned the rank of five star general during WWII and was named the supreme commander in the Pacific war theater. He was ordered out of The Philippines after the Japanese were getting to close to him. He left there and was quoted saying “I shall return.” He made true on his promise. Below is a picture his return. Gen. Douglas MacArthur wades ashore during the initial landings at Leyte, Philippine Islands, October, 1944.  Photograph Courtesy of the National Archives & Records Administration After many years of Island jumping and fighting off the Japanese were......

Words: 1241 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

General Patton

...George Smith Patton, Jr. (November 11, 1885 – December 21, 1945) was a United States Army general, best known for his flamboyant character and his command of the Seventh United States Army, and later the Third United States Army, in the European Theater of World War II. Born in 1885 to a privileged family with an extensive military background, Patton attended the Virginia Military Institute, and later the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. He participated in the 1912 Olympic Modern Pentathlon, and was instrumental in designing the M1913 "Patton Saber". Patton first saw combat during the Pancho Villa Expedition in 1916, taking part in America's first military action using motor vehicles. He later joined the newly formed United States Tank Corps of the American Expeditionary Forces and saw action in World War I, first commanding the U.S. tank school in France before being wounded near the end of the war. In the interwar period, Patton remained a central figure in the development of armored warfare doctrine in the U.S. Army, serving in numerous staff positions throughout the country. Rising through the ranks, he commanded the U.S. 2nd Armored Division at the time of the U.S. entry into World War II. Patton led U.S. troops into the Mediterranean theater with an invasion of Casablanca during Operation Torch in 1942, where he later established himself as an effective commander through his rapid rehabilitation of the demoralized U.S. II Corps. He commanded the Seventh Army......

Words: 12444 - Pages: 50

Premium Essay

General

...the financial year 2011-12 and kept ready by the company for use as a stand-by, on the ground that, it was not actually used during the year. State your views with reference to Accounting Standard 6 "Depreciation Accounting". Further during the year company made additions to its factory by using its own workforce, at a cost of ` 4,50,000 as wages and materials. The lowest estimate from an outside contractor to carry out the same work was ` 6,00,000. The directors contend that, since they are fully entitled to employ an outside contractor, it is reasonable to debit the Factory Building Account with ` 6,00,000. Comment whether the directors' contention is right in view of the provisions of Accounting Standard 10 "Accounting for Fixed Assets"? (d) Briefly explain the types of Amalgamations? (4 x 5 = 20 Marks) 2 INTEGRATED PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE EXAMINATION: MAY, 2012 Answer (a) Calculation of Estimated Cost of Construction ` in crores Cost of construction incurred till date Add: Estimated future cost Total estimated cost of construction Percentage of completion of contract till date to total estimated cost of construction = ` (1.80/3.20)×100 = 56.25% Proportion of total contract value recognised as revenue as per AS 7 (Revised) = Contract price x percentage of completion = ` 3 crores x 56.25% = ` 1.6875 crores (b) As per AS 13 Accounting for Investments’, for investment in shares - if shares are purchased with an intention to hold for short-term period then it......

Words: 33857 - Pages: 136

Free Essay

Dwight D. Eisenhower

...Dwight D. Eisenhower Dwight D. Eisenhower is arguably the most recognizable military commander of the 20th century. His success in WWII played a huge role in the United States victory in Europe. It is extremely remarkable that Eisenhower actually had no field command experience before WWII (Chen). He clearly possessed naturally leadership qualities that complimented his strategic knowledge. From the beaches of Normandy, to the western front of Germany, General Eisenhower commanded the Allies. If it a lesser man was in charge the outcome of the war and the world we live in today could have been very different. Eisenhower was born in Denison, Texas on October 14th, 1890. He grew up in Kansas in a poor family. Eisenhower was known as a good athlete and a hard worker. In 1915 he graduated from West Point and was stationed in San Antonio as a second lieutenant. The First World War ended right before Eisenhower was scheduled to go, which greatly upset him. He then went on the graduate first in his class from the Command and General Staff College in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Next, the future president served under General John J. Pershing as a military aid. He later served as an aid to General Douglas MacArthur for seven years in the Philippines. In 1939 he returned home just at the outbreak of the Second World War. In September 1941, Eisenhower was promoted to brigadier general. Just three months later Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. Eisenhower was then called to......

