Free Essay

From Sensation Through Perception to Reflection

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By teklehaimanot
Words 1983
Pages 8
From Sensation through Perception to Reflection:
Twenty minutes passed six, Tuesday morning, December 04, 2012 – many un orchestrated noises coming to my ears - the sighs and low prayers of awakening aged fathers and mothers, the moving feet on slippers, the disturbing sounds of opening and closing windows and doors, ONs and OFFs of the light-switches, the sound of nagging deeply inspired by your style of writing, I badly desired to make this day ‘A Day to Remember’, giving you a bigger challenge of creating simplicity out of complexity. To be frank I did not hate your approach of telling us a number of coincidental stories and portraying perception with your personal experiences and encounters. So our today’s dialogue is to investigate if Sensation is truly the root for our conscious learning. And you should go-bring-bread for breakfast from the nearby shops, the usual drones of cars moving by the main street, the to do this, happily I will take the podium on the remotely ringing bells – which I wished stage and you take the audiences’ seat. they were not school bells, the clucking of hens, the bark of the distant dogs and Mr. W: A challenge! I am glad that you come up with this ‘challenge’, actually I prefer to call this all seemed to be an alarm to my ears. an opportunity, opportunity to better articulate My being deep asleep by that moment showed how much exhausted I was on municate and collaborate with the wider comthe previous day and my late sleep- munity of readers and writers. I would not hate ing hours had also contributed to this. to accompany my rivers of articles with pleasantJumping out of my bed, I immediately sounding music, illuminating moving pictures, continued a dialogue that was going on self-explanatory animations and literature of all within me since last Saturday, 1st Dec, 2012. On that Saturday, about eleven o’clock in the morning, I was seated in Sunrise Café, sipping a mix of apricot not a mere black-and-white learner; your nature of and papaya juice and reading the arti- applying your multiple modalities in learning - the cle from Rivers of Consciousness pub- visual, the auditory, the kinesthetic, the olfactory, the gustatory and of course the auditory digital, reading the article, a theatrical dialogue where things are communicated within our mind came to existence; a dialogue about the – are all undeniable, however, what I always hope Science of Sensation and whether Con- and visualize to see is the art of creating still and scious Learning is rooted in Sensation, moving pictures along with musical harmony surprisingly the characters of the play out of the context of a writing. Yet, I appreciate were the Writer (Mr. W) and the Reader (Mr. R) instantiated from me and their and an accompanying story, which is great, but coexistences. you need to wait me a day or two so as I analyze *** the extent of the possibility and the nature of the Mr. R: Your early morning stimulated mixed beauty, like the blend of apricot, papaya writing is really inspiring and you and strawberry we have been sipping. know I am here on purpose to read the *** article “Attributing Meaning to Our A little silence; Mr. R started to turn the pages of the Newspaper, while Mr. W went into a calcuLearning”, unlike the previous articles lative world. The silence was broken by a phone on Rivers of Consciousness this arti- call, and there was unnecessary debate between cle is unique in that except our name Mr. R and Mr. W, “You, answer the phone”, “No, mistyped with double K, there are no typo errors throughout the whole article your duty to read what they are saying and I will and it is well structured with streams of take care of the writing stuff if there is a necesparagraphs and connected ideas. In the sity”, the R and the W came into a single existence - and then the phone conversation, “Hello, friend tion, I delightfully enjoyed the sail of … where are you?”, although the call was from a the boats of sensations to the extent of public phone, the where and who of the caller was coming up with crazy ideas of apply- obvious from his voice; a friend, from Avenue ing Reverse Engineering Techniques Street, near the Ministry of Education. I replied, to our childhood I imagined a little boy without a drop of percept but who have accumulated few senses. Removing one layer of sense at a time, washing away all the perceptions and experiences, I isted and was triggered with questions like what could be that sense and when was the time it happened? The walk through the streams of words in the conscious paragraphs you developed enabled me to understand the meaning of perception from a basic point of view to

