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Foundations of United States Citizenship

In: Historical Events

Submitted By acollett
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Chapter Six, Foundations of United States Citizenship 5/5

D. List or Describe:
1. Describe the evolution of the modern American flag. The American Flag was officially adopted by The Second Continental Congress on the 14th of June, 1777. The flag was made up of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red alternating with white, with a blue rectangle in the union bearing 13 white 5-point stars. Francis Hopkins is responsible for the 13 white stars. During the Revolutionary war, Patriots started making a bunch of these American flags. In 1794, Congress passed an act requiring The American Flag to have 15 stars and 15 stripes. This was the official flag from 1795-1818. This new official flag was the inspiration for the “Star Spangled Banner” written by Francis Scott Key. On April fourth, 1818 President Monroe accepted a bill that reflected the ideas of Capt. Samuel C. Reid. Reid suggested that the flag should have 13 stripes but, for every new state American gained we added another star. The American flag with 50 stars was first raised on July fourth, 1960. The flag is traditionally a symbol for liberty and freedom. The 13 stripes represent the thirteen British colonies that declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain and became the first states in the Union while the colors red, white, and blue represent purity and innocence, hardiness and valor, and vigilance, perseverance, and justice. This is what makes up The American Flag we know today.

Lesson One, The American Flag and Other Symbols 894…...

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