Premium Essay

Essay 2 – Trauma, Development, and Spirituality

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Tammie33
Words 1191
Pages 5
Explain in detail (using your readings/presentations from this module/week to support what you say) how trauma can affect development, most specifically neural development. Discuss how spiritual development can counter the effects of trauma. What are the determining factors that lead to developmental delays when a child is exposed to trauma? Give details on the prevalence of different types of trauma and if they differ among different cultures.
Make sure to support everything you report with at least 2–3 current APA citations and then a reference page at the end. Review the Essay Grading Rubric before submitting. Your paper must be at least 600 words.
Abstract
Trauma is an experience that all people are potential vulnerable towards. Trauma comes in many forms ranging from non-typical situations of abuse and neglect to intense reaction to life events such as the death of a loved one or a natural disaster. Trauma may be experienced personally or may result from witnessing a particular event. The effects of trauma are long lasting, though not necessarily irreversible. Trauma may result in a variety of mental health or addiction diagnosis and often has significant impacts on neurological development. While trauma has many negative effects, there are many approaches to trauma that may minimize these effects. One such approach described in the paper is a spiritual approach. Spiritual development and application may provide understanding and hope after a person has experienced trauma and is often a successful means of recovering from the effects of a traumatic experience.

SAMPLE

Trauma
Kuban (2012) defines childhood trauma as any experience that a child perceives as terrifying and feels hopeless and powerless to do anything about in his or her life, safety, or situation” (p. 15). Trauma can include any number of events, including witnessing violence or…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Adolescent Cognitive Development After Trauma

...Adolescent Cognitive Development After Trauma Raquel A. Figueroa Liberty University COUN 620-B02 Abstract In a generation of hopelessness, adolescents seek a purpose for their existence. They seek refugee from violence, abuse and maltreatment. The overwhelming pressure opens the door for instant gratification in drugs, alcohol, sexual activity, and fail to make appropriate adjustments in compromising circumstances. There is a correlation between traumatic experiences and adolescent cognitive development. A traumatic experience can alter an adolescent’s neural system and adversely affect the latter stages of brain development. Working with survivors of traumatic events requires an understanding of maladaptive behaviors, reactions and coping skills. Behavioral patterns emerge and become part of an adolescent’s personality. This paper will highlight the impact of traumatic experiences on adolescent cognitive development and their ability to foster an intrinsic knowledge of self. Maltreatment of adolescents has reached epidemic proportions within the United States. According to Bright (2008), “One in four children/adolescents experience at least one traumatic event before age 16” (p. 11). A study commissioned by Finkelhor, Ormrod, & Turner (2005) concluded the exposure to “physical abuse, sexual abuse, witnessing domestic violence, community violence, and natural disasters is a common occurrence among children in the U.S.” (p. 314). Reports of...

Words: 4747 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Essay on Development

...Karina Marie Leal 11.26.09 Com31 DEV. COMM Only now, did I have the chance to really reflect on why we develop and why do we not. Before and up to now I usually associate development with technology, but at this very moment, I just contradicted myself. Although technology does play an important part in determining it, I don’t think it’s enough to give justice to what development really is because technological development is just a part of the whole. Development takes different forms; it could pertain to individualistic, universal, materialistic development and many others, so development itself is very broad in nature. Centuries ago, our ancestors begun their lives with only curiosity in their hand and needs on the other. They survived despite being nomads, eat and hunt despite their lack of fighting strategies and ideas present today and they were able to procreate despite their lack of knowledge on science. What I’m trying to say is, we develop not just because of acquiring knowledge from books and from our classrooms, but we also develop because we have the capacity to relate with each other because I do think that it is in meeting the person in his eyes that what makes us learn and subsequently develop. Observing people is one of the things I consider as a pass time especially when I’m going out somewhere or I’m already out. Based...

Words: 814 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Trauma and Development

...Complexly traumatized youth frequently suffer from body dysregulation, meaning they over-respond or underrespond to sensory stimuli. For example, they may be hypersensitive to sounds, smells, touch or light, or they may suffer from anesthesia and analgesia, in which they are unaware of pain, touch, or internal physical sensations. As a result they may injure themselves without feeling pain, suffer from physical problems without being aware of them, or, the converse – they may  complain of chronic pain in various body areas for which no physical cause can be found. Effects of Complex Trauma. (2014). Retrieved September 7, 2014. Think of what it is like for young children to be in traumatic situations. They can feel totally helpless and passive. They can cry for help or desperately wish for someone to intervene. They can feel deeply threatened by separation from parents or caretakers. Young children rely on a "protective shield" provided by adults and older siblings to judge the seriousness of danger and to ensure their safety and welfare. They often don't recognize a traumatic danger until it happens, for example, in a near drowning, attack by a dog, or accidental scalding. They can be the target of physical and sexual abuse by the very people they rely on for their own protection and safety. Young children can witness violence within the family or be left helpless after a parent or caretaker is injured, as might occur in a serious automobile accident. They have the most......