Words: 2931 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

To What Extent Was General Eisenhower Personally Responsible for the Allied Success of D-Day

...General Eisenhower’s involvement in D-Day has been widely debated as Stephen E. Ambrose once said “the operation will forever be linked to one name, Dwight Eisenhower ”. Eisenhower will always be linked with the success of D-Day as a result of him being the Supreme Allied Commander; however he was not the only general or even individual who played a part in its success. The main factors for consideration are Eisenhower’s leadership and Eisenhower’s strategy and tactics. Many historians argue that Eisenhower’s personal leadership was the reason for the success of D-Day. Anthony Beevor says that “Eisenhower’s ability to keep such a disparate team together was an extraordinary achievement ” Stephen E. Ambrose wrote “Eisenhower tended to seek out words and phrases that would appease .” These historians agree that Eisenhower’s political awareness in regards to the handling of his generals was the reason for success; Eisenhower was plagued by generals who did not respect him due to his lack of experience. Eisenhower however was experienced, he was the Commanding General of the European Theatre of Operations and he was the SCAEF of the North African Theatre of Operations. For example Dr Andrew Gordon wrote “Eisenhower, and his chief of staff General Bedell Smith, had worked and won with these officers from as far back as TORCH ” Professor Samuel J Newland agrees “D-Day is the prime example of the power and synergy that can be created by a strong alliance. ” Eisenhower recognised......

Words: 1989 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

General Macarthur Research Paper

...Research Paper: General Douglas MacArthur Douglas MacArthur, born January 26th, 1880 in Little Rock, Arkansas. MacArthur was an American five-star general and the Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific during World War II. He received the Medal of Honor for his service during the Philippines Campaign, which made him and his Father Arthur MacArthur, Jr, the first father and son to be awarded the medal. He is one of five men to ever earn the rank of General of the US Army and the only man to become a field marshal in the Philippine Army. Born and raised in a military family in the American Old West, MacArthur was valedictorian at the West Texas Military Academy, and First Captain at the United States Military Academy at West Point, where he graduated top of the of 1903. During the 1914 United States occupation of Veracruz, he conducted a reconnaissance mission, for which he was nominated for the Medal of Honor. MacArthur returned to the War Department, where he was promoted to major on 11 December 1915. In June 1916, he was assigned as head of the Bureau of Information at the office of the Secretary of War, Newton D. Baker. MacArthur has since been Morrow 2 regarded as the Army's first press officer. Following the declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917, Baker and MacArthur secured an agreement from President Wilson for the use of the National Guard on......

Words: 964 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Macarthur

...Douglas MacArthur: The Big Chief in America and Japan General of the Army, Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964), is well-known in the history of army in the United States and one of the soldiers who served the United States for more than a half-century. He was born on January 26th, 1880, at the Little Rock Barracks in Arkansas and grew up on outposts of the western borderline in which his Army officer father, Arthur MacArthur (1845-1912), was positioned. He later mentioned about the experience in his early childhood, “It was here I learned to ride and shoot even before I could read or write–indeed, almost before I could walk or talk.” (History.com) MacArthur was talented and candid; besides is best known for his crucial parts in World War II and following reconstruction of Japan. In this paper, his educational and political background, political challenges and accomplishments, and also relationship with particularly the United States and Japan are going to be explicated. EDUCATIONAL AND POLITICAL BACKGROUND Douglas MacArthur spent his entire life in the military of the United States. He lived in a far-off region of New Mexico in his early childhood in which his father, Arthur MacArthur Jr., instructed an infantry company charged with guarding settlers and railroad employees from the Indian "menace." When he was a teenager, Arthur served with division in the Union Army, and he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor after all for showing a courageous assault up Missionary......

