Free Essay

Expansion Projects of Karakoram Highway

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sameulkhan
Words 588
Pages 3
Expansion Projects of Karakoram Highway
Abstract
The KKH expansion project is China’s brainchild and an initiative of ex-President of Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf. The ambitious plan, for improving the crossregional transportation and commercial network among the client states, will convert KKH into a 90-feet wide expressway for a threefold increase in the existing capacity. The expansion and re-alignment will allow speed with safety and cost reduction by accommodating heavy-laden trailers under extreme climatic conditions. The corridor development project will cost $6 billion and will link Central Asia and China to the Asian highway network, passing through Afghanistan and Iran.54 Further, a 1,100 km long rail-link worth costing $10.237 billion will also be laid, which will cut the distance between Pakistan’s capital Islamabad and China’s trade centre Kashgar to a mere seventeen hours. In addition, oil and gas pipelines
(OGP) will also run across the corridor55 linking the existing fuel-lanes of Central Asia and China to refineries on Pakistani ports, and the Middle East.56 In essence, the conduit will facilitate a range of world class transport services such as freight management, trucking, modern dry-port infrastructure, an efficient logistical chain
BACKGROUND
China is the fastest growing economy in the world right now and its growing economy demands new gates of for expanding. its massive size forces the western provinces to take a longer route to the western ports to export its products. This creates a difficulty so the shortest possible route available to these provinces is through Pakistan. Therefore economically the warm ports of Pakistan such as gawadar are really important for China as a result the karakoram highway project was started,. But the growing demands require a far more larger transportation system therefore an extension of the previous system was needed.
INTRODUCTION
The Karakoram Highway was built by the governments of Pakistan and China. It was started in 1959 and was completed in 1979 and was open to the public since 1986. About 810 Pakistanis and about 200 Chinese workers lost their lives mostly in landslides and falls, while building the highway. The route of the KKH traces one of the many paths of the ancient Silk Road.
On the Pakistani side, the road was constructed by Frontier Works Organization , employing the Pakistan Army Corps of Engineers. The highway, connecting the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistani Kashmir to the ancient Silk Road, runs approximately 1,300 km from Kashgar, a city in the Xinjiang region of China, to Abbottabad, of Pakistan. An extension of the highway south west from Abbottabad, in the form of N-35, meets the Grand Trunk Road, N-5 at Hassanabdal, Pakistan.
At 806 kilometres (501 mi) in length, the Pakistani section of the highway starts in Abbottabad, although the N-35 of which KKH is now part, officially starts from Hassanabdal. The highway meets the Indus River at Thakot and continues along the river until Jaglot, where the Gilgit River joins the Indus River. This is where three great mountain ranges meet: the Hindukush , the Himalaya, and the Karakoram. The western end of the Himalayas, marked by the ninth highest peak in the world, Nanga Parbat, can be seen from the highway. The highway passes through the capital of Gilgit–Baltistan, Gilgit, and continues through the valleys of Nagar and Hunza, along the Hunza River. Some of the highest mountains and famous glaciers in the Karakoram can be seen in this section. The highway meets the Pakistani-Chinese border at Khunjerab Pass.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

High Performance Steel for Highway Bridges.Pdf

...com/eci/assets/proceedings/pdftitlepage.te Editors: % FILE: /main/production/doc/data/journals/services.bepress.com/advanced materials/assets/editors.incV Mistry, P.E., Office of Bridge Technology, Federal Highway Administration, USA Dr. Atorod Azizinamini, Ph.D., P.E., Civil Engineering Department, University of Nebraska, USA John M. Hooks, P.E., Office of Infrastructure Research & Development, Federal Highway Administration, USA % FILE: /main/production/doc/data/journals/services.bepress.com/eci/assets/proceedings/defines.tmpl (cont) Year  Paper  High Performance Steel For Highway Bridges Vasant C. Mistry ∗ ∗ Federal Highway Administration High Performance Steel For Highway Bridges Abstract All steels possess a combination of properties that determines how well steel performs. Strength, weldability, toughness, ductility, corrosion resistance, and formability are all important to determine how well steel performs. High-performance steel (HPS) can be defined as having an optimized balance of these properties to give maximum performance in bridge structures while remaining cost-effective. http://services.bepress.com/eci/advanced materials/1 Copyright c 2005 by the author. Mistry : High Performance Steel For Highway Bridges 1 HIGH PERFORMANCE STEEL FOR HIGHWAY BRIDGES Vasant C. Mistry Federal Highway Administration 400 7th Street, S.W. Washington, D.C. 20590 ABSTRACT All steels possess a combination of properties that determines how......