Words: 2192 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Brain Trauma on the Function and Development of Personality

... Brain Trauma on the Function and Development of Personality Student’s Name University Affiliation The trauma that occurred Research by Centre for Disease Control indicates that approximately 1.4 million people living in America sustains Traumatic brain injury every year, resulting to concussion trauma (Fowler & McCabe, n.d). Most of these people are children under the age of 14 years. The measurement of the severity of this brain trauma is through the establishment of the duration when the conscious is lost, the alteration of mental status like confusion, as well as in posttraumatic amnesia. The duration between the time of the trauma and the research study This study in a follow up of 30 years after the brain injury shows that patients who experience this type of brain trauma have high prevalence toll of Axis I as well as Axis II psychopathology. In the follow up, major depression, specific phobia, psychotic disorders, panic disorder, as well as alcohol abuse were the major diagnosis (Delisi et al, 2008). Most patients also show at least one personal disorder, with paranoid, schizoid and avoidant being the most rampant. From the study, a unique, disinhibited syndrome of organic personality is also common in these patients. The syndrome is specifically linked to the frontal lesions. The impact of the trauma on overall function According to Fowler and McCabe (n.d), the consequences of concussion trauma brain injury are often upsetting to the victims as well as to their...

Words: 480 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Essay #2

...Rachael English Comp 1 March 2014 Final Essay #2 Final Essay #2 This song is about a little boy and girl who became best friends at a very young age and fell in love. The girl moved into the big and blue two-story house across the street from the little boy and his family. It was just her mom and she, a rather small family but they were very close. The little boy lived in a smaller house with a younger brother, a mom, and a dad. He had a tree house in his backyard that had been built by his dad and a pool, very convenient for the kids in the summer time. When the little girl moved in it was right before school started for the kids in August and that is when they first met. She was 7 and he was 9 years old. The boy was out in the yard playing football with the other boys in the neighborhood, he saw the little girl sitting on the back of her moms’ red Ford truck. He walks over to her and asks if she wanted to join their game and she agrees. Every day after that it was like that. The boy would walk over to her house and ask her to come outside and play and she would without hesitating. After that they spent all their free time together, every summer, spring break, and weekends just him and her, together. They were always doing something active and he would make dinner for her at least two or three times a week because her family was poor; so he wanted to take care of her. The moms and dads would joke and say they would grow up, fall in love, and be a......

Words: 1013 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Trauma, Develpment, and Sprituality

...Trauma, Development, and Spirituality Clayton Newsome Dr. Pamela Todd Counseling 502 September 11, 2014 Introduction People can suffer from many different situations throughout their life time. Trauma is one effect that can cause a person to do things out of the ordinary. When a person suffers from trauma it can affect them for the rest of their life. In this essay I will discuss how trauma can affect a person through development as well as spiritually. Neural Development Trauma can affect a child’s neural development and will attack their fine motor skills in a way where it is hard for them to function. In young children, gross motor, fine motor, and cognitive development are intertwined processes related to the maturation timetables of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Neurons are migrating, proliferating, and making more complex connections. Children become capable of more sophisticated communications with the production of neurotransmitters. Myelination, the sheathing of neurons in protective layers of fatty and protein substances, increases the rate of neuronal firing and facilitates faster, more complex signals between brain cells and from the brain to the rest of the body (Roehlkepartain, 2006). Children who are tested for ADHD are normally given a false reading, which causes a since of not know for sure how many children have the disorder. There are drug treatments for this type of disorder such as Ritalin or Dexadrine. However, some studies......

Words: 696 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Gender and Development Essay

...19 Home Analytics Upload Papers S65 no pic Shailaja Gender and Development Essay Yelden Sarybay Uploaded by Yelden Sarybay top 2%416 Info Bookmark Download DOCX Report Work that may take a diversity of pathways, but for which there are rarely the kind of short-cuts envisaged by the proponents of empowerment- lite.” (Harcourt, 2009) Conclusion Effective of not, Kazakhstan‟s most marginalized are simply not affected by the discussion. “This is a debate about gender and power, about body politics and political bodies, about norms and hierarchies, about intimate and institutional violence, and about liberation and justice.” (Cornwall et al., 2002) Before the population as a whole risks an identity crisis, it makes sense to formulate a familial, non-intrusive policy on gender so that it may pursue development. “For instance, writing of events in Serb ia in the 1990s, Blagojevic (1999) notes that „[t]he political and economic changes endangered the male identity much more than the female‟. Consequently: New prophets appeared on the scene offering various socio -biological arguments in support of the claim that men are inherently superior. One such was Tosevski, who proclaims Serbian masculinity to be superior to the western variety and advocates open promiscuity for males....” (Alan et al. , 2000) Such absurd views can only be taken seriously by those who lack ideological grounding. The Serbian example also “ warns us that masculinity...

