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Filament

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Submitted By AVNISH
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| |BANNARI AMMAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY |[pic] |
|[pic] |(Autonomous Institution affiliated to Anna University, Chennai Approved by AICTE, Accredited| |
| |by NBA,New Delhi and NAAC With ‘A’ Grade) | |
| |SATHYAMANGALAM | |
| | | |
| | Department of Textile Fashion Technology | |

24, December 2013

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster

BIT/FT/FASH DASH-14

Dear Sir/Madam

Sub: National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASH DASH-14”- regarding.

The Association of Fashion Technologists of Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam is organizing a National Level Fashion Design Contest and Fashion Show “FASHDASH-14” during 14th and 15th February 2014. FASHDASH-14 is an annual extravaganza that comprises of Design Contest, Workshops and Fashion Show.

The event Poster is enclosed for your kind perusal. We look forward to hearing your favorable response in this regard. Should you need further information, please feel free to contact the undersigned or the Coordinator FASHDASH-14.

Yours sincerely,

Mrs. P.S.S.Shiyamala Devi
Faculty Coordinator
Department of Textile-Fashion Technology
Mobile: +91 9159717997

Encl: Event Poster…...

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...the emergence of mining and coal changed the industry. Next came the race for filament bulb lighting that could be used commercially and in homes. After the basic bulbs were introduced to the bulb, innovations were still occurring that lead to the invention of neon, florescent and LED lights (John Bessant, 2011). In the late eighteenth century, Humphrey Davy introduced the carbon arc lamp which changed the lighting industry in a few ways; it made mining safer, it supported the idea of domestic illumination starting the gas lighting era, and it sparked innovations such as the first street lamp in Cleveland, Ohio (John Bessant, 2011). These innovations created a radical change, creating the discontinued use of illuminates such as oil lamps. The next large change came about when Thomas Edison and Joseph Swann started researching the possibility of incandescent filament light bulbs and patenting their ideas (John Bessant, 2011). While it is accepted that Edison was not the first inventor to create the light bulb it is argued that he created the first viable, long lasting bulb that could be sold for domestic use by using bamboo as a filament in commercial lamps (Electric Lamp, 2014). These commercial light bulbs created a radical change towards a well-established industry with some big names that we still see today such as General Electric (GE) and Philips (John Bessant, 2011). Once the filament bulb became widely accepted and used commonly in every home, incremental......

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...multiple protein enzymes. Also there are tremendous numbers of mitochondria… n Myofibril is composed of about 1500 adjacent thick (myosin) filaments and 3000 thin (actin) filaments, which are large polymerized protein molecules that are responsible for the actual muscle contraction. (Textbook of Medical Physiology, Guyton & Hall, Elsevier 2006) Modified from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:1022_Muscle_Fibers_(small).jpg From:http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma. ultranet/BiologyPages/S/sarcomere.png Interaction between these cross-bridges and actin filaments causes contraction. Myofibril is composed of about 1500 adjacent thick (myosin) filaments and 3000 thin (actin) filaments, which are large polymerized protein molecules that are responsible for the actual muscle contraction. (Textbook of Medical Physiology, Guyton & Hall, Elsevier 2006) Relaxed and contracted states of a myofibril showing (a) sliding of actin filaments (pink, thin lines) into the spaces between myosin filaments (dark pink, thicker lines), and (b) pulling of Z membranes towards each other. When the muscle fiber is contracted, as (a) shown beside, the length of the sarcomere is about 2 micrometers. At this length, the actin filaments completely overlap the myosin filaments, and the tips See difference in the overlap See difference in the overlap of the actin filaments (b) are just beginning to overlap one another. Textbook of Medical Physiology, Guyton & Hall, Elsevier......