Teklehaimanot Yemane

A Path for Continuous and Conscious Learning

An Internal Dialogue-Universal Reflection PART I: Characters - The writer (W) , Reader (R), Artist (A), Narrator (N) … and Others
Imagine Rivers of Consciousness as a large imaginary circular table, where educators, professionals ity of storytelling and narration, but before that Mr. W will give us a short brief introduction. Mr. R, I should not forget to thank you for reminding us before a second passed from our event stating time, and seated in the audiences’ seat, you will be engaged in critical reading, reading beyond the words and images and attributing meaning to our context, remember this is in return to the challenge which you created on Saturday and happened to be an opportunity for our creativity. If you feel you have a similar context from what tion has to be a deeply thought piece. Mr. A, our most important appreciation and thankfulness goes to you for creating the amazing your masterpiece and honourably be seated. Questions, comments, suggestions and add-ons are always welcome as usual, but not with negative intentions, please throw such things beyond the fence in

and their visions of competency all directed toward the well-being of the society and national prosperity. It won’t be too far!...’ a sensible talk from inside, I was not sure who said that. When the friend quickly swallowed two cakes along with a cup of tea - I think he hadn’t had his breakfast, we together left for the sake of the business of the day, Saturday. *** Customarily, Sunday is not supposed to be a busy day for me, but this Sunday, the 2nd December, of 2012 was a truly activity-packed day, from nine in the morning to four in the afternoon, except an hour and half or lesser of the lunch time, which I didn’t even attended it with my heart; the Mr. W and Mr. R of me have been extensively working individually, although unnoticeable to my senses, Mr. W with his assignment of creating a poster illustration and an accompanying story and Mr. R with his reading stuffs like Wireless, Wired, Isolated, Networked, Uncontrolled and Secured and more… of that kind. About four o’clock in the afternoon Mr. W awakreading things yet? You see, in collaboration with my illustrative poster in two versions, one with clear transparent background and the other with a ure are all the same, also I have prepared a draft of the story”. And continued; “now I suggest lets go home, have a bath and take a little rest in calmness and during that time we will narrate the story bein me (Mr. N) to assist me in the storytelling, but don’t blame me he will not appear until then.” Mr. R was not happy, he has always thought of becoma narrator appear? Any way they all Mr. W, R, A and N shrank into one, making me and went for the Sunday bath. *** After the bath, the condition was very cold to the warming or a little nap under the blanket, but I didn’t like that, so I quickly went out to the nearby road, to catch the rays of the sunset. The sun looks like a ball due making a goal behind the distant mountains, banana-shoot-kicked by an experienced and Stadium, where the players play in the skies and the football funs watch form the planets, shouting like no before. The rays of the vanishing sun strike

----------------------------Trigger:

----------------------------

Triggered

friend said, “I am around and coming soon”, in no time he appeared from the front door of the café, objects, on living things, on the road. As I was there table in front of me, he said “haven’t you read your article yet, I have read it before two hours and this sun bath of that day a lasting memory. There was a time it is nice and simply, artistic I like it”. I have murmur from inside, the eager Mr. R burst out and said, “What about The poster, the illustration and and for this friend it is his fourth time. Emotional- the story, I think you were supposed to tell us by ly I said, ” I want this to be a more deeper review, now Mr. W?” knowing that there could be a conyou do that in black and white or post it on face- triggered a Manager in me (Mr. M) in advance, and book”; and continued “This is only an easy say- gave him full responsibility to manage the theater and the characters to play. Comforting his suit and is another thing in which we are striving for”. ‘… adjusting his tie to its knot, Mr. M mounted himself to the stage. Mr. M: You are right Mr. R; we are on the way to start the narration soon, I have been lost in the beauty of the sunset, the rays, the mountains, the the skyline. These are the true revelations from the beauty of nature. This is not all a mere presence of things, situations or coincidences, beyond the sensation of sun bathing, we should see the role play of these things in beautifying this short moment and we should yearn for that. I want you all to perform by keeping this masterpiece in mind. This Mr. W and A have been working with their artistic creature - The poster and the illustration, and we have invited Mr. N to perform his aesthetic capabil-