Words: 3237 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

N Analysis of Stakeholder Management in Project Management of the Tianjin Binhai Airport Expansion “Phase Ii”

...An analysis of stakeholder management in Project Management of the Tianjin Binhai airport expansion “Phase II” Yuan Aiying 2025888 Dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment for the degree of Master of Science in Management University of Stirling August 2012 Abstract This dissertation aims to evaluate the stakeholder management of the Tianjin Binhai airport’ Phase II project which started in the 2009 and is predicted finishing in 2014. Through gathering the perspectives and expectation of five stakeholders for this project: the Tianjin Binhai airport‘s top manager, the project manager, Civil Aviation Administration of China, the airport internal staffs and passengers, the strengths and weaknesses of the stakeholder management in the Phase II project management. The strengths mainly reflect firstly, the good understanding of the airport managers and staff for the demands of the passengers and combine effectively these demands in the design of Phase II project. Secondly, all estimated stakeholders support and expect good return for the project. Moreover, thirdly, they reach an agreement for the long plan of the airport operation. On contrast, the weaknesses include firstly, some staffs have negative mood for the project and there is poor cooperation between airport different departments. Secondly, both the predication for the airport operation and the identification of the largest shareholder between two stakeholders are different. For the definition of......

Words: 19566 - Pages: 79

Free Essay

Panama Canal Expansion Project: Have American Fears Come True?

...13 January 2014 Last updated at 15:16 ET Share this pageEmail Print Share this page ShareFacebookTwitter.Panama Canal expansion project: Have American fears come true? Comments (31) By Thomas Sparrow BBC Mundo, Washington The US has a lot riding on a successful expansion of the Panama canal Continue reading the main story Related Stories Row threatens Panama Canal expansion Nicaragua canal construction delayed Panama profile More than four years ago, when Panama awarded the lucrative contract to expand its inter-oceanic canal to a mostly European consortium, the United States was not pleased. An American company whose bid was unsuccessful, Bechtel, thought the winning tender would barely pay for pouring the concrete and that the consortium would probably try to renegotiate the price at some stage during the construction process. Some might argue that those American doubts have been justified, especially in view of the ongoing economic row between the European consortium and the Panamanian government agency that runs the waterway. The spat has threatened to bring work to a grinding halt, unless the two parties manage to resolve a $1.6bn (£1bn) dispute over cost overruns. A series of WikiLeaks cables from the US embassy in Panama that were revealed by the Spanish daily newspaper El Pais in 2010 provided an inside view of the frustration that was felt in the US at not having been able to get that contract. Bechtel had been strongly backed by......

Words: 794 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

American’s Natural Gas Highway

...American’s Natural Gas Highway Costumers are facing serious problems if they want to “go green” and economical. For example, there are a few opportunities on the market to choose from economical and environment-friendly cars, but there are not many places to refuel them, which make people change their desires, go buying the ecofriendly cars. There is no benefit of having a car if you cannot drive it everywhere. This makes the manufacturers to suffer, and being stuck with inventory and no opportunity to sell or extend their productions. In order to solve the problem, Clean Energy Fuels Corp. and Navistar International partnered up with the plan to create America’s Natural Gas Highway. This would be the first network of natural gas fueling stations across the United States. The first steps to accomplished this goal is to coordinate relationships between a truck maker, fuel supplier, a truck stop chain, and natural gas driller. Clean Energy Fuels Corp. and Navistar International shared the plan with the Pilot Flying J Travel Centers, which is the largest network of truck and travel shops. The company will provide the service locations where the trucks could be refueled. America’s Natural Gas Highway also includes Chesapeake, the gas drilling company that would provide fuel to Clean Energy. Navistar will sell the best in-class natural gas (LNG) truck fleets to the consumer that are in contract with the Clean Energy; providing the fuel. Pilot Flying J Travel Centers will......