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...and became known as the arc lamp. However, the arc lamp was not what historians deem as a true incandescent light bulb. The first true incandescent light bulb was invented by a German watchmaker named Henricg Globel, and he used carbonized bamboo as a filament (Bellis, n.d.). Leading historians have actually created a list of 22 inventors who accomplished this feat before Thomas Edison. Edison was, however, the first to create the industry standard of the incandescent light bulb on account of the durability of his model. He tried many different filaments inside an oxygen-vacant (reducing oxidation drastically) glass bulb while on his way to accomplishing his goal of producing a durable light bulb. In 1875 Henry Woodward and Matthew Evans patented the first light bulb, and in 1879 Edison purchased this patent and used it to improve upon his own designs. In 1880 Edison finally produced a light bulb that could last for 1200 hours while also using a bamboo filament. (Bellis, n.d.) The power of this particular model was approximately 90 watts. The bulb’s voltage was 110 volts. The cap was called the Edison Screw. The filament was somewhat rectangular and it stretched vertically up near the top of the bulb to help prevent the filament from sagging. The glass of the bulb was soda-lime glass, and it is one of the more prevalent types of glass used by consumers today among many types of products. The manufacturer of this bulb’s name was the Edison Lamp Company (Evans, 2009). This......

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...The cell membrane is made up of the outer and inner cell membrane with a trilaminate structure, which enclose the pre nuclear cistern between them by parallel-going process. Darnell J et al (1990) From the one side huddled to the inner nuclear membrane surface and from the other side from the periphrical chromatin of a eukaryotic nucleus there is a high -protein lamination ( thickness 30-100 nm) out of filaments -which is called the nuclear lamina . Newport JW et al (1987) The lamina can be isolated biochemically, and remaining matrix has the same form and size like the treated cell and is only made out of lamina proteins which forms a stable fibular bonding polymer network . Lamina A, B1, B2 and C are those who built the lamina proteins. They belong to the family of the type 5 intermediate filaments. Intermediate filaments are structures built of proteins which increase the mechanic stability of a nucleus. A single monomer of the intermediate filaments is about 48 nm long and very thin. Type 5 is one of the six types of the intermediate filament (online last accessed 29/10/2010). The connection from the lamina with a cell membrane is achieved through lamina B according to Newport et al, because it has a special role when bonding with the membrane, while the other laminas connect to lamina B and transmit interaction between chromatin and the lamina. Dessev GN et al (1992) consider an indirect interaction between non lamina components of the nucleolus membrane and a lamina B......

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Just Had to Do This to Sign Up

...However if we kept stretching the muscle over time it would of plateaued before decreasing. The muscle stretches to achieve an optimal length. If a muscle has not reached its optimal length less tension can be developed for 3 reasons: The thin filaments of one side of the sarcomere become overlapped with the other which does not allow actin to bind to a large portion of the filaments limiting the action potential. The thick filaments become forced against a Z section and further shortening is caused. The shorter the muscle becomes less and less actin is able to bind to the filaments. The amount of calcium ions able to be released is also limited. The ability of calcium ions to bind to troponin and to pull the troponin-tropomyosin complex is reduced the shorter the muscle is. Muscles are unable to move more than 30% either way from their optimal length. The skeleton does not allow for muscles to over or under stretch, protecting us from injury. Even at the furthest points biological possible the muscle is able to execute half its maximum force 2. The highest stretch level was at 10 centimetres. This was the 5th stretch. At the highest stretch level the muscle. At optimal length the thin filaments overlap the regions of the thick filaments from which the cross bridges project. Due to the overlap the highest number of cross sections are available for actin to molecules to bind to. The more actin that binds the greater the action potential of the muscle. EFFECT OF STIMULUS......

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...of proteins. They are microfilaments, intermediate filaments and microtubules. They constantly change shape through cycles of polymerization or depolymerization and interactions with other proteins. Each type of fiber looks and functions differently. Microfilaments also known as actin filaments are the thinnest, solid rods of protein that composed of linear polymers of actin subunits that enable cell to move or change shape when protein subunits generate force by elongation at one end of the filament coupled with shrinkage at the other, slide past one another and causing net movement of the intervening strand. They also act as tracks for the movement of myosin molecules that attach to the microfilament and "walk" along them. Myosin (in enzymes) also has the ability to convert chemical energy into movement. The characteristic property of these so-called myosin molecular motors is their ability to bind actin in an adenosine triphosphate–sensitive fashion and to produce movement of actin filaments. Over fifteen different types of myosin motors have been identified. Some of them, such as those involved in cytokinesis and cell motility, are two headed, meaning they have two actin-binding motor domains, while others have only one head. Some of these myosin are involved in the movement of membrane-bound vesicles along actin tracks. The best characterized of these molecular motors, myosin II, slides actin filaments past each other either to power contraction of......

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Sliding Filament Thory, with Ref to Upper Arm.

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