Ages after ages I accumulated knowledge to get the higher stages My legs too busy and my eyes crafty hunters Only to find myself in lakes of forgetting and fatigues Worse yet made me resemble the dumb computers In which they can count only up to one My beauty was in giving more sense to daily chitchats And emotions never made me better But my human discernment remained unanswered Searching day and night to what its real realization is Then only I understood That life is reached not by accumulating As the sea took all the water of the rivers for millions of years And its saltiness never changed nor its headlands filled But by giving! When giving you begin to see who you are The past and future are painted in clarity Being human is tasted its unique identity The days of gratefulness arise And you feel the dimensions of perfection beginning to sprout.

----------------------------Inspired
-

Nolawi Abrham from Asmara

-----------------------------Quotes
“When we tell stories and process them, using reflective dialogue, we create the possibility for changes in ourselves and others. Our capacity to express ourselves through narrative forms not only enables us to reshape, reassess and reconstruct particular events, it allows us to learn from discussing our experiences with individuals who may raise alternative views, suggest imaginative possibilities and ask stimulating questions…..Through dialogue shaped to explore experiences in depth multiple perspectives can emerge.” Angela Tomkins, LEARNING AND TEACHING GUIDES

Rivers of Consciousness Social: http://www.facebook.com/riversofconsciousness | Contact Address: e-mail to: teklehaimanotye@eit.edu.er, SMS Message to: +2917261231…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Reflection on Sensation, Perception, Motivation

...Reflection As we continue the discussions about human behaviors in psychology. I noticed that our behavior is influenced by many factors. And one of these factors is biological or physiological. Biologically, our nervous system is the most complex and elaborate system in our body. The nervous system regulates our behavior in order for us to survive. During the discussions I found out that our nervous system is composed of more than 500 million of nerve cells or neurons. These neurons or nerve cells are very important in our body. These are responsible in receiving stimulus or information from the environment then carries it to the brain wherein the brain itself interprets the stimulus in order for us to produce responses accordingly. Without these neurons, we could not coordinate our responses, nor could we perceive, feel or think. But the most important part of our nervous system is our brain because it is the one responsible of all voluntary and some involuntary behaviors. And it is the most intricate, complex and unique mechanism of the human body. So in order for us to have a remarkable behavior, we need to protect and take good care of our brain. In the midway part of the discussions we tackled about Sensation and Perception. This so-called Sensation also affects or influenced our behavior. Through our senses or sensory organs, we come to know our world and what we sense often affects our behavior. Our sense organs are responsible in sensation. And one must be......

Words: 481 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Sensation, Perception, and Attention

...Sensation, Perception, and Attention Sensation, Perception, and Attention The abilities for sensation, perception, and attention vary from person to person. Many obstacles to communicating successfully are comparable from person to person, once these obstacles are perceived, steps can be taken to avoid these obstacles. Some people can attend a cocktail party and listen to multiple conversations at once while comprehending most of what is said. Other people can only hear one or two conversations and make any sense of them. These personal thresholds will differ according to environmental and personal factors. Some people can control their environment by minimizing noise, obtaining enough sleep and taking care of themselves in general, attending to these needs first will help a person to focus on what is perceived as important, whether it is at a conference or a cocktail party. Many students listen to classical music when studying, Mozart being the first choice. Studies have shown that listening to classical music helps one to concentrate on the task at hand, and helps to eliminate minor outside distractions. Amanda Rivera Part A: It is important to minimize distractions when reaching an auditory threshold. It is very hard for me to be able to hear anything when there is a lot of noise or distraction. When I try to work on my assignments for class, I have to make sure that my son is in bed, the television is cut off, and the only sounds are the air conditioner......