Words: 1432 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Impact of Panama Canal Expansion Project on Trading Routes and Port in West/East Coast

...to the Pacific Ocean which is a key conduit for international maritime trade, but is already reached its maximum capacity compared to original estimated maximum capacity, the canal traffic in 2009 reached 299.1million tons of shipping. In order to improve the capacity issue, Panamanian government decided to expand Panama canal in 2006 and began in September 2007 at total cost of US$5.2 billion. This project is also known as “Third set of locks” and target to complete in year 2014. The new lock opening will doubling capacity and allowing more traffic, from existing locks which able to carry up to 5,000 TEUs and increase up to 12,600 TEUs (which able to allow Post-Panamax vessels to pass through it.) The Expansion will double the Canal’s capacity, having a direct impact on economies of scale and international maritime trade. The expansion program consists of several components: • New Locks (Third Set of Locks) • Pacific Access Channel • Improvement of Navigational Channels (Dredging) • Improvement to Water Supply Below figure showing the detail of expansion project: [pic] Main competitors of Panama Canal There are two main routes are competing with Panama Canal for those shipment from Asia to U.S. East Cost nowadays, which is Suez Canal Route and U.S. Intermodal System. The major concerns for Carrier Company are total involved transport cost, capacity availability, transit times and the infrastructure of intermodal market. And the major advantages of......

Words: 2342 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion Project: Regulatory Requirements and Technical Analysis

...Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion: Regulatory Requirements and Technical Analysis Student Name University Name Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction 5 2.0 Shipping 5 2.1 Spills risk 6 2.2 Spills response 7 2.3 Spills recovery 8 3.0 Pipeline safety and integrity 9 3.1 Risk analysis 10 3.2 Spill preparedness and response 10 4.0 Greenhouse gas emissions 11 4.1 Implications of pipeline expansion 12 4.2 Alternatives and its effects 13 5.0 Conclusion 13 Abstract There is high rate of increase in the world’s demand for energy to run its various development projects. However, the most popular source of the needed energy is oil and petroleum products. To respond to this dire need for energy, Trans Mountain company under the Kinder Morgan Canada has presented a request for approval of its multi-billion dollar expansion. However, their proposal report for approval has drawn mixed reactions from first nations, municipal governments, British Columbia residents and various environmental organizations. A lot of environmental issues have topped the list of the project’s safety complications. Some of these groups have vowed never to support the expansion project citing various loopholes. Kinder Morgan Canada’s oil spills risk assessment both on pipelines and shipping vessels is elaborate. It has considered every concern of various partied and has tried to adjust to the NEB requirements. The NEB has scheduled public hearing on this project for 2015. As the......

Words: 2994 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Rain for Rent Expansion Project

...Rain for Rent Expansion Project Rain For Rent Background Rain for Rent is an international company that was founded in 1934 as a three man oilfield supply company in Bakersfield California. Since its beginning the company has grown to service all fifty states and portions of Canada. We’re a leader in liquid handling solutions, with a variety of products to include: pumps, tanks and boxes, filtration units, spill containment, jobsite safety and protection. You can find our products in several industries to include: refineries, government and municipalities, pipelines, construction, mining, environmental protection, power production, oil and gas, agriculture, manufacturing and film production. Expansion Proposal My proposal would be to expand the company’s footprint to provide our products and services worldwide. I’ve selected this project because the industries we currently serve can also be found in a number of countries around the world, I think that we’re leaders in liquid handling solutions and there’s growing market opportunities that the company can take advantage of. The initial phase of the expansion will be additional coverage in Canadian provinces, Mexico and South America. Strategy Business strategy is equated widely with crafting and maintaining a profitable fit between a commercial venture and its environment (Valentin, 2001). The primary focus of our strategy will be on our line of quality products, we are in......

Words: 829 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Road Expansion

...Acknowledgement Making report on ‘Road Expansion’ in a group was one of the milestones to us. We would like to thank SMART mentors and organizers for designing this programme for our BBA program that gives the most valuable insight into team work ability. We would like to express our gratefulness to ‘SMART’ organizers for providing such a golden opportunity to us by assigning this task and for their extended help and co-operation. Finally, we would also like to thank our colleagues of BBA ‘Day’, Erudite, who helped and co-operated with us with our survey and Eg. Ishor Rijal of “Kathmandu Valley Road Expansion Project” for his co-operation during the interview. Executive Summary The government had proposed the road expansion project 35 years ago but never went ahead until the support of the Former P.M. Official said roads had often been encroached by those with political connection, which is why expansion plan never took off. Now with the project in full swing the ongoing road expansion is a welcome move to ease the chaotic traffic of Kathmandu. In total 185.94 km road is to be constructed in Kathmandu valley and till now 84.69 km in Kathmandu, 15.60 km in Lalitpur and 2.50 km in Bhaktapur roads have been completed. So, in total 102.79 km road has been completed. The roads are expanded on the basis of its type. For example, ringroad (31 meters from the center on either side), highway (25 meters from the center), arterial road (11 meters from the center), connect......