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Trauma

... TRAUMA AND ITS EFFECTS ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Quinta S. Anderson Liberty University Trauma and the Effects on Human Development Trauma has a way of effecting everyone, but in different ways. The term trauma often described both the traumatic event and the early distress that it could cause. Several researchers describes traumatic events as unexpected events, such as exposure to natural or manmade disaster, or observing violent crimes, events that are more lingering in nature, such as participating in combat or being the victim of physical and or sexual abuse or assault. Another name for traumatic events is called traumas. Traumas can also be classified as the scope that can have a huge impact on an individual (Shaw, 2009). The Effects of Trauma on Neural Development Researchers have found the correlation of trauma and the effects it has on the human brain. The amygdala and hippocampus are parts of the limbic system that helps process the sequence of one’s life story. During the normal course of an individual’s life, the amygdala and hippocampus are able to process both the event and the emotions attached to a traumatic event. The amygdala records the emotions and bodily sensations of an individual. After the emotions and bodily sensations have been recorded, they are retrieved by the hippocampus. The hippocampus role is to add cognitive meaning and place the information that is processed into appropriate context. As soon as the hippocampus has stored the context, the......

Words: 906 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Spirituality and Trauma

...The Benefits of Spirituality in providing Emotional Care to Trauma Survivors Nigel E. Lewis California Southern University Abstract Spirituality is widely utilized across cultures as means of dealing with emotional trauma such as tragedy and disasters. Ironically, in academic circles recognition of the value of spirituality as a coping mechanism has been slow. However, in the current post September 11 environment, greater attention has been given to the value of spiritual care in the treatment of victims of emotional trauma particularly in disaster mental health studies. In this paper the value of spirituality in providing emotional care to survivors of trauma is analyzed. Why is the value of spirituality in emotional care important to me? Conventional wisdom has held to the notion that boys are better at math than girls. Perhaps, this age old belief was responsible for Mattel the company that produced “Teen talk Barbie” in 1992 to create a Barbie doll that had among its stored phrases, one phrase that said, “Math class is tough!”. This phrase was stored with 270 other girl talk phrases such as “I love shopping” and “Will we have enough clothes!”. The result was that Mattel was soundly criticized and quickly changed the doll’s offending phrase a few months later. In spite of Mattel’s effort to correct a message that verbalized an inherent cultural bias, one wonders if the is any......

Words: 2415 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Trauma, Development, and Spirituality

...Trauma, Development, and Spirituality According to the American Association of Children’s Residential Centers (AACRC), trauma is considered to be the result of occurrences of mental or physical injury such as sexual or physical abuse sexual abuse, seeing brutality, or natural tragedy (AACRC, 2014). But trauma is not limited to events per se; alternatively, trauma can also be brought about by occurrences of daily living that are emotional in nature and not quite as obvious. Traumatic stress can be evoked by trials surrounding relationships, physical issues, severe neglect, or by circumstances that overpower a person’s ability to adjust (American Association of Children’s Residential Centers, 2014). This essay will discuss how culture can influence traumatic experiences, the impact of trauma on neurobiological development, and how spiritual development can counter the effects of trauma. Cross Cultural View of Trauma Research conducted in Western countries has typically revealed a disproportionately large percentage of accounts of abuse of children among ethnic minority groups. However, mistreatment is not primarily connected to any particular ethnic group, but has been regarded as a global issue (World Health Organization [WHO], 2002 as cited by Cyr, Michel, & Dumais, 2013). The intricacy of examining child abuse from a culturally diverse viewpoint can be made clear by a number of components impeding the progress of awareness about this issue. Specifically, despite the......

Words: 1026 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Personal Development Plan and Essay

...Major Individual Essay During this time of exploration I have exposed experiences that have had a significant impact on how I see myself. One incident related to a less than one-minute interaction forty years ago. As I was thinking about my life story and self-development trajectory I recalled an interstate holiday to Queensland when I was 10 years old. My parents, avid antique collectors, were looking for a grandfather clock and made an enquiry to a shopkeeper if he had any clocks to sell. The shopkeeper responded to my father’s query and proceeded to say he did have a beautiful Victorian grandfather clock and said “oh it’s over there just near your son” and he was pointing at me….This event had a profound impact on how I have viewed myself and now forty years later a place to start for some great opportunities for improvement. As Eleanor Roosevelt said,“No one can make you feel inferior without your consent”. | Introduction I made a decision at the start of the semester to use the subject as a catalyst to create some changes in my professional life. I came into this subject with a plan to work out how to improve my working relationship with a colleague who I perceived as overbearing and a dictator. Over the past twelve weeks I have dissected not only this relationship but also my career, myself and my future. I am, to most, seen as a successful executive and leader. Based on the success symbols of our western society such as being goal oriented, having a......