Words: 2305 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Sensation, Perception, and Attention

...Sensation, Perception, and Attention Outline Mary Bazile Psychology/300 October 6, 2013 Carlton Bowden Explanation of Sensation, Perception, and Attention The recommendations for the authority sensations, perceptive, and attention to learning would be like if a person would sit down to study, the person would not be bother by the distracting environmental stimuli. Why? Because some people and certain other people cannot lie in the difference of ability to focus and control each other attention toward their own perceptive processes derived from sensations. A report says that (Kowalski & Westen, 2009) acknowledges that the human sensory systems, visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, touch, proprioceptive, vestibular, and kinesthetic all specialized cells that respond to environmental stimuli called sensory. A short term for olfactory is small. The term for gustatory is taste. An example for touch is pain. Proprioceptive is sensory information about body’s position and movement. Vestibular is sensory information on position of body in space by sensing gravity and movement. Kinesthetic is a sensory information about movement and position of limbs and other parts of the body relative to one another. All the words are......

Words: 1130 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Sensation and Perception

...The Backstory of Minato (D&D Character) Minato, known to be a Pally that aligns himself with the Deity, Kord, and is considered to be a valuable asset to Vasant’s group of mercs after joining them in their aid to fight the evil known to as Damon Zausz and his son David. Though Minato is a powerful paladin by nature, he also knows that even he and the group can have limits and has learned how to heal along his journey to redeem his past, and though Vasant maybe his leader, Minato sometimes chooses not to listen to his leader’s orders. No one in the group really knows why Minato does this from time to time, but they naturally assume it deals with his past, and they rather not ask him questions about it. Minato mainly keeps to himself rarely speaks up, but when he is pissed off about something, he lets the group know that he is and sometimes, he gets in shouting matches with Clank about it. But there was a time when Minato wasn’t like this. He was once the complete polar opposite of what he is today. It dates back when he was just 4 years old, in the kingdom called Lilacia. A place that is located in East Istheria. When he was 4, He used to watch as the soldiers and king’s battle guard of warriors, and clerics would march on to take out the rival kingdoms that tried to take his kingdom away, and sometimes, his parents would be in that battle guard. While they were away, he was looked after by friends of the family. He always was happy to see that his parents fought......

Words: 3988 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Sensation and Perception

...Introduction Psychologists studying perceptual development tend to make a distinction between sensation - "the functioning of our sensory system", and perception - "the interpretation of those sensations" (Foley & Matlin, 2010, p. 2). Perceptual development provides the foundation for interpreting the events of the world around us. Stimuli from the environment that evoke sensory experiences of hearing, seeing, and touching promote brain growth and development. Our sensory systems do indeed change over time, just like the rest of our body. At birth our senses are not completely developed giving us an incomplete view of the world. As we age, our senses will decline leaving us with less of a connection with the world. The path and nature of the development of our senses are important for several reasons. Understanding development helps the medical field intervene in problems to help people of all ages have more normal sensory systems. Understanding development also yields important insight into the basic operations of our sensory systems. Seeing how they change gives researchers peaks into the nature of their general operation. In perceptual development, many focus area does exist, but for the purpose of this paper, emphasis will be placed on discussing the significance of nature vs. nurture to perceptual development in infants, as well as discuss other sensation and perception concepts like visual abilities – acuity and eye movements. Nature vs. Nurture Nature and Nurture in...