Words: 2777 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Global Expansion

...[pic] Assignment for Course: BUS 625 Multi-National Corporations and International Trade Submitted to: Dr. Lee Pickler Submitted by: Zachery Engels, Frank Mayse, and Gina Glorioso Rendall Date of Submission: April 11, 2015 Title of Assignment: Global Expansion Project - Ancestry CERTIFICATION OF AUTHORSHIP: I certify that I am the author of this paper and that any assistance I received in its preparation is fully acknowledged and disclosed in the paper. I have also cited any sources from which I used data, ideas of words, whether quoted directly or paraphrased. I also certify that this paper was prepared by me specifically for this course. Student Signature: __Gina Glorioso Rendall__________ ******************************************* Instructor’s Grade on Assignment: Instructor’s Comments: AN EXECUTIVE BRIEFING ON [pic] Researched by Downtown Dominators Zachery Engels, Franklin Mayse, and Gina Glorioso Rendall Spring 2015 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY 5 DOMINANT MARKET ENVIRONMENT ASSESSMENT 5 INTRODUCTION 5 POLITICAL / REGULATORY 5 ECONOMIC: MACRO 5 TECHNOLOGY 6 SOCIETAL 6 INDUSTRY ANALYSIS AND COMPANY PERFORMANCE 6 SUMMARY 8 INTRODUCTION 9 FINANCIAL RESOURCE ASSESSMENT 9 CASH 9 MARKETABLE SECURITIES 9 LEVERAGE (ABILITY TO BORROW) 9 CREDIT RATING 10 STANDARD AND POOR RATING 10 ...

Words: 11356 - Pages: 46

Free Essay

Roads, Highways, and Bridges

...Roads, Highways, and Bridges Runoff controls are essential to preventing polluted runoff from roads, highways and bridges from reaching surface waters. Erosion during and after construction of roads, highway and bridges can contribute large amounts of sediment and silt to runoff waters, which can deteriorate water quality and lead to fish kills and other ecological problems. Heavy metals, oils, other toxic substances and debris from construction traffic and spillage can be absorbed by soil at construction sites and carried with runoff water to lakes, rivers and bays. Runoff control measures can be installed at the time of road, highway and bridge construction to reduce runoff pollution both during and after construction. Such measures can effectively limit the entry of pollutants into surface waters and ground waters and protect their quality, fish habitats and public health. Pesticides and fertilizers used along roadways rights-of-way and adjoining land can pollute surface waters and ground water when they filter into the soil or are blown by wind from the area where they are applied. The best way to prevent such is to shut down the areas where there is being any form of construction on the highways. Random Emission Testing Over a period of years the people have tried to tell the state and federal officials that the mandates embodied in the Clean Air Act of 1990 were based on incorrect assumptions, faulty science and hidden or self-serving agendas. One of the more......

Words: 723 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Expansion

...Expansion & Diversification Presented by Case Background Carlsberg Incorporated in 1969. Came to Malaysia after two years incorporated through brewing Carlsberg Green Label beer for Malaysian Market. Carlsberg Brewery Malaysia Bhd (Carlsberg) market leading company that hold 50% shares of beer and stout market. Owned by the Carlsberg Group of Denmark. Cont... Carlsberg Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. one of the subsidiary that wholly owned become main marketed locally product. Carlsberg enter into many investment and acquisition through all the years. Competitor in the same industry Guinness Anchor Bhd. Case Background ABC Consulting Sdn Bhd Consist of David as one of the consultant and Robert Stanley as a Head of the company. Specialised in business turnaround. Mr. Stanley suggested that the company to focus more on cash-rich company that want to expand, diversify or venture. David grab the opportunity by looking beer and stout company and found that Carlsberg Company as a target. Cont... By looking through Carlsberg position, David feels that expanding is not worth it and cannot able to sustained their profit. He prepared himself with information before approaching Calrsberg company regarding the diversification activities. Also take and opportunity by selling his idea of manucfacturing sparkle grape juice (halal product) once the Carlsberg company tend to choose to diverse by taking Guinness as an example. ABANG MUHAMAD ZAIM BIN ABANG ALI......