Words: 3954 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

2 Essays

...The Creativity and Imagination Children and Young People Essay As the children are already well familiar of the traditional stories, therefore, three small Pigs were preferred. It is appealing equally for all the girls and boys as it allows a sturdy perspective for a variety of artistic works in drama, melodious group of people as well as a tiny succession of artistic work plays. All this is being done in order to achieve the basic development landmark for language development in the children of almost 5 years old. (Conti-Ramsden & Durkin, 2011). Every story has its own structure and theme as the story of Three Little Pigs has. One of the pigs met a man with many straws and constructs his home with those straws. The second pig saw a man with sticks and he made his home with those sticks. The third one saw a man with loaded bricks and that man construct his house with those bricks. Meanwhile, the wolf came to them and said the identical words three times, Little pig, little pig, let me come in. It is seen in the stories that there are repetitive words or phrases. Children love to read the stories having repetitive phrases. There must be part of entertainment in the story to make the children more attentive towards the story and its imagination in their minds (Bettelheim, 1975). The Three Little Pigs is read or told in the dramatic play using body gestures, puppets and very soft tune of voice to gain the children interest to listen the story. Our culture and society......

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

2 Essays

...is comprehensive. In this way, the labor supply increases and youth get it more difficult to be employed because seniors have a longer time to retire from their job. Therefore, it causes certain flaws in the system because it will not adopt innovative tools and techniques to compete the rivals. In my opinion, it is complicated to accurately identify whether the pros and cons for an aging population will happen alongside with their scope and extent (Healy J. 2012). For example, it is no way to find out the level or extent as to which medical expenses will rise up and after that to aspect in relation to the development, corresponding with the enhancement, makes it further tricky. It will also lead to uncertainty for future economic growth and no innovations in the existing systems. References: * Healy J. "The Benefits of an Ageing Population." The Australia Institute. 2/07/2012...

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Essay 2

...Lyssa Mcmillian 2/15/16 Essay 2 During the time of Samuel Israel was complaining about how Samuel was getting old and that his sons weren’t following his ways anyway so they asked Samuel to appoint a king that would lead them into just like other nations. Basically they wanted to be like the other nations that had a King to lead them into battle and give them rules to follow. Samuel went around looking for the candidate that the Lord was looking for eventually he found Saul. At the time when Samuel was searching a man named Saul was out searching for his father’s donkeys with his servant. During this time Saul and his servant saw Samuel out and they talked with him for a while once Saul’s servant left Samuel got word from the Lord saying that Saul was the chosen King Israel. “Then Samuel took a flask of olive oil and poured it on Saul’s head and kissed him, saying, ‘Has not the Lord anointed you ruler over his inheritance?...” in 1 Sam 10:1 Samuel anointed Saul as king of Israel and after that Saul went and prophesized to the people of Israel about what he would do as their king. As time passed Saul went into many battles against other tribes but in one battle in particular God gave Saul specific instructions about what he was to do in battle that day“….Now go, attack the Amalekites and totally destroy all that belongs to them. Do not spare the; put to death men and women, children and infants, cattle and sheep, camels and donkeys” (1 Sam 15: 3) When Saul went into......

Words: 874 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Essay 2

...Chronic Diseases (cancer) Outline Introduction 1. There are some ways to prevent the possibility of getting cancer, as well as the warning signs. a. Do self-checks and pay close attention to any abnormal lumps, warts and or moles. b. See your physician on regular basis and have tests done, such as x-rays 2. Life style is a major contributing factor, more so than genetically being passed down from relatives. a. Know what chronic diseases, such as cancer that could be passed down genetically from relatives. b. Stay away from exposures to things such as second hand smoke and exposure to extreme sunlight and other factors that could potentially be harmful to your body. 3. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United Is this essay helpful? Join OPPapers to read more and access more than 700,000 just like it! get better grades States. a. It is important to lead a healthy lifestyle to try and keep the possibility of you getting cancer from various different things, such as using drugs, smoking cigarettes, eating unhealthy and not exercising of course would increase your chances of getting cancer at some point in your life. Conclusion 4. Although some people get cancer and there are no warning signs or ways to prevent it, that’s not always the case, if you know your relatives medical history and stay in close contact with your doctor as well as doing self exams, paying attention to...

Words: 279 - Pages: 2