Words: 1665 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Sensation & Perception Summary

...Sensation & Perception * Sensation is the detection of physical energy from the environment which we encode as neural signals. * Perception is when we organize and interpret our sensations * The beginning level of sensory analysis is also known as bottom- up processing * Top-down processing is the information processing guided by higher-level mental processes, as when someone constructs perceptions drawing on our experience and expectations. * Bottom up processing is sensory analysis that begins at the entry level, with information flowing from the sensory analysis that begins at the entry level with information flowing from the sensory receptors to the brain * Psychophysics is the study of relationships between the physical characteristics of stimuli, such as their intensity, and our psychological experience of them. * Absolute threshold is the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50 percent of the time  Sensory Adaptation * Sensory Adaptation- lowered sensitivity due to constant exposure from stimulus. For example, when you go into someone’s house you notice an odor…but this only lasts for a little while because sensory adaptation allows you to focus your attention on changing environment. * This adaptation allows the person to focus on informative changes, leaving out uninformative constant stimulations. Vision * Transduction refers to Sensory energy being convert (transformed) into......

Words: 1147 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sensation and Perception

...I. Objectives At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to a. Discuss the Sensation and Perception b. Value the importance of Perception that allows us to act within our environment. c. Demonstrate the stimuli by help of perceptual theories. II. Subject Matter Sensation and Perception III. Materials Marker Cartolina Paper Colored Paper Pictures 35 copies of Lesson Hand-outs IV. Procedure A. Preparation Teacher’s Activity | Student’s Activity | “Good morning Class”“Let us pray first, Anyone who wants to lead the prayer?”“Thank you Ms. /Mr._____ for leading the prayer. Again, good morning!”“Ms. /Mr. Secretary may I know who are the absent for today?”"you may take your seat and please arrange your chairs""I will give you a minute to prepare yourself & do what you want before we proceed to our lesson""Okay class, sit properly and please listen attentively in our discussions." | “Good morning Ma’am”(One Student will lead the prayer)(The secretary will stand and tell who are the absentee)(the students will arrange their chair and take their seat)(the students can do anything)“yes ma’am” | B. Motivation Teacher’s Activity | Student’s Activity | "Before we start our lesson, let’s have a simple ice breaker first.""this ice breaker is called "4 pics 1 word""Do any of you know this game?""How it goes?""Thank you. You’re right. I will show 4 pictures that are related to each other and you just guess what does the pictures shows. You......

Words: 7320 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Sensation and Perception

...friends like the good old days. Social media can cause people to lose communications with their families by making them forget whats around them, they just want to be playing online games and it can sometimes cause parents to not pay attention to their kids. Children tend to forget that they can go outside and play instead of just being inside on the Internet. Being on social media all the time can cause people's attitude to change in a negative way. It can cause families to divide. In an article I read it says. "children were so immersed in technology that the percent was greeted only 30 percent of the time and was totally ignored 50 percent of the time. " (Taylor). Socila media is causing families to talk less and maybe even separate from not talking at all. Everywhere we go we see people on their phones whether its for calling, texting, or for the Internet. People can adapt to bad behaviors by playing violent video games, video games leading to child aggression and by doing things their not suppose to on their phones. Children are always playing video games like Call of Duty and other online games. Those video games can cause children to develop bad behaviors. In an article I read it said. " Children who were exposed to more video game violence did become more aggressive over time than their peers who had less exposure. (Harding). Children are becoming more aggressive the more video games they play.(Chelsea Medrano). )...

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Sensation and Perception

...4: Sensation and Perception Lecture 6 & 7 • Learning Outcomes • Define and differentiate between sensation and perception. • Identify the parts of the eye, describe the properties of light and the theories of color vision. • Learning Outcomes • Describe how visual perception is organized. • Identify the parts of the ear; explain the sense of hearing. • Learning Outcomes • Describe the chemical senses. • Identify the skin senses and theoretical explanations for pain. • Learning Outcomes • Describe the kinesthetic and vestibular senses. • Explain why psychologists are skeptical about extra sensory perception. • Sensation and Perception • What are Sensation and Perception? • “I have perfect vision” –Heather Sellers has problem with her perception. She cannot recognize faces-prosopagnosia (face blindness) “In college, on a date at the Spaghetti Station, I returned from the bathroom and plunked myself down in the wrong booth, facing the wrong man. I remained unaware he was not my date even as my date (a stranger to me) accosted Wrong Booth Guy, and then stormed out of the Station. I can’t distinguish actors in movies and on TV. I do not recognize myself in photos or video. I can’t recognize my stepsons in the soccer pick-up line; I failed to determine which husband was mine at a party, in the mall, at the market” This curious mix of “perfect” vision and face blindness illustrates the distinction between sensation and perception. • 1. What are Sensation and...