Words: 981 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Highway Patrols

...Proposed regulation: Georgia Super Speeder Law 1. State the administrative agency which controls the regulation. Explain why this agency and your proposed regulation interest you. -Office of Highway Safety controls this Georgia Super Speeder regulation. This agency and regulation interests me because as a Georgia resident I have seen the damages that speeding on a Georgia highway can cause. I have had colleagues face bad accidents as a result to speeding and this regulation punishes those drivers that break the new regulation. -This law will directly affect me so much as if I was in violation of the law; I can face an additional $200 in the ticket fee just for being in violation. This fee does not include the actual speeding ticket. 2. Describe the proposal/change -The new law will increase the amount of money that an individual pays along with the speeding ticket fee. The proposal is in place to decrease the number of deaths and accidents from the result of driving above the given speed limit. 3. Write the public comment which you would submit to this proposal. Explain briefly what you wish to accomplish with your comment.  -I am in favor of the new super speeder regulation. I believe this law will decrease the amount of ‘speeders’ on Georgia highways. Georgia has a high rate of motor vehicle accidents a day and with a new law that will punish these drivers with higher fines, I believe that more drivers will take caution and actually......

Words: 842 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Sonic Highways Evaluation

...Vanessa Zsorey Dr. McCort College Comp 11 December 2015 Sonic Highways A band lasting as long as twenty years in the music industry with their original sound not suffering is a rarity. The Foo Fighters, led by the legendary Dave Grohl, are magnificent rockers who throughout two decades, continue to stay relevant in many ways. Throughout these twenty years they have released nine albums, each of which contained some of the biggest alternative rock hits of all time. Though they may not be riding the radio waves constantly or may only appeal to a shrinking audience, their craft has never once suffered. Their newest album, Sonic Highways, is pure proof that the Foo Fighters continuously try to push themselves out of their comfort zones in order to remain interesting to their fans. Sonic Highways was the most recent project the Foo Fighters have put out and the most creative of the past eight albums. The process to create this album was far more in depth and unique compared to the traditional methods. Typically, when a band decides they want to record, they find the closest studio that is in their price range and is the best quality necessary to fit the project. Mixing the recordings has gotten incredibly easy in recent times, where all that is really necessary is the ProTools program. With Protools, any errors can easily be cleaned and corrected, then moved on to the master CD and sent off to be pressed. A decade ago, recording and mixing were not nearly as simple or......

Words: 2500 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Devil's Highway

...stealing cookies was a good simile to use. There was another part in the book that caught my attention, it was at the very beginning of chapter one, the first page and a half. Urrea caught my attention immediately. His use of imagery, he was very descriptive I could form a picture in my head. “They were burned nearly black, their lips huge and cracking, what paltry drool still available to them spuming from their mouths in a salty foam as they walked.” (Urrea 3) I knew Urrea was writing about natives of Mexico crossing the border to the United States, but this part made me think of an African American slave from back then. The way he described them made me think of a slave working out in the hot weather. Urrea wrote this book, The Devil’s Highway, to tell the truth about the U.S border patrol. He is a Mexican- American and was talking about how he had family that was chased away by the border patrol, so he take it personally when it comes to them. Urrea was also talking about how one of his best friends is a member of border patrol, which may be a bit ironic considering he thinks poorly about border patrol. Urrea’s thoughts and ideas are shown in his work. There is so much descriptive language and imagery it is obvious to tell what his opinions are. I think I would enjoy reading more of his work. I was captured with the first passage in the first chapter. Definitely one of the more interesting passages I have read. It is obvious he is passionate and has a good opinion......

Words: 443 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Indian Highway

...that the presence of such a system protects the consumers from the harm that is caused by spurious liquor by controlling illicit distillation. Under their purview the liquor is first chemically tested and only later released. Thus the high quality of the liquor is being maintained. At the same time the price fixation, due to the tax structure ensures that the end consumer price is still high enough to prevent them from consuming more. An additional responsibility of the Corporation is to oversee all violations and unauthorised sales which are checked by the enforcement department.The state of AP has the largest number of distilleries in India totaling 32 and 9 breweries. And though it has been a slow one there has definitely been a growth/expansion of distilleries and breweries in the state. In the last three years there have been 3-4 new distilleries (bottling units), one of which is likely to start operations by the end of October. Alcohol is sold through 6500 retail outlets and 1500 bars in AP. In the AP market there is no restriction on the number of brands that are allowed into the market in the mid and premium segments but only 15 brands are allowed in the lower segment. Reports suggest that in a price-wise segmentation of brands (MRP for a quarter) the following brands have the highest  consumption: Upto `. 59: Bagpiper No. 1 DSP Regular Original Choice Upto `. 70: Officer’s Choice Mc Dowell’s Brandy Upto `. 88: Mc Dowell’s No. 1 Classic Blend......

Words: 4405 - Pages: 18