Words: 1478 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

General Douglas Macarthur

...When General Douglas MacArthur finally returned to the Philippines in late 1944, the Japanese forces throughout the Pacific were reeling from American pressure and fighting what all concerned knew was a losing battle. In the grand strategic scheme for the Pacific campaign during World War II, re-capture of the Philippines was seen by the allies as an anchor to support the end-game: Capture of Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands and the final assault on the Japanese homeland.  Taking the Philippine Islands was the task of the U.S. 6th Army under command of Lieutenant General Walter Krueger. His primary opponent was IJA General Homma who ordered his battered and scattered forces to re-group and head for the mountains of northern Luzon where he intended to make a desperate last stand. His scheme required a decision about what to do with thousands of allied POWs - many of them survivors of the infamous Bataan Death March who had been imprisoned for more than three years in brutal conditions and physical deprivation. They were weak, crippled and sick; many of them near death from starvation, overwork and disease.  The Japanese General Staff in Tokyo issued a 'kill them all' order to commanders of various POW camps in the Philippines. The idea was to avoid having to deal with prisoners and to cover up what would be seen as war crimes when the end of the war finally came. General Krueger found out about this order from stay-behind guerilla commanders and from Philippine guerilla......

Words: 675 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Ssd D D D

...goodness of fit in the analysis of covariance structures”, Psychological Bulletin, 88(3), 588-606 Davis, F.D., (1989). “Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology”, MIS Quarterly, 13(3), 319–339 Davis, F.D., Bagozzi, R.P., & Warshaw, P.R. (1989). “User acceptance of computer technology: a comparison of two theoretical models”, Management Science, 35(8), 982–1003 - 386 - 5. Davis, F. D. (1993), “User acceptance of information technology: system characteristics, user perceptions, and behavioral impacts,” International Journal of Man Machine Studies, Vol. 38, pp. 475-487. Engel, J. F., Blackwell, R. D. and Miniard, P. W. (1995), Consumer Behavior, 8th edition, Dryder Press Fishbein, M. and Ajzen, I. (1975), Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: an introduction to theory and research, Addison-Wesley Reading, MA Hairs, J.F., Anderdson, R.E., Tatham, R.L., & Black, W.C. (1998), Multivariate Data Analysis 5th ed., Upper Saddle River, N.J: Prentice Hall International. Karahanna, E., Straub, D. and Chervan, N. (1999), “Information technology adoption across time: a cross-sectional comparison of pre-adoption and post-adoption beliefs,” MIS Quarterly, 23(2), 183-213. Kotler P, & Zaltman, G.. (1971), “Social Marketing: An Approach to Planned Social 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Change”, Journal of Marketing, 35 (July ), 3-12 Mathieson, K.(1991), “Predicting user intentions: comparing the technology acceptance model with the......

Words: 1927 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Truman vs Macarthur

...China and the Soviet Union and Truman and MacArthur both realized these deficiencies within the U.S. military. The scope of my argument in this essay will not be about what type of war, limited or total, is best because there are certain instances where a limited war is desired and there are times when total war is required. I will however address the period between December 1950 and March 1951 where I feel that Truman’s choice to wage a limited war was better than MacArthur’s belief that the U.S. either engage in a total war with the communists or withdraw from Korea and prepare for total war with the communists at a later date. In order to better understand whose strategy was better, Truman’s or MacArthur’s, it is important to define what each of their strategies were and discuss the ideology behind them. Once their different strategies have been clearly defined I will address several issues which made Truman’s policy the better of the two and then address a key weakness to Truman’s strategy: the post WWII world was not ready for a total war with China and the Soviet Union; total war could have escalated into a nuclear war between the superpowers; the United Nations needed to develop into a credible force to deal with international law and conflicts; and a protracted war in the long run is more costly in terms of dollars and human life. MacArthur’s Strategy “In war there is no substitute for victory” (Gen. Douglas MacArthur) best describes MacArthur’s strategy......

Words: 2112 - Pages: 9