Words: 1809 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Sensation and Perception: a Relationship

...“Sensation and Perception: A Relationship” Essay #1 Sensation and perception are both cognitive functions that occur in our everyday lives. Sensation, as defined by William James (2010), is “becoming aware of the bare immediate natures”, in which “several objects are distinguished” (p. 6). On the other hand, perception is defined as “the consciousness of particular material things present to sense” (James, 2010, p. 57). The question that exists is whether one cognitive function can exist without the other and vice versa. I believe that both cognitive functions need each other in order to efficiently make knowledge and information. In order to answer the question, the relationship between sensation and perception needs to be well-defined. Sensation is “detecting stimuli from the body or environment [and] the immediate experience of basic properties of an object or event that occurs when a sensory receptor is stimulated” (“Sensation & Perception”, n.d.) whereas perception is the “act of organizing and interpreting sensory input as signaling a particular object or event” (“Sensation & Perception”, n.d.). Basically, stimuli must be received by the sense receptors first before being processed and perceived as meaningful data. The definition of “meaningful data” is subjective since what one person considers “meaningful” may not be to another person; individuals perceive things differently from one another. Can sense exist without perception? I believe that......

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Sensation vs. Perception

...Sensation and Perception The human brain is much more complex than any other organism because humans have the ability to perceive information. Any organism can experience sensation, or a response caused by the presence of a stimulus (Baar and Warden, 1928). Because humans have such complex cerebral cortexes, they can interpret the sensations caused by stimuli and decide what to do with the information. This interpretation is called perception and it gives meaning to sensations (Harrison and Geller, 2014). The difference between sensation and perception is that a sensation is just the experience of a stimulus, while perception is the interpretation of the sensation. A sensation can happen at any time and can be caused by all types of stimuli. Sensations can be cause by all the five senses that are sight, hearing, touch, smell and taste. Sensations are also a “native” (Baar and Warden, 1928) response, meaning they just occur and need no prior learning for translation. Perception on the other hand can only happen when there is a sensation. Without a sensation, there would be nothing to perceive, therefore there would be no information to be put together. Perception must be “acquired by experience” (Baar and Warden, 1928), meaning they require prior learning in order to interpret and understand sensations. For example, when an adult witnesses someone being hit, they will think something is wrong, because, as a child, they were taught that hitting was bad. ......

Words: 404 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sensation and Perception

...the light travels through the pupil and lens, the image reaches its destination in the retina. Here, electromagnetic energy of light is converted to electrical impulses for transmission to the brain. There are two kinds of light-sensitive receptor cells in the retina, which include rods and cones. Rods are of particular interest in this case, because the Captain first saw the mysterious object in his peripheral vision. This is due to the light energy striking the retina and encountering rods in his retina. Rods are thin, cylindrical receptor cells that are highly sensitive to light. Rods are related to vision in dimly lit situations and play a key role in peripheral vision. Therefore, light-sensitive receptor cells, rods, played the role in Mueller seeing an object/light that was outside the main center of focus and in night vision. Rods and cones are involved in the phenomenon “dark adaption” which takes place when one adjusts to dim light after being in brighter light. The speed at which dark adaption occurs is a result of change in chemical composition of the rods and cones. The rods can take up to 20-30 minutes to reach their maximum potential. This explains why Mueller saw a mysterious object in his peripheral vision. 3. (a)What cues might Captain Mueller have used to determine that the mysterious object was much closer to his aircraft than any light source on the ground? Be sure to explicitly reference (i.e. name and describe) relevant concepts from your textbook......

