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Finance Terminology

In: Business and Management

Submitted By texas23
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Financial Terminology
Shawna Mullens
FIN/ 370
October 28, 2011
Ruth Smith

Finance- "Is the study of how people and businesses evaluate investments and raise capital to fund them" (Titman, Martin & Keown, 2011, p. 4). "The science that describes the management, creation and study of money, banking, credit, investments, assets and liabilities. Finance consists of financial systems, to include the public, private and government spaces, and the study of finance and financial instrument" (Investopedia, n.d., para. 1). "While finance is primarily about the management of money, a key component of finance is the management and interpretation of information" (Titman, Martin & Keown, 2011, p. 5). Finance role in finance is to help businesses understand how to make their money work for them and build on that. Also, how to protect their assets.
Efficient market- "An investment theory that states it is impossible to "beat the market" because stock market efficiency causes existing share prices to always incorporate and reflect all relevant information. According to the EMH, stocks always trade at their fair value on stock exchanges, making it impossible for investors to either purchase undervalued stocks or sell stocks for inflated prices" ( Investopedia, n.d., para. 1). Stock markets are an example of an efficient market. The role of an efficient market is when investors have the most current information to make the best choice at the present to make investments.
Primary market- "New securities are bought and sold for the first time and are offered to the public" (Titman, Martin & Keown, 2011, p. 26). Market in which buyers and sellers negotiate and transact business directly, without any intermediary such as resellers. "The key function of the primary market is to facilitate capital growth by enabling individuals to convert savings into investments" (…...

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