Words: 1014 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sensation, Perception, and Attention

..., Sensation, Perception, and Attention John Cullen, Deanna Danley, Shannon Hollock, and Eliz Jones PSY/300 June 25, 2012 Lori Eyre Sensations, Perceptions, and Attention We as team members have many experiences and comfort levels with sensations, perceptions and attention. Our thoughts and experiences with these are shared within this essay. Included in this report are four students and their experiences provided to help understand how each team member’s learning and attention is divided. Discussions on how to work together in the future to accommodate these differences is also discussed. Auditory Stimuli Each team member has his or her own threshold of auditory stimulus. John has a very sensitive threshold and can hear every little noise. He tries not to let it bother him, but sometimes the noise is so loud he needs to leave the room. Deanna also has a low tolerance for loud noises and people speaking loudly. Deanna states “this was not a problem I had when I was younger, just something I’ve notices in the last 3 or 4 years” (D.Danley, personal communication, June 14, 2012). Eliz and Shannon, however, are not bothered by auditory stimuli. Eliz says that “noise, kids, and even loud talking” (E, Jones, personal communication, June 14, 2012) does not bother her. Shannon does not “care about loud noises or annoying tones” (S. Hollock, personal communication, June 14, 2012), but can hear many noises. The team is divided as two team mates have...

Words: 1511 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Sensation, Perception, and Attention

...Sensation, Perception, and Attention Teri Abshier, Melissa McCullar, Lupe Contreras PSY 300 July 3, 2012` Osagie Amayo Sensation, Perception, and Attention An individual’s attention is affected by their sensation and perception of the environment. Learning Team A (Teri Abshier, Melissa McCullar, and Lupe Contreras) discussed their personal comfort levels of learning in environments with different levels of auditory stimuli. Through this discussion, Learning Team A concluded that it was easier for them to learn in an environment with little to no outside auditory stimuli as opposed to a noisy environment. Increases in auditory stimuli can cause divided attention, which is not typically conducive to learning and memory retention. The threshold for auditory stimuli is defined as the slightest perceptible sound (American Psychological Association, 2009). Dichotic listening, also known as the “Cocktail Party Effect”, is the ability to focus on the auditory input in one ear while ignoring extraneous environmental auditory input. Initially, researchers thought that the extraneous input was not learned. However, further research showed that the peripheral input cannot be completely ignored and is stored in memory, although usually very weakly. Because the brain senses and perceives the additional auditory stimuli, it is more difficult to give full attention to the intended task (Kowalski & Westen, 2011). Learning Team A met at a fairly busy coffee shop. For the......

Words: 1130 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sensation, Perception, and Attention

...Sensation, Perception, and Attention Sensation, perception, and attention vary amongst individuals. What one individual perceives as distracting can be soothing to another individual. An individual’s absolute threshold for a sensory stimulus may be very different compared to another’s. Personal and environmental factors all contribute to an individual’s ability to learn and pay attention. The cocktail party phenomenon is an example of how environmental factors can impede an individual’s attention. Many individuals find that multi-tasking is a useful skill to divide attention in a way that facilitates learning. In contrast, some individuals prefer to give undivided attention in order to comprehend information. Based on the differences in perception and sensory processes of each individual, ground rules must be created to allow for a more influential learning environment. The perception and attention processes differ with every individual. What some individuals perceive as quiet may be distracting to another individual. The absolute threshold of an individual is “the minimum stimulation necessary to detect a particular light, sound, pressure, taste, or odor 50% of the time” (Myers, 2009, p. 193). In analyzing each team members absolute threshold for auditory stimulus the results proved that although each threshold differed slightly, the barriers that impede each team members learning process are similar. The team found that both personal and environmental factors both......

Words: 822 - Pages: 4